Broad, William J. And Sullivan, Walter. “Edward Teller, a Fierce Architect of the Hydrogen
Friedman, Thomas L. “Flexing Faith, ” New York Times, 6 December 1987, p. E7.
Pollack, Andrew. “Study Is a Blow to Genentech’s Main Product, ” New York Times, 9 March
The Chronicle of Higher Education, “Michigan Pays $1.67-Million to Ex-Researcher, ” The
“Superconducting Super Collider As Panacea, ” Science 257, (3 July 1992), p. 27. 

A prosecutor in Cleveland has accused a nationally renowned medical center there of seeking to
A Review Lewis Wolpert, The Unnatural Nature of Science: Why Science Does Not Make Common)
A Rogues Gallery
AAMC Ad Hoc Committee on the Maintenance of High Ethical Standards in the Conduct of
Abbot, Allison. “Germany Tightens Grip on Misconduct, ” Nature 390 (4 December 1997), p..


Alison and Schiermeier, Quirin. “Deep Roots of Nazi Science Revealed, ” Nature 407
Alison and Schwartz, Johanna. “Dubious Data Remain in Print Two Years After
Alison. “Concorsi ‘corruption Leads to Court, ” Nature 374 (27 April 1995), P. 756.
Alison. “Forged Images Lead to German Inquiry, ” Nature, 387 (29 May 1997), p. 442.
Alison. “Fraud Claim Puts German Rules to Test, ” Nature 392 (12 March 1998), p.
Alison. “Funding Cuts Put Pressure on Peer Review” Nature 383 (17 October 1996), p.
Alison. “German Fraud Inquiry Casts a Wider Net of Suspicion, ” Nature 405 (22 June
Alison. “Germany Proposes Guidelines for Good Practice, ” Nature 390 (18/25
Alison. “Italy Frees Research Council from ‘Baroni, ‘” Nature 394 (20 August 1998), p.
Alison. “Papal Confession: Darwin Was Right about Evolution, ” Nature 393, (31
Alison. “Researcher Sues Over Fraud Sanction, ” Nature 390 (18/25 December 1997), p.
Alison. “Scientists Lose Cold Fusion Libel Case, ” Nature 380 (4 April 1996), p. 369.
Alison. “Social Scientists Call for Abolition of Dishonesty Committee, ” Nature 421 (13
Allison. “German Scientists May Escape Fraud Trial, ” Nature 395 (8 October 1998), pp.
Allison. “German Technician’s Confession Spurs Check on Suspect Data, ” Nature 393
Allison. “University ‘Failed to Acknowledge Exoneration, ‘” Nature 387 (19 June 1997
Abdulla, Sara. “UK Fraud Verdict Prompts Moves on Ethics…” Nature 375 (15 June 1995), p.


Philip H. “Communication Between Scientists, ” Science 221 (9 September 1983), p.
Philip H. “Excessive Zeal to Publish, ” Science 218 (3 December 1982), p. 953.
Philip H. “Research Funding, ” Science 252 (3 May 1991), p. 625.
Philip H. “Scientific Communication, ” Science 209 (4 July 1980), pp. 60-62.
Philip. “Are the Tame Cats in Charge?” Saturday Review 49 (1 January 1966), pp.
Reed and Freudenheim, Milt. “The Conglomerate Will See You Now, ” New York
Reed. “Drug Sales Bring Huge Profits, and Scrutiny, to Cancer Doctors, ” New York
Reed. “Generous Medicare Payments Spur Specialty Hospital Boom, ” New York
Reed. “Heart Procedure Is Off the Charts in an Ohio City, ” New York Times, 18
Reed. “Medtronic, Again Questioned Over Payments to Doctors, Is Subject of
Reed. “New Nerve Test, A Moneymaker, Divides Doctors, ” New York Times, 20
Reed. “Possible Conflicts for Doctors are Seen on Medical Devices, ” New York
Reed. “Possible Conflicts for Doctors are Seen on Medical Devices, ” New York
Reed. “The Spine as a Profit Center, ” New York Times, 30 December 2006, pp.
Abir-Am, Pnina G. “Essay Review: How Scientists View Their Heroes: Some Remarks on the


Michael. “Population Bomb Fizzles, ” Discover, January 2003, p. 40.
Philip. The Origins of British Sociology: 1834-1914. Chicago: The University of
Abzug, Robert H. Inside the Vicious Heart: Americans and the Liberation of Nazi Concentration
Adam David and Knight, Jonathan. “Publish, and be Damned…” Nature 419 (24 October 2002)
Adam, David. “Paper Retracted as Co-Author Admits Forgery, ” Nature 421 (20 February 2003)
Adam, David. “Paper Retracted as Co-Author Admits Forgery, ” Nature 421 (20 February 2003)


Henry. The Education of Henry Adams. New York: The Modern Library, 1931.
Percy G. Travelers and Travel Liars 1660-1800. New York: Dover, 1980. (Originally
Adelson, Andrea. “Graduate Teaching Assistants, Increasingly Burdened, Are Unionizing, ” New
Adler, Saul. “Darwin’s Illness, ” Nature 184 (10 October 1959), pp. 1102-1103. Agnew
Bruce. “False Claims: Wins, But Stakes Soar in Minnesota Case, ” The Journal of NIH
Bruce. “NIH Will Tighten Controls on Human Research, ” The Journal of NIH
Bruce. “OSI, Heal Thyself: Misconduct Office Sets On The Road to Self-Reform, ” The
Agnier, Natalie. “Cultures in Conflict: M.D.’s and Ph.D.’s, ” New York Times, 24 April 1990, p.
Agramonte, Aristides. “The Inside Story of a Great Medical Story, ” Great Adventures in
Agran, Larry. The Cancer Connection: And What We Can Do About It. Boston: Houghton
Albany Times Union, “Gunman Kills 2 at Montreal University, ” Albany Times Union, 25
Albany Times-Union, “No Prosecution in Scientific Fraud Case, ” Albany Times-Union, 14 July
Albany, Times Union, “Major Inaccuracy Found in Influential Statistic, ” Albany Times Union
Alberts, Bruce and Shine, Kenneth. “Science and the Integrity of Research, ” Science 266 (9
Albin, Richard J. “The Great Prostate Mistake, ” New York Times, 10 March
Alder, Ken. The Measure of All Tings: The Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That


Peter. “Biologists Urged to Address Risk of Data Aiding Bioweapon Design, ” Nature
Peter. “Psychologists Rethink Burt, ” Nature 356 (5 March 1992), p. 5.
Alibek (Alibekov), Ken (Kanatjan) with Handelman, Stephen. Biohazard: The Chilling True
Alic, Margaret. Hypatia’s Heritage: A History of Women in Science from Antiquity Through the
Alimard, Amin. “Origins, History, and Directions of the University Bureau Movement in the
Allen M. Hornblum, Acres of Skin: Human Experiments at Holmesburg Prison. New York:
Allen, Leland. “The Rise and Fall of Polywater, ” New Scientist 59 (16 August 1973), pp.
Alonzo, William and Starr, Paul, editors. The Politics of Numbers. New York: Russell Sage

Alpher, Ralph A. and Herman

Robert. “Reflections on Early ‘Big Bang’ Cosmology, ” Physics
Robert. Genesis of the Big Bang. New York: Oxford University
Alsop, Joseph. “Fake Art, ” The New York Review of Books, 23 October 1986, pp. 25-31.
Altick, Richard D. The Scholar Adventurers. New York: Macmillan, 1951. Altman
Lawrence K. “H.I.V. Study Says Rate 40% Higher Than Estimate, ” New York Times
Lawrence K. “A Profession Divided Is Finding It Hard to Teach Prevention, ” New
Lawrence K. “AIDS Experts Leave Journal After Studies are Criticized, ” New York
Lawrence K. “An Improbable Theory on AIDS Is Put To the Test, ” New York Times
Lawrence K. “An Improbable Theory on AIDS Is Put To the Test, ” New York Times
Lawrence K. “Bypass Found to Give Patients Best Chance, ” Albany Times Union, 14
Lawrence K. “Can the Brain Provide Clues to Intelligence? New York Times, 24
Lawrence K. “Caution Urged Over Switch in Thyroid Drug, ” New York Times, 17
Lawrence K. “Committees Find Signs of Weak Leadership at Dana-Farber, ” New York
Lawrence K. “Communicable Diseases Masked Behind Doctors’ Erratic Reporting, “
Lawrence K. “Danger of Bleeding Forces Halt of Heart-Drug Study, ” New York
Lawrence K. “Departing N.I.H. Chief Issues a Warning on Politics, ” New York Times
Lawrence K. “Diagnoses and the Autopsies Are Found to Differ Greatly, ” New York
Lawrence K. “Drug Firm, Relenting, Allows Unflattering Study to Appear, ” New York
Lawrence K. “Eminent Harvard Professor Quits Over Plagiarism, University Says, “
Lawrence K. “Experts Re-examine Dr. Reiter, His Syndrome and His Nazi Past, ” New
Lawrence K. “Experts See Bias In Drug Data, ” New York Times, 29 April 1997, pp.
Lawrence K. “Fall of a Man Pivotal in Breast Cancer Research, ” New York Times, 4
Lawrence K. “Fatal Drug Trial Raises Questions About ‘Informed Consent, ‘” New
Lawrence K. “Federal Officials to Review Documents in Breast Cancer Study With
Lawrence K. “Flawed Breast Cancer Study Faces Cutoff of Financing, ” New York
Lawrence K. “Flawed Study Raises Questions on U.S. Research, ” New York Times, 15
Lawrence K. “For Science’s Gatekeepers, A Credibility Gap, ” New York Times, 2
Lawrence K. “Hidden Discord Over Right Therapy, ” New York Times, 24 December
Lawrence K. “Medical Dean at Cornell Quits to Take Texas Job, ” New York Times, 26
Lawrence K. “Medical Errors Bring Calls For Change, ” New York Times, 18 July
Lawrence K. “Officials Apologize for Delay in Uncovering Falsified Data in Cancer
Lawrence K. “Panel Clears Fatal Studies of New Drug, ” New York Times, 3 June 1994
Lawrence K. “Panel Is Told of Failure to Correct Problems in Cancer Studies, ” New
Lawrence K. “Panel to Study Report that Drug Aids Paralytics, ” New York Times, 4
Lawrence K. “Probe Into Flawed Cancer Study Prompts Federal Reforms, ” New York
Lawrence K. “Psychiatrist’s Downfall Spurs Debate, ” New York Times, 2 December
Lawrence K. “Researcher Falsified Data in Breast Cancer Study, ” New York Times, 14
Lawrence K. “Researcher Says Drug Aids Victims of Paralysis, ” New York Times, 3
Lawrence K. “Revisionist History Sees Pasteur As Liar Who Stole Rival’s Ideas, ” New
Lawrence K. “Safety of Catheter Into the Heart Is Questions, Startling Doctors, ” New
Lawrence K. “Scientist Ousted From Cancer Study Declines to Testify to House Panel, “
Lawrence K. “Secrecy Is Hurting Medical Research, a U.S. Official Says, ” New York
Lawrence K. “Sloan-Kettering Fined $12, 000 for Surgery on Wrong Side of Woman’s
Lawrence K. “Smallpox Vaccine Knowledge Found Lacking, ” New York Times, 10
Lawrence K. “Some Authors in Medical Journals May Get Paid by ‘Spin Doctors, ‘”
Lawrence K. “State Issues Scathing Report on Error aat Sloan-Kettering, ” New York
Lawrence K. “Study Finds Widespread Problem of Inadequate Health Care, ” New York
Lawrence K. “Study Says $2, 200 Heart Drug Is No Better Than a $76 One, ” New York
Lawrence K. “Study Says Drug Ads In Medical Journals Frequently Mislead, ” New
Lawrence K. “Suspended Cancer Studies Get Limited Approval to Resume, ” New York
Lawrence K. “Swedish Study Finds Sex Bias in Getting Science Jobs, ” New York
Lawrence K. “Tests Fail to Support Theory on AIDS and Role of Chimpanzees and
Lawrence K. “The Doctor as Guinea Pig, ” New York Times Magazine, 6 April 1986
Lawrence K. “The Doctor’s World Alfred Nobel and the Prize That Almost Didn’t
Lawrence K. “The Doctor’s World: The Fued, ” New York Times, 27 November 2007
Lawrence K. “U.S. Halts Recruitment of Cancer Patients For Studies, Pointing to Flaws
Lawrence K. “U.S. Has 3 Experts Reviewing Breast Cancer Study, ” New York Times
Lawrence K. “University Is Ordered to Consider Inquiry Into Cancer Studies, ” New
Lawrence K. “Use of Some Hypertension Drugs Questioned, ” New York Times, 29
Lawrence K. “Wake Up Call on Threats of Disease, ” New York Times, 16 October
Lawrence K. “When Peer Review Yields Unsound Science, ” New York Times, 11 June
Lawrence K. “Whiplash Treatments Found to be Ineffective, ” New York Times, 2 May
Lawrence K. “Wide Abuse of Medical Students Found, ” New York Times, 26 January
Lawrence K. “With Lives at Stake, Issue is Secrecy of Data, ” New York Times, 15
Lawrence K. “‘Standard’ Heart Treatment is Hit and Miss, ” New York Yimes, 26
Lawrence T. “British Cast Spotlight on Misconduct in Scientific Research, ” New York
Lawrence. “Getting It Right on the Facts of Death, ” New York Times, 22 December
Lawrence. “Two Journals in Dispute Over Research on Kaposi’s Sarcoma, ” New York


Walter C. “The Nature of Charles Darwin’s Lifelong Ill-Health, ” New England Journal
Walter C. Nervousness, Indigestion and Pain. New York: Hoeber, 1943. Amato
Ivan. “Can PR Cool the Greenhouse?” Science 252 (5 July 1991), pp. 178-1785.
Ivan. “The Hubble: One Sick Puppy, ” Science 253 (9 August 1991), p. 627.
Andenson, Karen W. “For SAT Maker, a Broader Push to the Classroom, ” New York Times, 16
Anderson Alan and Paica, Joseph. “Disputed Paper Still Causing Problems, ” Nature (4 May


Alun and Paica, Joseph. “US Congressman Attacks NIH Investigation, ” Nature 336
Alun. “Baltimore Hearing Ends Without Resolution, ” Nature 339 (18 May 1989), p.
Alun. “Britain’s Crop Circles: Reaping by Whirlwind?” Science 253 (30 August
Alun. “No Citation Analyses Please, We’re British, ” Science, 252 (3 May 1991), p.
Alun. “No Misconduct or Fraud in Baltimore Case, ” Nature, 336 (8 December 1988)
Christopher. “A Final Frenzy for Landmark Cases, ” Nature 355 (2 January 1992), pp.
Christopher. “Academy Warns Against Slipping Ethics, ” Science 363 (11 February
Christopher. “Another Blow for ORI, ” Science 262 (29 October 1993), p. 343.
Christopher. “Bromley’s Last Stand, ” Science 259 (1 January 1993), pp. 20-21.
Christopher. “Federal Conflict Rules Nearing Completion, ” Science 259 (12 February
Christopher. “Fraudbuster Foreswears Food, ” Science 260 (21 May 1993), p. 1063.
Christopher. “Gallo Case Spawns New Drama, ” Science 261 (30 July 1993), p. 553.
Christopher. “Growing Up In Public, ” Nature 355 (2 January 1992), p. 6.
Christopher. “Hearing Process Proves a Challenge for ORI, ” Science 260 (18 June
Christopher. “How Not To Publicize a Misconduct Finding, ” Science 263 (25 March
Christopher. “Investigation Confirms Murderer’s Claims, ” Science 265 (22 July
Christopher. “Michigan Gets and Expensive Lesson, ” Science 262 (1 October 1993)
Christopher. “Minnesota Kills Controversial Drug, ” Science 263 (25 March 1994), p.
Christopher. “Misconduct Panel Sets Ambitious Agenda, ” Science 264 (24 June
Christopher. “New Evidence Emerges in Tufts Misconduct Case, ” Nature 347 (27
Christopher. “NIH Staffer Finds Warm Reception on Other Side, ” Nature 355n (9
Christopher. “NSF’s New Random Inspections Draw Fire, ” Science 261 (16 July
Christopher. “ORI Drops Gallo Case in Legal Dispute, ” Science 262 (19 November
Christopher. “Scandal Scars Minnesota Medical School, ” Science 262 (17 December
Christopher. “Scripps Backs Down on Controversial Sandoz Deal, ” Science 260 (25
Christopher. “Scripps Versus Congress, Round II, ” Science 265 (8 July 1994), p.
Christopher. “Secret Service Analysis Goes to Pieces, ” Science 260 (18 June 1993) p.
Christopher. “Secret Service Analysis Goes to Pieces, ” Science 260 (18 June 1993) p.
Christopher. “Societies Drop Opposition to Station, ” Science 265 (15 July 1994), p.
Christopher. “Survey Tracks Misconduct, to an Extent, ” Science 262 (19 November
Christopher. “The Aftermath of the Gallo Case, ” Science 263 (7 January 1994), pp.
Christopher. “Universities Discover that Simplicity Has Its Price, ” Science 258 (18
Christopher. “White House Seeks Uniform Policy, ” Science 261 (17 September
Christopher. “Writer’s Cramp, ” Nature 355 (9 January 1992), p. 101.
Christopher; Concar, David, and Anderson, Alun. “NIH Launches Surprise Gallo
Duwayne M. “Cold Fusion at Texas A&M, ” Letter to the editor. Science 249 (3
Ian. “Hospital Errors are Number Three Killer in Australia, ” New Scientist 10 June
Jack and Van Atta, Dale. “Who Invented the Computer?” Gloverseville-Johnstown
Jack. “Ern Malley’s Triumph: How a Hoax Became a Myth, ” New York Times, 5
Jack. “FBI Reacts to Cheating on Exam, ” Leader-Herald, Gloversville, Johnstown
Jack. “Voodoo Science Funding Rapped, ” Leader-Herald, Gloversville-Johnstown
Karen W. “Staff on Tenure Track Is Teaching Less at Yale, a Study Says, ” New York
Martin. Impostors in the Temple: American Intellectuals Are Destroying Our
Andreski, Stanislav. Social Sciences as Sorcery. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1972. Andrews
Edmund L. “Census Bureau to Dismiss Analyst Who Estimated Casualties, ” New
Edmund L. “Clinton’s Technology Plan Would Redirect Billions From Military
Edmund L. “Hollywood Tales Just Fiction, German Paper Says, ” New York Times, 2
Loretta. “I Was Juror No. 6, the Lone Dissenter in the Libby Zion Case, ” letter to the
Lori B. “Money Is Putting People at Risk in Biomedical Research, ” The Chronicle of
Lori B. “Money Is Putting People at Risk in Biomedical Research, ” The Chronicle of


Marcia. “Fraud in Science, ” a review of Betrayers of the Truth by William Broad and
Marcia. “Trial by Science, ” New York Times, 9 December 1998, p. A29. Angier
Natalie, “Vast, 15-Year Effort To Decipher Genes Stirs Opposition, ” New York Times
Natalie. “A Pearl and a Hodgepodge: Human DNA, ” New York Times, 26 June 2000, p.
Natalie. “Academy’s Choices Don’t Reflect The Number of Women in Science, ” New
Natalie. “Action of Gene in Huntington’s Is Proving a Tough Puzzle, ” New York Times
Natalie. “Court Ruling on Scientific Evidence: Adjust Burden, ” New York Times 1 July
Natalie. “Drug Works, but Questions Remain, ” New York Times, 13 December 1993, p.
Natalie. “Embattled Biologist Will Return to M.I.T.” New York Times, 19 May 1992, p.
Natalie. “Fierce Competition Marked Fervid Race for Cancer Gene, ” New York Times
Natalie. “In the History of Gynecology, A Surprising Chapter, ” New York Times, 23
Natalie. “Maybe It’s Not a Gene Behind a Person’s Thrill-Seeking Ways, ” New York
Natalie. “Nice Guys Don’t Win Nobel Prizes, ” review of Science As a Process by David
Natalie. “Report Suggests Homosexuality is Linked to Genes, ” New York Times, pp. 1
Natalie. “Rockefeller U. Is Hurt as President Feels Pain of Science-Fraud Case, ” New
Natalie. “Scientists Retract Embryo Study, Saying Research Was Fraudulent, ” New
Natalie. “Scientists Zero In on a Gene Linked to Prostate Cancer, ” New York Times, 22
Natalie. “Scientists, Finding Second Idiosyncrasy in Homosexuals’ Brains, Suggest
Natalie. “Study Finds a Genetic Flaw That May Explain Some Male Violence, ” New
Natalie. “Study Finds Region of Brain May Be Key Problem Solver, ” New York Times
Natalie. “Study of Sex Orientation Doesn’t Neatly Fit Mold, ” New York Times, 18 July
Natalie. “The Biology of What It Means to be Gay, ” New York Times, 1 September
Natalie. “What Makes a Parent Put Up With It All?” New York Times, 2 November
Natalie. “Zone of Brain Linked to Men’s Sexual Orientation, ” New York Times, 30
Angiers, Natalie. “Not Just Genes: Moving Beyond Nature vs. Nature, ” New York Times, 15
Angres, Ronald. “Who, Really, Was Bruno Bettelheim?” Commentary October, 1990, pp.
Annas, George J. and Grodin, Michael A. The Nazi Doctors and the Nuremberg Code: Human
Apple, R. W. Jr., “Candidates’ Transgressions Loom Large on Home Screen, ” New York Times
Applebone, Peter. “On Internet Sites, Term-Paper Files Become Hot Items, ” New York Times 8
Archibold, Randal C. “2 Accused of Trading in Cadaver Parts, ” New York Times, 8 March
Arenson Karen W. “Large Charities Pay Well, Survey Finds, ” New York Times 5 September


Karen W. “Cornell Announces Plans to Put Greater Focus on Undergraduates, ” New
Karen W. “Grading Mistakes Caused more Than 4, 000 Would-Be teachers to Fail a
Karen W. “Is It Grade Inflation, or Are Students Just Smarter?” New York Times, 18
Karen W. “Martin Feldstein’s Computer Error, ” The New York Times, 5 October
Karen W. “Study Finds Uneven Progress for Women on Princeton Science and
Karen W. “SUNY Classics Professor Is Accused of Plagiarism, ” New York Times, 22
Karen. “How Wall Street Bred an Ivan Boesky, ” New York Times, 23 November
Armitage, Angus. The World of Copernicus. New York: Mentor, 1951 (Originally, entitled Sun
Armour, Richard. The Academic Bestiary. Illustrated by Paul Darrow. New York: William


Barbara. “Society vs the Mentally Ill: Exploring the Roots of Prejudice, ” Hospital
H. L. Letter. Science 180 (June 15, 1973), p. 1119. Louise. Kiss Daddy Goodnight: A Speak-Out on Incest. New York: Pocket, 1979.
Arnau, Frank. The Art of the Faker: Three Thousand Years of Deception. Translated from the
Arnold, Martin. “Writers Beware: History is an Art, Not a Toaster, ” New York Times, 28
Aron, Arthur and Aron, Elaine N. The Heart of Social Psychology. Lexington, Massachusetts:
Aronson, Lester R. “The Case of The Case of the Midwife Toad, ” Behavior Genetics 5 (April
Ashcroft, Frances. Life at the Extremes: The Science of Survival. London: Flamingo, 2001
Ashmore, Malcolm. “The Theatre of the Blind: Starring a Promethean Prankster, A Phoney


Isaac. “Foreword: The Role of the Heretic, ” in Donald Goldsmith, editor. Scientists
Isaac. “What’s Fueling the Popular Science Explosion?” Saturday Review August
Isaac. The New Intelligent Man’s Guide to Science. New York: Basic Books, 1965.
Issac. “Self-Correction, ” SciQuest, February, 1982, p. 32. Assmuth, J. and Hull, Ernest R. Haeckel’s Frauds and Forgeries. London: Examiner Press

Associated Press

“Duke to Repay Stolen Grant Money, ” New York Times (electronic edition)
“Duke to Repay Stolen Grant Money, ” New York Times (electronic edition)
“For Some Whistle-Blowers, Big Risk Pays Off, ” New York Times, 29
“Generic-drug Fraud Widespread, U.S. Attorney Says, ” Albany Times-Union
“Science Panel Defends An Accused Geneticist, ” New York Times, 14
Associated Press. “Degree Stripped, ” Leader-Herald, Gloversville-Johnstown, New York, 30


James. “The Case of Paul deMan, ” New York Times Magazine, 28 August 1988, pp.
James. “Ways to Look at the Past (Or Did It Really Happen?)” New York Times, 13
James. “When an Original Idea Sounds Really Familiar, ” New York Times, 28 July 1991


Jacqueline. “A Battle of Wills: How Leni Riefenstahl and Frank Capra Fought a War
James H. Chase, Chance, and Creativity: The Lucky Art of Novelty. New York:
Aveni, Anthony. Conversing With The Planets: How Science and Myth Invented the Cosmos.
Axelsen, Diana E. “Women As Victims of Medical Experimentation: J. Marion Sims’ Surgery
Ayers, B. Drummond Jr. “Wistful Pride and Cynicism Color Americans’ Memories of Apollo
Ayres, C. E. Science: The False Messiah. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1927.


Babbage, Charles. Reflections on the Decline of Science in England, and on Some of Its Causes.
Bachtold, Daniel. “Conflict-of-Interest Allegations Derail Inquiry Into Antidepressant’s ‘Dark
Back, Kurt W. Beyond Words: The Story of Sensitivity Training and the Encounter Movement.


Francis. Novum Organum Bk. 1 Aphorism 120. Cited in Merton, “Singletons and
Francis. Novum Organum. Edited by Joseph Devey. New York: P. F. Collier Son, 1901. Bagla
Pallava and Marshall, Eliot. “Hopkins Reviews Investment in Indian Cancer Drug Trial, “
Pallava. “Panel Fiunds Plagiarism By University Leader, ” Science 299 (7 February 2003)
Bair, W. J.; Hackett, P. L.; Horstman, V. G.; Hungate, F. P., and Thompson, R. C. “Sheep
Bakalar, Micholas. “Doctor’s Gender May Be Factor in Heart Diagnoses, ” New York Times, 2


Robert A. A Stress Analysis of a Strapless Evening Gown and Other Essays for a
Robert A. editor. Psychology in the Wry. Princeton: Nostrand, 1963.
Balaogh, Brian. Chain Reaction: Expert Debate and Public Participation in American
Balfe, Judith Huggins. “Two Types of Crowding Behavior Under Confined Conditions: Stores


Howard. “Downwind From The Bomb, ” New York Times Magazine, 9 February 1986, pp.
Philip. “Paper Trail Reveals References Go Unread by Citing Authors, ” Nature 420 (12
Balough, Brian. Chain Reaction: Expert Debate and Public Participation in American
Baltell, E. Digby. The Protestant Establishment. New York: Random House, 1964. Balter
Michael. “Data in Key Papers Cannot Be Reproduced, ” Science 283 (26 March 1999)
Michael. “Paleontological Rift in the Rift Valley, ” Science 292 (13 April 2001)m pp.


David. “Baltimore Declares O’Toole Mistaken, ” Nature 351 (30 May 1991), pp.
David. “Baltimore’s Travels, ” Issues in Science and Technology 5 (Summer) 1989
David. “David Baltimore Responds, ” Public Affairs, 3 (June 1989), pp. 1897-1898.
David. “Dr. Baltimore Says ‘Sorry, ‘” Nature 351 (9 May 1991), pp. 94-95.
David. “Letter to Colleagues, ” personal communication, l9 May 1988.
David. Letter to the editor. Issues in Science and Technology 6 (Winter) 1989-1990
Bamford, James. Body of Secrets: Anatomy of the Ultra-Secret National Security Agency: From
Bannister, Robert C. Sociology and Scientism: The American Quest for Objectivity, 1880-1940.


Walter R. “J. Presper Eckert, Co-inventor of Early Computer, Dies at 76, ” New York
Walter R. “John V. Atanasoff, 91, Dies; Early Computer Researcher, ” New York
Barbanel, Josh. “Medical Center Hyphen Becomes a Vs.” New York Times, 16 December 1990
Barbaro, Michael. “Wal-Mart to Test Price Cuts on Range of Generic Drugs, ” New York
Barber Bernard and Hirsh Walter, editors. The Sociology of Science. New York: The Free Press


Bernard and Fox R. C. “The Case of the Floppy-Eared Rabbits: An Instance of
Bernard. “Resistance by Scientists to Scientific Discovery, ” Science 134 (1 September
Richard J. The Politics of Research. Washington, D.C.: Public Affairs Press, 1966.
Theodore X(enophon). Pitfalls in Human Research. New York: Pergammon Press


David. “Inquiry Puts China’s Elite In New Light, ” New York Times, 22
David. “2 Polices Square Off on Genetically Altered Food, ” New York Times, 19


Marcia and Kaiser, Jocelyn. “Fraud Finding Triggers Payback Demand, ” Science 285
Marcia, “Who Controls a Researcher’s Files?” Science 256 (19 June 1992), pp. 1620-
Marcia. “Agent Orange: Congress Impatient for Answers, ” Science 245 (21 July
Marcia. “Confusion on the Cutting Edge, ” Science 257 (31 July 1992), pp. 616-619.
Marcia. “Is Homosexuality Biological?” Science 253 (30 August 1991), pp. 956-957.
Marcia. “Manic Depression Gene Put in Limbo, ” Science 246 (17 November 1989)
Marcia. “NIMH Assigns Blame for Tainted Studies, ” Science 245 (25 August 1989)
Marcia. “Stanford and MIT in the Dock?” Science 255 (24 January 1992), p. 398.
Marcia. “Stanford Sails Into a Storm, ” Science 250 (21 December 1990), p. 1651.
Marcia. “The Rise and Fall of Donald Kennedy, ” Science 253 (9 August 1991, p.
Marcia. “Was Paul Biddle Too Tough on Stanford?” Science 251 (11 January 1991)
Baritz, Loren. The Servants of Power: A History of the Use of Social Science in American
Barker-Benfield, G. J. The Horrors of the Half-Known Life: Male Attitudes Toward Women and


Barry and Shapin, Steven, editors. Natural Order: Historical Studies of Scientific
Deborah M. “AIDS Patent Dispute Settled, ” 236 Science (3 April 1987), p. 17.
Deborah M. “AIDS Virus Creates Lab Risk, ” Science 239 (22 January 1988), pp. 348-
Deborah M. “Biological Issues in Schizophrenia, ” Science 235 (23 January 1987), pp.
Deborah M. “Brain Architecture: Beyond Genes, ” Science 233 (11 July 1986), pp.
Deborah M. “Drugs: Running the Numbers, ” Science 240 (24 June 1988), pp. 1729-
Deborah M. “Focus on Fraud Shifts From The Conduct of Science to the Conduct of
Deborah M. “Gallo Meeting a Mecca for AIDS Researchers, ” Science 241 (9 September
Deborah M. “Scientific Misconduct: The End of an Era?” The Journal of NIH Research
Deborah M. “Still Struggling To Define Scientific Misconduct, ” The Journal of NIH
Deborah M. and Hooper, Celia. “New BRUhaha Over AIDS Virus Raises Larger
S. B. and Dolby, R. G. A. “The Scientific Ethos: A Deviant Viewpoint, ” Archives of
Barr, Stringfellow. Purely Academic Or, Professor Schneider’s Revenge. New York: Simon and
Barrett, William. Death of the Soul: From Descartes to the Computer. New York: Doubleday
Barringa, Marcia. “Employee Accuses Stanford of Health and Safety Violations, ” Nature 331 (4


Felicity. “At U.S. ‘Fact Factory, ‘ Hurdles to Census Data, ” New York Times, 23 May
Felicity. “Making Repairs on a Faulty Census Count, ” New York Times, 21 April
Felicity. “Report Says Interior Official Overrode Report of Scientists, ” New York
Felicity. “The Census, in One Not-So-Easy Lesson, ” New York Times, 22 April
Felicity. “U.S. Finds More Flaws in Census Undercount, ” New York Times, 25


James. “A Lot Less Order in Cleveland Court, ” New York Times, 8 September 1985, p.
James. “Unnecessary Surgery, ” New York Times Magazine, 16 April 1989), pp. 25ff. Barry
John M. Rising Tide: The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 and How It Changed
John M. The Great Influenza: The Epic Story of the Deadliest Plague in History. New
Barthelemy-Madaule, Madeleine. Lamarck the Mythical Precursor: A Study of the Relations


Jacques. Darwin, Marx, Wagner: Critique of a Heritage. Garden City, New York:
Jacques. Science: The Glorious Entertainment. New York: Harper, 1964.
Jacques. The American University: How It Runs, Where It Is Going. New York: Harper
Jacques. The House of Intellect. New York: Harper, 1961.
Basalla, George; Coleman, William and Kargon, Robert H., editors. Victorian Science: A
Basinger, Julianne. U of Minnesota Surgeon Settles Lawsuit, ” The Chronicle of Higher
Batchelor, John Calvin. “Death Dogged Her Footsteps, ” review of The Ballad of Typhoid Mary
Bates, William M. “Narcotics, Negroes and the South, ” Social Forces 45 (September, 1966), pp.


