Bleier, Ruth. Science and Gender: A Critique of Biology and Its Theories on Women. New
York: Pergammon Press, 1984.
This is part of a series put out by Pergammon, the Athene Series, concerned with women's status.
This author goes after the absurdities of Wilson's Sociobiology but she also traces the roots of
his thinking: the very popular craniometrists of the 19th century, the IQ movement and the
Eugenics Movement. It is a very good critique of these particularisms.
Bleier is an excellent critic of biological thinking and, as a physician, she knows her anatomy.
She ably exposes the absurdities of biological reductionism though, in fact, she is too detailed on
a good portion of it. This is also a good reference for anyone interested in feminism and the
current controversies. If one wants a good criticism of ethology and the behavioristic model of
human behavior, that, too, can be found here. Finally, if one wants to see how physicians have
contributed to the masculine ideology of our society, this is an excellent sourcebook.