HOW SCIENTIFIC IS MODERN MEDICINE?

Patients are increasingly making their healthcare their own responsibility, and are becoming more selective in what treatment and therapies they use in their recovery from illness. Dissatisfaction with conventional treatments that are ineffective and laden with side effects make patients seek new approaches for relief of their suffering. Frequently, the choice is an alternative, complementary and integrative medical discipline. 1-3

This happens much to the dismay of practitioners and representatives of orthodox medicine. They view the practices of alternative and complementary medicine critically since this is what they are taught in Pharceutical Industry funded Medical Schools where significant amounts of the curriculum are “largely marketing dressed up as education”.4-5 They describe CAM (Complimentary Alternative Medicine) which we classify as Integrative medicine, as being unscientific and treatments as lacking proof of effectiveness.2-3, 6-7 Yet, this critique itself needs to be viewed critically since it is not in the best interest for patients and it is a gross mis-statement.

Who says what science is?

Traditional Chinese Medicine and Ayurveda, beside others, are folk medicines that have withstood the test of time, in use for over 2000 years, treating patients successfully with a holistic view of healthcare and disease. 6,9 Only very recently, compared to the time-span of existence of the old folk medicines, came a “modern” therapeutic approach, termed “western medicine”. Due to the money poured into “orthodox” medical schools, this medical branch darted to the top, and became promoted as the principal approach to health care, having overtaken the older, traditional medical systems and having become, by implementation of educational frameworks and paradigms, largely the only form of patient health care acknowledged by the scientific establishment as scientific. The older, traditional treatment forms have increasingly, more or less successfully, been pushed into the periphery of medical practice, and are being discredited as being non-scientific according to the scientific standards that have evolved with the rising of this newer, allopathic treatment approach.6 As such the newer western approach has become the conventional, allopathic medical system, and all other practices of medicine, have been deemed unconventional or alternative therapies.10

The conventional approach demands all other treatment approaches provide evidence of scientificity of their practices, to be measured against those newly implemented conventional standards, in order to be acknowledgeable as safe treatment practice.6 As such an evidence-based practice is sought to be created, whereby “individual clinical experience” is teamed “with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research” 11 (p.52). By insistence on this, practitioners of the allopathic medical route have over the years manifest their practice as the “superior” form of treatment, as scientific, evidence-based, against the methods of old that have been in practice much longer than the creation of the “young” allopathic medical concept, but do not meet up to the new scientific paradigm.

Viewed from a historical perspective, according to Riley6, “the emphasis on science was intended to eliminate the unorthodox kinds of medicine” (p.552), to further modernization and improve the quality of medical practices. In his article Riley6, demonstrates with the example of Thailand how, in particular from the USA, educational boards and foundations funded the establishment of orthodox medical schools and systems, seeking to promote digression toward the newer system of health care. In the consequence of such progression that took place in many countries during the colonization, as Riley mentions, an eradication of folk medical practices took place. This development was most successful in underdeveloped countries. In China and India, for example, this was less effectual, as the indigenous treatments there, TCM and Ayurveda respectively, had been successful since thousands of years without any dependence on scientific proof of efficacy.6

Integrative medicine and science

The call for evidence of scientificity of the unconventional practices has in its persistence suggested that science is immediately a true fact and that consequently a therapy that is measurable by the scientific framework of conventional medicine, is equally as immediately a treatment that is efficacious.6 This is not so. While it must be acknowledged that with the development and progression of science have come life-saving treatments that were yet unknown to folk medical practices, such as the identification and development of penicillin, it has to be noted that medical science has limits, and does not provide a cure-all for all diseases.6,8 In fact, the extent of “curing” disease under the label of medical science has been relatively small, the greatest praise having to be accredited to the improvement of hygienic conditions.6

The demand for scientific evidence is flawed at the fundamental base-line of the claim, because, “although discrimination in the name of science is practiced, it is difficult to find an explicit basis for characterizing one specific medical system as more scientific than another” 6 (p.549). Furthermore, there is lack of consensus as to what is to be considered as proof of evidence.7

The notion therefore, that all therapeutic treatment approaches to health care, should be applicable to methods of allopathic testing and be thus supported by an evidence-base is unrealizable; too different are the underlying philosophies of the different disciplines.3 Yet, to assume that the disciplines of integrative medicine entirely lack evidence of efficacy is incorrect and to adopt the presupposition that the allopathic practices do is equally deceptive.

