Blume, S. S. and Sinclair, Ruth, "Chemists in British Universities: A Study of the Reward
System in Science," American Sociological Review 38 (February, 1973), pp. 126-138.
Cited in Gaston, The Reward System... This is a survey, with a response rate of 55 per cent, of
chemists in Great Britain. They were asked about their own productivity and then asked to rate
the productivity of other chemists throughout the country. About half the chemists did not
complete this last question (is that half of the 55%?) Undaunted by such nonresponse, the authors
go ahead and do the analysis.
"Our findings thus diverge from those of Gaston, who found no evidence for ascriptive allocation
of rewards in high energy physics in Britain. They are, however, consistent with Crane's account
of the institutional advantages to be had in the U.S.A., and with Halsey and Trow's discussion of
the peculiar prestige attached to Oxford and Cambridge within the British university system.
They may, to some extent, account for the high concentration of Fellows of the Royal Society in
those institutions." (p. 137) Without too much sarcasm, one might ask what this means.