Henry H. “The Velikovsky Affair, ” La Recherche 208 (December, 1988), pp. 1448-
Henry H. Beyond Velikovsky: The History of a Public Controversy. Chicago: The
Beardsley, Tim. “Second Opinion: The Heat Is on Gallo – Again, ” Scientific American, May
Bechler, Zev. “‘A Less Agreeable Matter’: The Disagreeable Case of Newton and Achromatic
Beck, William S. Modern Science and the Nature of Life. New York: Harcourt, Brace and


Howard S. “Problems in the Publication of Field Studies, ” in Reflections on Community
Howard S. and Geer, Blanche. “Student Culture in a Medical School, ” Harvard
Howard S. Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviance. New York: The Free Press
Howard S.; Geer, Blanch. and Hughes, Everett C. Making The Grade: The Academic
Robert O. and Marino, Andrew A. Electromagnetism and Life. Albany, New York:
Beglery, Sharon. “Don’t Believe What you Read, ” Newsweek, 6 August 1990, p. 71. Begley
Sharon and Rogers, Adam. “War of the Worlds, ” Newsweek, 10 February 1997, pp.
Sharon; Carey, John; and Robinson, Carl. “In Search of the Real Samoa, ” Newsweek
Sharon; Malamud, Phyllis, and Hager, Mary. “A Case of Fraud at Harvard, ” Newsweek
Belkin, Lisa. “Bold Doctor Is Dismissed by Dean, ” New York Times, 9 July 1992, p. B5. Bell
Bernard M. “Greenhorns in White, ” New York Times, 9 February 1995, p. A23.
Eric Temple. “The Prince of Mathematicians, ” in The World of Mathematics. James R.
Eric Temple. Debunking Science. Seattle, Washington: The University of Washington
Eric Temple. Men of Mathematics. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1937.
Robert. Impure Science: Fraud, Compromise and Political Influence in Scientific Research.
Bellamy, H. S. Moons, Myths and Man: A Reinterpretation. London: Faber and Faber, 1936. Belluck
Pam. “Board Decision on Evolution Roils an Election in Kansas, ” New York Times, 29
Pam. “On a Sworn Mission Seeking Pretenders To Military Heroism, ” New York
Belson, Ken. “Lilly Shares Fall on Report About Prozac Documents, ” New York Times, 1
Belzoni, G. Narrative of the Operations and Recent Discoveries within the Pyramids, Temples
Ben-David, Joseph. The Scientist’s Role in Society. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:
Ben-Yehuda, Nachman. Deviance and Moral Boundaries: Witchcraft, the Occult, Science
Bendix, Richard. “Sociology and The Distrust of Reason, ” American Sociological Review 35
Benveniste, Jacques. “Dr. Jacques Benveniste Replies, ” Nature 334 (28 July 1988), p. 291.
Beranek, William, Jr., editor. Science, Scientists and Society. Tarrytown-on-Hudson, New York:


Alex and Pollack, Andrew. “Doctors Reaping Millions for Use of Anemia Drugs, “
Alex. “Evidence in Vioxx Suits Shows Intervention by Merck Officials, ” New York
Berez, Thomas M. Weiss, Sheila Faith. “The Nazi Symbioxix: Politics and Human Genetics at
Berg, Eric N. “Morgan Discloses Impropriety, ” New York Times, 22 May 1986, pp. D1, D2. Berger
Abi. “Feud Splits World of Schizophrenia Researchers, ” New Scientist 27 May 1995, p.
Joseph. “Panel Urges Vast Changes in Medical Schools, ” New York Times, 13
Joseph. “Shattering the Silence of Autism, ” New York Times, 12 February 1994, p. 21
Bergmann, Barbara R. “The Failures of a Chair-Bound Science, ” New York Times, 12


Richard L. “A Crusader Tilts at the Ivory Towers Looking for Old-Fashioned
Richard. “Census Bureau Demographer’s Unqualified Prediction: ‘We Will Be Wrong, ‘”
Berland, Theodore. The Scientific Life. New York: Coward-McCann, 1962.
Berlinski, David. Newton’s Gift: How Sir Isaac Newton Unlocked the System of the World.
Berman, Edward H. “The Ideology of Philanthropy: The Influence of the Carnegie, Ford and
Bernal, J(ohn) D(esmond). The Social Function of Science. London: Routledge, 1946.
Bernard, L. L. “The Teaching of Sociology in the United States in the Last Fifty Years, “


Barton J. “Oppenheimer and the Radioactive-Poison Plan, ” Technology Review 88
Jeremy. “The Birth of Modern Cosmology, ” The American Scholar (Winter 1985/86)
Jeremy. Cranks, Quarks, and the Cosmos. New York: Basic Books, 1993.
Jeremy. Experiencing Science. New York: Basic Books, 1978.
Jeremy. Science Observed: Essays Out of my Mind. New York: Basic Books, 1982.
Jeremy. Three Degrees Above Zero. New York: Mentor, 1986. (Originally
Nina. “Charges of Research Fraud Arise at a Cornell AIDS Lab, ” New York Times
Richard. “Accusations of Abuse Haunt the Legacy of Dr. Bruno Bettelheim, ” New
Richard. “Samoa: A Paradise Lost?” New York Times, 24 April 1983, pp. 48ff.
Berry, R. Stephen. “Validity and Ethics in Science, ” Science 300 (30 May 2003), p. 1341.
Bessent, Alvin E. “Professor Guilty in Fake MD Case, ” Newsday, 20 October 1985, p. 2.
Bettelheim, Bruno. The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales. New
Bettleheim, Bruno. “The Specialty Was Murder, ” a review of The Nazi Doctors, by Lifton
Beveridge, W. I. B. The Art of Scientific Investigation. New York: Vintage, 1957. (Originally
Beyerchen, Alan D. Scientists Under Hitler: Politics and the Physics Community in the Third
Bhattachaejee, Yudhijit. “Datapoint, ” Science 306 (3 December 2004), p. 1679.
Bhattacharjee, Yudhijit ed., “The Balance of Justice, ” Science 304 (25 June 2004), p. 1901.
Biddiss, Michael D. Father of Racist Ideology: The Social and Political Thought of Count

Biddle Wayne and Slade

Margot. “A Case Against Rushing into Bypass Surgery, ” New York
Margot. “Research Dispute Resists an Ending, ” New York Times, 7
Wayne, “Science, Morality and the V-2, ” New York Times, 2 October 1992, p. A31.
Wayne. “Pentagon Puts a Ripple in Defense Contractor’s Cash Flow, ” New York Times
Wayne. “Publish-and-Perish in Defense Research, ” New York Times, 26 June 1983, p.
Biggin, Susan. “University Appointments Scandal Widens, ” Science 270 (10 November 1995)
Bignall, John. “Who Discovered Insulin, ” The Lancet 342 (28 August 1993), p. 547.
Binger, Carl. Revolutionary Doctor: Benjamin Rush, 1746-1813. New York: W. W. Norton


Caroline and Necel, Stephen G. “College: Dumbest Investment of All, ” Esquire
Kai and Sherwin, Martin J. American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert
Kai and Sherwin, Martin J. American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert


Jerry E. “Psychotherapy’s Value Becomes a Key Issue as More and More People Use
Jerry E. and Wells, Ken. “Taming H-Bombs, ” Wall Street Journal, 24 March 1989, pp.


Edwin. War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America’s Campaign to Create a Master
Max, editor. The Morality of Scholarship. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press
Blackman, Margaret B. “Posing the American Indian, ” Natural History 89 (October, 1980), pp.
Sandra. “Doctors Debate Surgery’s Place in the Maternity Ward, ” New York Times
Sandra. “Dow Found Silicone Danger In 1975 Study, Lawyers Say, ” New York
Sandra. “Lost on Earth: Wealth of Data Found in Space, ” New York Times, 20
Sandra. “Pesticide Found to Produce Parkinson’s Symptoms in Rats, ” New York
Sandra. “Placebos Prove So Powerful Even Experts Are Surprised, ” New York
Sandra. “Scorned Thalidomide Researched Anew, ” New York Times, 10 April 1990
Sandra. “Some Biologists Ask ‘Are Genes Everything?” New York Times, 2
Blank, Rebecca M. “The Effects of Double-Blind versus Single-Blind Reviewing: Experimental
Blattner, W.; Gallo, R. C. and Temin, H. M. “HIV Causes AIDS, ” Science (29 July 1988), p.


Judith R. “Sociometric Structure of a Scientific Discipline, ” in Robert Alum Jones, editor.
Peter M. and Duncan, Otis Dudley. The American Occupational Structure. New York: The
Ruth. “Science and Belief: The Problem of Sex Differences, ” L&S Magazine 3 (Fall
Ruth. Science and Gender: A Critique of Biology and Its Theories on Women. New
Michael. The Discovery of Insulin. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1982.
Michael. William Osler: A Life in Medicine. New York: Oxford, 1999.
Blisset, Marlan. Politics in Science. Boston: Little Brown, 1972. Bloch
Konrad and Relman, Arnold S. “Preventing Fraud, ” Science 245 (29 September 1989), p.
R. Howard. God’s Plagiarist: Being an Account of the Fabulous Industry and Irregular
Block, N. J. and Dworkin, Gerald, editors. The IQ Controversy. New York: Pantheon Books
Blond, Anthony. A Scandalous History of the Roman Emperors. New York: Carroll & Graf
Bloom Mark. “Cancer M.D.’s Clash Over Interleukin Therapy, ” Science 235 (9 January 1987)
Bloom, Murray Teigh. The Trouble With Lawyers. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1968.
Bloomberg Buiness News, “Johnson and Johnson Unit Plans a Guilty Plea, ” New York Times
Bloor, David and MacKenzie, Donald. Letter to the Editor, Nature 387 (5 June 1997), p. 544. Blum
Deborah E. “Inquiries at U. of Tennessee Focus on Charges That Degrees Were Traded
Debra E. “An Outspoken Critic of Higher Education’s Ties to Industry Crusades Against
Debra E. “‘Climate of Unhappiness’ Lead Rockefeller’s President to Quit, ” The
Jeffrey M. Pseudoscience and Mental Ability: The Origins and Fallacies of the IQ
Blume, S. S. and Sinclair, Ruth, “Chemists in British Universities: A Study of the Reward


Caroline. “U. of California at Irvine is Under Fire Again Over Research Ethics, “
Goldie. “U. of Minnesota with Pay $32-Million to Settle Lawsuit Over Research
Goldie. “Verdict on a Surgeon, ” The Chronicle of Higher Education, 8 March


Ralph. “C.I.A. Is Planning to Unlock Many Long-Secret Nazi Files, ” New York
Ralph. “Did Freud’s Isolation, Peer Rejection Prompt Key Theory Reversal?” New
Ralph. “Going Undercover in the Computer Underworld, ” New York Times, 26
Ralph. “Hotel Log Hints at Illicit Desire That Dr. Freud Didn’t Repress, ” New
Ralph. “In Texas, Oversight for Crime Labs Is Urged, ” New York Times, 5 January
Ralph. “More Doctors in Texas After Malpractice Caps, ” New York Times, 5
Ralph. “Papers Show Saturn Rocket Chief Was Called ‘Ardent Nazi’ by U. S., “
Ralph. “Scholars Seek the Hidden Freud in Newly Emerging Letters, ” New York
Ralph. “U.S. Report on Mengele Reaffirms His Death, ” New York Times, 9
Bockris, J. O’M. Letter to the Editor. Science 249 (3 August 1990), p. 463.
Boese, Alex. The Museum of Hoaxes: A Collection of Prinks, Stunts, Deceptions and Other


Philip M. “Cancer Progress: Are the Statistics Telling the Truth?” New York Times, 18
Philip M. “Censorship Action Angers Scientists, ” New York Times, 5 September 1982
Philip M. “Dr. Marks’ Crusade: Shaking Up Sloan-Kettering for a New Assault on
Philip M. “Experts Protest Bland Tone of Homeless Study, ” Albany Times Union, 20
Philip M. “Homeless Plight Angers Scientists, ” New York Times, 20 September 1988
Philip M. “Limited Surgery Gains in Breast Cancer Study, ” New York Times 14 March
Philip M. “Medicine Under Scrutiny, ” New York Times, 20 November 1984, pp. A1
Philip M. “Nader and the Scientists: A Call for Responsibility, ” Science 171 (12
Philip M. “Prominent Harvard Scholar Barred by Science Academy, ” New York Times
Philip M. “Schizophrenia Puzzle: Toll Rises Amid Hope, ” New York Times, 16 March
Philip M. “Science Nobels: Do They Always Go to the Best?” New York Times, 18
Philip M. “Scientists Urged by Pope to Say No to War Research, ” New York Times, 13
Philip M. “Sexology Struggling to Establish Itself Amid Wide Hostility, ” New York
Philip M. “Still a Mystery: Nazi Germany’s Atomic Bomb Failure, ” New York Times
Philip M. “Study Accusing Researchers of Inaccuracies Is Published, ” New York Times
Philip M. “Twenty Years After ‘Silent Spring’: Still a Troubled Landscape, ” New York
Philip M. “Two Critics of Science Revel in the Role, ” New York Times, 19 April 1988
Philip M. “U.S. Cites Scientist’s Errors in Denying a Grant Request, ” New York Times
Philip M. “U.S. Study Finds Fraud in Top Researcher’s Work on Mentally Retarded, “
Phillip M. The Brain Bank of America: An Inquiry into the Politics of Science. New
Bogdanich, Dan. “After Stroke Scans, Patients Face Serious Health Hazards, “


Celestine. “Witness in Antiquities Case Tells of a Smuggling Plot, ” New York Times
Christene. “Major Museums Affirm Right to Keep Long-Held Antiquities, ” New York
Bohor, B. F.; Foord, E. E.; Modreski, P. J., and Triplehorn, D. M. “Mineralogic Evidence for an
Bok, Sessela. Lying: Moral Choice in Public and Private Life. New York: Vintage, 1979.
Bokavev, N. N. New Scientific Occupations as a Factor of Cohesion of Natural, Technical and


Paul F. and George, John. They Never Said It: A Book of Fake Quotes, Misquotes and
Paul F., Jr. and George, John. They Never Said It: A Book of Fake Quotes, Misquotes
Bolles, Edmund Blair. The Ice Finders: How a Poet, A Professor, and a Politician Discovered
Bond, Bruce. “100 Years on Mars Hill, ” Astronomy, June 1994, pp. 28-39.
Bonner, Raymond. “Deaths and a Doctor’s Past Transfix Australians, ” New York Times, 19


Daniel J. Hidden History: Exploring Our Secret Past. New York: Harper, 1987.
Daniel J. The Discoverers: A History of Man’s Search To Know His World and
Daniel J. The Image: A Guide To Pseudo-Events in America. New York: Harper
Daniel J. The Sociology of the Absurd: or The Application of Professor X (Otherwise:


William. “A Clash of Cultures at Meeting on Misconduct, ” Science 243 (3 February
William. “A Rebel Without a Cause of AIDS, ” Science 239 (25 March 1988), pp.
William. “Conflict of Interest Eyed at Harvard, ” Science 242 (16 December 1988), pp.
William. “Hospital Faulted for Dry Eye Study, ” Science 243 (24 February 1989), p.
William. “Of Mice, Oncogenes, and Rifkin, ” Science 239 (22 January 1988), pp.
William. “While Funding is High, Scientists’ Morale Low, ” Albany Times Union, 15
Borchard, Edwin M. Convicting the Innocent: Errors of Criminal Justice. New Haven: Yale


Stu. “19th-Century Chemist Kekule Charged With Scientific Misconduct, ” Chemical
Stu. “Study Shows Dalton Was Right, After All, ” Chemical and Engineering News 69
Borstel, R. C. von. “An Analysis of Citation Analysis, ” Letter to the Editor. Science 251 (29
Bosman, Julie. “Reporters Find Science Journals Harder to Trust, but Not Easy to Verify, ” New
Bostanci, Adam. “Germany Gets in Step With Scientific Misconduct Rules, ” Science 296 (7
Bott, David M. and Hargens, Lowell L. “Are Sociologists’ Publications Uncited? Citation Rates
Boulding, Kenneth. “What Went Wrong, If Anything, Since Copernicus?” Bulletin of the
Boultbee, Arthur B. Letter. Science 180 (15 June l973), p. 1119. Bouton
Katherine. “Not Quite on Top of the World, ” a review of The Noose of Laurels, by
Katherine. “The Nobel Pair, ” New York Times Magazine, 29 January 1989, pp. 28ff.
Bowen, Ezra and Alemdan, Robert. “The Posse Stops a ‘Softie, ‘” Time, 11 May 1987, pp.
Bower, Tom. The Paperclip Conspiracy: The Hunt For Nazi Scientists. Boston: Little, Brown
Bowledge, Tabitha M. “Getting Serious About Fraud and Misconduct, ” AAAS Observer
Bowler, Peter J. “The Whitewashing of an Englishman, ” a review of Sir Francis Galton, FRS:
Bown, Stephen R. A Most Damnable Invention: Dynamite, Nitrates, and the Making of the
Bowyer, J. Barton. Cheating: Deception in War, Magic, Games, Sports, Sex, Religion, Business


Sarah. “Kurt Eissler, 90, Director of Sigmund Freud Archives, ” New York Times, 20
Sarah. “The Man He Always Wanted To Be, ” a review of The Creation of Dr. B.: A
Sarah. “Truth or Lies? In Sex Surveys, You Never Know, ” New York Times, 22 July
Boyer, Paul. By The Bomb’s Early Light: American Thought and Culture at the Dawn of the
Boynton, Robert S. “New Translation Aims to Free The Master from His Disciples’
Braceland, Francis J. “In Memoriam: D. Ewen Cameron, ” American Journal of Psychotherapy


Arnold C. A Delicate Arrangement: The Strange Case of Charles Darwin and Alfred
Arnold C. The Other Nuremberg: The Untold Story of the Tokyo War Crimes Trials.
Bradburn, Norman M.; Rips, Lance J. and Shevell, Steven K. “Answering Autobiographical
Bradshaw, John S. Doctors on Trial. London: Wildwood House, 1978.
Brainard, Jeffrey. “U. Of Pittsburgh Prize to Former Chief of Cancer Institute Draws Fire From
Brannigan, Augustine. The Social Basis of Scientific Discoveries. New York: Cambridge
Braunwald, Eugene. “On Analyzing Scientific Fraud, ” Nature 325 (15 January 1987), pp.
Braverman, Harry. Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth
Brayer, Ralph. “The Promise That Failed, ” New York Times Magazine, 28 August 1988, pp.
Breland, Keller and Breland, Marian. “The Misbehavior of Organisms, ” 16 American
Brent, Peter. Charles Darwin: A Man of Enlarged Curiosity. New York: Harper, 1981.
Brick, Michael. “A Funeral Home Investigation Considers the Macabre, ” New York Times, 31
Bridgstock, Martin. “A Sociological Approach to Fraud in Science, ” Austrialian and New


Carl C. “Intelligence Tests of Immigrant Groups, ” Psychological Review 37 (March
Carl C. A Study of American Intelligence. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton


Joel. “State Medical Boards Disciplined Record Number of Doctors in ’85, ” New
Joel. “You Bet Your Life. Do You Know the Odds?” New York Times, 29 May 1994

Broad William and Wade

Nicholas. “Science’s Faulty Fraud Detectors” Psychology Today 16
Nicholas. Betrayers of the Truth: Fraud and Deceit in the Halls of
William J. “…But Straus Defends Himself in Boston, ” Science 212 (19 June 1981)
William J. “A Bibliophile’s Quest for Copernicus, ” Science 218 (12 November 1982)
William J. “A Star Fades for Entrepreneur Sagan, ” Science 215 (8 January 1982), p.
William J. “A Star Fades for Entrepreneur Sagan, ” Science 215 (8 January 1982), p.
William J. “Academic Rift Is Healed, And Paleontology Gains, ” New York Times, 3
William J. “After 400 Years, A Challenge to Kepler: He Fabricated His Data, Scholar
William J. “American Company and Soviet Agree on Space Venture, ” New York Times
William J. “Auditors Scour Labs in Search of Waste, ” Science 217 (23 July 1982), pp.
William J. “Beyond the Bomb: Turmoil in the Labs, ” New York Times Magazine, 9
William J. “Big Science Gets Smaller As Its Promise Loses Luster, ” New York Times
William J. “Big Science Squeezes Small-Scale Researchers, ” New York Times, 29
William J. “Breakthrough in Nuclear Fusion Offers Hope for Power of Future, ” New
William J. “Britons Abandon ‘Cold’ Fusion Quest, ” New York Times, 20 June 1989, p.
William J. “Cancer Fear Unfounded, Physicists Say, ” New York Times, 14 May 1995, p.
William J. “Cold Fusion Claim Is Faulted On Ethics as Well as Science, ” New York
William J. “Cold Fusion Still Escapes Usual Checks of Science, ” New York Times 30
William J. “Comet Alert Canceled, Thanks to New Data, ” New York Times, 29
William J. “Congress Told Fraud Issue ‘Exaggerated, ‘” Science 212 (24 April 1981), pp.
William J. “Court Upholds Privacy of Unpublished Data” Science 216 (2 April 1982)
William J. “Data Tying Cancer to Electric Power Found to be False, ” New York Times
William J. “Despite Scorn, Team in Utah Still Seeks Cold-Fusion Clues, ” New York
William J. “Dr. Clark’s Heart: A Story of Modern Medicine, ” New York Times, 20
William J. “Engineer Charging Antimissile Fraud Is Snared in a Federal Clash, ” New
William J. “Findings Back Einstein in A Plagiarism Dispute, ” New York Times, 18
William J. “Fraud and the Structure of Science, ” Science 212 (10 April 1981), pp. 137-
William J. “Fraud in Science Taints the High and Mighty, ” New York Times, 20 March
William J. “Frauds From 1960 to the Present: Bad Apples or a Bad Barrel?” in The Dark
William J. “From Cold War to Nuclear Nostalgia, ” New York Times, 12 December
William J. “From Top of Their World To a Scientific Ostracism, ” New York Times, 17
William J. “G. O. P. Budget Cuts Would Fall Hard on Civilian Science, ” New York
William J. “Harvard Delays in Reporting Fraud, ” Science (29 January 1982), pp. 478-
William J. “How the $8 Billion Space Station Became a $120 Billion Showpiece, ” New
William J. “How the Church Aided ‘Heretical’ Astronomy, ” New York Times, 19
William J. “Imbroglio at Yale (I): Emergence of a Fraud, ” Science 210 (3 October 1980)
William J. “Imbroglio at Yale (II): A Top Job Lost, ” Science 210 (10 October 1980), pp.
William J. “Jordanian Denies He Pirated Papers, ” Science 209 (11 July 1980), p. 249.
William J. “Los Alamos: The Winds of Mutiny, ” Science 218 (8 October 1982), pp.
William J. “M.I.T. Studies Accusations of Lies and Cover-Up of Flaws in

William J. “Missile Contractor Doctored Tests

Ex- Employee Charges, ” New York
Ex-Employee Charges, ” New York
William J. “NASA Moves to End Longtime Reliance on Big Spacecraft, ” New York
William J. “New Attack on Galileo Asserts Major Discovery Was Stolen, ” New York
William J. “New Book Says U.S. Plotted To Kill Top Nazi Scientist, ” New York Times
William J. “NIH Grapples with Misconduct, ” Science 217 (16 July 1982), p. 227.
William J. “NIH Grapples with Misconduct, ” Science 217 (16 July 1982), p. 227.
William J. “Nutrition Research: End of an Empire, ” Science 213 (31 July 1981), pp. 518-
William J. “On Cold Fusion, It Looks Like Utah Stands Alone, ” New York Times, 16
William J. “One in 4 Scientists Said to Suspect Fraud by Peers, ” New York Times, 27
William J. “One in 4 Scientists Said to Suspect Fraud by Peers, ” New York Times, 27
William J. “Priority War: Discord in Pursuit of Glory, ” Science 211 (30 January 1981)
William J. “Private Money for Science Buys Hypotheses and Hype, ” New York Times, 3
William J. “Question of Scientific Fakery Is Raised in Inquiry, ” New York Times, 12
William J. “Report Absolves Harvard in Case of Fakery” Science 125 (12 February
William J. “Researcher Denied Future U.S. Funds, ” Science 216 (4 June 1982), p. 1081.
William J. “Researchers Say Science Is Hurt By Secrecy Policy Set Up By the White
William J. “Rewriting the History of the H-Bomb, ” Science 218 (19 November 1982)
William J. “Saboteur Or Savant Of Nazi Drive for A-Bomb?” New York Times, 1
William J. “Scientist Fighting a Dismissal by U.S. Gets Surprise Support, ” New York
William J. “Shuttle’s Stargazing Disappoints Astronomers, ” New York Times, 11
William J. “Sir Isaac Newton: Mad As A Hatter, ” Science 213 (18 September 1981), pp.
William J. “Space Errors Share Pattern: Skipped Tests, ” New York Times, 11 June 1991
William J. “Team Research: Responsibility at the Top, ” Science 213 (3 July 1981), pp.
William J. “The Case of the Unmentioned Malignancy, ” Science 210 (12 December
William J. “The Publishing Game: Getting More for Less, ” Science 211 (13 March
William J. “The Science Corps Wants a Few More Heretics, ” New York Times, 16
William J. “There Still May Be Something Scientific About Cold Fusion, ” New York
William J. “Third Attempt Fails to Free Antenna on Jupiter-Bound Spacecraft, ” New
William J. “Toying with the Truth to Win a Nobel, ” Science 217 (17 September 1982)
William J. “Troubles Raising Questions About Space Agency, ” New York Times, 1 July
William J. “Two Men and a Gyroscope May Rewrite Newton’s Law, ” New York Times
William J. “U.S. to Penalize Heart Researcher on Fraudulent Project at Harvard, ” New
William J. “Vast Sums for New Discoveries Pose A Threat to Basic Science, ” New York
William J. “What Happens When Heroes of Science Go Astray?” New York Times, 25
William J. “Who Built the H-Bomb? The Debate Is Revived, ” New York Times, 24
William J. “Who Should Get the Glory for Inventing the Computer?” New York Times
William J. “Would Be Academician Pirates Papers, ” Science 208 (27 June 1980), pp.
William J. “X-Ray Laser Zapped, ” New York Times, 26 July 1992, p. 2E.
William J. “‘Cold Fusion’ Claimants Review Puzzling Results, ” New York Times, 3
William J. “‘Golden Age’ of Astronomy Peers to Edge of Universe, ” New York Times, 8
William J. Teller’s War: The Top-Secret Story Behind the Star Wars Deception. New
William J., “U.S. Is Tightening Rules on Keeping Scientific Secrets, ” New York Times


John M. “Scientists Taking Steps to Defend Work on Climate, ” New
John M. “Top Scientists to Review Findings of U.N. Climate Change


David Eliot and Brody, Arnold R. The Science Class You Wish You Had: The Seven
Jane E. “2 Studies Equate Treatments of Early Breast Cancer Cases, ” New York Times
Jane E. “A Price to Pay as Autopsies Lose Favor, ” New York Times, 9 January 2001, p.
Jane E. “A Top Scientist’s Research Is Under Attack, ” New York Times, 6 May 2004, p.
Jane E. “Can Drugs ‘Treat’ Menopause? Amid Doubt, Women Must Decide, ” New York
Jane E. “Doctors Admit Ignoring Dying Patients’ Wishes, ” New York Times, 14 January
Jane E. “Folic Acid Emerges As A Nutritional Star, ” New York Times, 1 March 1994
Jane E. “Gene Link Seen in Drug Abuse and Depression, ” New York Times, 5 January
Jane E. “Health Scares That Weren’t So Scary, ” New York Times, 18 August 1998, p.
Jane E. “Is Bypass Surgery Needed?” New York Times, 1 November 1983, pp. C1 and
Jane E. “Study Documents Lead-Exposure Damage in Middle-Class Children, ” New
Jane E. “U.S. Panel on Acupuncture Calls for Wider Acceptance, ” New York Times, 6
Jane E. “‘Autoerotic Death’ of Youths Causes Widening Concern, ” New York Times, 27
Bromberg, Craig. “In Defense of Hackers, ” New York Times Magazine, 21 April 1991, pp.45ff.
Bromley, Allen D. “The Other Frontiers of Science, ” Science 215 (26 February 1982), pp.


J. Science and Human Values. New York: Harper (Colophon Books), 1975.
J. The Common Sense of Science. New York: Vintage, nd. Brooke
James. “Korean Leaves Cloning Center in Ethics Furor, ” New York Times, 25
James. “South Korean Scientist Says He’ll Prove Cloning Method, ” New York Times
Brookes, Martin. Extreme Measures: The Dark Visions and Bright Ideas of Francis Galton. New


E. Richard. Rockefeller Medicine Men: Medicine and Capitalism in America. Berkeley:
J. A. C. The Social Psychology of Industry. Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin, 1963.
Lloyd A. The Story of Maps. New York: Dover, 1977. (Originally, Little Brown, 1949)
Stephen R. Scurvy: How a Surgeon, a Mariner, and a Gentleman Solved the Greatest


Janet. Charles Darwin: A Biography. New York: Knopf, 1995.
Malcolm E. “Clinton Backs Funds For Science Projects, ” New York Times 23
Malcolm E. “Comet Pummels Jupioter, Revealing Details, ” New York Times, 18 July
Malcolm M. “Polar Explorations Golden Age Is Still a Maker and Breaker of
Malcolm W. “2 Groups of Physicists Produce Matter That Einstein Postulated, ” New
Malcolm W. “Astronomers Opening Vigil For Comet’s Jupiter Crash, ” New York
Malcolm W. “Buried on a Hillside, Clues to Terror, ” New York Times, 23 February
Malcolm W. “Comet’s Discoverer Laments Status of Careers in Science, ” New York
Malcolm W. “Does Genius Thrive on Sickness?” New York School Weekly, 11 May
Malcolm W. “Fossil Dealer, Target of Federal Prosecutors, Begins Jail Term, ” New
Malcolm W. “Fusion in a Jar: Announcement by 2 Chemists Ignites Uproar, ” New
Malcolm W. “He Worked at the Hero’s Trade, ” a review of Beyond the Barrier: The
Malcolm W. “Impossible Idea Published on Purpose, ” New York Times, 30 June 1988
Malcolm W. “In Alchemists’ Notes, Clues to Modern Chemistry, ” New York Times
Malcolm W. “Is a Fetching T. rex Worth $1 Million?” New York Times, 16 November
Malcolm W. “Map May Be From Vikings After All, ” New York Times, 10 May 1987
Malcolm W. “Nobel Fever: The Price of Rivalry, ” New York Times, 17 October 1989
Malcolm W. “Physicists Struggle To Save Supercollider From Budgetary Ax, ” New
Malcolm W. “Polar Heroes in History’s Cold Eye, ” New York Times, 12 May 1996, p.
Malcolm W. “Rival Scientists Decide Universe Is Composed of 3 Types of Matter, “
Malcolm W. “Scientists Deplore Flight From Reason, ” New York Times, 6 June 1995
Malcolm W. “Scrutiny of Fusion Experiment Produces Few Believers Among
Malcolm W. “Seizure of Dinosaur Fossil Opens Legal Battle That Could Affect
Malcolm W. “Supercollider’s Rising Cost Provokes Opposition, ” New York Times, 29
Malcolm W. “Truth, Precision and Seductive Numbers, ” New York Times, 27 May
Malcolm. “Dinosaur Experts Resist Meteor Extinction Idea, ” New York Times, 29
Malcolm. “Dinosaur Fossil Is Seized In Dispute on Ownership, ” New York Times, 19
Malcolm. “Physicists Challenge Cold Fusion Claims, ” New York Times, 2 May 1989
Malcome W. “Fakery: It’s a Pity, ” New York Times, 14 April 1981, p. C3.
Brownstein, Andy. “Genesis, From Revelation to Frustration, ” Albany Times-Union, 14


Geoff. “Misconduct Finding at Bell Labs Shakes Physics Community, ” Nature 419 (3
Geoff. “Pentagon Blocks MIT Inquiry in Missile Data Fraud Claims, ” Nature 432 (16
Brumfield, Geoff. “Time to Wise Up?” Nature 418 (11 July 2002), pp120-121.
Bruner, Jerome S. “Freud and the Image of Man, ” in Sigmund Freud, edited by Paul Roazen.


