Barber Bernard and Hirsh Walter, editors. The Sociology of Science. New York: The Free Press
of Glencoe, 1962.
The editors here publish an array of articles dealing with the sociology of science. Merton is
everywhere. Barber's article on Merton is reproduced. Section 4, "The Organization of Scientific
Work and Communication Among Scientists," comes closest to what the professionals are
Regarding the norms of science, they are listed in Morris I. Stein, "Creativity and the Scientist,"
(pp. 329-343) as Universalism, Communism, Disinterestedness, and Organized Skepticism. In
this paper, Stein indicates that the norms of science are modified in terms of The Professional
Role, the employee role, and so on.