Benefits of Niog-niogan Image by Atamari / CC BY-SA 3.0 Niog-niogan is also known as Quisqualis indica Linn. (scientific name). It is mostly found in thickets and secondary forests throughout the Philippines. These plants are used as ornaments because of its flowers. It also occurs in India to Malaya. It is introduced in most tropical countries. The taste of the plant resembles coconuts. The oil of its seeds are purgative. It is considered anthelmintic and anti-inflammatory. The studies on ascariasis reported that the plant possess anthelmintic properties. Its excessive dosing was reported to cause hiccups. Its fruit is considered tonic and astrigent. Read More


Benefits of Nipa Image by Wie146 / CC BY-SA 2.0 Nipa is also known as Nypa fruticans Wumb. (scientific name). These plants are found along tidal streams in brackish swamps and muddy banks throughout the Philippines. Gregarious over large areas of favorable habitats. It also occurs in India, through Malaya to tropical Australia. The sap of this plant is highly fermentable. The fresh sap has a sweet and fruit-like color. The fermented nipa sap contains high amount of ethanol, together with higher alcohols, esters, diacetyl and acetoin. Read More


Benefits of Nipai Image by Dinesh Valke / CC BY-SA 2.0 Nipai is also known as Mucuna pruriens Linn. (scientific name). These plants are found in dry thickets and secondary forests at low altitudes in Rizal and Laguna provinces. It also occurs in India to Malaya. The hairs of these plants are very irritating. The effect is purely mechanical. The irritation is often so intense, it is regarded as poisonous. The hairs produce an intolerable itching, followed by pain, redness, swelling and an eruption. The hairs from its dried herbarium specimens are as irritating as the fresh plants. The seeds are regarded as a nervine tonic, aphrodisiac and astringent. The plant is considered diuretic, blood purifier, aphrodisiac, uterine stimulant, and tonic. Read More


Benefits of Nito Image by EdwardSteven / CC BY-SA 2.0 Nito is also known as Lygodium circinnatum (Burm.) Swartz (scientific name). The plant is common in the Philippines at low and medium altitudes. It grows over shrubs and high into trees. It can also be found throughout the tropics of the Old World. The plant stripes are chewed and applied to bites venomous reptiles and insects to neutralize the poison. The roots and leaves are applied to wounds. It is used as a substitute for Helmintostachys zeylanica as a protective medicine after childbirth. Temuan tribe of Malaysia use the plant to exudate from the rhizome as insect repellent and to treat aquatic animal bites and snake bites. In Sabah, Malaysia young leaf is soaked in water, wrapped with a clean cloth and squeezed, and the drop applied to treat eye pains. Read More


Benefits of Nitong-pula Image by EdwardSteven / CC BY-SA 2.0 Nitong-pula is also known as Hydroglossum japonicum Wild. (scientific name). The plant is very common throughout the Philippines at low and medium altitudes. It is also reported from Japan and Korea up to India then southward to Australia. The sweet tasting, refrigerant, antifebrile, diuretic and it aids lymphatic circulation. The study isolated a new 1, 4-naphthoquinione and three known compounds from the roots. The study  isolated 8 compounds, tilianin, kaempferol-7-P-alpha-L-rhamnopyranoside, kaempferol, p-coumaric acid, hexadecanoic acid 2, 3-dihydroxy-propyl ester, daucosterol, beta-sitosterol, and 1-hentriacontanol. The spores yield caffeic acid and lygodin. Read More


Benefits of Nitong-puti Image by EdwardSteven / CC BY-SA 2.0 With its scientific name lygodium flexuosum, this plant is also known as the “Climbing fern” and the “Maidenhair creeper”, in English. This species can be found throughout the tropics of the Old World. Inthe Philippines, Nitong-puti can be found all over, especially in open places. Nitong-puti has antioxidant, anti-implantation, and anti-ovulatory properties. It is believed to help cure various conditions such as ringworm, skin ailments, blenorrhagia, jaundice, liver disorders, dysmenorrhea, wound, eczema, rheumatism, arthritis, bleeding gums, bad breath, sprains, scabies, and more. In Nepal, Nitong-puti is also used to treat herpes. Read More


Benefits of Nito-nitoan Image by PDH / CC0 1.0 Nito-nitoan is also known as Ugena microphylla Cav.(scientific name). These plants are limited in distribution in the Philippines. It is mostly seen in the Batanes Islands and some parts of Luzon. It also occurs in Tropical Africa, Asia, Australia and Polynesia. The plant properties are astringent. The decoction of the plant, especially of stems and fronds, used for dysentery and hemoptysis. The leaves are also used for skin ailments poultices and lotions used for skin ailments. Poultices and lotions used for skin ailments, measles and swelling. The lotions also used to cool in fevers. The plant in Thailand decoction of roots used for fevers. Decoction of the whole plant used for orchitis, cancer, joint and muscle pains. Read More


Benefits of Niyog Image by Tu7uh / CC BY-SA 3.0 With its scientific name, this plant is also known as the “Coconut” in English. This species is known to be native from Polynesia and was introduced in the Philippines way back prehistoric times. Niyog is pantropic in cultivation and is cultured in the country extensively, particularly in regions where there is a shorter dry season. Niyog has antitumor, antidotal, antiseptic, aperient, aphrodisiac, astringent, bactericidal, depurative, diuretic, pediculicide, refrigerant, stomachic, styptic, suppurative, vermifuge, and other properties. It is also believed to help cure conditions such as diarrhea, diabetes, dysentery, leprosy, urinary discharges, gonorrhea, small pox, arthritis, stomach aches and swellings, gangrenous ulcerations, itches, parasitic infections, throat inflammation, and more. Read More


Benefits of Niyog-niyogan Image by Forest Starr & Kim Starr / CC BY-SA 3.0 With its scientific name ficus pseudopalma, this plant is also known as “Dracaen fig”, “Palm-like fig”, and “Philippine fig”, in English. This species is endemic to the Philippines. It usually grows in thickets with low altitudes and is occasionally planted as an ornament for its leaves. It is reportedly cultivated sparingly in Hawaii. Niyog-niyogan leaves are popularly cooked with coconut milk in the Bicol area. It is also believed to help cure kidney stones and diabetes. This can be obtained through the decoction of niyog-niyogan leaves. Read More

Norfolk pine

Benefits of Norfolk pine Image by Crusier / CC BY-SA 3.0 With its scientific name araucaria heterophylla, this plant is also known as the Araucaria, Australian pine, House pine, Living Christmas tree, Norfolk Island pine, Star pine, Triangle pine, and Nan yang shan, in English. This species is native in the Norfolk Island and is widely distributed in the Philippines. This can be spotted in parks and gardens. Read More