Investigations into the efficacy of integrative medicine therapies have been and are problematic. Science follows the concept of a “materialistic causality”3 (p.669), and many integrative medicine therapies fall short of fitting into the framework this concept of materialistic causality has generated. It appears that changes in the inherent world-view of the predominant scientific paradigm are necessary in order for the concept of integrative medicine to be valuable.12,3 The core of Sciences´ primary conflicts with the integrative medicine practices, demonstrates dissonance of the conventional concept of standardization with that of individualization that is fundamental to the alternative, non-conventional practices.13 As such therefore, the gold standard of the randomized controlled trial (RCT) as the principle tool for evaluation of efficacy of a treatment approach is rendered inapplicable, to investigations into holistic medical concepts of health.13

Alternative therapies such as homeopathy, for example, have proceeded to adopt the testing methodologies inherent of conventional trials and studies, and are following the standard procedures as outlined by the Consort statement 15, (plus extensions 18), but have extended investigations to include data specific of homeopathic treatment practice, by reporting on aspects that are outlined in the REDHOT guidelines.16

While most trials and studies into integrative medicine are undertaken with the focus of investigation being on the efficacy of the alternative treatment compared to placebo, Walach 7, insists that testing Integrative medicine therapies with the RCT should follow a different structure. He stresses that the holistic treatment is better tested against the efficacy of a treatment of another discipline as opposed to that of placebo. Riley 6, considers the placebo a bias to the claim of scientificity itself. “Placebos depend upon a patient`s (and perhaps a physician`s) belief that a therapy is likely to work” 6 (p.556); a subjective experience, and therefore, science itself has an `unscientific´ aspect.

Is allopathy Evidence Based Medicine (EBM)?

Beside all the heated discussions and the persistent demand for evidence-based medical practices of Integrative medicine, one issue frequently receives little attention, namely, the extent to which the orthodox medical practices are in fact practicing what they preach and provide scientific evidence of efficacy. LaRiccia 10, and Patel 3, point out that few good quality trials exist that have investigated integrative medicine therapies, but fail not to stress that this is likewise an issue in the evaluation of those practices described as evidence-based or scientific.

BMJ Clinical Evidence comprises a database of high-quality, rigorously developed systematic overviews assessing the benefits and harms of treatments” 17 (n.p.), and has proceeded to categorise the effectiveness of 3000 treatments with an astonishing and in fact shocking outcome. The data exhibited reflects to what extent treatments are evidence-based. The outcome of this categorisation has shown that a mere 11% of trials and studies show beneficial outcome, 24% are considered likely to be beneficial with the remaining 65% ranging from questionable, of unknown effectiveness, to ineffective or harmful.17

scientific-evidenceThis relevation draws into question the justification for the persistent and resolute demand for evidence of efficacy of integrative medicine treatments. With so little profound evidence available from so called scientific medicine, the legitimacy of critique from the medical orthodoxy, concerning an insufficiently existent evidence base of the non-conventional practices, is questionable and appears shameful.

Why therefore, is the insistence on proof of efficacy of the integrative medicine practices so persistently demanded, in particular from the conventional medical spheres? The reason becomes quite obvious if one takes into consideration the increase of interest in, acceptance of and use of integrative medicine disciplines by ever increasing patient numbers. Integrative medicine has advanced to become somewhat of a threat to conventional medical practice.3

The therapies of integrative medicine are in existence because patients demand treatments outside of the conventional realm of medical practice.12 Patients notice and experience that orthodox medicine has flaws.8 They are not blind to the impact a course of treatment makes on them, to adverse effects or to the concomitant developments that frequently originate from the mainstream treatment of diseases.  Patients have become sensitized for their own well-being and health, and have therefore become critical of the handling of their discomforts and ailments.7,8 Consequently patients demand to be treated holistically, gently, alternatively.