Stephen G. “Nickel for Your Thoughts: Urey and the Origin of the Moon, ” Science 217
Stephen G. “Should the History of Science be Rated X?” Science 183 (22 March 1974)
Bulloch, William. The History of Bacteriology. New York: Dover, 1979. (Originally, Oxford
Bullock, Pam. “Methadone Grows as Killer Drug, ” New York Times, 9 February 2003, pp…..
Bulmer, M. G. Principles of Statistics. New York: Dover, 1979. (Originally, 1965)
Bundy, McGeorge. “Hitler and the Bomb, ” New York Times Magazine, 13 November 1988, pp.
Burchfield, Joe D. Lord Kelvin and the Age of the Earth. New York: Science History


Stephen. “Critics of Research-Integrity Office Get Chance to Air Their Grievances, ” The
Stephen. “The Public Health Service’s Office of Research Integrity Has Found Two
Burder, Declan and DeGandt, Oliver. “French Ministry Reopens Inquiry Into Conduct of
Burke, James. Connections. Boston: Little, Brown, 1978.
Burkhart, Ford. “Robert Herman, 82, Physicist Who Predicted Big Bang Echo, ” New York
Burkholz, Herbert. “A Shot in The Arm For the F.D.A., ” New York Times Magazine, 30 June


Alice R. and Burks, Arthur W. The First Electronic Computer: The Atanasoff Story. Ann
Barbara Stoddard; Jensen, Dortha William, and Terman, Lewis M. The Promise of
Burlingame, Roger. Machines That Built America. New York: Signet, 1955. (Originally
Burman, Edward. The Templars: Knights of God. Rochester, Vermont: Destiny Books, 1986. Burnham
David. “F.B.I. Arrest Data Found Inaccurate, ” New York Times, 29 July 1984, p. 17.
David. “F.B.I. Says 12, 000 Faulty Reports on Suspects Are Issued Each Day, ” New
David. “How Long Should the Arm of the Law Be?” New York Times Magazine, 12
John C. “American Medicine’s Golden Age: What Happened To It?” Science 215 (19
Burns, John F, “War-Crimes Suspect Seeks to Stay in Canada, ” New York Times, 10 July 1990
Buros, Oscar K. “Fifty Years in Testing: Some Reminiscences, Criticisms, and Suggestions, “
Burros, Marian, “Bias Is Found in Food Studies With Financing From Industry, ” New York
Burstyn, Howard L. “If Darwin Wasn’t the Beagle’s Naturalist, Why Was He on Board?” British
Burtt, Harold Ernest. Principles of Employment Psychology. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood


Vannevar. Endless Horizons. Washington, D.C.: Public Affairs Press, 1946.
Vannevar. Pieces of the Action. New York: Morrow, 1970.
Vannevar. Science is Not Enough. New York: Morrow, 1967.
Vannevar. Science, The Endless Frontier. Washington, D.C.: National Science


Declan. “Call for North/South Code of Research Ethics, ” Nature 406 (27 July 2000), p.
Declan. “Eugenics Row Inflames Vote on Faculty Name, ” Nature 378 (9 November
Declan. “Europe Gets Tough on Labelling Genetically Modified Foodstuffs, ” Nature 418
Declan. “Fraud Squad Files Report to Prosecutor in Inserm Case, ” Nature 394 (23 July
Declan. “Nobel Laureates Face Libel Suits From ‘Water Memory’ Researcher, ” Nature
Declan. “The Battle of Tugen Hills, ” Nature 410 (29 March 2001), pp. 508-509.
Declan. “Tribunal Clears Obesity Researcher of Fraud, ” Nature (3 July 2003), p. 6.
Declan. “U.S. Accused of ‘Cover-Up’ in Defense of Gallo Claims, ” Nature 373 (2
Declan. “WHO’s Bioethics Code Likely to Stir Debate, ” Nature 398 (18 March 1999), p.
Declan. CNRS Returns Fire on Ethics Review Panel, ” Nature 388 (10 July 1997), p.
Declan. French Inquiry Into Misconduct is Shelved, ” Nature 395 (29 October 1998), p.
Rupert. The Black Angels: The Story of the Waffen-SS. Barnsley, Yorkshire, 2003


Fox, “Scholar’s Tenure Denial Stirs Harvard Dispute, ” New York Times, 5 October
Fox. “Analyst’s Patient Spoke of Affair, Affidavit Says, ” New York Times, 2 April
Fox. “Death and the Psychiatrist: A $1 Million Settlement, ” New York Times, 20
Fox. “Death Sentences Being Overturned in 2 of 3 Appeals, ” New York Times, 12
Fox. “Death Sentences Being Overturned in 2 of 3 Appeals, ” New York Times, 12
Fox. “Doctor Ousted by Harvard is Also Suspected of Falsifying Research at
Fox. “Filipinos Say Marcos Was Given Millions for ’76 Reactor, ” New York Times
Fox. “Harvard Psychiatrist in Abuse Case Offers to Give Up License, ” New York
Fox. “Medical Board Takes Up Bizarre Case at Harvard, ” New York Times, 31
Fox. “Psychiatrist Resigns License In Case Over Medical Ethics, ” New York Times
Fox. “Report Absolves Harvard Faculty of Blame in Fakery by Researcher, ” New
Fox. “Scandal Over Cheating At M.I.T. Stirs Debate On Limits on Teamwork, “
Fox. “Some Experts Fear Political Influence on Crime Data Agencies, ” New York
Fox. “Therapy in Suicide Case Called Unique by Doctor, ” New York Times, 1 April
Herbert. The Origins of Modern Science. Revised edition. New York: The Free


Fox. “Paths of Patient and His Therapist Cross on Dark Journey Leading to Death, “
Fox. “Study Cites Biology’s Role in Violent Behavior, ” New York Times, 13
Buxton, William. “Snakes and Ladders: Parsons and Sorokin at Harvard, ” in Sorokin and
Buzelli, Donald E. “NSF’s Definition of Misconduct in Science, ” The Centennial Review, 38
Byrd, Stephen. “Murder of 3 Professors at a Thesis Defense Causes a Stunned Canpus to Ask


George. “A Brief History of Cold Fusion, ” The AAAS Observer, 7 July 1989, p. 3.
Gregory. “Breuning Sentenced, ” Science 242 (18 November l988), p. 1004.
Gregory. “Fraud and the ‘Glare of the TV Camera, ‘” Science 244 (2 June 1989), p.
Gregory. “Getting the Grants, ” Science 240 (10 June 1988), p. 1411.
Gregory. “Stewart Goes au Natural, ” Science 241 (8 July 1988), p. 241.


Cage, Mary Crystal. “U. of Chicago Panel Finds Professor Guilty of Plagiarism, ” Chronicle of
Caher, John. “Chief Voting Investigator Pleads Guilty, ” The Times Union, Albany, New York, 8
Cahn, Steven M. Saints and Scamps: Ethics in Academia. Totowa, New Jersey, Rowman &
Cain, Joe. “The Prince of Peas, ” A review of The Monk in the Garden: The Lost and Found


Nigel. The Comet Is Coming! New York: Viking, 1980.
William M. III and Traill, David A., editors. Myth, Scandal and History. Detroit: Wayne
Calkins, Fay G. My Samoan Chief. Honolulu, Hawaii: The University Press of Hawaii, 1975.
Cambell, Paulette Walker. “Federal Panel Considers Proposal to Create Office to Oversee
Cambell-Kelly, Martin. “Breaking the Code: The Genius and Tragedy of Alan Turing, ” Abacus


Charlotte Walker. “2 Scientists Found Guilty of Research Misconduct, ” The
Colin. “Academic Fraud Inquiry Is Dropped, ” New York Times, 3 January 1985, p.
Colin. “Harvard Widens Inquiry in C.I.A. Aid to Professor, ” New York Times, 20
Colin. “History and Ethics: A Dispute, ” New York Times, 23 December 1984, pp. 1
Colin. “Tenure Denial of Noted Sociologist Stirs Troubling Queries at Harvard, “
Joseph. The Hero With a Thousand Faces. New York: Pantheon Books for the
Paul B. “Tests and Industry Responsibility, ” Citizen Action in Education 3 (March
Paulette Walker. “Federal Panel Upholds Misconduct Finding Against Baylor
Paulette Walker. “Federal Report Faults System for Protecting Patients’ Rights in
Paulette Walker. “Panel Formed to Assess Peer Review at NIH, ” The Chronicle of
Paulette Walker. “Researcher Found Guilty of Misconduct, ” The Chronicle of igher


Walter B. The Wisdom of the Body. New York: W. W. Norton, 1960. (Originally
Walter Bradford. The Way of an Investigator. New York: W. W. Norton, 1945.
Capasso, Federico. Letter to the Editor, Nature 387, (5 June 1997), p. 544-545. Caplow, Theodore and McGee
Reece J. The Academic Marketplace. Garden City, New York:
Reece J. The Academic Marketplace. New York: Basic Books
Carassva, Anthee. “Britain May ‘Own’ the Elgin Marbles but Greece Wants a Loan, ” New York
Cardwell, Diane. “In Speech to Medical Graduates, Mayor Diverges From Party Line, ” New


Benedict and Harris, Gardiner, “Psychiatric Association Faces Senate Scrutiny Over
Benedict. “Academic Battle Delayed Publication by 3 Years, ” New York
Benedict. “Psychoanalytic Therapy Wins Backing, ” New York Times, 1 October 2008
Benedict. “A Self-Effacing Scholar Is Psychiatry’s Gadfly.” New York Times, 15
Benedict. “In the Hospital, a Degrading Shift from Person to Patient, ” New York Times
Benedict. “Study Cites Experts’ Ties to Companies, ” New York Times, 20 April 2006
Benedict. “Study Finds Little Advantage in New Schizophrenia Drugs, ” New York
Benedict. “Study Finds Little Advantage in New Schizophrenia Drugs, ” New York
Benedict. “When Trust in Doctors Erodes, Other Treatments Fill the Void, ” New York
William D. “A Run Worth Making, ” Science 222 (23 December 1983), p. 1281.
William D. “Annual Report of the Executive Officer, ” Science 227 (1 February 1985)
William D. and Carlucci, Frank. “Scientific Exchanges and U.S. National Security, “
Caro, Robert. The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York. New York: Knopf


Kenneth J., editor, Pellagra. Stroudsburg, Pa.: Hutchinson Ross Publishing Company
Teresa. “Therapy or Seduction, ” a review of Ellen McNamara, Breakdown: Sex
Carrel, Alexis. Man The Unknown. New York: Harper: 1935.
Carrington, Richard. Mermaids and Mastodons: A Book of Natural and Unnatural History. New
Carroll, Jill and Regalado, Antonio. “Report: Genetically Modified Animals May Pose Risks, “
Carroll, Jill and Regalado, Antonio. “Report: Genetically Modified Animals May Pose Risks, “
Carson, Rachel. Silent Spring. New York: Fawcett, 1970. (Originally, Houghton Mifflin, 1962.)
Carter, John and Pollard, Graham. An Enquiry Into the Nature Of Certain Nineteenth Century
Cartter. Allen M. An Assessment of Quality in Graduate Education: A Comparative Study of


Frederick F. A Social History of Medicine. New York: Longman, 1977.
Frederick F. in collaboration with Biddiss, Michael D. Disease and History. New
Caruso, Denise. “Reframing: A Challenge to Gene Theory, ” New York Times, 1 July 2007, pp.
Carvajal, Doreen. “Marco Polo: Is A Rivalry Just Fiction?” New York Times, 9 December 1997
Castaneda, Carlos. The Teachings of Don Juan: A Yaqui Way of Knowledge. New York: Pocket
Cathcart, Brian. The Fly in The Cathedral: How a Group of Cambridge Scientists Won the
Cauvin, Henri E. “Cancer Researcher in South Africa Who Falsified Data is Fired, ” New York
Cavanaugh, Gerald. “The Corruption of Science, ” Dissent 28 (Spring, 1981), pp. 195-202. Celis
William 3rd. “The Big Stars on Campus Now Are Research Labs, ” New York Times, 4
William, 3d. “Blame to Share in Overcharging of U.S. for Research, ” New York Times
Cellis, William, 3d., “U.S. Auditing 4 Colleges for Expenses in Grants, ” New York Times, 5
Celus, William, 3rd. “Navy Settles a Fraud Case on Stanford Research Costs, ” New York
Cesnola, Louis Palma Di. Cyprus: Its Ancient Cities, Tombs, and Temples. New York: Harper
Chaisson, Eric J. The Hubble Wars: Astrophysics Meets Astropolitics in the Two-Billion-Dollar
Chakraborty, Ranajit and Kidd, Kenneth K. “The Utility of DNA Typing in Forensic Work, “
Chalk, Rosemary and von Hipple, Frank. “Due Process for Dissenting ‘Whistle-Blowers, ‘”
Chamberlin, E. R. The Bad Popes. New York: Dorset, 1986. (Originally, 1969) Chambers
Marcia. “6 Transit Officers Indicted in Death in Graffiti Arrest, ” New York Times
Marcia. “Youth Shot on IRT in Coma; Goetz Arraignment Delayed, ” New York
Chambliss, William J. “The Saints and the Roughnecks, ” in Down to Earth Sociology, James D.


Kenneth. “Purdue, Citing Research Misconduct, Punishes Scientist, ” New York Times
Kenneth. “30 Plague Vials Put Career on Line, ” New York Times, 19 October 2003, p.
Kenneth. “A Sudden Host of Questions on Bell Labs Breakthroughs, ” New York Times
Kenneth. “Bell Labs Forms Panel to Study Claims of Research Misconduct, “New York
Kenneth. “Columbia Chemistry Professor Is Retracting 4 More Papers, ” New York
Kenneth. “Lucent Panel Broadens Inquiry to Superconductivity Papers, ” New York
Kenneth. “On Scientific Fakery and the Systems to Catch It, ” New York Times 15
Kenneth. “Panel Says Bell Labs Scientist Faked Discoveries, ” New York Times, 26
Kenneth. “Professor at Columbia Retracts Papers Over Research Questions, ” New York
Kenneth. “Prosecutors Lay Out Case Against Scientist in Plague Case, ” New York
Kenneth. “Purdue Will Reinvestigate Its Professor Who Claimed Desktop Fusion, ” New
Kenneth. “Researcher Loses Ph.D. Over Discredited Papers, ” New York Times, 15 June
Kenneth. “Researchers Split on Plague Expert’s Case, ” New York Times, 3 December
Kenneth. “Scientist in Plague Case Is Sentences to Two Years, ” New York Times, 11
Kenneth. “Scientists Find Signs of Meteor Crash That Led to Extinctions in Era Before
Kenneth. “Similar Graphs Raised Suspicions on Bell Labs Research, ” New York Times
Change, Iris. The Rape of Nanking” The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II. New York:
Chaplin, J. P. Rumor, Fear and the Madness of Crowds. New York: Ballantine Books, 1959. Chargaff
Edwin. Serious Questions: An ABC of Skeptical Reflections. Boston: Birkhaueser
Erwin. “Triviality in Science: A Brief Meditation on Fashions, ” Perspectives in
Charrow, Robert P. “A Rose Is A Rose Is … Plagiarism?” The Journal of NIH Research, August
Chartrand, Sabra. “Parents Recall Ordeal of Prosecuting In Artificial-Insemination Fraud Case, “
Chase, Allan. The Legacy of Malthus: The Social Costs of The New Scientific Racism. New


Erika. “Bush Accused of Power Abuse over Science, ” Nature 424 (14 August 2003), p.
Erika. “Bush Sacks Outspoken Biologist from Ethics Council, ” Nature 428 (4 March
Erika. “Ethics Accusations Spark Rapid Reaction from NIH Chief, ” Nature 427 (15
Erika. “Online Cheats Leave Asian Students Facing Paper Exam, ” Nature 418 (15
Erika. “Peers Rally in Support of Accused Scientist, ” Nature 425 (4 September 2003), p.
Erika. “Plague Professor Gets Two Years in Bioterror Case, ” Nature 246 (18 March
Erika. “Plague Trial Verdict Leaves Biologists Split on Biodefense, ” Nature 426 (11
Erika. “Sitting in Judgment, ” Nature 419 (26 September 2002), pp. 332-333.
Erika. “US Calls for Early Data on Transgenic Crop Safety, ” Nature 418 (8 August
Chen, David W. And Mansnerus, Laura. “Overseer Finds Kickback Plan at University, ” New


Annie. “The Resurrection Men: Scenes from the Cadaver Trade, ” Harper’s, March
Margaret. Tesla: Man out of Time. New York: Dorset Press, 1981. Cherry
Michael. “Black scientist faces inquiry at South African university, ” Nature 378 (23
Michael. “Resignation Defuses Witwatersrand Row Over Immunologist, ” Nature 380
Chesterton, G. K. Saint Thomas Aquinas: ‘The Dumb Ox.’ Garden City, New York: Doubleday
Chinnici, Madeline. “Electroshock Therapy on Trial, ” Science Digest 92 (October, 1984), p. 14. Chira
Susan. “Study Finds Standardized Tests May Hurt Education Efforts, ” New York Times
Susan. “Testing Rote, Not Reasoning, ” New York Times, 18 October 1992, p. 2E.
Choldin, Harvey. Looking For The Last Percent: The Controversy Over Census Undercounts.


Noam. Language and Mind. Enlarged Edition. New York: Harcourt, Brace
Noam. Rogue States: The Rule of Force in World Affairs. Cambridge, Massachusetts:
Christian, Shirley. “In South America, Malpractice Has a Moral Dimension, ” New York Times
Gale E. “Naysayers, Thriving in the Heat, ” New York Times, 8 July 1999, Op-Ed.
Gale E. In The Presence of the Creator: Isaac Newton and His Times. New York:
Gale E. Newton and The Scientific Revolution. New York: Oxford University
Scott. “Bad Seed or Bad Science: The Story of the Notorious Jukes Family, ” New
Chronicle of Higher Education, “Tufts U. Reinstates Vindicated Scientist, ” The Chronicle of
Cioffi, Frank. “Was Freud a Liar?” The Listener, 7 February 1974, pp. 172-174.
Cipra, Barry. “They’d Rather Switch Than Fight, ” Science 254 (18 October 1991), pp. 370-371.
Clair, William St. Lord Elgin & The Marbles: The Controversial History of the Parthenon


Allan H. “Luck, Merit and Peer Review, ” Science 215 (1 January 1982), p. 11.
David H. And Clark, Stephen P. H. Newton’s Tyranny: The Suppressed Scientific
Matt, and Witherspoon, Deborah. “The Case of a Missing Molecule, ” Newsweek, 10
Norman; Paquin, Nancy and Nevin, Joseph. “Dental Malpractice: Baseline Data from
Ronald W. Einstein: The Life and Times. New York: World, 1971.
Clarke, Tom. “Copied Citations Give Impact Factors a Boost, ” Nature 423 (22 May 2003), p.
Claymer, Adam. “Low Marks for Executive Honesty, ” New York Times, 9 June 1985, pp. F1
Clendinen, Dudley. “Murder Charge Against Tufts Professor Rocks Medical School, ” New York
Clery, Daniel. “Patent Dispute Goes Public, ” Science 261 (20 August 1993), pp. 978-979.
Clifford, William Kingdon. “The Exactness of Mathematical Laws, ” in The World of


Frances X. “Work By Expert Witness Is Now on Trial, ” New York Times, 5 September
Francis X. “Cheating Report Renews Debate Over Use of Tests to Evaluate Schools, “
Francis X. “In Ohio School Hearing, a New Theory Will Seek a Place Alongside
Coale, Ansley J. and Stephen, Frederick F. “The Case of the Indians and Teen-Age Widows, “
Cochran, William C.; Mosteller, Frederick and Tukey, John W. “Statistical Problems of the
Codes, Colleen. “Health Service Narrows Its Approach to Regulating Conflicts of Interest, ” The
Coe, Robert. “The Intellectual Odyssey of Peter Swales, ” Rolling Stone, 27 September 1984, pp.


Andy. “A Trace of Something Nasty, ” New Scientist, 5 June 1993, p. 55.
Andy. “Gene Dream Fades Away, ” New Scientist, 25 November 1995, pp.14-15. Cohen
I. Bernard. “History and the Philosophy of Science, ” in The Structure of Scientific
I. Bernard. Revolution in Science. Cambridge: Belknap, 1985.
I. Bernard. The Birth of a New Physics. (Revised and Updated) New York: W. W.
Jay S. Over Dose: The Case Against the Drug Companies. New York: Tarcher/Putnam
John. “Lobbying for an AIDS Trial, ” Science 258 (23 October 1992), pp. 536-539.
Jon and Eliot, Marshall. “NIH-Pasteur: A Final Rapprochement?” Science 264 (15 July
Jon. “Bernadine Healy Bows Out, ” Science 259 (5 March 1993), pp. 1388-1389.
Jon. “Clinical Trial Monitoring: Hit or Miss?” Science 264 (10 June 1994), pp.
Jon. “Dingell Rips Healy for ‘Obstructionism, ‘” Science 258 (11 December 1992), p.
Jon. “HHS: Gallo Guilty of Misconduct, ” Science 259 (8 January 1993), pp. 168-170.
Jon. “Longtime Rivalry Ends in Collaboration, ” Science (22 February 2002), pp.
Jon. “MicroGeneSys Vaccine Trial Gets A Public Peer Review, ” Science 258 (13
Jon. “NIH Panel OK’s Vaccine Test – in a New Form, ” Science 258 (4 December 1992)
Jon. “Pasteur Wants More HIV Blood Test Royalties, ” Science 255 (14 February 1992)
Jon. “Research Shutdown Roils Los Angeles VA, ” Science 284 (2 April 1999), pp. 18-
Jon. “Smallpox Vaccinations: How Much Protection Remains” Science 294 (2
Jon. “Stormy Weather Ahead for OSI’s Gallo Report, ” Science 21 February 1992, pp.
Jon. “The Rebirth of Robert Gallo, ” Science 272 (28 June 1996), p. 1877.
Jon. “U.S.-French Patent Dispute Heads for a Showdown, ” Science 265 (1 July 1994)
Jon. “Vaccine Theory of AIDS Origins Disputed at Royal Society, ” Science 289 (15
Jon. Study Sections: Does a Superb System Need a Tune-Up?” Science 261 (24
Laurie P. Prosecution Science is Rarely Challenged by Defense Lawyers, ” Wall Street
Patricia. “A Split Emerges As Conservatives Discus Darwin, ” New York Times, 5 May


Jon. “Army Investigates Research’s Report of Clinical Trial Data, ” Science 258 (6
Victor. “Cheating Bared on Doctors’ Tests, ” Knickerbocker News, 8 October 1983, pp.

Cole Jonathan R. and Cole

Stephen. “The Ortega Hypothesis, ” Science 178 (27 October 1972)
Stephen. Social Stratification in Science. Chicago: The University
Leonard A. “The Worry: Germ Warfare. The Target: Us.” New York Times, 25 January
Leonard A. The Eleventh Plague: The Politics of Biological and Chemical Warfare. New
Stephen and Cole, Jonathan. “Scientific Output and Recognition: A Study in the Operation
Stephen. “Professional Standing and the Reception of Scientific Discoveries, ” American
Stephen; Cole, Jonathan R. and Simon, Gary S. “Chance and Consensus in Peer Review, “


Bob. “Science Writing: Too Good to Be True?” New York Times, 27 September
Daniel. “Rethinking IQ Tests and Their Value, ” New York Times, 22 July 1984, p.
James S. Introduction to Mathematical Sociology. New York: The Free Press, 1964.
Lee. The Reign of Error: Psychiatry, Authority and Law Boston: Beacon Press, 1984.
Coles, Peter. “France Set To Reopen AIDS Pact?” Science 253 (27 September 1991, p. 1479.
Collingridge, David and Reeve, Colin. Science Speaks to Power: The Role of Experts in Policy


H. M. “Son of Seven Sexes: The Social Destruction of a Physical Phenomenon, ” Social
H. M. “The Seven Sexes: A Study in the Sociology of a Phenomenon, or the
Harry and Pinch, Trevor. The Golem: What Everyone Should Know About Science.
Martha. “IBM to Give Cornell $20-M, ” Science 236 (29 May 1987), p. 1058.
Collins. H. M. and Pinch, Trevor. Letter to the Editor, Nature 387 (5 June 1997), pp. 543-544. Colp
Jr., Ralph. “Charles Darwin: Slavery and the American Civil War, ” Harvard Library
Ralph, Jr., To Be An Invalid: The Illness of Charles Darwin. Chicago: The University of
Colt, George Howe. “Too Good To Be True, ” Harvard Magazine (July-August, 1983), pp. 22ff.
Committee for the Protection of Human Participants in Research, The American Psychological
Committee on Academic Fraud, Report of the Committee on Academic Fraud. The University of
Commoner, Barry. Science and Survival. New York: Viking, 1966. (Originally, 1963.) Conant
James B. and Nash, Leonard K., editors. Harvard Case Histories in Experimental
James B. Modern Science and Modern Man. Garden City, New York: Doubleday
James B. On Understanding Science. New York: Mentor, 1951.
James B. Science and Common Sense. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1951.
Condon, Edward U. Scientific Study of Unidentified Flying Objects. New York: Bantam, 1969. Connelly
Mary and Douglas
Carlyle C. “Bumpers Trial Ends in Acquittal and Anger, ” New
Carlyle C. “Mount Sinai Admits Fault, ” New York Times, 15
Mary and Finder, Alan. “6 Officers Freed in Death of Michael Stewart, ” New York
Consumer Reports, “The Estrogen Question: Is It a Natural Supplement or a Dangerous Drug, “
Cook-Deegan, Robert. The Gene Wars: Science, Politics, and The Human Genome.” New York:


Helene and Pear, Robert. “Obama Gets Tough on Health Care Fraud, “
Lane. Aristotle, Galileo, and the Tower of Pisa. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University


Coleen. “Court Says Whistle Blower Lacks Right to Sue Stanford, ” The Chronicle of
Colleen. “Allegations of University Abuses of Overhead System Continue as House
Colleen. “Journal Discredits Research Results It Published, ” The Chronicle of Higher
Colleen. “Overhead Rates for Federal Research Are As High as Ever, Survey Finds, “
Corea, Gena. “The Caesarean Epidemic, ” Mother Jones Reprint Service, July, 1980, pp. 28-42.
Cotgrove, Stephen and Box, Steven. Science, Industry and Society: Studies in the Sociology of


Ellen K. “Not Out of Africa, ” The Chronicle of Higher Education, 16 February 1996
Ellen K. “Opening of Dead Sea Scrolls Archive Underlines Problems that Can
Coulter, Harris L. Divided Legacy: The Conflict Between Homoeopathy and the American
Cournard, Andre and Meyer, Michael. “The Scientist’s Code, ” Minerva 14 (Spring, 1976), pp.


Norman. “Cousins’s Recovery, ” Science 215 (15 January 1982), p. 240.
Norman. Anatomy of an Illness: As Perceived by the Patient. New York: Norton


Jennifer. “A Call for Restraint on Biological Data, ” Science 297 (2 August 2002), pp.
Jennifer. “Fraud Investigations Come Up Dry, ” Science 301 (11 July 2003), p. 150. Cowan
Alison Leigh. “A Rival Is Charged, and a Map Dealer Wants to Say ‘Told You So, ‘”
Alison Leigh. “A Rival Is Charged, and a Map Dealer Wants to Say ‘Told You So, ‘”
Alison Leigh. “For Theft of Rare Maps, a Sentence of 42 Months, ” Mew York Times
Alison Leigh. “Theft Case Rattles World of Rare Maps, ” New York Times, 3 October
Alison Leigh. “Theft Case Rattles World of Rare Maps, ” New York Times, 3 October
Cowan. Alison Leigh. “Map Dealer Deserves Stiffer Term, British Say, ” New York Times, 14
Cowell, Alan. “After 350 Years, Vatican Says Galileo Was Right: It Moves, ” New York Times
Cox, Catherine Morris. The Early Mental Traits of Three Hundred Geniuses. Volume II. Genetic
Craig J.R. and Reese S.C. “Retention of Raw Data: A Problem Revisited, ” American


Diana. “Scientists at Major and Minor Universities: A Study of Productivity and
Diana. “The Gatekeepers of Science: Some Factors Affecting the Selection of Articles for
Diana. Invisible Colleges: Diffusion of Knowledge in Scientific Communities. Chicago:


Allan R. “Science and Industry, ” Science 213 (4 September 1981), pp. 1076-1077.
Mark H. “Biomedical Dollars and Body Counts, ” Science 246 (6 October 1989), p.
Mark H. “Study Puts Peary at North Pole, ” Science 246 (22 December 1989), pp.
Mark H. “Utah Scientist: No Cold Fusion, ” Science 248 (6 April 1990), p. 36.
Mark. “Court Rejects Rifkin in Biotech Case, ” Science 235 (9 January 1987), p. 159.
Mark. “Document Links NSF Official to Biotech Firm, ” Science 238 (6 November
Mark. “Furor in Fusion Labs, ” Science 242 (16 December 1988), p. 1501.
Mark. “Kingsbury Resigns from NSF, ” Science 242 (7 October 1988), p. 28.
Mark. “MIT-Industry Links Draw Congressional Attention, ” Science 244 (9 June
Mark. “NSF Official’s Finances Probed by Justice, ” Science 238 (23 October 1987)
Mark. “Researcher Flouts Gene-Splicing Rules, ” Science 237 (21 August 1987), pp.
Mark. “Researcher Reprimanded for Pseudorabies Test, ” Science 234 (7 November
Mark. “Utah Looks to Congress for Cold Fusion Cash, ” Science 244 (5 May 1989)


Robert P and Samios, N. P. “Cold Fusion Confusion, ” New York Times Magazine, 24
Robert P. “Righting the Antibiotic Record, ” Science 246 (17 November 1989), pp.
Robert P. “The Epilepsy ‘Cure’; Bold Claims, Weak Data, ” Science (29 September

Robert P. and Mann

Charles C. “Gambling with the Future of Physics, ” New York
Charles C. “How the Universe Works, ” Atlantic Monthly, August
Robert P. “Yesteray’s Pork Projects: Where are They Now?” Science 254 (1 November


Irving. “Manipulating Public Opinion, ” Society 13 (September/October, 1976), pp.
Leo. “The Cheater Problem in Polling, ” Public Opinion Quarterly 9 (Winter
Crewdson, John. “Probers Blast Doctor’s Landmark Article on AIDS, ” Albany Times Union, 15
Crews, Frederick, et al. Memory Wars: Freud’s Legacy in Dispute. New York: A New York
Crichton, Robert. The Great Imposter: The Amazing Career of Ferdinand Waldo Demara. New
Crick, Francis. What Mad Pursuit: A Personal View of Scientific Discovery. New York: Basic
Crombie, Alistair C. Medieval and Early Modern Science. 2 Vols. Revised Edition. Garden City
Cronbach, Lee J. “Beyond the Two Disciplines of Scientific Psychology, ” American
Cronin, A. J. The Citadel. Boston: Little, Brown, 1965. (Originally, 1937)
Crossen, Cynthia. Tainted Truth: The Manipulation of Fact in America. New York: Simon and
Crouch, Tom. The Bishop’s Boys: A Life of Wilbur and Orville Wright. New York: W.W.
Culletin, Barbara J. “APA Issues Warning on Antipsychotic Drugs, ” Science 229 (20 September
Culleton, Barbara. “Carnegie Launches Education Forum, ” Science 227 (22 February 1985), pp.


