Acacia

Family • Fabaceae / Mimosacea - Acacia crassicarpa A. Cunn ex Benth - THICK-PODDED-SALWOOD


Acacia is a shared common name for many species of Philippine plants, both scientific and common names: (1) Acacia concinna, acacia, a prickly shrub found in La Union, Benguet, and Ilocos Sur provinces of northern Luzon; (2) Albizzia lebbect, acaci, langil, mimosa; (3) Samanea saman, rain tree, acacia,for Acacia concinna; (4) Acacia farnesiana, aroma; (5) Acacia glauca, ipil-ipil; (6) Acacia niopo, kupang; (7) Acacia crassicarpa

Common names

Golden wattle (Engl.)
Growfast (Engl.)
Thick-podded salwood(Engl.)


acacia2Botany

Small- to medium-sized tree, growing to 25 m high, crown heavily branched and spreading. Bark is dark brown, hard with deep vertical furrows, the inner bark is red and fibrous. The leaves are winged and curved like a sickle, 8-20 cm x 1 to 4 cm, greyish green and glabrous. Inflorescense is a bright yellow spike, clustered in groups of 2-6. Pods are woody, oblong-ovoid, flat, 5-8 x 2-3 mm, black and arranged in seprate comparments.

Distribution
Recently introduced and popular used as an ornamental shade tree.
In landscaping, considered a “growfast” tree.

Uses
Folkloric
No recorded medicinal use in the Philippines.
The gum, roots, leaves, bark. pods and seeds have been used by aboriginal Australians in decoction, poultice, tonics or inahalations for a variety of ailments — diarrhea, dysterery, sore eyes, colds, sore eyes and skin conditions.


Other uses

Wood dires rapidly and is good for firewood and charcoal.
The wood was used for manufacturing weapons and tools.
It has edible gum which forms a tofee when soaked in water with honey.
The roots are cooked and eaten.

Study Findings
 Phenolic Compounds / Antioxidants: Bioactive phenolic substances have been found in the heartwood, sapwood and knots of Acacia crassicarpa.

Availability
Ornamental cultivation.

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