Conclusion

Patel 2, stresses that an integrative approach to treatment may be most valuable to the patient.  He emphasizes that the factor `time of existence´ of a discipline is inappropriate as measure of efficacy, and that testing with standard scientific means is necessary for the acknowledgement of a non-conventional practice. Yet, he maintains that there are many challenges to such evaluation, and that integrative medicine therapies should not aim at providing evidence of being a superior approach to healthcare. Rather should emphasis be on discovering “ the strengths and weaknesses of each system in order to be able to show that specific types of cases should be treated by specific holistic therapies, while other specific types of cases should be treated by scientific medical physicians” 2 (pp.173-174).

If integrative medicine practices were found to fully comply and be testable with the standard scientific methodologies, the alternative and non-conventional therapies would lose what makes them `different´. If integrative medicine became scientifically standardised according to the orthodox scientific paradigm it would have to be incorporated into mainstream medicine and would consequently become conventional. The integrative medicine practices would have to be reclassified, as specialities of conventional practice.11Is this at all favoured?

LaRiccia 10 points out that “the lack of RCT´s (Randomized Controlled Trials) does not disprove a therapy”, and albeit Patel´s 2, call for integrative medicines compliance with the scientific methodologies of investigation, the traditional medical practices offer valuable concepts of health care. Practitioners cannot ignore the evidence of efficacy of a treatment that has been practiced successfully, and is documented by experience in practice, only on account of philosophical unacceptability within a fixed superimposed framework. It is the currently inexplicable that promotes investigation and has “in the past, been linked with significant scientific advances” 3(p.669).

References:

1. Michlig, M, Ausfeld-Hafter, B. & Busato, A. (2008) Patient satisfaction with primary care: A comparison between conventional care and traditional Chinese medicine online, article from Complementary therapies in medicine last accessed February 2016 at URL http://www.sciencedirect.com

2. Patel, M. (1987a) Evaluation of holistic medicine online, article from Soc. Sci. & Med. Last accessed February 2016 at URL http://www.sciencedirect.com

3. Patel, M. (1987b) Problems in the evaluation of alternative medicine online, article from Soc. Sci. & Med. Last accessed February 2016 at URL http://www.sciencedirect.com

4. Editorial, The Lancet, Vol 356, No. 9232, September 2, 2000 Page 781

Drug-company influence on medical education in USA
Documentation

5. U.K. House of Commons, Session 2004-05 Health – Minutes of Evidence- Fourth Report, December 16, 2004.
Documentation

6. Riley, J. (1977) Western medicine´s attempt to become more scientific: Examples from the United States and Thailand online, article from Soc. Sci. & Med. Last accessed February 2016 at URL http://www.sciencedirect.com

7. Walach, H. (2009a) The campaign against CAM and the notion of “evidence-based” online, article from The Journal of alternative and complementary medicine last accessed February 2016 at URL http://ehis.ebscohost.com

8. Walach, H. (2009b) The campaign against CAM – a reason to be proud online, article from The Journal of holistic healthcare last accessed February 2016 at URL http://www.ecpm-europe.ch

9. Patwardhan, B. Warude, D, Pushpangadan, P. & Bhat, N. (2005) Ayurveda and traditional Chinese medicine: A comparative overview online, article from Advance Access Publication last accessed February 2016 at URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

10. LaRiccia, P. (2003) Point of view: A Physician´s experience with integrating complementary and alternative medicine: Opportunities, problems & directions online, article from Seminars in integrative medicine last accessed February 2016 at URL http://www.sciencedirect.com

11. White, B. (2004) Making evidence-based medicine doable in everyday practice online, article from Family practice management last accessed February 2016 at URL http://www.aafp.org/fpm

12. Chez A. & Jonas, W. (1997) The challenge of CAM online, article from Am J Obstet Gynecol last accessed February 2016 at URL http://www.sciencedirect.com