Barbara J. “A Bitter Battle Over Error (II), ” Science 241 (1 July 1988), pp. 18-21.
Barbara J. “A Bitter Battle Over Error, ” Science 240 (24 June 1988), pp. 1720-1723.
Barbara J. “A Decade of Discussion, ” Science 249 (20 July 1990), p. 240.
Barbara J. “AAMC Speaks on Coping with Fraud, ” Science 217 (16 July 1982), pp.
Barbara J. “Abortion: Litmus Test for NIH Director, ” Science 246 (6 October 1989), p.
Barbara J. “Baltimore Cleared of All Fraud Charges, ” Science 243 (10 February 1989)
Barbara J. “Baltimore to Succeed Lederberg, ” Science 245 (29 September 1989), p.
Barbara J. “Bill Would Set Fraud Guidelines for Scientific Publications, ” Science 242
Barbara J. “Case Highlights Sensitive Issues, ” Science 245 (14 July 1989), p. 121.
Barbara J. “Coping With Fraud: The Darsee Case, ” Science 220 (1 April 1983), pp.
Barbara J. “Credit for Whistle-Blower Vanishes, ” Science 244 (12 May 1989), p. 643.
Barbara J. “Darsee Apologizes to New England Journal, ” Science 220 (3 June 1983)
Barbara J. “Deja Vu in AIDS Priority Fight, ” Science 247 (30 March 1990), pp.
Barbara J. “Dingell v. Baltimore, ” Science 244 (28 April 1989), pp. 412-414.
Barbara J. “Dingell: AIDS Researcher in Conflict, ” Science 248 (11 May 1990), pp.
Barbara J. “Errors in Cell Paper Acknowledged, ” Science 242 (2 December 1988), p.
Barbara J. “For-Profit Hospitals Loom Large on Health Care Scene, ” Science 233 (29
Barbara J. “Fraud Review May Be Taken From NIH, ” Science 243 (24 March 1989), p.
Barbara J. “Fraudbusters Back at NIH, ” Science 248 (29 June 1990), p. 1599.
Barbara J. “Frazier Honored by Psychiatrists, ” Science 244 (12 May 1989), p. 649.
J. “Frazier Reinstated at McLean, ” Science 243 (17 February 1989), p. 889.
Barbara J. “Gallo Inquiry Takes Puzzling New Turn, ” Science 250 (12 October 1990)
Barbara J. “Harvard Acknowledges It Could Have Done Better, ” Science 220 (1 April
Barbara J. “Harvard Psychiatrist Resigns, ” Science 242 (2 December 1988), pp. 1239-
Barbara J. “Harvard Researchers Retract Data in Immunology Paper, ” Science 234 (28
Barbara J. “Harvard Tackles the Rush to Publication, ” Science 241 (29 July 1988), p.
Barbara J. “House Battles Over NIH Legislation, ” Science 221 (19 August 1983), pp.
Barbara J. “I: Inside the Gallo Probe, ” Science 248 (22 June 1990), pp. 1494-1498.
Barbara J. “Immunity in Return for Due Process, ” Science 249 (20 July 1990), p. 241.
Barbara J. “Integrity of Research Papers Questioned, ” Science 235 (23 January 1987)
Barbara J. “Medical Education Under Fire, ” Science 226 (26 October 1984), pp. 419-
Barbara J. “Medicine As Business: Are Doctors Entrepreneurs?” Science 233 (5
Barbara J. “Monsanto Gives Washington U. $23.5 Million, ” Science 216 (18 June
Barbara J. “NIH Goes ‘Extra Mile’ on Gallo, ” Science 247 (23 February 1990), p.
Barbara J. “NIH Misconduct Probes Draw Legal Complaints, ” Science 249 (20 July
Barbara J. “NIH Panel Finds No Fraud in Cell Paper but Cites Errors, ” Science 242 (16
Barbara J. “NIH Sees Plagiarism in Vision Paper, ” Science 245 (14 July 1989), pp.
Barbara J. “NIH to Review Emory in Darsee Case, ” Science 220 (3 June 1983), p.
Barbara J. “Panel Completes Interviews in ‘Baltimore Case'” Science 241 (15 July
Barbara J. “Patient Sues UCLA Over Patent on Cell Line, ” Science (28 September
Barbara J. “Politics of the Heart, ” Science 241 (15 July 1988). p. 283.
Barbara J. “Random Audit of Papers Proposed, ” Science 242 (4 November 1988), pp.
Barbara J. “Representative Roe Rides to the Rescue, ” Science 245 (7 July 1989), p.
Barbara J. “Rockefeller Braces for Baltimore, ” Science 247 (12 January 1990), pp.
Barbara J. “Scientists Confront Misconduct, ” Science 241 (30 September 1988), pp.
Barbara J. “Study of NIH Gets Under Way, ” Science 222 (21 October 1983), pp.
Barbara J. “The Case of the Altered Notebooks: Part IV, ” Science 248 (18 May 1990)
Barbara J. “The Dingell Probe Finally Goes Public, ” Science 244 (12 May 1989), pp.
Barbara J. “The Hoechst Department at Mass. General, ” Science 216 (11 June 1982)
Barbara J. “The Ideal Scientist Described, ” Science 249 (27 July 1990), p. 355.
Barbara J. “The Sloan-Kettering Affair (II): An Uneasy Resolution, ” Science 184 (14
Barbara J. “The Sloan-Kettering Affair: A Story Without a Hero, ” Science 184 (10
Barbara J. “University Hospital for Sale, ” Science 223 (2 March 1984), pp. 909-911.
Barbara J. “Who Leads the (Ivy) League in ‘Citation Impact'”? Science 247 (9 March
Barbara J. “Whose Notes Are They?” Science 244 (19 May 1989), p. 765.
Barbara J. “‘Misconduct’ Definitions Still Prove Elusive, ” Nature 369 (16 June 1994)
Cummings, Judith. “An Audit Under Fire, ” New York Times, 16 March 1986, p. F4.
Cureton, Edward D. “Validity, Reliability and Baloney, ” Educational and Psychological

Cushman, John H.

Jr. “After ‘Silent Spring, ‘ Industry Put Spin on All It Brewed, ” New York
Jr., “Industrial Group Plans to Battle Climate Treaty, ” New York Times, 26
Cutler, Alan. The Seashell on the Mountaintop: A Story of Science, Sainthood, and the Humble


David. “Korea’s Stem-Cell Stars Dogged by Suspicion of Ethical Breach, ” Nature
David. “Korewa’s Stem-Cell Stars Dogged by Suspicion of Ethical Breach, ” Nature



Joseph. “The Last Big Bang Man Left Standing – physicist Ralph Alpher devised Big
Joseph. “The Last Big Bang Man, ” Discover, July 1999, pp. 60-67. D’Antonio
Michael. “Atomic Guinea Pigs, ” New York Times Magazine, 31 August 1997, pp.
Michael. The State Boys Rebellion: The Inspiring Story of American Eugenics and

D. Ewen Cameron

“Psychic Driving, ” American Journal of Psychiatry 112 (January, 1956), pp.
et al., “Repetition of Verbal Signals: Behavioral and Physiological
Dallek, Robert. “The Medical Ordeals of JFK, ” The Atlantic Monthly, December, 2002, pp. 49-


Rex. “…as U.S. Reviewer Resigns Over Slur, ” Nature 375 (15 June 1995), p. 529.
Rex. “Anthropologists in Turmoil Over Allegations of Misconduct, ” Nature 408 (23
Rex. “Anthropologists Split Over Misconduct Claims, ” Nature 413 (3 January 2002), p.
Rex. “Baylor Backed Over ‘Falsified Data’ Claims, ” Nature 386 (24 April 1997), p.
Rex. “Berkeley Accused of Biotech Bias As Ecologist is Denied Tenure, ” Nature 426
Rex. “California Lab Fires Physicist over Retracted Finding, ” Nature 418 (18 July
Rex. “Collins’ Student Sanctioned Over ‘Most Severe” Case of Fraud, ” Nature 388 (24
Rex. “Dating in Doubt as Researcher is Probed, ” Nature 392 (19 March 1998), pp. 218-
Rex. “Doubts Grow Over Discovery of Fossilized ‘Dinosaur heart, ‘” Nature 407 (21
Rex. “Ethical Failures Block Los Angeles Research, ” Nature 398 (8 April 1999), p.
Rex. “Federal Panel Endorses Baylor Fraud Claim, ” Nature 397 (18 February 1999), p.
Rex. “Fertility Pioneers face ‘Misconduct’ Charges, ” Nature 376 (10 August 1995), p.
Rex. “Fraudulent Papers Stain Co-Authors, ” The Scientist, 18 May 1987, pp. 1, 8.
Rex. “Harvard Faces Questions On Missing Data, ” Nature 386 (20 March 1997), p.
Rex. “Heat Rises Over USCD ‘Misconduct’ Charge, ” Nature 385 (13 February 1997), p.
Rex. “Inquiry at Harvard prompts research paper corrections, ” Nature 377 (19 October
Rex. “Journal Will Publish Accused Scientist’s Work, ” Nature 409 (1 February 2001, p.
Rex. “Jury to Rule on ‘Defamatory’ Paper, ” Nature 410 (8 March 2001), p. 135.
Rex. “Museum Trustees Quit After Row over Sale of Artifacts, ” Nature 424 (24 July
Rex. “National Park’s Sale of Creationist Book Draws Fire, ” Nature 427 (15 January
Rex. “New Doubts Over Rock-Dating Techniques, ” Nature 394 (2 July 1998), p. 6.
Rex. “NIH Cash Tied to Compulsory Training in Good Behavior, ” Nature 408 (7
Rex. “NIH Office Plans Research on Misconduct, ” Nature 400 (8 July 1999), p. 99.
Rex. “Obesity Expert Owns up To Million-Dollar Crime, ” Nature 434 (24 March 2005)
Rex. “Plagiarism Claims Turn Spotlight on U.S. Navy’s Misconduct Policy, ” Nature
Rex. “Private Investigations, ” Nature 411 (10 May 2001), pp. 129-130.
Rex. “Researcher Fights Suspension Over Funds, ” Nature 399 (24 June 1999), p. 723.
Rex. “Ruling Brings Cash Windfall in U.S. Fraud Case, ” Nature 375 (25 May 1995), p.
Rex. “Tension Stays High as US Optical Societies Launch Merger Ballot, ” Nature 400
Rex. “Two Arrested for Trade in Body Parts from Donor Programme, ” Nature 246 (18
Rex. “UCSD, University of Utah to pay $1.6 million in Suit, ” San Diego
Rex. “University Buildings Named on Shaky Ground, ” Nature 426 (27 November
Rex. “‘Faked’ Rock-Dating Data Charge Dismissed… Nature 401 (14 October 1999), p.
Rex. “‘Fraud Police’ Face Dilemma Over Warning Medical Boards, ” Nature 379 (8
Daniels, George H. “The Process of Professionalization in American Science: The Emergent
Dantzig, Tobias. Number: The Language of Science Garden City, New York: Anchor, 1956.
Dao, James. “Sleepy Election Is Jolted by Evolution, ” New York Times, 17 May 2005, p. A12.
Darlington, C. D. Darwin’s Place in History. New York: Macmillan, 1961. (Originally
Darnton, Robert. The Literary Underground of the Old Regime. Cambridge, Massachusetts:


J. R., and Heymsfield, S. B. Decreased Myocardial Taurine Levels and Hypertaurinuria
J. R.; Heymsfield, S. B., and Nutter, D. O. “Hyper- Trophic Cardiomyopathy and
John. “A Retraction of Two Papers on Cardiomyopathy, ” New England Journal of
Darwin, Francis, editor. Charles Darwin’s Autobiography. New York: Henry Schuman, 1950.
Daugherty, Lynn B. Why Me? Help for Victims of Child Sexual Abuse (Even If They Are


Florence Nightingale. Games, Gods and Gambling. New York: Hafner, 1962.
Peter. “The System Defends Itself, ” Nature 303 (2 June 1983), p. 369.
Davies, Owen. “Contaminated Science, ” Omni, October, 1982, pp. 20ff. Davis
Bernard D. “Fraud vs. Error: The Dingelling of Science, ” Wall Street Journal, 8 March
Bernard D. “Government and Quality in Science, ” Science 246 (10 November 1989), p.
Nuel Pharr. Lawrence & Oppenheimer. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1968.
Dawkins, Richard. The Blind Watchmaker: Why the Evidence of Evolution Reveals a Universe
De Beer, Gavin. Charles Darwin: A Scientific Biography. Garden City, New York: Doubleday
De Mille, Richard, editor, The Don Juan Papers: Further Castaneda Controversies. Belmont


Cornelia and Goodstein, Laurie. “Leading Cardinal Redefines Church’s View on
Cornelia. “Believing Scripture but Playing by Science’s Rules, “New York Times, 12
Cornelia. “Evolution Major Vanishes From Approved Federal List, ” New York Times
Cornelia. “New Light on M. I. T. Issues, With a (GASP) Biologist at the Helm, ” New
Cornelia. “Scientists Criticize White House Stance on Climate Change Findings, ” New
Cornelia. “Scientists Speak Up on Mix of God and Science, ” New York Times, 23
Cornelia. “When Questions of Science Come to a Courtroom, Truth Has Many Faces, “
Cornelia. “Women in Science: The Battle Movesa to the Trenches, ” New York Times, 19
Deanwund, Jared, “Soft Sciences Are Harder Than Hard Sciences, ” Discover, August, 1987, pp.
DeBroglie, Louis. “Foreword, ” in Pierre Duhem, The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory.
DeCamp, L. Sprague. Lost Continents: The Atlantis Theme in History, Science and Literature.
Deedy, John. “Ehrlich vs. Commoner, ” Commonweal 96 (11 August 1972), p. 418.
Defoe, Daniel. A Journal of the Plague Year. New York: New American Library, 1960.
Deforest, Ben. “Sexual Harassment Suit Filed Against Lie Detector Operator, ” The
DeGrazia, Alfred, editor. The Velikovsky Affair: The Warfare of Science and Scientism. New


Ute and Muller-Hill, Benno. “The Fraud of Abderhalden’s Enzymes, ” Nature 393
Ute. “An Unholy Alliance, ” Nature 405 (15 June 2000, p. 739. DeKruif
Paul. Hunger Fighters. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1928.
Paul. Men Against Death. New York: Harcourt, 1932.
Paul. Microbe Hunters. New York: Harbrace Paperback Library, 1953.
Paul. Why Keep Them Alive? New York: Harcourt, 1936.
Del Regato, J. A. “Jesse William Lazear, ’92, ” P&S Quarterly (Fall, 1971), pp. 11-21.
Deloria, Vine, Jr., Custer Died For Your Sins. New York: Macmillan, 1969.
DeMare, Carol. “SUNYA Professor Admits Illegal Sale of Computer Data, ” Albany Times
Deming, W. Edward. “On Errors in Surveys, ” American Sociological Review 9 (1944), pp. 359-
Denis, Carlina. “Misconduct Row Fuels Calls for Reform, ” Nature 427 (19 February 2004), p.
Denzin, Norman K. The Research Act: A Theoretical Introduction to Sociological Methods.


Anthony. “Bad Times Force Universities to Rethink What They are, ” New York
Anthony. “Bad Times Force Universities to Rethink What They are, ” New York
Anthony. “For Scholarly Nirvana, Familiar Questions as Leaders Change, ” New York
Anthony. “Foreigners Flood U.S. Graduate Schools, ” New York Times, 29 November
Anthony. “Making Sure That Federal Research Funds Go For Learning, ” New York
Anthony. “Plagiarism Seen by Scholars in King’s Ph.D. Dissertation, ” New York
Anthony. “Rare in Ivy League: Women Who Work As Full Professors, ” New York
Anthony. “Stanford President at Brunt of Storm, ” New York Times, 10 May 1991, p.
Anthony. “Stanford to Alter Its Accounting Of Overhead on Research Grants, ” New
Anthony. “Universities’ Reliance on Companies Raises Vexing Questions on
DeParle, Jason. “Report, Delayed Months, Says Lowest Income Group Grew Sharply, ” New
Dershowitz, Alan M. The Best Defense. New York: Vintage, 1983. (Originally, 1982)
DeSantillana, Giorgio. The Crime of Galileo. New York: Time, 1962. (Originally, The


Adrian and Moore, James. Darwin. New York: Warner Books, 1992 (originally
Adrian. Huxley: From Devil’s Disciple to Evolution’s High Priest. Reading
Adrian. The Politics of Evolution: Morphology, Medicine, and Reform in Radical


Leo, editor. The Treasures of Time. New York; World, 1961.
Leo. Testaments of Time: The Search for Lost Manuscripts and Records. New York:


Claudia H. “A Mania For Testing Spells Money, ” New York Times, 16 October 1988
John M. Letter to the editor. Issues in Science and Technology 6 (Fall) 1989, p. 21.
Deutscher, Irwin. What We Say/What We Do: Sentiment and Acts. Glenview, Illinois: Scott
Dewdney, A. K. “Computer Recreations: A Core War Bestiary of Viruses, Worms and Other


Karen. “Education Panel Sees Modest Gains, ” New York Times, 1 October 1992, p.
Karen. “University Offering Ex-President $1 million to Sever His Ties to It, ” New York
Diamond, Edwin and Bates, Stephen. “The Ancient History of the Internet, ” American Heritage
Dicke, William. “Eugene Saenger, Controversial Doctor, Dies at 90, ” New York Times 11


Steven. “Could Coulomb’s Experiment Result in Coulomb’s Law?” Science 262 (22
Steven. East Germany: Science in Disservice of the State, ” Science 254 (4 October


David. “After Spacelab, Europe Wants a Better Deal, ” Science 222 (9 December
David. “Britain Debates Science Education Reforms, ” Science 222 (28 October 1983)
David. “Britain Rises to Japan’s Computer Challenge, ” Science 220 (20 May 1983)
David. “British Association Seeks Corporate Links, ” Science 221 (9 September 1983)
David. “Bumps and Falls on the Road to Stockholm, ” Science 238 (16 October 1987)
David. “Champions or Challengers of the Cause of Science?” Nature 387 (22 May
David. “Contaminated Cell Lines, ” Nature 289 (22 January 1981), p. 227.
David. “Details of 1957 British Nuclear Accident Withheld to Avoid Endangering U.S.
David. “Doctored Report Revives Debate on 1957 Mishap, ” Science 239 (5 February
David. “Feathers Still Fly in Row Over Fossil Bird, ” Science 238 (23 October 1987)
David. “France Sets Out to Democratize Science, ” Science 218 (29 October 1982), pp.
David. “French Boosts Industrial Research, ” Science 223 (9 March 1984), p. 1047.
David. “Germany’s 75 Years of Free Enterprise Science, ” Science 234 (14 November
David. “Panel Urges Caution on Genetic Testing for Mental Disorders, ” Nature 395
David. “Researchers Found Reluctant to Test Theories, ” Science 232 (13 June 1986)
David. “Servan-Schreiber Resigns from Computing Center, ” Science 228 (12 April
David. “Tests Fail to Support Claims for Origin of AIDS in Polio Vaccine, ” Nature
David. “Top Mitterrand Advisor Pressed for Time, ” Science 219 (18 February 1983)
David. “Was Galileo Saved by Plea Bargain?” Science 233 (8 August 1986), pp.
David. “‘Dangerous’ Liaisons in Cell Biology, ” Science 244 (30 June 1989), pp. 1539-
David. The New Politics of Science. New York: Pantheon, 1984.
Paul. Think Tanks. New York: Atheneum, 1971.
Diederich, Paul B. “Components of the Scientific Attitude, ” Science Teacher, February, 1967


Susan. “Harvard’s New Test-Tube Business, ” New York Times, 22 August 1993
Susan. “Therapists Start to Address Damage Done by Therapists, ” New York


E. J. Jr., “Biden Quits Race to Be President in Wake of Furor, ” New York Times, 24
E. J., Jr., “Tough Decisions Along a New Ethical Frontier, ” New York Times, 15 March
Dirks, Raymond L. and Gross, Leonard. The Great Wall Street Scandal: Inside Equity Funding.
Dixon, Bernard. Magnificent Microbes. New York: Atheneum, 1979.
Doan, Michael and Lanier, Linda K. “Bogus Backgrounds, ” The Knickerbocker News, Albany
Dobrzynski, Judith H. “A Bit of Soul-Searching As Museums Survey Loot, ” New York Times
Dobson, Jessie. William Clift. London: Heinemann, 1954.
Doctor Crypton, “The Ciphers of Edgar Allen Poe, ” Science Digest 92 (October, 1984), pp.
Doering, Don S. “The Dingell Investigation, ” Science 244 (16 June 1989) p. 1243.
Dolby, R. G. A. “Reflections on Deviant Science, ” in On The Margins of Science: The Social
Dolnick, Edward. “Science Police, ” Discover, February 1994, pp. 56-63.
Dong, Eugene. “The Legal Basis for Federal Prosecution of Science Misrepresentation as ‘White


Ignatius. Atlantis: The Antideliluvian World. With a New Introduction by E. F.
Ignatius. Ragnarok: The Age of Fire and Gravel. New York: Appleton, 1883.
Ignatius. The Great Cryptogram: Francis Bacon’s Cipher in the So-Called


Andrea. “Profiling Serial Killers, ” Science Digest 92 (October, 1984), p. 47.
Andrea. “The Criminal Mind, ” Science Digest 92 (October, 1984), pp. 44ff.
D. D. “The Cyril Burt Question: New Findings, ” Science 201 (29 September 1978)
John. “Getting Their Hands Dirty? Archaeologists and the Looting Trade, ” Lingua
Dott, Robert H. and Batton, Roger Lyman. Evolution of the Earth. 4th edition. New York:


Carlyle C. “Fallen Scholar, ” New York Times, 16 December 1990, p. E7.
Carlyle C. “Researching the Research, ” New York Times, 13 May 1990, p. E7.
Jack D. “Betraying Scientific Truth, ” Society 30 (November/December, 1992), pp.
Jack D. and Johnson, John M., editors. Official Deviance: Readings in Malfeasance
Jack D. Observations of Deviance. New York: Random House, 1970.
Jack D. The Social Meaning of Suicide. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1967.
Dowd, Maureen. “U.S. Inquiry Is Added to 4 Others On Accusations Against Coroner, ” New
Dowell, William. “Intellectual Chain Gang, ” Times, 10 February 1997, p. 64.
Dowie, Mark. “What’s Wrong with The New York Times’s Science Reporting?” The Nation, 6


Arthur Conan. The Case Book of Sherlock Holmes. New York: Penguin Books, 1951
Rodger Pirnie. The Medical Wars: Why the Doctors Disagree. New York: Morrow


Stillman. “Galileo: A Biographical Sketch, ” in Galileo: Man of Science, edited by Ernan
Stillman. Discoveries and Opinions of Galileo. Garden City, New York: Doubleday
Draper, John William. Conflict Between Religion and Science. New York: Vanguard Press
Dreifus, Claudia. “With Findings on Storms, Centrist Recasts Warming Debate, ” New York
Dreistadt, Roy. “An Analysis of the Use of Analogies and Metaphors in Science, ” The Journal
Dreyer, J. L. E. A History of Astronomy from Thales to Kepler. Revised edition with a Foreward
Drummond, Hugh. “Playing Doctor: The Trick is Impersonating God, ” Mother Jones Reprint
DuBois, Philip H. A History of Psychological Testing. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1970. Dubos
Rene J. and Dubos, Jean. The White Plague: Tuberculosis, Man and Society. Boston:
Rene. Louis Pasteur: Free Lance of Science. New York: Scribner’s, 1976. (Originally
Rene. Mirage of Health. Garden City, New York: Doubleday Anchor, 1961.
Rene. Pasteur and Modern Science. Garden City, New York: Doubleday Anchor, 1960.
Rene. The Dreams of Reason: Science and Utopia. New York: Columbia University
Duchene, Herve. The Golden Treasures of Troy: The Dream of Heinrich Schliemann. London:
Duesberg, Peter. “HIV Is Not the Cause of AIDS, ” Science 241 (29 July 1988) p. 514.
Dugard, Martin. Farther Then Any Man: The Rise and Fall of Captain James Cook. New York:
Dugger, Celia W. “Study Finds Vast Undercount of New York City Homeless, ” New York
Duggins, Kamilah. “Exposing How Scientists Used Prisoners, ” The Chronicle of Higher


Pierre. The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton
Pierre. To Save the Phenomena: An Essay on the Idea of Physical Theory From Plato to
Dunbar, Robin. “Evolutionary Trends in the Academic Jungle, ” New Scientist, 8 October 1981
Duncan, Ronald and Weston-Smith, Miranda, editors. Lying Truths: A Critical Scrutiny of


Barrows. Heroes and Heretics: A Social History of Dissent. New York: Knopf, 1964.
Burrows. Man Against Myth. Boston: Little, Brown, 1948.
Dunn, L. “Mendel, His Work and His Place in History, ” Proceedings of the American
Dupree, A. Hunter. Science in the Federal Government: A History of Policies and Activities to
Durbach, Nadja. Bodily Matters: The Anti-Vaccination Movement in England, 1853-1907.
DuShane, G.; Kraushopf, K. B.; Lerner, E. M.; Morse, P. M.; Steinbach, H. B.; Strauss, W. L.;
Dutton, Denis, editor. The Forger’s Art: Forgery and the Philosophy of Art. Berkeley
Dworkin, Barry R. and Miller, Neal E. “Failure to Replicate Visceral Learning in Acute


Freeman. “Innovation in Physics, ” Scientific American (September, 1958), pp. 74-82.
Freeman. Disturbing the Universe. New York: Harper Colophon, 1981. (Originally


Eakin Hugh and Carassava, Amthee. “Getty Is Expected to Return Gold Wreath to Greece, “


Emily. “Was ‘Old’ Map Faked to Tweak the Nazis?” New York Times, 14 September
Hugh and Povoledo, Elisabetta. “Gerry Museum Ceases Talks with Italy Over
Earman, John and Glymer, Clark. “Relativity and Eclipses: The British Eclipse Expeditions of
East, Edward M., editor. Biology in Human Affairs. Freeport, New York: Books for Libraries


Gregg. “Finally Feeling the Heat, ” New York Times, 24 May 2006, p. A27.
Gregg. “The Revolution in Medicine, ” Newsweek, 26 January 1987, pp. 40-74.
Ebel, Robert L. “What is the Scientific Attitude?” Science Education 22 (February, 1938), pp.


Eric. “Schizophrenia’s Victims Include Strained Families, ” New York Times, 17
Erik. “A Tough Case for Dr. Healy, ” New York Times Magazine, 1 December 1991
Edge, David, editor. Experiment: A Series of Scientific Case Histories first Broadcast in the


“A Chronic Lack of Definition, ” Nature 394 (27 August 1998), p. 815.
“A Judgment Fit For Prime Time, ” Nature 381 (27 June 1996, p. 717.
“After the Gold-Rush, ” Nature 418 (11 July 2002), p. 111.
“All The President’s Yes-Men?” Nature 451 ((30 January 2003), p. 459.
“An Unhealthy Influence on Doctors, ” New York Times, 10 September 2001, p. A28.
“Authors Retract Link Between MMR Vaccine and Autism, ” Nature 428 (11 March
“Avoid Financial ‘Correctness, ‘” Nature 385 (6 February 1997, p. 469.
“Bad Clinical Practices, ” Nature 405 (29 June 2000), p. 981.
“Baltimore to Head Science Journalism Group, ” Nature (8 June 1989), p. 410.
“Baylor College of Medicine Vindicated in Scientific Misconduct Case, ” Professional
“Better News – Perhaps – on Global Warming, ” Nature 400 (5 August 1999), p. 487.
“Burdens of Proof of Misconduct, ” Nature 380 (4 April 1996), p. 367.
“Calamities in Space, ” New York Times, 1 July 1990, p. 16E.
“Censorship on Global Warming, ” New York Times, 20 June 2003, p.
“Christianity and Judaism: Censored, ” New York Times, p. E10.
“Climate Debate Must Not Overheat, ” Nature 381 (13 June 1996), p. 539.
“Costly Goodby, ” Science 303 (6 February 2004), p. 761.
“Couple Accused of Lab Theft Return to Work, ” Nature 418 (15 August 2002), p. 716.
“Crippling American Science, ” New York Times 23 May 1995, p. A16.
“Darwinian Struggle in Ohio, ” New York Times, 17 March 2002, p. WK14.
“Death at the Hands of Science, ” New York Times, 31 July 2001, p. A18.
“Defend Studies of Science, ” Nature 381 (16 May 1996), p. 175.
“Disclosure at the Medical Journals, ” New York Times, 30 September 2003, p. A28.
“Doctors With Ties to Device Makers, ” New York Times, 24 September 2005, p. A14.
“Doctors With Ties to Device Makers, ” New York Times, 24 September 2005, p. A14.
“Duplicate Publication, ” Science 277 (4 July 1977), p. 21.
“Errors in Citation Statistics, ” Nature, 415 (10 January 2002), p. 101.
“Evolution and the Electorate, ” New York Times, 10 November 2005, p. A28.
“False Data for Yucca Mountain?” New York Times, 19 March 2005, p. A14.
“Fraud Conviction Casts Doubt on Study Into Prayer-Power, ” Nature 429 (24 June
“Fraud, Libel and the Literature, ” Nature 325 (15 January 1987), pp. 181-182.
“Games People Play With Authors’ Names, ” Nature 387 (26 June 1997), p. 831.
“German Grant Money Goes to the Few, ” Nature 406 (6 July 2000), p. 9.
“Hiding the Data on Drug Trials, ” New York Times, 1 June 2005, p. A20.
“Himalayan Hoax, ” Nature 338 (20 April 1989), p. 604.
“Honorary Authorship, ” Nature 375 (15 June 1995), p. 522.
“Hormone Therapy Woes, ” New York Times, 11 July 2002, p. A22.
“Is the University-Industrial Complex Out of Control?” Nature 409 (11 January 2001), p.
“Is Your Doctor Tied to Drug Makers?” New York Times, 2 July 2007, p. A18.
“Journals Link Up in Fight Against Fraud, ” Nature 388 (31 July 1997), p. 414.
“Making the Grades, ” New York Times, 5 June 1994, p. 16E.
“Max Planck Society Asks for Promises of Good Practice, ” Nature 408 (14 December
“Medical Research Funding, ” New York Times, 6 January 1998, p. A18.
“Misconduct Claims Derail German Study of Cancer Vaccines, ” Nature 412 (5 July
“More Papers Fall Foul of Schoen Inquiry, ” Nature 421 (2 January 2003), p. 6.
“Moving Targets, ” Nature 383 (12 September 1996), p. 105.
“New Marching Orders, ” Science 284 (30 April 1999), p. 721.
“No Way to Run a Superpower, ” Nature 424 (21 August 2003), p. 861.
“Now with 50 percent less truth, ” Boston Globe, 29 October 2007, pp…
“Perspectives, Fraud in Science, ” The Journal of NIH Research, 3 (August, 1991), p. 30.
“PhD – Club or History, ?” Nature 429 (24 June 2004), p. 789.
“Physicist Schoen Stripped of Doctorate, ” Nature 429 (17 June 2004), p. 692.
“Physicists See Fraud as Colleagues Forge Ahead, ” Nature 432 (11 November 2004), pp.
“Poverty and Transgenic Crops, ” Nature 418 (8 August 2002), p. 569.
“Poverty and Transgenic Crops, ” Nature 418 (8 August 2002), p. 569.
“Poverty and Transgenic Crops, ” Nature 418 (8 August 2002), p. 569.
“Praise, for a Change, ” Science, 304 (21 May 2004), p. 1077.
“Rating the Surgeons, ” New York Times, 7 September 1995, p. A26.
“Reflections on Scientific Fraud, ” Nature 419 (3 October 2002), p. 417.
“Reflections on The Death of a Young Scientist, ” Nature 395 (29 October 1998), p. 823.
“Report Pronounces on Anthropology Misconduct, ” Nature 418 (11 July 2002), p. 118.
“Restoring Faith in Anthropology, ” Nature 408 (14 December 20000), p. 755.
“Retractions’ Realities, ” Nature 422 (6 March 2003), p. 1.
“Return the Parthenon Marbles, ” New York Times, 2 February 2002, p. A18.
“Risk and the Inadequacy of Science, ” Nature 385 (2 January 1997), p. 1.
“Roundup Unready, ” New York Tines, 19 February 2003, p. A24.
“Science or Politics at the F.D.A.?” New York Times, 24 February 2004, p. 24.
“Science Scope, ” Science 290 (20 October 2000), p. 421.
“Science Wars and the Need for Respect and Rigour, ” Nature 385 (30 January 1997)
“Success in Gene Therapy, at Last, ” New York Times, 30 April 2000, p.Wk18.
“Success in Gene Therapy, at Last, ” New York Times, 30 April 2000, p.Wk18.
“Telegrams Abused, ” Nature 387 (1 May 1997), p. 1
“The Avandia Saga Continues, ” New York Times, 15 July 2010, p. A30.
“The Baltimore Vindication, ” The Wall Street Journal, 2 July 1996, p. A14.
“The Crimes of Unit 731, ” New York Times, 18 March 1995, p. 22.
“The Danger in Drug Kickbacks, ” New York Times, 14 May 2007, p.A18.
“The Dangers of Coarse Politics, ” Nature, 26 September 1996, p. 283.
“The End of the Baltimore Saga, ” Nature 351 (9 May 1991), p. 85.
“The Evolution of Creationism, ” New York Times, 17 May 2005, p. A20.
“The Fraud Case That Evaporated, ” New York Times, 25 June 1996, p. A20.
“The Lies of Joseph Ellis, ” New York Times, 21 August 2001, p. A16.
“The Politics of Pot, ” New York Times, 22 April 2006, p. A14.
“The Ruckus at Rockefeller, ” New York Times, 12 October 1989, p. A28.
“The Science Adviser’s Rejoinder, ” New York Times, 10 April 2004. p. A14.
“The Science Police, ” Wall Street Journal, 15 May 1989, p. A8.
“The Utah Fusion Circus, ” New York Times, 30 April 1989, p. E24.
“They Toiled in the Name of Science, ” Yankee Magazine, September, 1989, pp. 81-83.
“Tobacco and Researchers’ Rights, ” Nature 383 (5 September 1996), p. 1
“Too Good for the Nobel Prize, ” New York Times, 7 April 1991. p. E18.
“Uncertainty Over Mammograms, ” New York Times, 27 January 2002, p. NW12.
“University of Washington Pathologist Killed by Student, ” Nature 406 (6 July 2000), p.
“Uses and Abuses of Science, ” New York Times, 23 February 2004, p. A20.
“Wave of Controversies Spurs Probe into Fair Presentation of Results, ” Nature 424 (21
“When Doctors Hide Medical Errors, ” New York Times, 69 September 2006, p. A14.
“When Drug Companies Hide Data, ” New York Times, 6 June 2004, p.WR12.
“When Mental Patients Are at Risk, ” New York Times, A24.
“When Moderation Turns to Greed, ” Nature 393 (11 Jun2 1998, p. 499.
“Where Next on Misconduct? Nature 398 (4 March 1999), p. 1.
“Where Next on Misconduct?” Nature 398 (4 March 1999), p. 1.
“Why Do Scientists Cheat? AAAS Observer, 1 September 1989, pp. 8-9.
“Wrong Direction on Malpractice, ” New York Times, 16 July 1995, p. E14.
A Settlement on Implants, ” The New York Times, 11 July 1998, p. A10.
Crown Jewels at Risk, ” New York Times, 9 February 1992, p. E16.
Don’t Create a Climate of Fear, ” Nature 425 (30 October 2003), p. 885.
Integrity From the Top Down, ” Nature 418 (8 August 2002), p. 569.
Physics Today 18 (March, 1965), pp. 98, 100.
Publishing Sensitive Data: Who Calls The Shots?” Science 276 (25 April 1997), pp.
Soft Responses to Misconduct, ” Nature 420 (21 November 2002), p. 253.
The A. M. A.’s Appliance Sale, ” New York Times, 14 August 1997, p. A30.
The Public Gains From The Zion Case, ” New York Times, 8 February 1995, p. A18.
Editor. “Dingell’s New Galileo Trial, ” The Detroit News, 17 May 1989, p. 10A.
Editor. “Dr. Dingell’s Weird Science, ” The Washington Times, 11 May 1989, p. F2.
Editor. “How Better to Police Research, ” Nature 336 (8 December 1988), pp. 503-504.
Editor. “How to Police Fraud, ” Nature 375 (22 June 1995), p. 616.
Editor. “Lunar Legacy, ” New York Times, 20 July 1994, p. A18.
Editor. “Policing Scientific Research, ” Washington Post, 9 May 1989, p. A22.
Editor. “Responsibility for Trust in Research, ” Nature 289 (23 January 1981), pp. 211-212.
Editor. “Savage Cuts in Defense Research, ” New York Times, 28 July 1994, p. A22.
Editor. “The A. M. A.’s Reversal, ” New York Times 22 August 1997, p. A22. Editorial
” Nuclear Guinea Pigs, ” New York Times, 5 January 1994, p. A14.
“Doctors Who Aid Torture, ” New York Times, 8 June 2010, pp. A26.
“half-Safe Is Not Good Enough, ” New York Times, 26 August 1995, p. 18.
“Medical Challenge, ” Leader-Herald, Gloversville-, ohnstown, New York, 20
“Politics and Science in the House, ” New York Times, 14 May 1995, p. E14.
“Retractions in Gut 10 Years After Publication, ” Gut 48 (March 2001), pp. 285-286.
“Scholars Bite Mad Dog, ” The Nation, 9 May 1987, p. 1.
“Science Must Police Its Ranks, ” Los Angeles Times, 30 November 1994, p. B6.
“Silence of the Neuroengineers, ” Nature 423 (19 June 2003), p. 787.
“The Doctor Left Free To Murder, ” New York Times, 21 August 1995, p. 14.
“What Is Truth?” The Lancet 343) (11 June 1994), pp. 1443-1444.
Editorial. “A Novel Strain of Recklessness, ” (reprinted from the New York Times, 6 April 1986)
Editorial. “Freedom and Responsibility in Research: The Springdale Case, ” Human
Editorial. “High-Speed Colonoscopies, ” New York Times, 15 December 2006, p. A40.
Editors of Anchor Books. A Short History of Science. Garden City, New York: Doubleday
Editors of Nature. “Scientific Fraud: In Bristol Now, ” Nature 294 (10 December 1981), p. 509. Editors
“Becoming Martin Luther King, Jr. – Plagiarism and Originality: A Round Table, “
“Notification to Readers, ” Science 245 (14 July 1989), p. 112.
“Scientific Fraud: In Bristol Now, ” Nature 294 (10 December 1981), p. 509.
“Surviving Misconduct Is One Thing, Accountability Is Another, ” Nature 395 (22
“When To Believe the Unbelievable, ” Nature 333 (30 June 1988) p. 787.
Science 84, (November, 1984)
Velikovsky Reconsidered. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1966. (The papers in
Editors. Lives in Science. A Scientific American Book. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1963.
Editors. Lives in Science. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1963. (Originally, 1948) Edsall
John T. “On Margot O’Toole and the Baltimore Case: A Personal Note on the Evolution
John T. “Some Thoughts on Science and Ethics, ” The Journal of NIH Research, 3
Educational Testing Service, Test Use and Validity: A Response to Charges in The Nader/Nairn
Edwards, Richard. Contested Terrain: The Transformation of the Workplace in the Twentieth
Eells, Walter Crosby and Haswell, Harold A. Academic Degrees. Washington, D.C.: United


