Beranek, William, Jr., editor. Science, Scientists and Society. Tarrytown-on-Hudson, New York:

 

Beranek, William, Jr., editor. Science, Scientists and Society. Tarrytown-on-Hudson, New York:
Bogdan and Quigley, 1972.

The substance of this book relating to fraud in science is to be found on separate listings which
are included under the authors' names. See, for example, Kevles and Delbruck.

In the main the work is relevant for the early 1970s. There was a conference of chemists at
Caltech, dealing with the responsibilities of the chemist in a world characterized by problems
identified as overpopulation, pollution, race, and Viet Nam. They were, in fact, trying to predict
the future of chemistry but the Watergate business had not yet happened at the time of
publication and the Arab embargo had not happened. Much of the forecasting done here, then, is
not very good. The correct thrust is there: there are several problems associated with science
which have been ignored by scientists. However, one gets the impression from all of this that
chemistry is maintaining its image as a major science.

There are highpoints: for example, an article by Lee A. DuBridge, "Reflections on Science and
Politics," (pp. 155-177) which deals with the view of a politician-administrator-scientist.
DuBridge writes of a Golden Age of Science: "golden from the point of view of money." (p. 164)
He tells of the glories in science when cooperation could be achieved by NSF, NIH, NCI and the
Congressmen who made a difference. He writes of the excitement and the problems of being a
science advisor. And, in speaking of his predecessor at Caltech, he writes of Robert A. Millikan:
"I must admit that one strong opponent to the NSF idea was Robert A. Millikan. He was deeply
suspicious of the idea of government support of science in the universities and had deep fears of
the political involvements that might ensue. I guess he was right! Yet we absolutely could not
have had the science progress in this country of these recent years without the National Science
Foundation. We've had to take the political problems along with the positive values that resulted
from strong government support of science." (p. 162)