13. Yamey, G. (2000) Can complementary medicine be evidence-based? online, article from West J Med last accessed February 2016 at URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

14. Huffard, D. (2003) Evaluating complementary & alternative medicine: The limits of Science and Scientists online, article from Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics last accessed February 2016 at URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com

15. Schulz KF, Altman DG, Moher D, for the CONSORT Group. CONSORT 2010 Statement: updated guidelines for reporting parallel group randomised trials. BMJ 2010;340:c332. (http://www.consort-statement.org)

16. Dean, M., Coulter, M., Fisher, P., Jobst, K. & Walach, H. (2007) Reporting data on homeopathic treatments (RedHot): A supplement to CONSORT online, from The Journal of alternative and complementary medicine last accessed February 2016 at URL http://www.audesapere.in

17. BMJ (2012) What conclusions has Clinical Evidence drawn about what works, what doesn´t based on randomised controlled trial evidence? online, article from Clinical Evidence last accessed February 2016 at URL http://clinicalevidence.bmj.com

18. Moher D, Hopewell S, Schulz KF, Montori V, Gøtzsche PC, Devereaux PJ, Elbourne D, Egger M, Altman DG, for the CONSORT Group. CONSORT 2010 Explanation and Elaboration: updated guidelines for reporting parallel group randomised trial. BMJ 2010;340:c869. (http://www.consort-statement.org)

big-pharma-extorts-peopleBig Pharma extorts people

chris-wark-medicine-is-not-science-basedModern Medicine is NOT Science Based

how-is-the-war-on-cancer-doingHow is the War on Cancer doing?

blind-faith-in-science-is-often-misplacedBlind faith in science is often misplaced

commonsense-is-required-for-a-cureCommonsense is required for a cure

big-pharma-controls-the-research-fundingBig Pharma controls the research funding

Facebook
Google+
Twitter
YouTube
Instagram
 

To access the drfarrahcancercenter.com site, you must agree to the following;

Terms of Use

OVERVIEW

Please read these Terms of Use carefully before accessing or using our website. By accessing or using any part of the site, you agree to be bound by these Terms of Use. If you do not agree to all the terms and conditions of this agreement, then you may not access the website or use any services.

This website is operated by private parties in the Republic of Panama. Throughout the site, the terms “we”, “us” and “our” refer to drfarrahcancercenter.com, which offers this website, including all information, tools and services available from this site to you, the user, conditioned upon your acceptance of all terms, conditions, policies and notices stated here.

You understand and agree that you are accessing a website registered, owned, and hosted in the Republic of Panama. Therefore, all issues of a legal nature fall under the jurisdiction of the Republic of Panama legal system.

You understand and agree that as an authorized user you may only access information to which you have the legal authority to view and use. drfarrahcancercenter.com will monitor and record activity on this system to protect the system and its information and may use that monitoring information for official administrative or legal purposes. You understand and agree that you are not permitted to record, screenshot, or disseminate any information contained on the drfarrahcancercenter.com website to any party for any purpose whatsoever, and as such, you agree not to engage in such banned activities.

You understand and agree that unauthorized use of the system such as gaining unauthorized access to data, changing data, causing harm to the system or its data, or misuse of components is prohibited and may result in criminal, civil, or administrative penalties.

You also understand that drfarrahcancercenter.com can suspend or stop your use of this system if drfarrahcancercenter.com suspects any unauthorized use of the system attributable to you has occurred.

Your access to and use of the drfarrahcancercenter.com site is conditioned on your acceptance of and compliance with these Terms. These terms apply to all visitors, users and others who access or use the drfarrahcancercenter.com site. By accessing or using the drfarrahcancercenter.com site, you agree to be bound by these Terms. If you disagree with any part of the following Terms of Use, then you may not access the drfarrahcancercenter.com site.