Timothy. “A Washington City Full of Prozac, ” New York Times, 30 January 1994, p. 16.
Timothy. “Child-Killer, Awaiting Noose, May Have Slain Illustions, Too, ” New York
Timothy. “Critics Say Coroner Puts His Morality Before the Facts, ” New York Times, 31
Timothy. “Eskimos Learn They’ve Been Living Amid Secret Pits of Radioactive Soil, “
Timothy. “Sometimes, the Disloyal Are Watched, ” New York Times, 27 October 1991, p.
Ehrlich, Paul R., et al. “Long-Term Biological Consequences of Nuclear War, ” Science 222 (23

Eichenwald, Kurt and Kolata

Gina. “A Doctor’s Drug Studies Turn Into Fraud, ” New York
Gina. “Drug Trials Hide Conflicts for Doctors, ” New York Times
Eichna, Ludwig W. “Medical School Education 1975-1979: A Student’s Perspective, ” New
Eiduson, B. T. Scientists: Their Psychological World. New York: Basic Books, 1962.
Eijgenraam, Felix. “Dutch AIDS Researchers Feel Heat of Publicity, ” Science 251 (22 March


Loren. “Darwin, Coleridge, and the Theory of Unconscious Creation, ” Daedalus 94
Loren. Darwin and the Mysterious Mr. X: New Light on Evolutionists. Toronto: J. M.
Loren. Darwin’s Century: Evolution and the Men Who Discovered It. Garden City, New
Loren. The Immense Journey. New York: Modern Library Paperbacks, 1957.
Loren. The Night Country: Reflections of a Bone-Hunting Man. New York: Scribner’s


Herman N. “O’Toole’s Charges, ” Science 245 (15 September 1989), pp. 1166-1167.
Herman N. “Origins of MIT Inquiry, ” Nature 351 (30 May 1991), pp. 343-344.
Eisenberg, Anne. “With False Numbers, Data Crunchers Try to Mine the Truth, ” New York
Ellenberger, C. Leroy. “Worlds in Collision in Macmillan’s Catalogues, ” Kronos IX (1 984), pp.
Elliot, Carl. “Guinea-Pigging, ” The New Yorker, 7 January 2008, pp. 36-41.
Ellis, Humphrey Francis. So This Is Science. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1933.
Elmer-DeWitt, Philip. “Thin Skins and Fraud at M.I.T., ” Time, 1 April 1991, p. 65.
Elms, Alan C. “The Crisis of Confidence in Social Psychology, ” American Psychologist 30
Embree, Scotty. “The State Department as Moral Entrepreneur: Racism and Imperialism As


Stephen. “Justice Department Criticizes Company in Preparing Exam for L.I.
Stephen. “Military Jury Sentences Surgeon to 4 Years in Prison for Deaths, ” New
Stephen. “Rising Stakes for Negligent Doctors, ” New York Times, 9 March 1986, p.
Engleberg, Steven. “C.I.A. Says Agency Will Let Scholars Acknowledge Backing, ” New York


Martin. “Did Bioweapons Test Cause A Deadly Smallpox?” Science 296 (21 June
Martin. “Fraud and Ethics Charges Hit Stroke Drug Trial, ” Science 274 (20 December
Martin. “New Look at Old Data Irks Smallpox-Eradication Experts, ” Science 299 (10
Martin. “Peer Review and Quality: A Dubious Connection?” Science 293 (21
Ephron, Nora. “The Bennington Affair, ” Esquire, September, 1976, pp. 52ff.
Erben, Heinrick K. “Carelessness, or Good Faith, ” Science 245 (15 September 1989), pp.
Erikson, Jane. “Fisher Given New Role in Cancer Project, ” Science 267 (24 March 1995), p.
Esterson, Allen. Seductive Mirage: An Exploration of the Work of Sigmund Freud. Chicago:
Etzioni, Amatai. The Moon-Doggle: Domestic and International Implications of the Space Race.
Etzioni-Halevy, Eva. The Knowledge Elite and the Failure of Prophecy. Boston: Allen &
Bergan. The Natural History of Nonsense. New York: Knopf, 1947.
Richard J. “Sins of the Rocketeers, ” a review of The Rocket and The Reich: Peenemunde
Eysenck, H. J. Sense and Nonsense in Psychology. Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books, 1966


Faber, Doris. Enough! The Revolt of the American Consumer. New York: Dell, 1973
Fackelmann, Kathy A. “Trouble in the Laboratory: Probing the Science of a Controversial
Fagan, Brian M. The Rape of the Nile: Tomb Robbers, Tourists, and Archaeologists in Egypt.
Fallows, James. “The Case Against Credentialism, ” The Atlantic Monthly, December, 1985, pp.
Faludy, George. Erasmus. New York: Stein and Day, 1971. Farber
M. A. “Researcher Fakes Data at Mt. Sinai Medical School, ” New York Times, 27
M. A. and Altman, Lawrence K. “A Great Hospital in Crisis, ” New York Times, 24
Faris, Robert E. L. Chicago Sociology, 1920-1932. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press
Farley, John and Gieson, Gerald l. “Science, Politics and Spontaneous Generation in


Clyde H. “2nd Hospital in Research Inquiry, ” New York Times, 30 March 1994, p.
Clyde H. “Canada Will Pay Guinea Pigs of 50s, ” New York Times, 19 November
Clyde H. “Doctor Says He Falsified Cancer Data to Help Patients, ” New York
Clyde H. “Hospital Questions Researcher, ” New York Times, 15 March 1994, p.
Clyde H. “Orphans of the 1950s, Telling of Abuse, Sue Quebec, ” New York Times
Clyde S. “Survey of Whistle Blowers Finds Retaliation but Few Regrets, ” New
Farrington, Benjamin. What Darwin Really Said. New York: Schocken Books, 1966.
Faust, David and Ziskin, Jay. “The Expert Witness in Psychology and Psychiatry, ” Science 241


Barnaby J. “Artificial-Joint Makers Settle Kickback Case, ” New York Times, 28
Barnaby J. “Beyond White Rats and Rabbits, ” New York Times, 28 February 1988, pp.
Kenneth L. Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries: Science and Pseudoscience in Archaeology.
Feldman, Burton. The Nobel Prize: A History of Genius, Controversy, and Prestige. New York:
Fenster, Julie M. Ether Day: The Strange Tale of America’s Greatest Medical Discovery and the
Ferber, Dan. “NIEHS Toxicologist Receives a ‘Gag Order, ‘” Science 297 (9 August 2002), pp.


James R. “Scientific Freedom, National Security, and the First Amendment, ” Science
Kitty. Tycho and Kepler: The Unlikely Partnership That Forever Changed Our
Fermi, Laura and Bernardini, Gilberto. Galileo and the Scientific Revolution. New York: Basic
Fernandez, Manny. “Examining Human Error in Wrongful Convictions, ” New York Times, 1
Fernie, J. Donald. “The Harrison-Maskelyne Affair, ” American Scientist 91 (September-
Fessenden, Ford. “It’s the Simple Things, but Some Hospitals Don’t Do Them, ” New York


Leon and Katz, Daniel, editors. Research Methods in the Behavioral Sciences. New
Leon. A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance. New York: Row, Peterson, 1957.
Leon; Riecken, Harry; and Schachter, Stanley. When Prophecy Fails. Minneapolis:


Paul K. “Problems of Empiricism, Part II, ” in The Nature and Function of Scientific
Paul K. Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge. London:
Paul. Killing Time: The Autobiography of Paul Feyerabend. Chicago: The
Feynman, Richard P. Surely You’re Joking, Mr. Feynman: Adventures of a Curious Character.
Fichter, Joseph H. One-Man Research: Reminiscences of a Catholic Sociologist. New York:
Fields, Cheryl M. “Journal Editors Advised to be Alert to Possibility of Scientific Fraud, ” The
Filip, William J. “IBM and Its Campus Partners Have No Secrets, ” New York Times, 29
Fincher, Jack. Human Intelligence. New York: Putnam, 1976. Finder
Alan and Connelly, Mary. “Dr. Gross Gets His Job Back, ” New York Times, 22
Alan. “122 Stung by ‘Stolen Cars, ‘” New York Times, 23 December 1984, p. E7.
Fink, Arthur E. Causes of Crime: Biological Theories in the United States 1800-1915.
Finkbeiner, Ann. “Jason: Can a Cold Warrior Find Work?” Science 254 (22 November 1991)
Finkel, Elizabeth. “Ark Claim Survives Court Fight, ” Science 276 (6 June 1997), p. 1493.
Finlay, William. “Revelations Reassessed, ” a review of Richard Gillespie, Manufacturing
Fish, Stanley. “Professor Sokal’s Bad Joke, ” New York Times, 21 May 1996, p. A23.
Fishbein, Morris. The Medical Follies. New York: Boni Liveright, 1925. Fisher Bernard, et al.
“Five-Year Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Total
“Ten-Year Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Radical
Ian. “Hospital Gets Fine on Hours Young Doctors Have to Work, ” New York Times, 19
Kathleen. “Debate Rages on 1973 Sobell Study, ” APA Monitor 13 (November, 1982)
Kathleen. “The Spreading Stain of Fraud, ” APA Monitor 13 (November, 1982), pp. 1-8.
Lawrence M. “The Race to Cash In on The Genetic Code, ” New York Times, 29 August
R. A. “Has Mendel’s Work Been Rediscovered?” Annals of Science 1 (April, 1936), pp.
Fishman, Katherine D. “No Free Lunch: Did a Cornell Nutritionist Steal His Student’s Meal


Edward B. “3-Year Survey Finds College Curriculums in U.S. in ‘Disarray, ‘” New York
Edward B. “Berkeley Tops Scholars’ Ranking of Graduate Schools’ Reputations, ” New
Edward B. “Colleges Are Called Failures at Teaching Humanities Courses, ” New York
Edward B. “Colleges Prodded to Prove Worth, ” New York Times, 18 January 1987, pp.
Edward B. “New Secretary Sees Many ‘Ripped Off’ in Higher Education, ” New York
Edward B. “President of Harvard Brands Legal System Costly and Complex, ” New York
Fitzwilliams, Duncan C. L. “The Destruction of John Hunter’s Papers, ” Proceedings of the


Faye. “COBE Sows Cosmological Confusion, ” Science 257 (3 July 1992), pp. 28-30.
Faye. “Cosmic God Squad Comes Under Fire, ” Science 257 (3 July 1992), p. 29.
Faye. “Molecular Biologists in Paper Popularity Contest, ” Science 261 (20 August 1993)
Faye. “NASA PR: Hype or Public Education?” Science 260 (4 June 1993), pp.
Faye. “Physicists Band Together to Support a New Megaproject, ” Science 261 (23 July
Faye. “What Should It Take to Join Science’s Most Exclusive Club, ” Science 256 (15
Flatow, Ira. Rainbows, Curve Balls and Other Wonders of the Natural World Explained. New
Fleck, Ludwik. Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact. Chicago: The University of
Fleming, Fergus. Ninety Degrees North: The Quest for the North Pole. New York: Grove Press


Harvey, “My Work With Millikan on the Oil-Drop Experiment, ” Physics Today 35
Joseph. Situation Ethics: The New Morality. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Westminster


Abraham. Universities: American, English, German. New York: Oxford University
James Thomas. “Death of Pain, ” in Great Adventures in Medicine, Samuel Rapport and
Fogle, Suzanne and Johnson, Jeff. “Rising Furor Over Indirect Costs, ” The Journal of NIH


“Plagiarism Case Documented, ” Footnotes, February 1989, p. 2.
The Chronicle of Higher Education, 1 July 1992, p. A8. Foreman
Judy. “Baltimore Speaks Out on Disputed Study, ” The Boston Globe, 23 May 1988
Judy. “Local Scientists Defend Their Work at Congressional Committee Hearing, “
Judy. “NIH Reopens Inquiry Into Research by Boston Team, ” Boston Globe, 29 April
Judy. “Nobelist’s Data Draw More Fire, ” Boston Globe, 4 May 1989, p. …
Judy. “Researcher Blew the Whistle Once Before, ” Boston Globe, 10 May 1989,
Judy. “Science Case: Who Knew What When?” Boston Globe, 3 May 1989.
Judy. “Scientists acknowledge Mistakes in an Article, ” Boston Globe, 17 November
Judy. “The Bruises of a Battle Over Science, ” Boston Globe 30 May 1989, p. 3.
Judy. “Whistle-Blower Says Data Used in Scientific Paper ‘Did Not Exist, ‘” Boston
Forer, Bertram R. “The Fallacy of Personal Validation: A Classroom Demonstration, “


Juan. “Census Workers Say Supervisors Encouraged Filing of False Data, ” New York
Juan. “Charges Unravel Drug-Use Scholar’s Career, ” New York Times, 1 November


Paul. “Assailing the Seasons, ” a review of The Flight from Science and Reason by Paul
Paul. “The Discovery of the Diffraction of X-Rays by Crystals: A Critique of the
Fort, Charles. The Complete Books of Charles Fort. (The Book of the Damned. New Lands. Lo!
Forward, Susan and Buck, Craig. Betrayal of Innocence: Incest and Its Devastation. New York:


Arnold W.; Chamlin, Mitchell B., and Standing, Theodore G. “The Legitimation of
W. D, “A Contribution to the Problem of Darwin’s Ill-Health, ” Bulletin of the History of


Michel. Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. New
Michel. The History of Sexuality. Volume I: An Introduction. Translated by Robert


Raymond D. and Matrazzo, Joseph D. “Psychologists and Psychiatrists as Expert
William A. “The Origin of the Elements, ” in The Universe. New York: Simon and
Fowles, Jib. “Don’t Make Bets on the Predictions, ” New York Times, 10 January 1987, p. F2. Fox
Jeffrey L. “Agent Orange: Guarded Reassurance, ” Science 225 (31 August 1984), p. 909.
Jeffrey L. “Changes in Animal Care Policy Proposed, ” Science 224 (27 April 1984), pp.
Jeffrey L. “Debate on Learning Theory Is Shifting, ” Science 222 (16 December 1983), pp.
Jeffrey L. “Lab Animal Welfare Issue Gathers Momentum, ” Science 223 (3 February
Jeffrey L. “Lab Break-In Stirs Animal Welfare Debate, ” Science 225 (22 June 1984), pp.
Jeffrey l. “Medical School Enrollment Still Edging Downward, ” Science 226 (16
Jeffrey L. “NIMH Finds One in Five Have Disorders, ” Science 226 (19 October 1984), p.
Jeffrey L. “Scientist Quits NIH Over Fetal Rules, ” Science 223 (2 March 1984), p. 916.
Jeffrey L. “Scientist Sues Over Genetically Impure Mice, ” Science 221 (12 August 1983)
Fran, Lone. “Charges Don’t Stick to The Skeptical Environmentalist, ” Science 303 ( 2 January
Frank, Lone. “Skeptical Environmentalist Labeled ‘Dishonest, ‘” Science 299 (17 January 2003)


Eugene. “Corpuscular Optics and the Wave Theory of Light: The Science and Politics
Henry. “The Career of Continental Drift Theory: An Application of Imre Lakatos’


Allan D. “Millikan’s Published and Unpublished Data on Oil Drops, ” Historical
Ben A. “Hell’s Upper Story, ” a review of Unseen Danger by David DeKok and Slow
Ben A. “Out of the Woods, ” New York Times, 30 August 1987, p. E7.
Jon and Sutherland, John. Guinea Pig Doctors. New York: Morrow, 1984. Franks
Felix. Polywater. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1982.
Lucinda. “A New Attack on Alcoholism, ” New York Times Magazine, 20 October


Douglas with Nasar, Sylvia. “F.B.I. Inquiry on Jet Engines New Jolt to Company
Douglas. “G.E. Will Pay $7.18 Million to Settle Whistle- Blower’s Suit, ” New York


Derek. “Margaret Mead and The Heretic: The Making and Unmaking of an
Derek. Margaret Mead and Samoa: The Making and Unmaking of an Anthropological
Samuel G. “How Inner Torment Feeds the Creative Spirit, ” New York Times, 17
Samuel G. “Punch a Time Clock? Not For Scholars, Thank You, ” New York Times
Samuel G. “Yale Bars a U.S. Study Grant, Refusing to Account for Time, ” New York


Howard W. “AIDS Research in Africa: Juggling Risks and Hopes, ” New York Times, 9
Howard W. “Meet a ‘Sone Age’ Man So Original, He’s a Hoax, ” New York Times, 7


Sigmund and Bullitt, William C. Thomas Woodrow Wilson: A Psychological Study.
Sigmund. A Case of Hysteria. London: Hogarth, 1953. (This is Vol VII of the Standard
Sigmund. Leonardo da Vinci: A Study in Psychosexuality. Random House, 1955.
Freudenburg, William R. “Perceived Risk, Real Risk: Social Science and the Art of Probabilistic


Milt. “Bolar Co-Founder Receives a 5-Year Sentence for Fraud, ” New York
Milt. “Exposing the F.D.A.” New York Times, 10 September 1989, pp. F1, F14.
Freudenthal, H. “Did Cauchy Plagiarize Balzano?” Archive for the History of the Exact
Freunenheim, Milt. “Doctor’s Concern: Fixing Prices and Price Fixing, ” New York Times, 18
Friedl, Ernestine. “Bypassing Peer Review for Scientific Facilities, ” Science 222 (9 December


Jock. “How Congressional Pressure Shaped the ‘Baltimore Case, ‘” Science 273 (16
Jock. “Judge Dismisses Suit Against Stanford, ” Science 273 (13 September 1996), p.
Jock. “ORI’s Self-Assessment: A Batting Average of .920? Science 275 (28 February


David M. The Immortalists: Charles Lindbergh, Dr. Alexis Carrel, and Their Daring
David M. A Mind of Its Own: A Cultural History of the Penis. New York: Penguin
David. “Revenge of the Anti-Shrink, ” New York Newsday, 15 November 1990, pp.
Jay W. “Containing the Cost of Third-Molar Extractions: A Dilemma for Health
Paul J. “Research Ethics, Due Process, and Common Sense, ” Journal of the American
Thomas L. “Re-examining a Scholar, ” New York Times, 6 December 1987, p. E7.
Thomas. “That Numberless Presidential Chart, ” New York Times, 2 August 1981, p.


Jock. “After 9 Years, a Tangled Case Lurches Toward a Close, ” Science 272 (17 May
Jonathan. “Agency’s Statistics Challenged, ” New York Times, 11 March 1986, pp. C1


Erich. Greatness and Limitations of Freud’s Thought. New York: Harper, 1980.
Erich. Sigmund Freud’s Mission: An Analysis of His Personality and Influence. New
Erich. The Crisis of Psychoanalysis: Essays on Freud, Marx, and Social Psychology.
Frosch, Dan. “18 Air Force Cadets Exit over Cheating, ” New York Times, 2 May 2007, p.
Fuchsberg, Abraham. Letter to the Editor “Malpractice Death Toll, ” New York Times, 5
Fuerbringer, Jonathan. “Accuracy in Short Supply in Flood of U.S. Statistics, ” New York Times
Fuller, John G. We Almost Lost Detroit. New York: Crowell, 1975.
Funiciello, Theresa. “Give Them Shelters, ” The Nation, 2 April 1988, pp. 469-472.
Furnick, Joyce. “Koch Panel Finds Medical Examiner Made No Cover-up, ” New York Times



Mary. “Scientist Fakes Data to Obtain Federal Grants, ” Schenectady Gazette, 20
Trip. “To Stop Cheats, Colleges Learn Their Trickery, ” New York
Trip. “Under Pressure, Teachers Tamper with Tests, ” New York Times
Trip. “Computers Help United Campuses but Also Drive Some Students Apart, ” New
Trip. “Reprogramming a Convicted Hacker, ” New York Times, 14 January 1995, pp.
Gaiter, Dorothy J. “False Identities Used by Professor Now Stand at 34, ” New York Times, 3
Gale, Robert Peter. “Treatment of Radiation Victims in Brazil, ” Science 239 (22 January 1988)
Gallagher, Maggie. “From the Mouths of Unwilling Babes, ” (reviews of Jeopardy in the
Gallo, Robert C. Letter to the Editor, The Scientist, 21 March 1994, p. 12. Galton
Francis. “Sociology as Eugenics, ” in The Origins of British Sociology 1834-1914: An
Francis. English Men of Science. London: Macmillan, 1874.
Francis. Hereditary Genius: An Inquiry into its Laws and Consequences. New York:
Francis. Memories of My Life. New York Dutton, 1909. Gamow
George. A Planet Called Earth. New York: Viking, 1963. (Originally, 1941)
George. One, Two, Three… Infinity: Facts and Speculations of Science. New York:
Gardiner, Muriel. The Wolf-Man. New York: Basic Books, 1971. Gardner
Martin, editor. Great Essays in Science. New York: Pocket Books, 1957.
Martin. “Freud’s Friend Wilhelm Fliess and His Theory of Male and Female Life
Martin. “Great Fakes of Science, ” Esquire, October, 1977, pp. 88-91.
Martin. Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science. Abridged edition. New York:
Martin. In The Name of Science. New York: Putnam’s, 1952.
Martin. Science: Good, Bad and Bogus. New York: Prometheus Books, 1981.
Martin. The Ambidextrous Universe. New York: Basic Books, 1964.
Martin. The New Age: Notes of a Fringe Watcher. Buffalo, New York: Prometheus
Garfinkel, Harold. Studies in Ethnomethodology. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall


Laurie. Betrayal of Trust: The Collapse of Global Public Health. New York: Pyperion
Laurie. The Coming Plague: Newly Emerging Diseases in a World Out of Balance. New
Garrison, Dee. Apostles of Culture: The Public Librarian and American Society, 1876-1920.
Garth, Jeff. “Agency Plans to Study Drug Makers’ Records to See Whether Deals Delay
Gasman, Daniel. The Scientific Origins of National Socialism: Social Darwinism in Ernst


Jerry, editor. The Sociology of Science. San Francisco, California: Jossey-Bass, 1978.
Jerry. “Secretiveness and Competition for Priority of Discovery in Physics, ” Minerva 9
Jerry. Originality and Competition in Science: A Study of the British High Energy
Jerry. The Reward System in British and American Science. New York: Wiley, 1978.
Gathorne-Hardy, Jonathan. Sex The Measure of All Things: A Life of Alfred C. Kinsey.
Gauquelin, Michel. The Truth about Astrology. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1983.
Gavaghan, Helen. “Tempers Flare in a way of Scientific Semantics, ” New Scientist, 13 May


Peter. Mozart. New York: Lipper/Viking, 1999.
Peter. The Enlightenment: An Interpretation. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1969.
Gee, Henry. “Box of Bones ‘Clinches’ Identity of Piltdown Palaeontology Hoaxer, ” Nature 381


H. Jack. “At The Patient’s Expense?” a review of The Girl Who Died Twice: Every
Roger L. To Advance Knowledge: The Growth of American Research Universities
Gelb, Barbara. “The Hard Code of the Superchiefs, ” New York Times Magazine, 9 October
Gelman, David. “Finding the Hidden Freud, ” Newsweek 98 (30 November 1980), pp. 64-70.
Gergen, Kenneth. “Social Psychology as History, ” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology


Jeff, “S.E.C. Vote on Citicorp Questioned, ” New York Times, 1 March 1982, p. D1, D6.
Jeff. “S.E.C. Overruled Finding by Staff that Citicorp had Masked Profit, ” New York


Brewster, editor. The Creative Process. New York: Mentor, 1955. (Originally
Michael T. Intellectual Compromise: The Bottom Line. New York: Paragon House


A. Bartlett. “Science and the University, ” Science 210 (28 November 1980), pp.
A. Bartlett. “The University, Industry and Cooperative Research, ” Science 218 (24


Ann. “Clash With Billionaire Costs Anthropology Institute Dearly, ” Science 264 (27
Anne. “Advisory Committee Urges Changes at OSI, ” Science 254 (29 November


Ann. “Can David Kessler Revive the FDA?” Science 252 (12 April 1991), pp. 200-
Ann. “Claim-Jumping Charges Ignite Controversy at Meeting, ” Science 268 (14 April
Ann. “Cultural Divide at Stanford, ” Science 276 (20 June 1997), pp. 1783-1784.
Ann. “Evolutionists Take the Long View on Sex and Violence, ” Science 261 (20
Ann. “Overkilling the Insect Enemy, ” Science 249 (10 August 1990), p. 621.
Ann. Hughes Investigators Rile NIH Peer Reviewers, ” Science 254 (15 November
Anne. “Edelman: Bye, Bye Rockefeller, ” Science 254 (11 October 1991), p.186.
Gibson, Charles Robert. Heroes of the Scientific World: An Account of the Lives, Sacrifices


Bill. “Bad Chemistry, ” Lingua Franca, July/August, 1996, pp. 6-7.
Fred. “Teaching Scientific Integrity, ” The Centennial Review 38 (Spring, 1994), pp.
Gigot, Paul A. “Latest Chapter in the Fine Art of the Smear, ” Wall Street Journal 5 May 1989
Gilbert G. N. “Referencing as Persuasion, ” Social Studies in Science 7 (1977), pp. 113-122.
Gilbert, G. Nigel. “The Transformation of Research Findings into Scientific Knowledge, ” Social
Gilbreth, Frank B. Primer of Scientific Management. Easton: Hive Publishing Company, 1973.
Giles, Jim. “Plagiarism in Cambridge Physics Lab Prompts Calls for Guidelines, ” Nature 427 (1
Gilfillan, S. C. Inventing the Ship. Chicago: Follett Publishing, 1935.
Gilfillin, S. C. “Who Invented It?” Scientific Monthly 25 (1927), pp. 529-534.
Gillespie, Richard. Manufacturing Knowledge: A History of the Hawthorne Experiments. New
Gillette, Robert. “Velikovsky: AAAS Forum for a Mild Collision, ” Science 183 (15 March
Gillie, Oliver. “Burt’s Missing Ladies, ” Science 204 (8 June 1979), pp. 1035-1039. Gillis
Justin. “Penn State Panel Clears Scientist Over Climategate, ” New York
Justin. “Panel, in Report, Clears Scientists of Rigging Climate Change
Gilson, Mary B. “Review of Management and the Worker, ” American Journal of Sociology 46


O. “On Ptolemy as the Greatest Astronomer of Antiquity: Review of A History of
Owen. “The Trouble with Ptolemy, ” Isis 93 (March, 2002), PP. 70-74,
Owen. The Book Nobody Read: Chasing the Revolutions of Nicolaus Copernicus.
Gingras, Ives. “A Debate in Solar Physics, ” a review of The Sociology of Solar-Nutrino
Gittelsohn, Alan M. “On The Distribution of Underlying Causes of Death, ” American Journal of


William. “Family Nightmare: A False Report of Child Abuse, ” New York Times, 4
William. “Rochester Institute Will Maintain Controversial Ties With the C.I.A.”
William. “When Grief Wanted a Hero, Truth Didn’t Get in The Way, ” New York


