Bouton, Katherine. "The Nobel Pair," New York Times Magazine, 29 January 1989, pp. 28ff.
This article is a celebration of a Nobel prize being awarded to a woman who is also a
"commercial" scientist. By the usual, historical standards, she should not have won. "She
overcame the crucial handicap of gender, which has sunk many a female scientist..." This female
winner of the prize does not have a Ph.D. She has, therefore, managed to do well for herself and
for all women, for all non-Ph.D.'s and for all science people working in industry. The thrust here
is on women and their contributions to science.
The winners are Gertrude Elion and George Hitchings who worked for Burroughs Wellcome labs
for many years. Both are now formally retired but are making the rounds for the company in
order that all employees may enjoy the reflected glory.
Their work in medicine had to do with the discovery of drugs which would be useful in treating
disease, and they pioneered in the work which led to ADZ, currently used to treat AIDS. When
they did their original work, AIDS was not on the scene. In any case, the Nobel not only brought
fame to them, but showed that "science" can be done in "commercial establishments" and is not
restricted to the academy.