By visiting our site and/ or purchasing anything from us, you engage in our “Service” and agree to be bound by the following terms and conditions (“Terms of Use”, “Terms”), including those additional terms and conditions and policies referenced herein and/or available by hyperlink. These Terms of Use apply to all users of the site, including without limitation users who are browsers, vendors, customers, merchants, and/ or contributors of content.

Any new features or tools which are added to the current website shall also be subject to the Terms of Use. You can review the most current version of the Terms of Use at any time on this page. We reserve the right to update, change or replace any part of these Terms of Use by posting updates and/or changes to our website. It is your responsibility to check this page periodically for changes. Your continued use of or access to the website following the posting of any changes constitutes acceptance of those changes.

 

SECTION 1 – ONLINE WEBSITE TERMS

By agreeing to these Terms of Use, you represent that you are at least the age of majority in your state, province, country or city of residence, or that you are the age of majority in your state, province, country or city of residence and you have given us your consent to allow any of your minor dependents to use this site.

You may not use any of our website for any illegal or unauthorized purpose nor may you, in the use of the Service, violate any laws in your jurisdiction (including but not limited to copyright laws).

You must not transmit any worms or viruses or any code of a destructive nature.

A breach or violation of any of the Terms will result in an immediate termination of your Services.

 

SECTION 2 – GENERAL CONDITIONS

We reserve the right to refuse service to anyone for any reason at any time.

You agree not to reproduce, duplicate, copy, sell, resell or exploit any portion of the Service, use of the Service, or access to the Service or any contact on the website through which the service is provided, without express written permission by us.

The headings used in this agreement are included for convenience only and will not limit or otherwise affect these Terms.

You understand and agree that this website is for information purposes only, and that by providing the information contained herein, we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. You understand and agree that before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

You understand and agree that the information on the site is presented for the sole purpose of disseminating health information for general educational purposes only. You understand and agree that if you think you may have a medical emergency, you should call your doctor or 911. You understand and agree that the information on this site is not intended or implied to be medical advice, and you understand and agree that the information does not constitute the provision or practice of medical, nursing, or professional health care advice or services. You understand and agree that you will not use the information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. You understand and agree that you should always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider prior to starting any treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

You understand and agree that nothing contained on this site is intended to be or will be used by you for medical diagnosis or treatment. You understand and agree that you should never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking treatment based on the information contained on this site. You understand and agree that the service and any content or information contained on the site is provided on an ‘as is’ basis. You understand and agree that while efforts have been made to assure the accuracy of the information on this site, there is no guarantee that such information is accurate or up-to-date. You understand and agree that, except for information, products, or services clearly identified as being supplied by the site, the site does not operate, control, or endorse any information, products, or services on the internet, in any way.

In addition, access to this site constitutes acceptance and understanding of the following,

By accessing this system, you hereby acknowledge, consent, and agree to all listed provisions and consent to monitoring.

You understand and agree that any copyright laws pertaining to the ownership and reproduction of all data fall exclusively under Panamanian legal jurisdiction for drfarrahcancercenter.com

If you are a copyright holder, or a director, officer, owner, employee, agent, supplier, licensor, contributor, service provider, website hosting company, trade partner, heir or assign of a copyright holder and feel that you or anyone you are engaged in any form of relationship whatsoever may have rights to data as part of this site or related sites, your agreement with the terms of use constitutes the following agreement, which is mandatory in order to access the data contained on this site.

I do hereby declare, understand, agree and warrant that I am a copyright owner, or an authorized representative of a copyright owner of film, print, slide, movie, video, artwork, digital image, negatives or any other material in any format whatsoever (hereafter referred to as “COPYRIGHTED DATA”) which I believe to be, known to be, or suspect to be contained on the drfarrahcancercenter.com website.