James and Overbye, Dennis. “Anything Can Change, It Seems, Even an Immutable Law
James. “Experiments at Stanford Shake Dark-Matter Claim, ” New York Times, 26
James. “Experiments at Stanford Shake Dark-Matter Claim, ” New York Times, 26
James. “Laser Expert to Quit Lab Over His Credentials, ” New York Times, 16 December
James. “New Twist on Physicist’s Role in Nazi Bomb, ” New York Times, 7 February
James. “Of Physics, Friendship and the Atomic Bomb, ” New York Times, 21 March
James. “The Trials of Secret Science, ” New York Times, 18 June 2000, pp. WK1, WK4. Glaser
Barney and Strauss, Anselm L. “Discovery of Substantive Theory: A Basic Strategy
Barney G. “‘Differential Association’ and the Institutional Motivation of Scientists, “
Glashow, Sheldon. “We Believe That The World is Knowable, ” New York Times, 22 October
Glass, Bentley; Tempkin, Owsei and Straus, William L., Jr. Forerunners of Darwin, 1745-1859.
Glasser, Jay H. “The Quality and Utility of Death Certificate Data, ” American Journal of Public
Glater, Jonathan. “Reading X-Rays in Asbestos Suits Enriched Doctor, ” New York Times, 29
Glazer, Myron Peretz and Glazer, Penina Migdal. The Whistleblowers: Exposing Corruption in


James. “Discoveries Bring a ‘Woodstock’ for Physics, ” New York Times, 20 March
James. “In the Trenches of Science, ” New York Times Magazine, 16 August 1987, pp.
James. “Known to Everyone and No One, ” New York Times, 16 August 2003, pp. 15A
James. “Scientist Corrects an Old Error on Hallowed Speed of Sound, ” New York
James. “Stephen Jay Gould: Breaking Tradition With Darwin, ” New York Times, 20
James. “U.S. Is Lagging on Forecasting World Weather, ” New York Times, 15 February
Glover, Eric. “French Inquiry to Look into Thesis Fraud, ” Nature 391 (15 January 1998), p.
Glueck, Grace. “Masterpieces Rise and Fall on a Tide of New Expertise, ” New York Times, 7


Henry H. “In Defense of the Kallikak Study, ” Science 95 (5 June 1942), pp. 574-576.
Henry Herbert. The Criminal Imbecile: An Analysis of Three Remarkable Murder
Henry Herbert. The Kallikak Family: A Study in the Heredity of Feeblemindedness.
Goddell, Anita Rae Simpson. The Visible Scientists. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Xerox University
Godeon, Richard. The Alarming History of Medicine: Amusing Anecdotes from Hippocrates to


Michael. “The Cells that Would Not Die, ” Science 81 (April, 1981), 29-35.
Michael. A Conspiracy of Cells: One Woman’s Immortal Legacy and the Medical Scandal


Carey. “After Thousands of Abortions, Some Questions, ” New York Times, 5
Carey. “M.I.T. Acknowledges Bias Against Female Professors, ” New York Times, 23
Carey. “M.I.T. Admits It’s Tough on Women, ” New York Times, 28 March 1999, p.
Carey. “Pueblo Awaits Its Past in Bones from Harvard, ” New York Times, 20 May
Carey. “The Lack of Truth Brings a Bounty of Consequences, ” New York Times, 20
Carey. “Urging a Freer Flow of Scientific Ideas, ” The New York Times, 6 April 1999
David and Huxley, Peter. Mental Illness in the Community: The Pathway to
Jeff. “Truth & Consequences, ” Omni November, 1990, pp. 73ff.
Stanley. “Inventing a Climate of Opinion, ” Isis 83 (., 1993), pp. 429-452. Goldberger
Joseph. “Pellagra: Causation and Method of Prevention, ” Journal of the American
Joseph. “The Transmissibility of Pellagra, ” Public Health Reports 31 (17 November


Frederic. “Fudging Data for Fun and Profit, ” Time 7 December 1981, p. 83.
Tim. “A Legendary Life, ” Reviews of RIGOBERTA MENCHU AND THE STORY OF
Goldin, Davidson. “2 Companies To Repay U.S. in Fraud Case, ” New York Times, 10
Goldman, Daniel. “How Viewers Grow Addicted To Television, ” New York Times, 16 October
Goldschmidt, Richard B. “Research and Politics, ” Science 109 (4 March 1949), pp. 219-227. Goldsmith
Barbara. “The Meaning of Celebrity, ” New York Times, 4 December 1983, pp.
Barbara. Obsessive Genius: The Inner World of Marie Curie. New York: Norton
Donald, editor. Scientists Confront Velikovsky. Ithaca, New York: Cornell
Donald. “Introduction” in Scientists Confront Velikovsky, Donald Goldsmith
Maurice and Mackay, Alan, editors. Society and Science. New York: Simon and


Daniel. “A Debate Over Bulimia and Abuse, ” New York Times, 31 May 1994, p. C8.
Daniel. “A Freudian Spoof Is Slipped Past Many Scholars, ” New York Times, 22
Daniel. “A Genetic Clue to Bed-Wetting Is Located, ” New York Times, 1 July 1995
Daniel. “Aggression in Men: Hormone Levels Are a Key, ” New York Times, 17 July
Daniel. “Aid in Day-to-Day Life Seen as Hope for Schizophrenics, ” New York Times
Daniel. “As A Therapist, Freud Fell Short, Scholars Find, ” New York Times, 6 March
Daniel. “Biology of Brain May Hold Key for Gamblers, ” New York Times, 3 October
Daniel. “Critics Challenge Reliance on Drugs in Psychiatry, ” New York Times, 17
Daniel. “Debate Intensifies on Attitude and Health, ” New York Times, 29 October
Daniel. “Experts Advise a Healthy Skepticism About Polls, ” New York Times, 7
Daniel. “Forget Money: Nothing Can Buy Happiness, Some Researchers Say, ” New
Daniel. “Freud’s Mind: New Details Revealed in Documents, ” New York Times, 12
Daniel. “Historian Links Birth Order to Innovation, ” New York Times, 8 Nay 1990
Daniel. “Lost Paper Shows Freud’s Effort to Link Analysis and Evolution, ” New
Daniel. “Miscoding Is Seen as the Root of False Memories, ” New York Times, 31
Daniel. “New Insights Into Freud from Letters to a Friend, ” New York Times
Daniel. “Pollsters Enlist Psychologists In Quest for Unbiased Results, ” New York
Daniel. “Proof Lacking for Ritual Abuse by Satanists, ” New York Times, 31 October
Daniel. “Psychologists’ Expert Testimony Called Unscientific, ” New York Times, 11
Daniel. “Psychotherapy, at 100, Is Marked by Deep Divisions on Approaches, ” New
Daniel. “Researcher Is Criticized for Test of Journal Bias, ” New York Times, 27
Daniel. “Studies Reveal Suggestibility of Very Young as Witnesses, ” New York
Daniel. “The Self: From Tokyo to Topeka It Changes, ” New York Times, 7 March
Daniel. “Therapists Find Many Achievers Feel They’re Fakes, ” New York Times, 11
Gomory, Ralph E. “Technology Development, ” Science 220 (6 May 1983), pp. 576-580.
Gonzales, Henry B. “Scientists and Congress, ” Science 224 (13 April 1984), pp. 127-129. Good
Irving John; Mayne, Alan James; and Smith, John Maynard, editors. The Scientist
Rankine. “The Origin of The Origin: A Psychological Approach, ” Biology in Human
Goodchild, Peter. Oppenheimer: Shatter of Worlds. New York: Fromm, 1985. Goode
Erica. “For Good Health, It Helps To Be Rich and Important, “New York Times, 1 June
Erica. “Most Ills Are a Matter of More Than One Gene, ” New York Times, 27 June
Erica. “Study Questions Gene Influence on Male Homosexuality, ” New York Times, 23
William J. and Hatt, Paul K. Methods in Social Research. New York: McGraw-Hill
Goodfield, June. An Imagined World: A Story of Scientific Discovery. New York: Harper
Goodhart, C. B. “Burt Files Reopened, ” Nature 355 (9 January 1992), p. 103. Goodman
Billy. “Cornell Professor-Student Dispute Draws Attention to Broader Dispute, ” The
Neville W. “Competition in Science, ” Nature 364 (19 August 1993), p. 665.
Walter and Roberts, Katherine. “Aftershocks in the Oraflex Case, ” New York Times


David. “In Defense of Robert Andrews Millikan, ” American Scientist 89 (January-
David. “Scientific Fraud, ” The American Scholar 60 (Autumn, 1991), pp. 505-515.
David. “‘Every Scientist I know Has Stories of Being Treated Unfairly by
L. D. and Brazis, K. L. “Psychology of the Scientist: XXX. Credibility of
Laurie, “A Decisive Election in a Town Roiled Over Intelligent Design, ” New York
Laurie, “A Decisive Election in a Town Roiled Over Intelligent Design, ” New York
Laurie. “New Light for Creationism, ” New York Times, 221 December 1997, pp.
Goodwin, Derek V. “Raiders of the Sacred Sites, ” New York Times Magazine, 7 December
Goran, Morris. Fact, Fraud, and Fantasy: The Occult and Pseudosciences. Littlefield, Adams and


Michael R. “‘Star Wars’ X-Ray Laser Weapon Dies as Its Final Test Is Canceled, ” New
Michael. “Iran Is Expanding Chemical Stocks Used in Poison Gas, ” New York Times
Richard. Great Medical Disasters. New York: Dorset, 1983.
Gorman, Christine. “The Disturbing Case of the Cure that Killed The Patient, ” Time, 3 April


Peter G. “As Congress Enters Fray, Focus Shifts to Policing of Science, ” Boston
Peter G. “Scientists Grapple With Increase in Fraud, ” Boston Globe, 4 December
Peter O. “Panel Will Focus on Scientist’s Notes, ” Boston Globe, 3 May 1989, p. …
Peter. “Dollars for Science, ” Boston Globe, 10 September 1989, pp. A1, A4. Peter. “No Letup in Debate Over Research Paper, ” Boston Globe, 10 May 1989
p. 8. Gottfried
Kurt and Wilson, Kenneth G. Letter to the Editor, Nature 387 (5 June 1997), pp.
Robert S. Epidemic Disease in Fifteenth Century England: The Medical Response and


Martin and Meier, Barry. “Ancient Art at Met Raises Old Ethical Questions, ” New
Martin. “Plan Would Give Doctors New Ways to Make Money, ” New York Times, 30


John and Gould, Gillian. “Letter to the Editor, ” New York Times, 25 March 1994, p.
Stephen Gould. “The Godfather of Disaster, ” in Bully For Brontosaurus: Reflections in
Stephen Jay, “Science and Jewish Immigration, ” Natural History 89 (12 December
Stephen Jay. “Bright Star Among Billions, ” Science 275 (31 January 1997), p. 599.
Stephen Jay. “Jensen’s Last Stand, ” New York Review of Books, 1 May 1980, pp. 38-
Stephen Jay. “Judging the Perils of Official Hostility to Scientific Error, ” New York
Stephen Jay. “Knight Takes Bishop, ” in Bully for Brontosaurus: Reflections in Natural
Stephen Jay. “Morton’s Ranking of Races by Cranial Capacity, ” Science 200 (5 May
Stephen Jay. “Of Crime, Cause and Correlation, ” Discover 4 (December, 1983), pp.
Stephen Jay. “The Father of Jensenism, ” Psychology Today (December, 1979), pp.
Stephen Jay. “The Finagle Factor” Human Nature 1 (July, 1978), pp. 80-87.
Stephen Jay. “To Him, Fossils Said the Darndest Things, ” review of Simple Curiosity:
Stephen Jay. “Zealous Advocates: Review of the Case of the Midwife Toad, ” Science
Stephen Jay. Even Since Darwin: Reflections in Natural History. New York: W. W.
Stephen Jay. Hen’s Teeth and Horse’s Toes: Further Reflections on Natural History.
Stephen Jay. The Flamingo’s Smile: Reflections in Natural History. New York: Norton
Stephen Jay. The Mismeasure of Man. New York: W. W. Norton, 1981.
Stephen Jay. The Panda’s Thumb: More Reflections in Natural History. New York: W.
Stephen Jay. Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History. New York:
Steven Jay. “Born Again Creationism, ” Science for the People 13 (September/October
Denise. “Panel Urges New Look at Caesarean Guidelines, ” New York
Denise. “Researchers Find Poor Use of Pumps for Ailing Hearts, ” New York Times, 26
Denise. “As Polio Fades, Dr. Salk’s Vaccine Re- emerges, ” New York Times, 14
Denise. “Breast Cancer Researcher Admits Falsifying Data, ” New York Times, 5
Denise. “Breast Cancer Researcher Admits Falsifying Data, ” New York Times, 5
Denise. “Disease Spread Is Traced to Many Agents, ” New York Times, 2 June 2000, p.
Denise. “Doctors Urged to Admit Mistakes, ” New York Times, 9 December 1997, p.
Denise. “Doctors’ Practice on the Dying Should Be Stopped, Study Says, ” New York
Denise. “Drug Resistant Bacteria Still on Rise, ” New York Times, 28 December 2000, p.
Denise. “Fraud Found in Analyzing Breast Cancer, ” New York Times, 6 February 1999

Denise. “More Deception Is Suspected in Cancer Study

” New York Times 10 March
” New York Times, 10 March
Denise. “News Analysis: When Blind Faith in A Medical Fix is Broken, ” New York
Denise. “Treatment of Kidney Failure Is Flawed, 2 Studies Suggest, ” New York Times
Graebner, William. “Hegemony through Science: Information Engineering and Lead
Grant, Madison. The Passing of the Great Race or The Racial Basis of European History. New
Gratzer, Walter. “The Higher Idiocy, ” a review of Yes, We Have No Neurons: An Eye opening
Graunt, John. Natural and Political Observations Upon the Bills of Mortality. New York:
Graves, Nora Calhoun. The Two Culture Theory of C. P. Snow’s Novels. Hattiesburg


Bradford H.; Cooke, Robert A., and Tannenbaum, Arnold S. “Research Involving Human
Paul E. and Deutsch, John M. Letter to the Editor, New York Times, 11 October 1989, p.
Paul, “The Assault on Freud, ” Time, 29 November 1993, pp. 47-51.
Paul. “Fakes That Have Skewed History, ” Time 121 (16 May 1983), pp. 48-49. Green
Jay E. 100 Great Scientists. New York: Washington Square Press, 1964.
William. “Irreversible Damage, ” Worth, April 1995, pp. 75-81.
Greenacre, Phyllis. The Quest for the Father: A Study of the Butler-Darwin Controversy, As a


D(aniel) S. “The National Academy of Science: Profile of an Institution (I), ” Science
D(aniel) S. “The National Academy of Science: Profile of the Institution (III), “
D(aniel) S. The National Academy of Medicine: Profile of an Institution (II), “
Daniel S. “Baltimore Sends ‘Correction’ Demanded by NIH, ” Science and
Daniel S. “Baltimore Wins PR Battle, But Key Issues Remain, ” Science and
Daniel S. “Baltimore’s Hearing (Part II): A Torrent of Thin Alibis, ” Science and
Daniel S. “Decrying Shoddy Science is a P.R. Victory, ” Baltimore Sun, 22 May
Daniel S. “Disputed Paper by Baltimore Subject to a New House Hearing, ” Science
Daniel S. “Error But No Fraud, NIH Panel Rules on Hotly Disputer Paper, ” Science
Daniel S. “Grant Swinger: Reflections on Six Years of Progress, ” Science 154 (16
Daniel S. “In Brief, ” Science and Government Report 16 (1 December 1986), p. 1.
Daniel S. “Part I: Chronicle of a Scientific Misconduct Case, ” Science and
Daniel S. “Part II: Chronicle of a Scientific Misconduct Case, ” Science and
Daniel S. “Part III: Chronicle of a Scientific Misconduct Case, ” Science and
Daniel S. “Probers Charge Top Psychologist Faked Research Results, ” Science and
Daniel S. “Questions and Answers with Grant Swinger, ” Science 147 (1 January
Daniel S. “Researcher Sounds Fraud Alarm – and Loses NIMH Grant, ” Science and
Daniel S. “Science’s Maginot Mentality on Misconduct, ” The Journal of NIH
Daniel S. “Scientists Not Immune to Fakery, ” Albany Times Union, 26 June 1983
Daniel S. “The Baltimore Case, ” a letter to the editor, Issues in Science and
Daniel S. “The Hearings According to Chairman John Dingell, ” Science and
Daniel S. “The Misconduct Follies: Wow, What a Conference, ” Science and
Daniel S. “Whistle Blower Pays High Price, ” Cleveland Plain Dealer, 14 February
Daniel S. The Grant Swinger Papers. Washington, D. C.: Science and Government
Daniel S. The Politics of Pure Science. New York: The New American Library
Daniel. “Publish or Perish – or Fake It, ” U.S. News and World Report, 8 June 1987
Daniel. “Q&A: With Director Wyngaarden on Political Troubles at NIH, ” Science
Joel. “Israeli Court Upholds Scholar’s Rights to Dead Sea Scrolls Work, ” New York


Gayle. The Woman Who Knew Too Much: Alice Stewart and the Secrets of Radiation.
Mott T. “What Cannot Be Said in Science, ” Nature 388 (14 August 1997), pp. 618-619.
Penelope J.; Durch, Jane S.; Horwitz, Wendy and Hooper, Valwyn S. “Institutional


Linda. “Court Upholds Forced Treatment of Mentally Ill by Prison Officials, ” New
Linda. “High Court Hears Arguments for Census Alternation by Race, ” New York
Linda. “Justices Put Judges in Charge of Deciding Reliability of Scientific
Greer, Colin. The Great School Legend: A Revisionist Interpretation of American Public


Andrew. Harvey’s Heart: The Discovery of Blood Circulation. Cambridge: Icon
William K. “Henry Fairfield Osborn, 1857-1935, ” National Academy Memoirs –
Greider, Katherine. The Big Fix: How the Pharmaceutical Industry Rips Off American
Grenander, M. E. “Science, Scientism, and Literary Theory, ” Annals of Scholarship 2 (Summer
Gribbin, John R. and Plagemann, Stephen H. The Jupiter Effect Reconsidered. New York:
Gridgeman, Norman T. “Geometric Probability and the Number Pi, ” Scripta Mathematica 25
Grinnell, Frederick. The Scientific Attitude. Second edition. New York: Guilford Press, 1992.
Grob, Gerald N. The Deadly Truth: A History of Disease in America. Cambridge
Groopman, Jerome E. “Letter to the editor.” Issues in Science and Technology 6 (Fall) 1989, p.

Groopmen, Jerome. “In an AIDS Study, the Devil Is in the Details

” New York Times 2 April
” New York Times, 2 April


Edward. Work and Society. New York: Crowell, 1958.
Jane. “Exposing the Cheat Sheet, With Students’ Aid, ” New York times, 26 November
Jane. “Stanford Chief Quits Amid Furor on Use of Federal Money, ” New York Times, 30
Paul R. “Science Without Scientists, ” New York Times Op. Ed, p. A21.
Grosser, Morton. The Discovery of Neptune. New York: Dover, 1979. (Originally, 1962)
Grossman, Karl. The Poison Conspiracy. Sag Harbor, New York: The Permanent Press, 1983.
Grove, J. W. “Rationality at Risk: Science Against Pseudoscience, ” Minerva 23 (Summer
Grow, Doug and Klobuchar, Jim. “Whistleblower soon May Stand Tall in the Land of Giants, “


Carol S. Mars and Minerva: World War I and the Uses of the Higher Learning in
Howard E. and Gruber, Malmai. “The Eye of Reason: Darwin’s Development During
Howard E. Darwin on Man. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1974.
Jacob W. “Who Was the Beagle’s Naturalist?” British Journal for the History of Science
Grunfeld, Frederic V. Prophets Without Honor: A Background to Freud, Kafka, Einstein and
Gruson, Lindsey. “Philadelphia Takes on Its Cops on the Take, ” New York Times, 22
Guderian, Heinz. Panzer Leader. London: Futura Publications, 1974 (Originally, Michael


Henry “Three Eighteenth-Century Social Philosophers: Scientific Influences on their
Henry E. “Some Daltonian Doubts, ” Isis 52 (December, 1961), pp. 544-554. Guernsey
Lisa. “Scholars Who Work With Technology Fear They Suffer in Tenure Review, “
Lisa. “U of Pittsburgh Researcher Cleared of Scientific-Misconduct Charges, ” The


C. K. “Ethics: Sending Out The Message, ” Science 276 (18 April 1997), p. 335.
C. K. “How to Blow the Whistle and Still Have a Career Afterwards, ” Science and
Guston, David H. “The Demise of the Social Contract for Science: Misconduct in Science and
Guzzetta, Charles. “Shabby Charge, ” Science 84 4 (May, 1984), p. 17.
Gwertzman, Bernard. “Dealing With Iran Said to Undercut Credibility of U. S.” New York


Haberer, Joseph. “Politicalization in Science, ” Science 178 (17 November 1972), pp. 713-724.
Haberman, Clyde. “Israel To Revise Rules on Scrolls, ” New York Times, 28 October 1991, p.
Hacker, Andrew Money: Who Has How Much and Why. New York: Scribner’s, 1997. pp. 209-
Hacking, Ian. The Emergence of Probability. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1975.
Hadamard, Jacques. The Psychology of Invention in the Mathematical Field. New York: Dover
Haerlin, Benny and Parr, Doug. “How to Restore Public Trust in Science, ” Nature 400 (5 August
Hafner, Katie and Markoff, John. Cyberpunk: Outlaws and Hackers on the Computer Frontier.
Hagmann, Michael. “Panel Finds Scores of Suspect Papers in German Fraud Probe, ” Science


Warren O. The Scientific Community. New York: Basic Books, 1965.
Warren. “Competition in Science, ” American Sociological Review 39 (February


D. S. Jr. Science and Serendipity: Great Discoveries by Accident. Philadelphia: Macrae
D. S., Jr. Genetic Revolution: Shaping Life for Tomorrow. New York: Harper, 1974.
Haldane, J(ohn) B(urdon) S(anderson). Science Advances. London: George Allen and Unwin
Hale, Nathan G., Jr. “From Berggasse XIX to Central Park West: The Americanization of


Daniel, editor. The Frustration of Science. Freeport, New York: Books for Libraries Press
Diana Long. “The Struggles of a Cell Scientist, ” a review of Black Apollo of Science: The
Harry S. “Scientists and Politicians, ” in The Sociology of Science, Bernard Barber and
Robert A. The Kensington Rune-Stone Is Genuine. Columbia, South Carolina: Hornbeam
Rupert A. From Galileo to Newton. New York: Dover, 1981.
Rupert, A. Philosophers at War: The Quarrel Between Newton and Leibniz. New York:
Stephen S. “Baltimore Resigns at Rockefeller, ” Science 254 (6 December 1991), p. 1447.
Stephen S. “David Baltimore’s Final Days, ” Science 254 (13 December 1991), pp.
Trevor H. The Spiritualists: The Story of Florence Cook and William Crookes. New York:
Hallum, Jules and Hadley, Suzanne. “Scientific Misconduct, ” Letter to the editor, The Journal of
Hamer, Dean H.; Hu, Stella; Magnuson, Victoria L.; Hu, Nan and Pattatucci, Angela M. L. “A


David “Did Imanishi-Kari Get a Fair ‘Trial’?” Science 252 (21 June 1991), p. 1607.
David P. “A Noble Settlement, ” Science 251 (15 March 1991), p. 1301.
David P. “A Question of ‘Fitness, ‘” Science 248 (29 June 1990), p. 1598.
David P. “A Shaky Consensus on Misconduct, ” Science 256 (1 May 1992), pp.
David P. “Baltimore Case – In Brief, ” Science 253 (5 July 1991), pp. 24-25.
David P. “Baltimore to Move Across the Street?” Science 256 (1 May 1992), p. 603.
David P. “Can OSI Withstand a Scientific Backlash?” Science 253 (6 September
David P. “Census Adjustment Battle Heats Up, ” Science 248 (18 May 1990), pp. 807-
David P. “Changes in Misconduct Policies on the Way, ” Science 258 (23 October
David P. “Cold Fusion: Battle of the Books, ” Science 251 (22 March 1991), p. 1415.
David P. “Congress Cuts Back Research Pork Barrel, ” Science 257 (7 August 1992)
David P. “Did OSI Rewrite Hisatory?” Science 256 (15 May 1992) p. 959.
David P. “Former Gallo Aide Faces Felony Charges, ” Science 249 (10 August 1990)
David P. “Fraud Office Besieged, ” Science 251 (1 March 1991), p. 1011.
David P. “Gallo Investigation Raises New Questions, ” Science 254 (25 October
David P. “Hints Emerge From the Gallo Probe, ” Science 253 (16 August 1991), pp.
David P. “In the Trenches, Dounts About Scientific Integrity, ” Science 255 (27 March
David P. “In the Trenches, Dounts About Scientific Integrity, ” Science 255 (27 March
David P. “Know Thy Reviewers, ” Science 251 (22 March 1991), pp. 1424-1425.
David P. “Lightning Strikes the SSC, ” Science 256 (26 June 1992), pp. 1752-1753.
David P. “Magnet Lab Decision Repels MIT, ” Science 249 (21 September 1990), pp.
David P. “More Woes for Gallo, ” Science 251 (11 January 1991, p. 152.
David P. “NIH Finds Fraud in Cell Paper, ” Science 251 (29 March 1991), pp.
David P. “NIH Misconduct Procedures Derailed, ” Science 251 (11 January 1991), pp.
David P. “NIH Sued Over Misconduct Case, ” Science 249 ((3 august 1990), p. 471.
David P. “NIH Takes Heat for Lax Investigation, ” Science 251 (15 March 1991), p.
David P. “NSF Watchdog Plays Up Misconduct, ” Science 250 (21 December 1990)
David P. “OSI Investigator ‘Reined In, ‘” Science 253 (26 July 1991), p. 372.
David P. “OSI Verdict Delayed, ” Science 253 (12 July 1991). p. 127.
David P. “OSI: Better the Devil You Know?” Science 255 (13 March 1992), pp.
David P. “OSIR Finds Gallo Report a Hot Potato, ” Science 256 (19 June 1991), p.
David P. “Panel Set to Critique AIDS Vaccine Award, ” Science 258 (30 October
David P. “PNAS Bars Papers from UC Geneticist, ” Science 249 (10 August 1990), p.
David P. “Publishing by – and for? – the Numbers, ” Science 250 (7 December 1990)
David P. “Reorganization of OSI Now a Reality, ” Science 256, (5 Jun3 1992), p.
David P. “Research Papers: Who’s Uncited Now?” Science 251 (4 January 1991), p.
David P. “San Diego State Faces the Tenure Police, ” Science 257 (31 July 1992), p.
David P. “Scholars Flock to a Proliferation of Fraud Conferences, ” Science 251 (1
David P. “Science Conduct: Do the Right Thing, ” Science 249 (10 August 1990), p.
David P. “Science Misconduct Legalese Thickens, ” Science 249 (7 September 1990)
David P. “Scientist-Consultants Accuse OSI of Missing the Pattern, ” Science 256 (8
David P. “Senate Issues a Stay of Execution, ” Science 257 (7 August 1992), p. 737.
David P. “Stanford Feud with Auditor Could Lead to Criminal Investigation, “
David P. “Stanford Finances Take a Beating, ” Science 253 (19 July 1991, p. 255.
David P. “Stanford in the Hot Seat, ” Science 251 (22 March 1991), p. 1420.
David P. “The Richards Panel Tosses a Curve, ” Science 256 (3 April 1992), p. 23.
David P. “The Sin of Rivalry, ” Science 249 (14 September 1990), p. 1242.
David P. “U.S. Attorney Decides Not to Prosecute Imanishi-Kari, ” Science 257 (17
David P. “Verdict in Sight in the ‘Baltimore Case, ‘” Science 251 (8 March 1991), pp.
David P. “What to Expect on the Misconduct Front, ” Science 255 (3 January 1992)
David P. Gallo Report Complete, ” Science 253 (12 July 1991), p. 127.
David P. Untitled. Science 251 (15 March 1991), p. 1301.
David. “Baltimore Throws in the Towel, ” Science 252 (10 May 1991), pp. 768-770.
David. “Healy Returns Fire at Dingell Hearing, ” Science 253 (9 August 1991), p.
Hammond, Allen. “The Choosing of the 20, ” Science 84 (November, 1984), p. 9.
Hanlon, Joseph. “Top Food Scientist Published False Data, ” New Scientist 64 (7 November
Hansen, James. “The Crime of Galileo, ” Science 81 (March, 1981), pp. 14-19. Hanson
Neil. The Great Fire of London: In That Apocalyptic Year, 1666. New York, Wiley
Norwood Russell. “Scientists and Logicians: A Confrontation, ” Science 138 (21
Norwood Russell. Patterns of Discovery: An Inquiry into the Conceptual Foundations
Norwood Russell. Perception and Discovery: An Introduction to Scientific Inquiry.
Hapgood, Charles H. Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings: Evidence of Advanced Civilization in the
Hardi, Joel. “U. Of Minn. Regains Power Over NIH Grants, ” The Chronicle of Higher
Hardi, Joel. “U. Of Minn. Regains Power Over NIH Grants, ” The Chronicle of Higher
Hargens, Lowell L. and Hagstrom, Warren O. “Sponsored and Contest Mobility of American
Harley, Richard M. “World’s Hungry: Have Their Numbers Been Exaggerated?” Christian
Harlow, Harry F. “Fundamental Principles for Preparing Psychology Journal Articles, ” Journal
Harmetz, Aljean. “Crossing the Line to Stardom, ” New York Times, 7 May 1987, Section 2, pp.
Harmon, Amy. “Journal Editors to Consider U.S. Security in Publishing, ” New York Times, 16
Harner, Katie. “A Cyberspat Makes History, ” New York Times, 24 October 1999, p. WK6. Harris
B. “Whatever happened to Little Albert?” American Psychologist 34 (February, 1979)
Charles H. III, and Sadler, Louis R. The Archaeologist Was A Spy. Albuquerque, NM:
Gardiner and Broad, William J. “Scientists Welcome Obama’s Words, ” New York
Gardiner and Carey, Benedict. “Child Experts Fail to Reveal Full Drug Pay, ” New York
Gardiner and Roberts. Janet. “Doctors’ Ties to Drug Makers Are Put on Close View, “
Gardiner and Singer, Natasha. “U.S. Inquiry of Drug Makers Is
Gardiner, Carey, Benedict and Roberts, Janet. “Psychiatrists, Children and Drug
Gardiner. “A Face-Off on the Safety of a Drug for Diabetes, ” New York
Gardiner. “Diabetes Drug Maker Hid Test Data, Files Indicate, ” New
Gardiner. “Drug Maker Told Studies Would Aid It, Papers Say, ” New York Times
Gardiner. “Drugmakers Paid Radio Host $1.3 Million for Lectures, ” New York Times
Gardiner. “F.D.A. Scientists Accuse Agency Officials of Misconduct, ” New York
Gardiner. “For N.I.H. Chief, Issues Of Identity and Culture, ” New York
Gardiner. “Journal Retracts 1998 Paper Linking Autism to Vaccines, “
Gardiner. “Research Center Tied to Drug Company, ” New York Times, 25 November
Gardiner. “Top Psychiatrist Failed to Report Drug Income, ” New York Times, 4 October 2
Gardiner. “U.S. Inaction Lets Look-Alike Tubes Kill Patients, ” New York
Gardiner. “As Doctor Writes Prescription, Drug Company Writes a Check, ” New York
Gardiner. “F. D. A. Dismisses Medical Report From Marijuana, ” New York Times, 21
Gardiner. “F.D.A. Limits Role of Advisers Tied to Industry, ” New York Times, 22
Gardiner. “F.D.A. Says Bayer Failed to Reveal Drug Risk Study, ” New York Times, 30
Gardiner. “Psychiatrists Top Lists in Drug Makers Gifts, ” New York Times, 27 June
Gardiner. “Report Assails F.D.A. Oversight of Clinical Trials, ” New York Times, 28
Gardiner. “Researchers Go Unchecked, Report Says, ” New York Times, 19 January
Gardiner. “Study Says Drug’s Dangers Were Apparent Years Ago, ” New York times
Gardiner. “Surgeon General Sees 4-year Term as Compromised, ” New York Times, 11
Gardiner. “Warning Urged on Stimulants Like Ritalin, ” New York Times, 10 February
Gardner and Roberts, Janet. “After Sanctions, Doctors Get Drug Company Pay, ” New
Marvin. Cannibals and Kings: The Origins of Cultures. New York: Random House
Nancy L.; Gang, David L.; Quay, Steven C.; Sibrand, Poppema; Zamecnik, Paul C.;
Sheldon H. Factories of Death: Japanese Biological Warfare 1932-45 and the American
Harrison, Anna J. “Reflections on Current Issues in Science and Technology, ” Science 215 (26
Harriss, Joseph. “Qu’est-ce que c’est? A Social Club or a Cultural Passion?” Smithsonian, 20
Hartner, Willy. “Galileo’s Contribution to Astronomy, ” in Galileo, Man of Science, Ernan
Hartocollis, Anemona. “Racial Gap In Test Scores Found Across New York, ” New York Times
Hartocollis, Anemona. “Racial Gap In Test Scores Found Across New York, ” New York Times
Hartshorne, Hugh and May, Mark A. Studies in Deceit: Studies in the Nature of Character. New
Harvey, Miles. The Island of Lost Maps: A True Story of Cartographic Crime. New York:


Jonathan. “American Academic Opinion and Social Change: Recent Developments in
Jonathan. “The Race-Intelligence Controversy: A Sociological Approach I –
Jonathan. “The Race-Intelligence Controversy: A Sociological Approach II –
Haskell, Kari. “That’s Dr. Haskell, If You Please, ” New York Times, 11 March 2001, p. WK5.
Haskins, Charles Homer. The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century. New York: Meridian Books
Hasselmo, Nils. “Minnesota Drug Sales, ” Letter to the editor. Science 263, (28 January 1994, p.
Hawking, Stephen W. A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes. New York:
Hawkins, Gerald S., in collaboration with John White, Stonehege Decoded. Garden City, New

Hawtin, Guy and Wells

Jeff. “Four ‘Sudden Deaths’ a Month in Wards Isle Bedlam, ” New
Jeff. “Security Crackdown for Trouble- Plagued Mental Hospital, ” New
Hazen, Robert M. and Trefil, James. Science Matters: Achieving Scientific Literacy. New York:
Healy, Bernadine. “The Dangers of Trial by Dingell, ” New York Times, 3 July 1996, p. A23.
Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on
Hearnshaw, L(eslie) S. Cyril Burt, Psychologist. New York: Random House, 1981. (Originally
Hearsh, Seymour. “Family Plans to Sue C.I.A. Over Suicide in Drug Test, ” New York Times, 10
Hechinger, Fred M. “Cracking Down on Sale of Fraudulent Degrees, ” New York Times, May
Heilbroner, Robert L. The Worldly Philosophers: The Lives, Times, and Ideas of the Great


Bill. A Good Day Has No Rain: The Truth About How Nuclear Fallout Contaminated
Scott. “$1-Million Awarded to Accuser of Scholar at U. of Michigan, ” The Chronicle of
Scott. “$1-Million Awarded to Accuser of Scholar at U. of Michigan, ” The Chronicle of
Scott. “At Conference, Conservative Scholars Lash Out at Attempted to ‘Delegitimize


Geoffrey. Bankers, Bones and Beetles: The First Century of the American Museum of
Hal. Great Feuds In Science: Ten of the Liveliest Disputes Ever. New York: Wiley
Hempel Carl G. Philosophy of Natural Science. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall
Hempel, Carl G. Philosophy of Natural Science. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall
Hemphill, Clara. “Putting Dietary Supplements to the Test, ” New York Times, 19 June 2000, p.
Hendin, Herbert; Gaylin, Williard, and Carr, Arthur. Psychoanalysis and Social Research.