I hereby freely grant a non-exclusive license to drfarrahcancercenter.com and its agents to reproduce these COPYRIGHT DATA in perpetuity, and I represent and warrant that I have the legal right and authority to grant such a license. I may at my discretion ask to be credited for my contribution or the contributor I represent to the drfarrahcancercenter.com site as a contributor whether this occurred with or without my knowledge, but even if I or the contributor I represent remains uncredited, this agreement shall survive since participation in the free flowing of information for the public at large is a paramount responsibility we all should share. Therefore, in the best interest of free-flowing information for the public at large, I am freely undertaking this agreement, and clearly warrant that I have the authority to do so. I agree to indemnify and hold harmless drfarrahcancercenter.com and any of its directors, officers, owners, employees, agents, suppliers, licensors, contributors, service providers, website hosting companies, trade partners, heirs and assigns from any and all liability, damages, and expenses (including reasonable actual attorney’s fees) that may incur as a result of use and publication of said material, including any claims brought by any person claiming an interest in the COPYRIGHTED DATA or their subject matter. I agree and warrant that anyone containing any format of data from drfarrahcancercenter.com contained in any medium outside of the drfarrahcancercenter.com website itself, is bound by this agreement, since acceptance of this agreement is the only way to legally access such data. In addition, I understand and agree that accessing or storing any format of data contained in any medium outside of the drfarrahcancercenter.com website where it is hosted, constitutes a violation of the copyright laws of Panama against the offending party. I understand and agree that if I copy, contain, possess, or transmit any such data from the drfarrahcancercenter.com site in any format outside of the website itself, that my possession of such materials is a violation of Panamanian laws, and I agree to destroy such data forthwith.

 

SECTION 3 – ACCURACY, COMPLETENESS AND TIMELINESS OF INFORMATION

We are not responsible if information made available on this site is not accurate, complete or current. The material on this site is provided for general information only and should not be relied upon or used as the sole basis for making decisions without consulting primary, more accurate, more complete or more timely sources of information. Any reliance on the material on this site is at your own risk.

This site may contain certain historical information. Historical information, necessarily, is not current and is provided for your reference only. We reserve the right to modify the contents of this site at any time, but we have no obligation to update any information on our site. You agree that it is your responsibility to monitor changes to our site.

 

SECTION 4 – MODIFICATIONS TO THE SERVICE

We reserve the right at any time to modify or discontinue the Service (or any part or content thereof) without notice at any time.

We shall not be liable to you or to any third-party for any modification, change, suspension or discontinuance of the Service.

 

SECTION 5 – OPTIONAL TOOLS

Any use by you of optional tools offered through the site is entirely at your own risk and discretion and you should ensure that you are familiar with and approve of the terms on which tools are provided by the relevant third-party provider(s).

We may also, in the future, offer new services and/or features through the website (including, the release of new tools and resources). Such new features and/or services shall also be subject to these Terms of Use.

 

SECTION 6 – THIRD-PARTY LINKS

Certain content, products and services available via our Service may include materials from third-parties.

Third-party links on this site may direct you to third-party websites that are not affiliated with us. We are not responsible for examining or evaluating the content or accuracy and we do not warrant and will not have any liability or responsibility for any third-party materials or websites, or for any other materials, products, or services of third-parties.

We are not liable for any harm or damages related to the purchase or use of goods, services, resources, content, or any other transactions made in connection with any third-party websites. Please review carefully the third-party’s policies and practices and make sure you understand them before you engage in any transaction. Complaints, claims, concerns, or questions regarding third-party products should be directed to the third-party.

 

SECTION 7 – USER COMMENTS, FEEDBACK AND OTHER SUBMISSIONS

If, at our request, you send certain specific submissions (for example contest entries) or without a request from us you send creative ideas, suggestions, proposals, plans, or other materials, whether online, by email, by postal mail, or otherwise (collectively, ‘comments’), you agree that we may, at any time, without restriction, edit, copy, publish, distribute, translate and otherwise use in any medium any comments that you forward to us. We are and shall be under no obligation (1) to maintain any comments in confidence; (2) to pay compensation for any comments; or (3) to respond to any comments.

We may, but have no obligation to, monitor, edit or remove content that we determine in our sole discretion are unlawful, offensive, threatening, libelous, defamatory, pornographic, obscene or otherwise objectionable or violates any party’s intellectual property or these Terms of Use.