Robin Marantz. “In Business to Treat Cancer, ” New York Times Magaszine, 23
Robin Marantz. The Monk in the Garden: The Lost and Found Genius of Gregor Mendel


Stuart, editor. Degrees of Deviance: Student Accounts of Their Deviant Behavior. Salem
William A. III. “‘He Said, ‘ She Said, ” Time, 24 May 1993, pp. 58-59.
Herbert Hoover, The Challenge to Liberty. New York: Scribner’s, 1934.
Hering, Daniel W. Foibles and Fallacies of Science. New York: D.Van Nostrand, 1924. Herken
Greg. Brotherhood of the Bomb: The Tangled Lives and Loyalties of Robert
Gregg and David, James. “Doctors of Death, ” New York Times, 13 January 1994, p.
Gregg. Brotherhood of the Bomb: The Tangled Lives and Loyalties of Robert


R. J. I.Q. in the Meritocracy. Boston: Little, Brown, 1973.
Robert J. “Doing What Comes Naturally: A Reply to Professor Skinner, ” American


Carolina Rand and Wright, Michael. “Bell Speaks, Hutton Listens, ” New York Times, 8
Caroline Rand and Wright, Michael. “New Questions on Corporate Crime, ” New York
Hershberg, James G. James B. Conant: Harvard to Heroshima and the Making of the Nuclear

Hershey, Robert D.

Jr. “The Hand That Shaped America’s Poverty Line As the Realistic Index, “
Jr., “Underground Economy Is Not Rising To The Bait, ” New York Times
Herskovits, Melville J. Franz Boas: The Science of Man in the Making. New York: Scribner’s
Hertling, James. “Embarrassment in Hong Kong, ” Chronicle of Higher Education, 24 March
Hertsgaard, Mark. “Hot Air, ” a review of The Heat is On: The High Stakes Battle Over Earth’s
Hessen, B. “The Social and Economic Roots of Newton’s ‘Principia, ‘” in Science at The Cross
Hetherington, Norriss S. Science and Objectivity: Episodes in the History of Astronomy. Ames


Dennis. “12 Pharmacies Closed in Prescription-Drug Raid, ” New York Times, 1 July
Dennis. “Overturning Conviction Is Upheld, ” New York Times, 17 July 1994, p. 25.
Dennis. “Polls Show Discontent With Health Care, ” New York Times, 15 February
Heylin, Michael. Editorial. Chemical and Engineering News, 22 May 1989, p. 3. Higgins
A. C. “Scientific Fraud and University Accountability, ” SUNY Research 83
A. C. “Social Factors Affecting the Quality of Medical Records, ” Journal of Medical
A. C. “The Games of Science: Science Watching, ” in The Dark Side of Science Brock
Higgitt, Rebekah. “Astronomers Against Newton, ” Endeavor 28 (Mar, 2004), pp. 20-24.
Hilfiker, David. “A Doctor’s View of Modern Medicine, ” New York Times Magazine, 23
Hilgard, Ernest R. and Marquis, Donald G. Conditioning and Learning. New York:
Hilgartner, Stephen; Bell, Richard C. and O’Connor, Rory. Nukespeak: The Selling of Nuclear


Philip J. “2 Universities to Pay U.S. $1.6 Million in Research Fraud Case, ” New York
Philip J. “A History: When the State Uses People as Guinea Pigs, ” New York Times, 13
Philip J. “A Law Opening Research Data Sets off Debate, ” New York Times, 31 July
Philip J. “A University and 4 Scientists Must Pay for Pilfered Work, ” New York Times
Philip J. “Abortion Debate Clouds Research on Fetal Tissue, ” New York Times, 16
Philip J. “Abortion Debate Clouds Research on Fetal Tissue, ” New York Times, 16
Philip J. “After Two-Decade Halt, Marijuana Research Is Set, ” New York Times, 15
Philip J. “AIDS Scientist Leaving Post, ” New York Times, 25 May 1995, p. A24.
Philip J. “Baltimore Apologizes for Defense of Research Paper with Bad Data, ” New
Philip J. “Birth Control Backlash, ” New York Times Magazine, 16 December 1990, pp.
Philip J. “Can the Scales of Justice Be Calibrated for Science Fraud?” New York Times
Philip J. “Citing Abortion, U.S. Extends Ban on Grants for Fetal Tissue Work, ” New York
Philip J. “Consensus on Ethics in Research is Elusive, ” New York Times, 15 January
Philip J. “Crucial Research Data in Report Biologist Signed Are Held Fake, ” New York
Philip J. “Dispute on Gulf War Missile Continues to Fester at M.I.T., ” New York Times
Philip J. “Doctor Accused Anew on AIDS Studies, ” New York Times, 25 June 1992, p.
Philip J. “Errors Found but No Misconduct in A Study on Lead, ” New York Times, 11
Philip J. “Ethicist Gets Dream Job in Report on Experiments, ” New York Times, 30
Philip J. “F.D.A. Says Scientists Broke Rules in Drug Tests, ” New York Times, 14 May
Philip J. “Federal Inquiry Finds Misconduct by a Discoverer of the AIDS Virus, ” New
Philip J. “Federal Reviews are Urged for Experiments on Mental Patients, ” New York
Philip J. “Fraud Sleuth Protests Work Halt With Fast, ” New York Times, 1 June 1993, pp.
Philip J. “Fraud Sleuth Protests Work Halt With Fast, ” New York Times, 1 June 1993, pp.
Philip J. “Government Fraud Investigator Ends Hunger Strike, ” New York Times, 13 June
Philip J. “Hero in Exposing Science Hoax Paid Dearly, ” New York Times, 22 March
Philip J. “Ideological Test for Federal Jobs Worries Doctors, ” New York Times, 22
Philip J. “In Tests on People, Who Watches the Watchers?” New York Times, 25 May
Philip J. “Inquiry Finds A Researcher Faked Work, ” New York Times, 27 November
Philip J. “Inquiry Links Test Secrecy To A Cover-up, ” New York Times, 15 December
Philip J. “Institutes of Health Close Fraud Investigation Unit, ” New York Times, 5 May
Philip J. “Jury Award Voided in Scientific Research Case, ” New York Times, 2 February
Philip J. “Key Patent on AIDS To Favor The French, ” New York Times, 12 July 1994, p.
Philip J. “Lab Mix-Up Fueled Dispute On Discovery of AIDS Virus, ” New York Times, 7
Philip J. “M.I.T. Will Pay Back $731, 000 To U.S., Including Lobby Funds, ” New York
Philip J. “Medical Experts Testify on Tests Done Without Consent, ” New York Times, 24
Philip J. “Medical-Research Official Cites Ethics Woes, ” New York Times, 17 August
Philip J. “Misconduct Charges Dropped Against AIDS Virus Scientist, ” New York Times
Philip J. “Misconduct in Science Is Not Rare, a Survey Finds, ” New York Times 12
Philip J. “Most Doctors With Violations Keep Their Licenses, ” New York Times, 29
Philip J. “New Assertiveness at the U.S. Health Institutes, ” New York Times, 9 September
Philip J. “New Questions in Misconduct Cases Prompt Withdrawal of Health Official, “
Philip J. “New York Court Order Halts Some Research in Psychiatry, ” New York Times
Philip J. “Nobelist Caught Up in Fraud Case Resigns as Head of Rockefeller U., ” New
Philip J. “Oversight, Phase I: Keeping Records of Doctors With Records, ” New York
Philip J. “Panel Assails Canceling of Teen-Ager Study, ” New York Times, 25 September
Philip J. “Panel Finds No Liability in 6 Deaths, ” New York Times, 17 March 1995, p.
Philip J. “Panel Urges U.S. to Apologize for Radiation Testing and Pay Damages, ” New
Philip J. “Payments to Make Amends For Secret Tests of Radiation, ” New York Times
Philip J. “Philip Morris Blocked ’83 Paper Showing Tobacco is Addictive, Panel Finds, “
Philip J. “Plagiarists Take Note: Machines on Guard, ” New York Times, 7 January 1992
Philip J. “Quality and Low Cost of Medical Care Lure Americans on Border to Mexico, “
Philip J. “Research Group’s Tie to Drugmaker Is Questioned, ” New York Times, 18 June
Philip J. “Researcher Accused of Fraud in Her Data Will Not Be Indicted, ” New York
Philip J. “Researcher Made Profit After Study, ” New York Times, 1 February 1997, p. 6.
Philip J. “Scholar Who Sued Wins $1.2 Million, ” New York Times, 22 September 1993
Philip J. “Science and Law Clash Over Fraud-Case Appeals, ” New York Times, 8
Philip J. “Science and the Stain of Scandal, ” New York Times, 4 December 1991, pp. B1
Philip J. “Scientist Again Defends His AIDS Research, ” New York Times, 15 August
Philip J. “Scientists Publish Unbelievable Research Results, ” The Washington Post, 30
Philip J. “Scientists Say Cigarette Company Suppressed Findings on Nicotine, ” New York
Philip J. “Study or Human Experiment? Face-life Project Stirs Ethical Concerns, ” New
Philip J. “Tobacco Council’s Objectivity Questioned, ” New York Times, 27 May 1994, p.
Philip J. “Top Investigator at Government Health Agency Accused of Sex Harassment, “
Philip J. “U.S. Doctor Drops Patient For Criticizing Drug Trial, ” New York Times, 23
Philip J. “U.S. Inquiry on Misconduct in Discovery of Aids Virus, ” New York Times, 6
Philip J. “U.S. Is Urged To Repay Some in Radiation Experiments, ” New York Times, 17
Philip J. “U.S. Scientist Says Superiors Stole Credit for Her Vaccine, ” New York Times
Philip J. “U.S. Seeks to Protect Fruits of Tax-Supported Research, ” New York Times, 17
Philip J. “U.S. To Review Case of Scientist on Hunger Strike, ” New York Times, 4 June
Philip J. “U.S. Warns 250 Campuses of Audit on Overhead Costs Linked to Grants, ” New
Philip J. “Under Bush Proposal, Science Would Be a Leader in Increased Spending, ” New
Philip J. “University Forced to Pay $1.6 Million to Researcher, ” New York Times, 10
Philip J. “V.A. Hospital Is Told to Halt All Research, ” New York Times, 25 March 1999
Philip J. “When Does Duplication of Words Become Theft? New York Times, 29 March
Philip J. “Why Whistle-Blowers Can Seem a Little Crazy, ” New York Times, 13 June
Philip J. “‘I Am Innocent, ‘ Embattled Biologist Says, ” New York Times, 4 June 1991, pp.
Philip. “Clinton Retains Bush Appointee As Drug Chief, ” New York Times, 27 February
Philip. “Health Chief Assails a Research Deal, ” New York Times, 12 March 1993, p.
Philip. Panel Says U.S. May Have Done Thousands of Human Radiation Experiments, “
Hilts. Philip J. “Speed of F.D.A. Action on Rules for Drug Tests is Questioned, ” New York
Himmelfarb, Gertrude. Darwin and the Darwinian Revolution. Garden City, New York:
Hirsch, Walter. “The Anatomy of Science in Totalitarian Societies: The Case of Nazi Germany, “
Hitchens, Christopher. The Elgin Marbles: Should They Be Returned to Greece? London: Chatto


Francis. The Mysterious World: An Atlas of the Unexplained. New York: Holt
Francis. The Neck of the Giraffe: Where Darwin Went Wrong. New York: Ticknor
Hively, Will. “About Milk, ” Dicover, August 2000, pp. 44ff.
Hixson, Joseph. The Patchwork Mouse. Garden City, New York: Anchor Press/Doubleday
Hoag, Hannah. “Remote Control, ” Nature, 423 (19 June 2003), pp. 796-798.
Hobbs, A. H. The Claims of Sociology: A Critique of Textbooks. A Critique, also, of Teaching
Hocart, A. M. Kings and Counsellors: An Essay in The Comparative Anatomy of Human
Hochschild, Adam. King Leopold’s Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial
Hodge, Susan E. and Greenberg, David A. “Publication Credit, ” Letter. Science 213 (28 August
Hodges, Andrew. Alan Turing: The Enigma. New York: Touchstone Book, 1984.
Hoess, Rudolph. Commandant of Auschwitz. Introduction by Primo Levi. London: Orion
Hofer, Myron A. “Behind the Curve, ” New York Times, 26 December 1994, p. 39.
Hoffamn, Jay. “Doctors’ Accounts Vary In Death of Libby Zion, ” New York Times, 1 January


Banesh, with the collaboration of Helen Dukas. Albert Einstein: Creator and Rebel.
Banesh. “Multiple-Choice Tests, ” Physics Education 2 (1967), pp. 247-251.
Banesh. “Psychometric Scientism, ” Phi Delta Kappan (April, 1967), pp. 381-386.
Banesh. The Strange Story of the Quantum. New York: Dover, 1959. (Originally
Banesh. The Tyranny of Testing. New York: Crowell-Collier, 1962.
Eva and Slade, Margot. “Censure for Things Unsaid, ” New York Times, 7 February
Jan. “Judge Sets Aside Part of Verdict on Use of Cocaine in Zion Case, ” New York
Jan. “Jurors Find Shared Blame in ’84 Death, ” New York Times, 6 February 1995, pp.
Jan. “Lawyer Puts Medical Training on Trial in Woman’s Death, ” New York Times, 2
Paul. What the Hell Is Justice? The Life and Trials of a Criminal Lawyer. Chicago:
Robert L. and Hoffman, S. Valerie. “Letter, ” Harvard Magazine, (September-October


Douglas R. “Mind, Body and Machine, ” a book review of Alan Turing: The Enigma
Richard. Social Darwinism in American Thought. Revised Edition. New York:
Holand, Hjalmar R. Westward From Vineland: An Account of Norse Discoveries and
Holbrook, Stewart H. The Golden Age of Quackery. New York: Macmillan, 1959. Holden
Constance. “A Guarded Endorsement for Shock Therapy, ” Science 228 (28 June 1985)
Constance. “A New Discipline Probes Suicide’s Multiple Causes, ” Science 256 (26
Constance. “Academy Boosts Social Sciences, ” Science (9 July 1982), p. 133.
Constance. “Alcoholism and the Medical Cost Crunch, ” Science 235 (6 March 1987)
Constance. “Alcoholism Gene: Coming or Going, ” Science 254 (11 October 1991), p.
Constance. “Back to the Drawing Board, Says NIH, ” Science 257 (11 September 1992)
Constance. “Baltimore Asked to Head Rockefeller, ” Science 246 (13 October 1989), p.
Constance. “Baltimore Says ‘I Do, ‘” Science 246 (27 October 1989), p. 450.
Constance. “Behavior Geneticists Shun Colleague, ” Science 17 November 1995
Constance. “Bones Decision Rattles Researchers, ” Science 289 (29 September 2000), p.
Constance. “Brain Fever in the U.K.” Science 300 (30 May 2003), pp. 1368-1369.
Constance. “Breuning’s Accuser Has Grant Deferred, ” Science 236 (10 April 1987), p.
Constance. “British Study Endorses Chiropractic, ” Science 248 (29 June 1990), p.
Constance. “Broader Commitment Laws Sought, ” Science 230 (13 December 1985)
Constance. “Chancellor Quits After Research Shutdown, ” Science 285 (24 September
Constance. “Citing Self, ” Science 300 (4 April 2003), p. 47.
Constance. “Congress to Investigate Charges That OMB Is Obstructing Data
Constance. “Controversial Academic Gets the Axe, ” Science 277 (22 August 1997), p.
Constance. “Cousins’ Account of Self-Cure Rapped, ” Science 214 (20 November
Constance. “Day of Reckoning for the Garrison Project, ” Science 225 (31 August
Constance. “Depression Research Advances, Treatment Lags, ” Science 233 (15 August
Constance. “Dingell Warns Reagan on Cancer Appointments, ” Science 223 (16 March
Constance. “Doctors Square Off on Employee Drug Testing, ” Science 238 (6 November
Constance. “DOE Pooh-Poohs Polygraph Proposals, ” Science 300 (25 April 2003), p.
Constance. “Does Rochester Without Math Add Up?” Science 271 (19 January 1996)
Constance. “Draft Research Code Raises Hackles, ” Science 274 (6 December 1996), p.
Constance. “Fear of Nuclear Power: A Phobia, ” Science 226 (16 November 1984), p.
Constance. “Federal Job Exam To Be Retired, ” Science 211 (27 March 1981), p. 1401.
Constance. “Fisher Fights Back, ” Science 267 (17 March 1995), p. 1599.
Constance. “Fraud Reimbursement, ” Science 237 (25 September 1987), p. 1563.
Constance. “Gallo Aide Convicted on Three Counts, ” Science 257 (17 July 1992), p.
Constance. “GAO Questions Census Adjustment, ” Science 252 (17 May 1991), p.916.
Constance. “Giving Mental Illness Its Research Due, ” Science 232 (30 May 1986), pp.
Constance. “GOP Senators Pick Up Feder-Stewart Cause, ” Science 262 (8 October
Constance. “Gupta’s Defense, ” Science 245 (15 September 1989), p. 1192.
Constance. “Hayflick Case Settled, ” Science 215 (15 January 1982) p. 271.
Constance. “Health Service Unveils Fraud Policy, ” Science 233 (18 July 1986), pp.
Constance. “Indian Geologist Suspended, ” Science 251 (12 March 1991), p. 1310.
Constance. “Is Alcoholism Treatment Effective?” Science 236 (3 April 1987), pp. 20-
Constance. “Last Word on El Dorado, ” Science 297 (19 July 2002), p. 333.
Constance. “Memories Are Made of This and That, ” Science 288 (16 June 2000), p.
Constance. “More Doubt Cast on Peary’s Claim, ” Science 260 (11 June 1993), p. 1587.
Constance. “MSU Affair Resolved, ” Science 265 (23 September 1994), p. 1806.
Constance. “Needleman Case Still Simmers, ” Science 258 (20 November 1992), p.
Constance. “Needleman Redux, ” Science 255 (20 March 1992), p. 1507.
Constance. “Neuroscientist Pleads Guilty to Embezzling, ” Science 258 (18 December
Constance. “New Audit at Stanford, ” Science 251 (1 February 1991), p. 517.
Constance. “New Rules on Misconduct, ” Science 245 (11 August 1989), p. 593.
Constance. “NIDA Sees Bias in Scientists’ Drug Meeting, ” Science 223 (24, February
Constance. “NIH Finally Resolves 7-Year Dispute, ” Science 238 (9 October 1987), p.
Constance. “NIH Finds Misconduct at Georgetown, ” Science 252 (5 April 1991), p. 35.
Constance. “NIH Moves to Debar Cholesterol Researcher, ” Science 237 (14 August
Constance. “NIH Probes Researcher’s Fundraising, ” Science 243 (24 February 1989), p.
Constance. “NIH Turns Down Illmensee Proposal, ” Science 225 (6 July 1984), p. 36.
Constance. “NIMH Celebrates 40th Birthday, ” Science 233 (25 July 1986), pp. 408-
Constance. “NIMH Finds a Case of ‘Serious Misconduct, ‘” Science 235 (27 March
Constance. “NIMH Review of Fraud Charge Moves Slowly, ” Science 234 (19
Constance. “No Conflict of Interest on Conflict of Interest, ” Science 250 (14 December
Constance. “On The Trail of Genes for IQ, ” Science, 253 (20 September 1991), p.
Constance. “Panel Nixes Congo Trials as AIDS Source, ” Science 258 ((30 October
Constance. “Panel Seeks Truth in Lie Detector Debate, ” Science 291 (9 February 2001)
Constance. “Patrimony Debate Gets Ugly, ” Science 285 (9 July 1999), p. 195.
Constance. “Peer Review of Peer Review, ” Science 250 (2 November 1990), p. 620.
Constance. “Physician Sues Dana-Farber, ” Science 271 (16 February 1996), p. 915.
Constance. “Physics Texts are Found Wanting, ” Science 291 (26 January 2001), p.
Constance. “Planned Misconduct Surveys Meet Stiff Resistance, ” Science 298 (22
Constance. “Psychologist Made Up Sex Bias Results, ” Science 294 (21 December
Constance. “Psychologists Seek to Quell Sex Furor, ” Science 285 (23 July 1999), p.
Constance. “Reason Under Fire, ” Science 268 (30 June 1995), p. 1853.
Constance. “Rehabilitation for Burt, ” Science 251 (4 January 1991), p. 27.
Constance. “Report Blasts Human Development Office, ” Science 236 (24 April 1987)
Constance. “Researcher Accused of Plagiarism Resigns, ” Science 237 (4 September
Constance. “Revised Animal Bill Under Scrutiny, ” Science 216 (4 June 1982), pp.
Constance. “Ruffled Deans and Tenured Drones, ” Science 280 (1 May 1998), p. 681.
Constance. “Scientist with Unpopular Data Loses Job, ” Science 210 (14 November
Constance. “Scientists Defend Russian Whistleblower, ” Science 258 (11 November
Constance. “Scientists Get Flack Over Diet Plan, ” Science 234 (28 November 1986)
Constance. “Simon and Kahn versus Global 2000, ” Science 221 (23 July 1983), pp.
Constance. “Social Scientists Cry Politics, ” Science 222 (14 October 1983), p. 147.
Constance. “Society Formed to Study Anomalies, ” Science 216 (25 June 1982), pp.
Constance. “Sociology’s ‘Biophobia, ‘” Science 273 (23 August 1996), p. 1049.
Constance. “Specter at the Feast, ” Science 269 (7 July 1995), p. 35. Constance. “Spotting Bad Seeds
” Science 287 (21 January 2000), p. 423.
” Science 287 (21 January 20000, p. 423.
Constance. “Stanford Fights Back, ” Science 250 (2 November 1990), p. 620.
Constance. “Stanford Psychiatrist Resigns Under a Cloud, ” Science 237 (31 July 1987)
Constance. “Statistics Suffering Under Reagan, ” Science 216 (21 May 1982), p. 833.
Constance. “Structural Failure, ” Science 290 (10 November 2000), p. 1083.
Constance. “Study Flunks Science and Math Tests, ” Science 258 (23 October 1992), p.
Constance. “The Case Against Crop Chemicals, ” Science 251 (1 February 1991), p.
Constance. “The Politics of Paleoanthropology, ” Science 213 (14 August 1981), pp.
Constance. “The Real Truth About Science, ” Science 257 (18 September 1992), p.
Constance. “The Vatican’s Position evolves, ” Science 274 (1 November 1996), p. 717.
Constance. “Transplant Surgeon Indicted, ” Science 268 (21 April 1995), p. 371.
Constance. “Utah Puts Fusion Out in the Cold, ” Science 262 (10 December 1993), pp.
Constance. “Vindication for Galileo, ” Science 258 (20 November 1992), p. 1303.
Constance. “Virology Dead, Says Duesberg, ” Science 250 (14 December 1990), p.
Constance. “Whistleblowing for Fun and Profit, ” Science 254 (4 October 1991), p. 28.
Constance. “Who’s tops in brain research?” Science 253 (6 September 1991), p. 1091.
Constance. “Why Divorce Runs in Families, ” Science 258 (11 December 1992), p.
Constance. “Worm Bites Dad, ” Science 245 (4 August 1989), p. 472.
Constance. “Yale Takes Action Against Psychiatrists for Financial Improprieties, “
Constance. “Yanomamo Wars Continue, ” Science 295 (4 January 2002), p. 41.
Constance. “Youth Suicide: New Research on a Growing Social Problem, ” Science 233
Constance. “Zoologist Found Guilty of Smuggling Count, ” Science 260 (4 June 1993)
Hollis, Bruce W. “I Turned in My Mentor, ” The Scientist, 14 December 1987, pp. 12-14. Holmes
Stephen A. ” Gingrich Files Suit to Prevent Use of Sampling in 2000 Census, ” New
Steven A. “Census Bureau Aided Removal of Japanese, Report Says, ” New York
Steven A. “Census Bureau Aided Removal of Japanese, Report Says, ” New York
Steven A. “Census Officials Plan Big Changes in Gathering of Data, ” New York
Steven A. “Even if the Numbers Don’t Add Up, ” New York Times, 14 August 1994, p.


James. “Knowing It All: Science’s Dilemma, ” The Wall Street Journal, 19 June 1996, p.
Jim. “Anti-Social Science, ” New York Times, 19 October 1994, p. A23. Holton
Gerald. “Einstein, Michelson, and the ‘Crucial’ Experiment, ” Isis 60 (Summer, 1969)
Gerald. “On the Role of Themata in Scientific Thought, ” Science 188 (25 April 1975)
Gerald. “Subelectrons, Presuppositions, and the Millikan-Ehrenhaft Dispute, ” Historical
Holusha, John. “The Nation’s Polluters – Who Emits What, and Where, ” New York Times, 13


William H. “Hans J. Eysenck, 81, “A Heretic In the Field of Psychology, ” New York
William H. “Harvard Investigates Tenured Professor Who Wrote of Aliens, ” New York
William H. “New Ranking of Graduate Programs Serves Up Familiar Names and a Few
William H. “New S.A.T. Sets Students Cramming, ” New York Times, 28 February
William H. “U.S. Professor’s Criticism of German Scholar’s Work Stirs Controversy, “
William K. “With Money Threatened, College Are Moving on All Lobbying Fronts, “


Alfred. Makers of Mathematics. New York: Random House (Modern Library
Judith. Of Moths and Men: An Evolutionary Tale: The Untold Story of
Hoover, Kenneth R. The Elements of Social Scientific Thinking. Second Edition. New York: St.
Hopkin, Karen. “Scientific Plagiarism and the Theft of Ideas, ” Science 261 (30 July 1993), p.


Peter, The Great Game: The Struggle for Empire in Central Asia. New York:
Peter. Trespassers on the Roof of the World: The Secret Exploration of Tibet. New
John. “Hearts of Darkness, ” a review of Darkness in El Dorado: How Scientists and
John. “Science Set Free From Truth, ” New York Times, 16 July 1996, p. A17. Last
John. “Science Triumphant? Not So Fast.” New York Times, 19 January 1998, p. A17.
Horn, Joshua S. Away All Pests: An English Surgeon in People’s China 1954-1969. New York:
Horton, Richard. “Commentary: The Sacking of JAMA, ” The Lancet 353 (23 January 1999), pp.
Horwitz, Tony. Blue Latitudes: Boldly Going Where Captain Cook Has Gone Before. New
Hoskin, M. A. “Preface” in Metaphysics and Measurement: Essays in the Scientific Revolution


A. J. “Fear of Suits Blocks Retractions, ” The Scientist, 19 October 1987, pp. 1-2.
A. J. “Investigation: Fraud Inquiry Revives Doubt: Can Science Police Itself?” APA
Hounshell, David A. “Two Paths to the Telephone, ” Scientific American 244 (January, 1981)
Houts, Paul L., editor. The Myth of Measurability. New York: Hart Publishing Company, 1977.
Howard, Tom and Rifkin, Jeremy. Who Should Play God. New York: Dell, 1977.
Hoyle, Fred. The Nature of the Universe. New York: Harper, 1950. Hubbard
Ruth and Wald, Elijah. Exploding the Gene Myth: How Genetic Information Is
Ruth. “False Genetic Markers, ” New York Times, 2 August 1993, p. A15.
Ruth. The Politics of Women’s Biology. Rutgers, New Jersey: Rutgers University
Hubble, Douglas. “Charles Darwin and Psychotherapy, ” The Lancet 33 (January 1943), pp. 129-


Peter W. Galileo’s Revenge: Junk Science in the Courtroom. New York: Basic Books
Richard M. “The Zero-Sum Uncharitableness of Faculty Promotion, ” in How Professors


Liam, editor. The Ecology of Human Intelligence. Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin
Liam. “Academic Prediction, ” in The Ecology of Human Intelligence, Liam Hudson
Liam. “Personality and Scientific Aptitude, ” in The Ecology of Human Intelligence
Liam. “The Stereotyped Scientist, ” Nature 213 (21 January, 1967), pp. 228-229.
Huff, Darrell. How To Lie With Statistics. New York: W. W. Norton, 1954.
Hughes, Thomas P. American Genesis: A Century of Invention and Technological Enthusiasm
Huizenga, John R. Cold Fusion: The Scientific Fiasco of the Century. Rochester, New York:
Hulka, Barbara S. “Other People’s Smoke: Round Two, ” New York Times, 15 March 1987, p.
Humphreys, Margaret. Yellow Fever and the South. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers
Humphries, Laud. Tearoom Trade: Impersonal Sex in Public Places. Chicago: Aldine, 1970.
Humphryes, Lloyd G. “NSF Peer Review, ” Science 215 (22 January 1982), p. 344. Hunt
Morton. “A Fraud That Shook the World of Science, ” New York Times, 1 November
Morton. “Did the Penalty Fit the Crime?” New York Times Magazine, 14 May 1989, pp.
Morton. “Putting Juries on the Couch, ” New York Times Magazine, 28 November 1982
Morton. “Research Through Deception, ” New York Times Magazine, 12 September 1982
William R. To Stand at The Pole: The Dr. Cook-Admiral Peary Controversy. Briarcliff
Hunter, J. S. “The National System of Scientific Measurement, ” Science 210 (21 November
Huntford, Roland. Nansen: The Explorer as Hero. London: Abacus, 2001 (originally, Little
Huntley, H. E. The Divine Proportion: A Study in Mathematical Beauty. New York: Dover


Aldous. The Art of Seeing. New York: Harper, 1942.
Julian. The Living Thoughts of Darwin. Greenwich, Connecticut: Fawcett, 1959. Hyman
Chris Stern. “New York Protects Bad Doctors, ” New York Times, 29 July 1995, p. 19.
Stanley Edgar. The Tangled Bank. New York: Atheneum, 1962.