You agree that your comments will not violate any right of any third-party, including copyright, trademark, privacy, personality or other personal or proprietary right. You further agree that your comments will not contain libelous or otherwise unlawful, abusive or obscene material, or contain any computer virus or other malware that could in any way affect the operation of the Service or any related website. You may not use a false e-mail address, pretend to be someone other than yourself, or otherwise mislead us or third-parties as to the origin of any comments. You are solely responsible for any comments you make and their accuracy. We take no responsibility and assume no liability for any comments posted by you or any third-party.

 

SECTION 8 – ERRORS, INACCURACIES AND OMISSIONS

Occasionally there may be information on our site or in the Service that contains typographical errors, inaccuracies or omissions that may relate to product descriptions, pricing, promotions, offers, product shipping charges, transit times and availability. We reserve the right to correct any errors, inaccuracies or omissions, and to change or update information or cancel orders if any information in the Service or on any related website is inaccurate at any time without prior notice (including after you have submitted your order).

We undertake no obligation to update, amend or clarify information in the Service or on any related website, including without limitation, pricing information, except as required by law. No specified update or refresh date applied in the Service or on any related website, should be taken to indicate that all information in the Service or on any related website has been modified or updated.

 

SECTION 9 – PROHIBITED USES

In addition to other prohibitions as set forth in the Terms of Use, you are prohibited from using the site or its content: (a) for any unlawful purpose; (b) to solicit others to perform or participate in any unlawful acts; (c) to violate any international, federal, provincial or state regulations, rules, laws, or local ordinances; (d) to infringe upon or violate our intellectual property rights or the intellectual property rights of others; (e) to harass, abuse, insult, harm, defame, slander, disparage, intimidate, or discriminate based on gender, sexual orientation, religion, ethnicity, race, age, national origin, or disability; (f) to submit false or misleading information; (g) to upload or transmit viruses or any other type of malicious code that will or may be used in any way that will affect the functionality or operation of the Service or of any related website, other websites, or the Internet; (h) to collect or track the personal information of others; (i) to spam, phish, pharm, pretext, spider, crawl, or scrape; (j) for any obscene or immoral purpose; or (k) to interfere with or circumvent the security features of the Service or any related website, other websites, or the Internet. We reserve the right to terminate your use of the Service or any related website for violating any of the prohibited uses.

 

SECTION 10 – DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES; LIMITATION OF LIABILITY

We do not guarantee, represent or warrant that your use of our service will be uninterrupted, timely, secure or error-free.

We do not warrant that the results that may be obtained from the use of the service will be accurate or reliable.

You agree that from time to time we may remove the service for indefinite periods of time or cancel the service at any time, without notice to you.

You expressly agree that your use of, or inability to use, the service is at your sole risk. The service and all products and services delivered to you through the service are (except as expressly stated by us) provided ‘as is’ and ‘as available’ for your use, without any representation, warranties or conditions of any kind, either express or implied, including all implied warranties or conditions of merchantability, merchantable quality, fitness for a particular purpose, durability, title, and non-infringement.

In no case shall anyone affiliated with drfarrahcancercenter.com including our directors, officers, employees, affiliates, agents, contractors, interns, suppliers, service providers or licensors be liable for any injury, loss, claim, or any direct, indirect, incidental, punitive, special, or consequential damages of any kind, including, without limitation lost profits, lost revenue, lost savings, loss of data, replacement costs, or any similar damages, whether based in contract, tort (including negligence), strict liability or otherwise, arising from your use of any of the service or any products procured using the service, or for any other claim related in any way to your use of the service or any product, including, but not limited to, any errors or omissions in any content, or any loss or damage of any kind incurred as a result of the use of the service or any content (or product) posted, transmitted, or otherwise made available via the service, even if advised of their possibility. Because some states or jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or the limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages, in such states or jurisdictions, our liability shall be limited to the maximum extent permitted by law.

You understand and agree that no singular individual, group of individuals or entity in any form whatsoever is responsible or liable in any manner for any content generated on, for, or as a result of the existence of this site, since this is a community generated site. You understand and agree that as this is a community generated site, and as a result of this, there is no good way to control what users and contributors post on or through the sites and drfarrahcancercenter.com cannot be responsible for any offensive, inappropriate, obscene, unlawful, infringing or otherwise objectionable or even illegal user generated content you may encounter on the sites or, in connection with your use of the sites.

You understand and agree with the following statement made on behalf of drfarrahcancercenter.com, “We, on behalf of our directors, officers, employees, agents, suppliers, licensors, contributors and service providers, exclude and disclaim liability for any losses and expenses of whatever nature and howsoever arising including, without limitation, any direct, indirect, general, special, punitive, incidental or consequential damages; loss of use: loss of data; loss caused by a virus: loss of income or profit: loss of or damage to property: loss of life: claims of third parties: or other losses of any kind or character, or the inability to use, the site or the content even if we have been advised of the possibility of such damages or losses, arising out of or in connection with the use of this site or any web site with which it is linked.”

 

SECTION 11 – INDEMNIFICATION

You agree to indemnify, defend and hold harmless drfarrahcancercenter.com and our parent, subsidiaries, affiliates, partners, officers, directors, agents, contractors, licensors, service providers, subcontractors, suppliers, interns and employees, harmless from any claim or demand, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, made by any third-party due to or arising out of your breach of these Terms of Use or the documents they incorporate by reference, or your violation of any law or the rights of a third-party.

 

SECTION 12 – SEVERABILITY

In the event that any provision of these Terms of Use is determined to be unlawful, void or unenforceable, such provision shall nonetheless be enforceable to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, and the unenforceable portion shall be deemed to be severed from these Terms of Use, such determination shall not affect the validity and enforceability of any other remaining provisions.

 

SECTION 13 – TERMINATION

The obligations and liabilities of the parties incurred prior to the termination date shall survive the termination of this agreement for all purposes.

These Terms of Use are effective unless and until terminated by us. You may terminate use of the drfarrahcancercenter.com site, but this Terms of Use shall survive in perpetuity.

If in our sole judgment you fail, or we suspect that you have failed, to comply with any term or provision of these Terms of Use, we also may terminate this agreement at any time without notice and you will remain liable for all amounts due up to and including the date of termination; and/or accordingly may deny you access to our Services (or any part thereof).

 

SECTION 14 – ENTIRE AGREEMENT

The failure of us to exercise or enforce any right or provision of these Terms of Use shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision.

These Terms of Use and any policies or operating rules posted by us on this site or in respect to The Service constitutes the entire agreement and understanding between you and us and govern your use of the Service, superseding any prior or contemporaneous agreements, communications and proposals, whether oral or written, between you and us (including, but not limited to, any prior versions of the Terms of Use).

Any ambiguities in the interpretation of these Terms of Use shall not be construed against the drafting party.

 

SECTION 15 – GOVERNING LAW

These Terms of Use and any separate agreements whereby we provide you Services shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the Republic of Panama.

 

SECTION 16 – CHANGES TO TERMS OF USE

You can review the most current version of the Terms of Use at any time at this page.

We reserve the right, at our sole discretion, to update, change or replace any part of these Terms of Use by posting updates and changes to our website. It is your responsibility to check our website periodically for changes. Your continued use of or access to our website or the Service following the posting of any changes to these Terms of Use constitutes acceptance of those changes.

 

SECTION 17 – CONTACT INFORMATION

Questions about the Terms of Use should be sent to us at staff@drfarrahcancercenter.com

Upon agreeing to these terms and conditions, you gain access to the drfarrahcancercenter.com website and assume total responsibility for any and all actions undertaken by you as a result of your access to the drfarrahcancercenter.com website. You agree and understand that the terms of this agreement shall be binding upon you, your respective heirs, successors, assigns and legal representatives. You understand and agree that all provisions of this Terms of Use agreement that by their nature should survive termination shall survive termination, including, without limitation, ownership provisions, warranty disclaimers, indemnity, licensing in perpetuity and limitations of liability.