J. Benveniste, et al., “Human Basophil Degranulation Triggered by Very Dilute Antiserum


C. Ian and Prados, John W. “Honor in Science, ” American Scientist 71
C. Ian. Honor In Science. Second Edition. New Haven: Sigma Xi, The Scientific
Donald Dale. “How Lord Elgin First Won – and Lost – His Marbles, ” Smithsonian
Donald Dale. “Lincoln Ellsworth, the Forgotten Hero of Polar Exploration, “
Stanley W. “Cruel and Unusual Medicine, ” review of Great and Desperate Cures, by


Margaret C. Scientific Culture and the Making of the Industrial West. New York: Oxford
Margaret C. The Newtonians and the English Revolution 1689-1720. Ithaca, New York:


Barry L. “Molecules of the Mind, ” a review of The Brave New Science of Molecular
D. M. The UFO Controversy in America. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University
James B. Drunk Driving: An American Dilemma. Chicago: The University of Chicago
Jacobson, Jennifer. “A Psychology Professor Resigns Amid Accusations of Research Fraud at


Jerome. “I Am Not Optimistic, ” The Scientist, 14 December 1987, pp. 12-14.
Jerome. “Science Isn’t Really Willing to Investigate Misconduct, ” The Scientist, 12
Jaffe, Bernard. Crucibles: The Story of Chemistry. 4th Edition. New York: Dover, 1976.
Jahn, Melvin E. and Woolf, Daniel J. The Lying Stones of Dr. Johann Bartholomew Adam
Jaki, Stanley L. “Introductory Essay, ” in Pierre Duhem, To Save the Phenomena. Chicago: The
Jakob, E. A. M. Louis Pasteur: Hunting Killer Germs. A Bank Street Biography. New York:
James, William H. “Fraud and Hoaxes in Science, ” Nature 377 (12 October 1995), p. 474.
Janis, Irving J. Victims of Groupthink: A Psychological Study of Foreign Policy Decisions and
Janison, Dan. “Researcher, Mentor Battle Over Botched Experiment, ” Albany Times Union, 20
Janus, Christopher with Brashler, William. The Search for Peking Man. New York: Macmillan


Leon. “A No-Touch Therapy, ” Time 21 November 1994, pp. 88-89.
Leon. “Fighting Against Flimflam, ” Time, 13 June 1988, pp. 70-72.
Leon. “Lies of The Mind, ” Times, 29 November 1993, pp. 52-59.
Leon. “What Lowell Really Saw When He Watched Venus, ” New York Times, 10
Jaschik, Scott. “Congress’ Interest in Ferreting Out Fraud Is Misinformed, Harmful, Say


Joseph, editor. The Story of Human Error. Freeport, New York: Books for Library
Joseph. Error and Eccentricity in Human Belief. New York: Dover, 1962. (This is a
Joseph. Fact and Fable in Psychology. New York: Houghton-Mifflin, 1901.
Joseph. The Psychology of Conviction: A Study of Beliefs and Attitudes. Boston:
Robert, with Selections and Commentary by Kenneth Korey, The Essential Darwin.


K. S. “Court Allows Fossil Fraudster to Return, ” Nature 380 (18 April 1996), p.
K. S. “GM Food ‘Dumped on India as Aid, ‘” Nature 405 (22 June 2000), p. 875.
K. S. “Gupta Affirms Authenticity, ” Nature 338 (27 April 1989), p. 694.
K.S. “Geologist ‘victimized’ for role in fraud case, ” Nature (16 November 1995), p.
K.S. “Gupta Associates Feel The Reflected Heat, ” Nature 377 (7 September 1995)


Christopher, et al. Inequality: A Reassessment of the Effects of Family and Schooling in
Christopher. “A Reappraisal of the Most Controversial Educational Document of Our
Jennings, Charles. Greenwich: The Place Where Days Begin and End. London: Abacus, 2001
Jevons, F. R. Science Observed: Science as a Social and Intellectual Activity. London: George
Johannes, Laura. “Scientist Is Cleared by Federal Panel Of Faking Data, Ending 10-year Case, “


Dirk. “Academic Competitors at a Chicago School Now Admit Cheating, ” New York

George and Mansnerus

Laura. “Genetic Scientist Defies U. S. Rules, ” New York
Laura. “Separating Illusion From Reality in the War on
George. “A Birthday Party for Cold Fusion, ” New York Times, 1 April 1990, p.
George. “A Free-for-All on Science and Religion, ” New York Times, 21 November
George. “A Triumph, Maybe, for Small Science, ” New York Times, 16 April 1989, p.
George. “At Lawrence Berkeley, Physicists Say a Colleague Took Them for a Ride, “
George. “Bright Scientist, Dim Notions, ” New York Times, 28 October 2007, p.
George. “Bush Would Wait for a Weatherman, ” New York Times, 11 February 1990
George. “Critics Attempt to Reinterpret a Colleague’s Disturbing Past, ” New York
George. “Dr. Krim’s Crusade, ” New York Times Magazine, 14 February 1988, pp.
George. “Ethical Fears Aside, Science Plunges On, ” New York Times, 7 December
George. “Here They Are, Science’s 10 Most Beautiful Experiments, ” New York
George. “Lab Reports Misconduct in Claim of New Element, ” New York Times, 14
George. “Sometimes, The March of Science Goes Backwards, ” New York Times 23
George. and Mansnerus, Laura. “NASA Encourages ‘Whistle Blowing, ‘” New York
John M. and Douglas, Jack D., editors. Crime at the Top: Deviance in Business and the
Julie. “Widespread Drug Lapses Found Among Elderly, ” New York Times, 15
Kirk. “Global Warming Moves From Impassioned Words to Modest Deeds, ” New
Kirk. “Harmful Effects of Acid Rain Are Far Flung, A Study Finds, ” New York Times
Kirk. “Liability in Setting Standards” New York Times, 1 June 1982, pp. D1-D2.
Kirk. “Rise of the Resume Sleuth, ” New York Times, 9 January 1983, p. 12ff.
Phillip E. Darwin On Trial. Washington, D.C.: Regnery Gateway, 1991. Johnston
David. “University Agrees to Pay in Settlement on Medicare, ” New York Times, 13
Marjorie, editor. The Cosmos of Arthur Holly Compton. New York: Knopf, 1967. Jonas
Gerald. “Visceral Learning – I, ” The New Yorker, 19 August 1972, pp. 34-57.
Gerald. “Visceral Learning – II, ” The New Yorker, 16 August 1972, pp. 30-57.
Gerald. The Circuit Riders: Rockefeller Money and the Rise of Modern Science. New
Gerald. Visceral Learning: Towards a Science of Self-Control.. New York: Viking, 1973. Jones
Alex S. “Just How Sacrosanct Are the Words Inside Quotation Marks?” New York
Carolyn and Healy, Guy. “A Formula for Trouble, ” The Australian Weekend Review, 1-2
Ernest. The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud. Volume II: Years of Maturity, 1901-1919.
Ernest. The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud: The Formative Years and the Great
Ernst. The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud. Volume III: The Last Phase, 1919-1939.
Harold Spencer. “John Couch Adams and the Discovery of Neptune, ” in The World of
James H. Alfred C. Kinsey: A Public/Private Life. New York: W. W. Norton, 1997.
James H. Bad Blood. New York: The Free Press, 1981.
Raymond F. Stories of Great Physicians. Racine, Wisconsin: Whitman, 1963.
Steve. “Crooked Bones, ” a review of Unraveling Piltdown: The Science Fraud of the


David. “Fraud and Deceit in Science, ” The New York Review of Books 30 (13
David. The Lysenko Affair. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press
Jordan, David Starr. The Higher Foolishness. Indianapolis: Bobbs, Merril, 1927.
Jordy, William H. Henry Adams: Scientific Historian. New Haven: Yale University Press
Joseph, Lawrence E. “Britain’s Whole Earth Guru, ” New York Times Magazine, 23 November


Matthew. Edison. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1959.
Matthew. The Robber Barons: The Great American Capitalists, 1861-1901. New
Paul. “Science in the U.S.S.R., ” a review of The Communist Party and Soviet


Horace F. “The Legend of Rosalind Franklin, ” Science Digest 94 (January 1986), pp.
Horace Freeland. “Century of the Sciences, ” Science 84 (November 1984), pp. 41-43.
Horace Freeland. “On The Barricades, ” The Sciences (July/August, 1985), pp. 54-59.
Horace Freeland. No Nobel Prize for Whining, ” New York Times, 20 October 2003, p.
Horace Freeland. The Eighth Day of Creation: Makers of the Revolution in Biology.


K. C. Cole, “A Theory of Everything, ” New York Times Magazine, 18 October 1987, pp. 20ff.
Kadushin, Charles. “The Managed Text: Prose and Qualms, ” Change 11 (March, 1979), pp. 30-


Jocelyn and Marshall, Eliot. “Imanishi-Kari Ruling Slams ORI, ” Science 272 (28 June
Jocelyn. “A Misconduct Definition That Finally Sticks?” Science 286 (15 October
Jocelyn. “Baylor Saga Comes To An End, ” Science 283 (19 February 1999), p. 1091.
Jocelyn. “Boston Cardiologist Heads for Prison, ” Science 275 (7 March 1997), p. 1407.
Jocelyn. “Canadian Scientists To to Cut the Jargon, ” Science 273 (6 September 1996), p.
Jocelyn. “Commission Proposed New Definition of Misconduct, ” Science 269 (29
Jocelyn. “Firm Pays Dearly for Suppressed Study, ” Science 278 (7 November 1997), p.
Jocelyn. “Fisher Absolved of Scientific Misconduct, ” Science 275 (7 March 1997)
Jocelyn. “Fisher Wins $2.75 Million Settlement, ” Science 277 (5 September 1997), p.
Jocelyn. “HHS Is Still Looking for a Definition, ” Science 272 (21 June 1996), p. 1735.
Jocelyn. “Home for Scientific Whistleblowers, ” Science 277 (12 September 1997), p.
Jocelyn. “House Committee Slams NIH’s Plan on Consulting, ” Science 304 (21 May
Jocelyn. “House Committee Slams NIH’s Plan on Consulting, ” Science 304 (21 May
Jocelyn. “Indian Scientists Claim Lab Corruption, ” Science 279 (30 January 1998), p.
Jocelyn. “NIH Proposes Temporary Ban on Paid Consulting, ” Science 306 (1 October
Jocelyn. “NIH Roiled by Inquiries Over Grants Hit List, ” Science 302 (31 October
Jocelyn. “NSF Stakes a Position on Misconduct, ” Science 276 (20 June 1997), p. 1779.
Jocelyn. “Panel Urges New Approach to Inquiries, ” Science 270 (1 December 1995), p.
Jocelyn. “Popovic Loses Part of Lawsuit, ” Science 276 (2 May 1997), p. 667.
Jocelyn. “Proposed Rules Aim to Curb Financial Conflicts of Interest, ” Science 295 (11
Jocelyn. “Scientists, Societies Blast NIH Ethics Rules, ” Science 308 (8 April 2005), pp.
Jocelyn. “Second Look at Arsenic Finds Higher Risk, ” Science 293 (21 September
Jocelyn. “Sex Studies ‘Properly’ Approved, ” Science 303 (6 February 2004), p. 741.
Jocelyn. “Showdown Over Clean Air Science, ” Science 277 (25 July 1997), pp.
Jocelyn. “Societies Back Fisher, ” Science 274 (18 October 1996), p. 331.
Jocelyn. “Storm Brewing Over Misconduct Definition, ” Science 275 (24 January 1997)
Jocelyn. “Studies of Gay Men, Prostitutes Come Under Scrutiny, ” Science 300 (18 April
Jocelyn. “Swift Justice Salvages Reputations, ” Science 274 (18 October 1996), p. 338.
Jocelyn. “The ‘Gallo Case’: Popovic Strikes Back, ” Science 275 (14 February 1997), pp.
Jocelyn. “Tobacco Consultants Find Letters Lucrative, ” Science 281 (14 August 1998
Jocelyn. “Tulane Inquiry Clears Lead Researcher, ” Science 284 (18 June 1999), p. 1905.
Jocelyn. “U. S. Universities Urged to Do a Better Job, ” Science 297 (19 July 2002), P.
” Science 289 (2 August
” Science 289 (4 August
Jocelyn. Fisher Loses Appeal in Privacy Suit, ” Science 274 (20 December 1996), p.
Jocelyn.”Sex Studies Denounced, NIH’s Peer-Review Process Defended, ” Science 302
Joclyn. “Radiation Research Subjects Sue, ” Science 270 (15 December 1995), p. 1763.
Kallet, Arthur and Schlink, F. J. 100, 000, 000 Guinea Pigs: Dangers in Everyday Foods, Drugs


Leon J. “Burt’s IQ Data, ” Science 195 (January 1977) pp. 246-248.
Leon J. The Science and Politics of IQ. New York: Wiley, 1974.
Kammerer, Paul. The Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics. New York: Boni and Liveright
Kanigel, Robert. “The Genome Project, ” New York Times Magazine, 13 December 1987, pp.
Kanter, James and Revkin, Andrew C. “Scientists Detail Climate Changes, Poles to Tropics, “
Kaplan, Norman. “Sociology of Science, ” in Handbook of Modern Sociology, Robert E. L.
Kargon, Robert H. “Temple to Science: Cooperative Research and the Birth of the California


Arlo. Man and Microbes: Disease and Plagues in History and Modern Times. New
Arno. Napoleon’s Glands: And Other Ventures in Biohistory. New York: Warner
Kash, Don E., et al., “University Affiliation and Recognition: National Academy of Science, “
Katz, Robert. “More Principles of Medicine, ” New York State Journal of Medicine (October
Katznelson, Ira. When Affirmative Action Was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality
Katznelson, Ira. When Affirmative Action Was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality
Kaufman, Walter, editor. The Portable Nietzsche. New York: Viking, 1954.
Kean, Robert Garlick Hill. Inside the Confederate Government: The Diary of Robert Garlick
Kefalides, Paul. “Apathy, Outrage Accompany Leak of Unofficial Report on Gallo Case, ” The
Kendall, Maurice and Plackett, R. L., editors. Studies in the History of Statistics and Probabili


Donald. “What Grade Inflation? New York Times, 13 June 1994, p. A16.
Randy. “Yale Officials Agree to Return Peruvian Artifacts, ” New York Times, 17
Robert F., Jr. Crimes Against Nature: How the George W. Bush and his Corporate
Keohane, Richard O.; Hoffman, Stanley; Nye, Joseph S., Jr.; Putnam, Robert D. and Verba
Keonig, Robert. “Panel Proposes Ways to Combat Fraud, ” Science 278 (19 December 1997), pp.
Keppel, Frederick P. The Foundation: Its Place in American Life. New York: Macmillan, 1930.
Kermode, Frank. “Freud Is Better in German, ” a review of Freud and Man’s Soul, by Bruno


Richard A. “An Impact but No Volcano, ” Science 224 (25 May 1984), p. 858.
Richard A. “Continental Drift Nearing Certain Detection, ” Science 229 (6 September
Richard A. “Do NASA Images Create Fantastic Voyages?” Science 255 (27 March 1992)
Richard A. “Do NASA Images Create Fantastic Voyages?” Science 255 (27 March 1992)
Richard A. “Greenhouse Bandwagon Rolls On, ” Science 253 (23 August 1991), p. 845.
Richard A. “Greenhouse Skeptic Out in the Cold, ” Science (1 December 1989) pp. 1118-
Richard A. “How Much Oil? It Depends on Whom You Ask, ” Science 212 (24 April
Richard A. “It’s Official: Humans Are Behind Most of Global Warming, ” Science 291 (26
Richard A. “Oil and Gas Estimates Plummet, ” Science 245 (22 September 1989), pp.
Richard A. “When a Radical Experiment Goes Bust, ” Science 247 (9 March 1990), pp.
Kershaw, Sarah. “Suffering Effects of 50’s & 60’s A-Bomb Tests, ” New York Times, 5
Kesenbaum, David. “Census 2000: Where Science and Politics Count Equally, ” Science 279 (6
Kessler, David. “Food Safety: Revising the Statute, ” Science 223 (9 March 1984), pp.
Kestenbaum, David. “Supreme Court Gets Lesson in Enumeration, ” Science 282 11 December


Daniel J. “On the Moral Dilemmas of the American Chemist: Some Notes From
Daniel J. “Robert A. Millikan, ” Scientific American 240 (June 1979), pp. 142-151.
Daniel J. “The Assault on David Baltimore, ” The New Yorker, 27 May 1996, pp.
Daniel J. The Physicists: The History of a Scientific Community in Modern America.
Key, Wilson Bryan. Media Sexploitation. New York: Signet, 1977 (Originally, Prentice-Hall


John Maynard. “Newton, the Man, ” in James R. Newman, editor. The World of
John Maynard. Essays and Sketches in Biography. New York: Meridian Books, 1956.
Kibler, William L. and Kibler, Pamela Vannoy. “When Students Resort to Cheating, ” The


Vincent. “Doctor Charged Over Growth Hormone Payments, ” New Scientist, 20
Vincent. “Radiation Doctors Abused Trust in the Name of Science, ” New Scientist (14
Vincent. “Secret Radiation Tests ‘Still Possible, ‘ New Scientist (29 July 1995), p. 7.
Vincent. “Time to Prune the Dead US Projects, ” New Scientist, (9 December 1995), p.
Vincent. “Tobacco Industry Paid Letter-Writing Scientists, ” The Chronicle of Higher
Kiersh, Ed. “Testing Is the Name, Power Is the Game, ” The Village Voice, 15 January 1979, pp.
Kigotho, Wachira. “University in Nigeria Fights Degree Fraud, ” Chronicle of Higher Education
Kilborn, Peter T. “All Out Attack To Cut Mistakes in U.S. Hospitals, ” New York Times, 26
Kilborn, Peter T. “All Out Attack To Cut Mistakes in U.S. Hospitals, ” New York Times, 26


Brock K. and Kilbourne, Maria T., editors. The Dark Side of Science. San Francisco
Maria T.; Kilbourne, Brock K., and Higgins, A. C. “Science, Deviance, and Society, “


Harry R. “Credentials Misrepresentation: Another Challenge to Professionalism, “
Roger. “Burn the Buildings, Hang the Professors, ” review of Profscam, by Charles J.
Kingson, Jennifer A. “Where Information Is All, Pleas Arise for Less of It, ” New York Times, 9
Kingston, Jennifer A. “Harvard Tenure Battle Puts ‘Critical Legal Studies’ on Trial, ” New York
Kintisch, Eli. “Researcher Faces Prison for Fraud in NIH Grant Applications and Papers, “
Kinzer, Stephen. “Germans Plan, Then Cancel, Celebration of a Nazi Missile, ” New York
Kirk, Stuart A. and Kutchins, Herb. The Selling of DSM: The Rhetoric of Science in Psychiatry.


David D. “As Historian’s Fame Grows, So Do Questions on Methods, ” New York
David D. “Historian Apologizes for Copying Passages, ” New York Times, 6
David D. “Writer Leaves ‘NewsHour’ In Furor over Book, ” New York Times, 28
Kirr, Richard A. “The Lessons of Dr. Browning, ” Science 253 (9 August 1991), pp. 622-623. Kitcher
Philip. “The Case Against Sociobiology, ” review of Not in Our Genes: Biology
Philip. Abusing Science: The Case Against Creationism. Cambridge, Massachusetts:
Klapp, Orrin E. Heroes, Villains, and Fools: The Changing American Character. Englewood


Erica. “Doctors Propose Panel on Research Misconduct, ” Nature 413 (4 October
Erica. “Wellcome Trust Sets Out Fresh Misconduct Standards, ” Nature 412 (16


Spencer. “The Affluent Professors, ” The Reporter 23 June 1960, pp. 16-25.
Spencer. The New Brahmins: Scientific Life in America. New York: William Morrow
Klee, Ernst, Dressen, Willi, and Reiss, Volker (editors). “The Good Old Days, “: The Holocaust
Klein, Alexander, editor. Grand Deception: The World’s Most Spectacular and Successful


N. R. “Lenox Hill Hospital Cutting Tie With New York-Cornell, ” New York Times
N. R. “The Whistle Blowers’ Morning After, ” New York Times, 9 November 1986
N. R. “‘Orphan’ Drugs: Caught in Limbo, ” New York Times, 20 July 1986, pp. F1
N.R. “Doctor’s Criticism in ’84 Case Strains Hospitals’ Bonds, ” New York Times, 5


Irving M. “The N-Ray Affair, ” Scientific American 242 (May, 1980), pp. 168-175.
Irving M. Diamond Dealers and Feather Merchants: Tales from the Science. Boston:
Kluge, P. F. Alma Mater: A College Homecoming. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley
Knapp, R. H. and Goodrich, H. B. Origins of American Scientists. Chicago: The University of


Damon. Charles Fort: Prophet of the Unexplained. Garden City, New York: Doubleday
David. The Age of Science: The Scientific World-View in the Nineteenth Century. New
Jonathan. “AAUP on Congressional Investigations, ” Science 245 (25 August 1989), p.
Jonathan. “Agony for Researchers as Mix-up Forces Retraction of Ecstasy Study, “
Jonathan. “Scientists Attack Industrial Influence, ” Nature 426 (18/25 December 2003)
Jonathan. “Study Says Authors Are Averse to Declaring Conflicts of Interest, ” Nature 3
Jonathan. “The Truth About Lying, ” Nature 428 (15 April 2004), pp. 692-694.
Knorr-Cetina, Karin D. and Mulkay, Michael, editors. Science Observed: Perspectives on the
Knox, Alan G. “Richard Meinertzhagen – A Case of Fraud Confirmed, ” Ibis 135 (July 1993), pp.


David. “New Jersey Med School Board Faces Ethics Charges, ” New York
David. “New Jersey Med School Board Faces Ethics Charges, ” New York
David. “New Jersey Medical School Gives Blatant Lesson in Spoils System, “
Koehler, Wolfgang. Gestalt Psychology. New York: Mentor, 1947. Koenig
Robert. “Allegations Prompt Debate in Germany, ” Science 277 (11 July 1997), p. 172.
Robert. “Fallout From German Fraud Case Continues, ” Science 291 (9 March 2001)
Robert. “Panel Calls Falsification in German Case ‘Unprecedented, ‘” Science 277 (15
Robert. “Reopening the Darkest Chapter in German Science, ” Science 288 (2 June
” Science (7 April
” Science 288 (7


Arthur and Smythies, J. R., editors. Beyond Reductionism: New Perspectives in the
Arthur. “Koestler Replies, ” New Scientist 53 (16 March 1972), p. 614.
Arthur. On The Trail of the Dinosaur. New York: Macmillan, 1955.
Arthur. The Act of Creation. New York: Macmillan, 1964.
Arthur. The Case of the Midwife Toad. New York: Random House, 1971.
Arthur. The Ghost in the Machine. Chicago: Henry Regnery, a Gateway Edition, 1971.
Arthur. The Lotus and the Robot. New York, Macmillan, 1961.
Arthur. The Roots of Coincidence: An Excursion Into Parapsychology. New York:
Arthur. The Sleepwalkers: A History of Man’s Changing Vision of the Universe. New
Kohler, Robert E. A review of Gerald L. Geison, The Private Science of Louis Pasteur.


Alexander. False Prophets. New York: Basil Blackwood, 1986.
Alexander. Fortune or Failure: Missed Opportunities and Chance Discoveries.
David. “On the Origin of the Principle of Diversity, ” Science 213 (4 September 1981)


Gina “Theory Tying AIDS to Polio Vaccine Is Discounted, ” New York Times, 23
Gina and Moss, Michael. “X-Ray Vision in Hindsight: Science, Politics and the
Gina Bari, “Catastrophe Theory: The Emperor Has no Clothes, ” Science 196 (15 April
Gina Bari. “Coronary Treatment Assessed, ” Science 213 (10 July 1981), p. 195.
Gina Bari. “Math and Sex: Are Girls Born with Less Ability?” Science 210 (12
Gina Bari. “Polling the Professors: Survey Draws Protest, ” Science 199 (17 February
Gina Bari. “Reevaluation of Cancer Data Eagerly Awaited, ” Science 214 (16 October
Gina Bari. “Students Discover Computer Threat, ” Science 215 (5 March 1982), pp.
Gina. “Maybe You’re Not What You Eat, ” New York Times, 14 February 2006, p….
Gina. “Rare Sharing of Data Leads to Progress on Alzheimer’s, ” New
Gina. “A Case of Justice, or a Total Travesty, ” New York Times 13 June 1995, pp. D1
Gina. “A Cloning Scandal Rocks a Pillar of Science, ” New York Times, 18 December
Gina. “Admissions Test Courses Help, But Not So Much, Study Finds, ” New York
Gina. “AIDS Groups Dismayed by Report They See as Discounting Concern, ” New
Gina. “Amid Confusion, Journal Retracts Korean Stem Cell Paper, ” New York Times
Gina. “Anthropologists Suggest Cannibalism Is a Myth, ” Science 232 (20 June 1986)
p. WK2. p. WK2.”
Gina. “Ban on Medical Experiments Without Consent Is Relaxed, ” New York Times, 5
Gina. “Beginning Scientists Face a Research Fund Drought, ” New York Times, 5 June
Gina. “Biologist’s Speedy Gene Method Scares Peers But Gains Backers, ” New York
Gina. “Board of Medical Journal Defends an Ouster Editor, ” New York Times, 27
Gina. “Breast Cancer Advice Unchanged Despite Flawed Data in Key Study, ” New
Gina. “Cancer Link Contradicted by New Hormone Study, ” New York Times, 12 July
Gina. “Citing Stress, F.D.A. Aide Wants Out, ” New York Times, 22 December 1990, p.
Gina. “Confronting New Ideas, Doctors Often Hold on to the Old, ” New York Times, 10
Gina. “Congress, NIH Open Coffers for AIDS, ” Science 221 (29 July 1983), pp.
Gina. “Critic of ‘Genetic Fingerprint’ Tests Tells of Pressure to Withdraw Paper, ” New
Gina. “Cystic Fibrosis Surprise: Genetic Screening Falters, ” New York Times, 16
Gina. “Data on Risks Create Debate About Drug to Prevent Breast Cancer, ” New York
Gina. “Despite Scandal, Research Trials Thrive, ” New York Times, 25 May 1994, p.
Gina. “Dilemma on Prostate Cancer Treatment Splits Experts, ” New York Times, 17
Gina. “Discovery of Breast Cancer Gene Produces Clues but No Answers, ” New York
Gina. “Dispute Builds Over Value of Mammography, ” New York Times, 1 February
Gina. “Dispute Over Access to Reye’s Study Data, ” Science 230 (18 October 1985), pp.
Gina. “Expert Panel Cites Doubts On Mammogram’s Worth, ” New York Times 24
Gina. “F.B.I. Defends Genetic Tests, ” New York Times, 25 December 1991, p. 10.
Gina. “Forget the Butler; the Medical Industry Did It, ” New York Times, 17 October
Gina. “Frenchman Says Nobel Panel Overlooked His Contribution, ” New York Times
Gina. “Gene Therapy Shows No Benefits in 2 Studies, ” New York Times, 28 September
Gina. “Gene Therapy’s First Success Is Claimed, but Doubts Remain, ” New York
Gina. “Heart Attacks at 9:00 a.m.” Science 233 (25 July 1986), pp. 417-418.
Gina. “How to Ask About Sex and Get Honest Answers, ” Science 236 (24 April 1987)
Gina. “In Implant Cases, Science and the Law Have Different Agendas, ” New York
Gina. “In the Rush Toward Gene Therapy, Some See a High Risk of Failure, ” New York
Gina. “In the U.S., All Medicine is Local, ” New York Times, 4 February 1996, p. E5.
Gina. “Inquiry Lacking Due Process, ” New York Times, 25 June 1996, p. C3.
Gina. “Is A Gene Making You Read This?” New York Times, 7 January 1996, p. E4.
Gina. “Less Prenatal Care Urged for Most Healthy Women, ” New York Times, 4
Gina. “Math Genius May Have Hormonal Basis, ” Science 222 (23 December 1983), p.
Gina. “Math Papers Called Inaccessible, ” Science 235 (9 January 1987), p. 159.
Gina. “Math Proof Refuted During Berkeley Scrutiny, ” Science 234 (19 December
Gina. “Mathematicians Recognize Major Discoveries, ” Science 233 (15 August 1986)
Gina. “Medical Data: Who Should Hear It First, ” New York Times, 22 May 1990, p. C1
Gina. “Medical Laboratory Faces Charges in Cancer Deaths, ” New York Times, 13
Gina. “Memory of Era May Temper Judgment of Radiation Tests, ” New York Times, 1
Gina. “New Study Finds No Link Between Implants and Illness, ” New York Times 22
Gina. “Panel Can’t Link Breast Implants To Any Disease, ” New York Times, 2
Gina. “Pity the Scientist Who Discovers the Discovered, ” New York Times, 5 February
Gina. “Placebo Effect Is More Myth Than Science, Study Says, ” New York Times, 24
Gina. “Prostate Cancer Consensus Hampered by Lack of Data, ” Science 236 (26 June
Gina. “Putting a Price Tag On the Priceless, ” New York Times News of the Week in
Gina. “Putting Your Faith in Science?” New York Times, 27 May 2001, p. WK 2.
Gina. “Questions Grow Over Usefulness of Some Routine Cancer Tests, ” New York
Gina. “Questions Raised on Lung Operation, ” New York Times, 15 August 2001, pp.
Gina. “Remembering a ‘Magical Genius, ‘” Science 236 (19 June 1987), pp. 1519-1521.
Gina. “Research Suggests More Health Care May Not Be Better, ” New York Times, 21
Gina. “Researchers Find Hormone Causes a Loss of Weight, ” New York Times, 27 July
Gina. “Rethinking The Statistics of ‘Epidemic’ Breast Cancer, ” New York Times, 28
Gina. “Scandal for Cloning Embryos: ‘A Tragic Turn’ for Science, ” New York Times
Gina. “Scheme to Foil Software Pirates, ” Science 221 (23 September 1983), p. 1279.
Gina. “Scientific Myths That Are Too Good To Die, ” New York Times, 6 December
Gina. “Scientists Brace for Changes in Path of Human Evolution, ” New York Times, 21
Gina. “Scientists Fluff the Answer to a Billion-Dollar Question, ” New York Times, 1
Gina. “Sharp Regional Incongruity Found In Medical Costs and Treatments, ” New York
Gina. “Should Children Be Told If Genes Predict Illness?” New York Times 26
Gina. “Some Bypass Surgery Unnecessary, ” Science 222 (11 November 1983), p. 605.
Gina. “Soviets Presented Plans for Chernobyl Study, ” Science 233 (1 August 1986), pp.
Gina. “Study Questions Colonoscopy Effectiveness, ” New York Times, 14 December
Gina. “Study Raises the Estimate of Inherited Intelligence, ” New York Times 12
Gina. “Surprise Proof of an Old Conjecture, ” Science 225 (7 September 1984), pp.
Gina. “The Art of Learning from Experience, ” Science 225 (13 July 1984), pp. 156-158.
Gina. “The Painful Fact of Medical Uncertainty, ” New York Times, 10 February 2002
Gina. “The UCLA-Occidental-Gorbachev Connection, ” Science 233 (4 July 1986), pp.
Gina. “Theory on Aging Is Tested, Adding 30% to Flies’ Lives, ” New York Times, 25
Gina. “They Should Give a Prize for Ambition, ” New York Times, 12 October 1997, p.
Gina. “Transplants, Morality and Mickey, ” New York Times, 11 June 1995, p. E5.
Gina. “U. S. Agencies May Be Shut Out of Chernobyl Follow-up.” Science 233 (11 July
Gina. “Wariness Is Replacing Trust Between Healer and Patient, ” New York Times, 20
Gina. “Which Students Are Worst At Science?” New York Times, 24 December 1991
Gina. “Why Some Numbers Are Only Very Good Guesses, ” New York Times, 11
Gina. Arthritis Surgery in Ailing Knees Is Called a Sham, ” New York Times, 11 July
Gina. Rules Adopted for Reporting Company-Paid Drug Studies, ” New York Times, 8
Gina. Test Proves Fruitless, Fueling New Debate on Cancer Screening, ” New York
Kolb, Rocky (Edward W.) Blind Watchers of the Sky: The People and Ideas That Shaped our
Kolbert, Elizabeth. “The Climate of Man – I, ” The New Yorker, 25 April 2005, pp. 56-71. “The
Kondro, Wayne. “New Rules on Human Subjects Could End Debate in Canada, ” Science 280 (5
Kone, E. H. and Jordan, H. J., editors. The Greatest Adventure: Basic Research That Shapes Our
Koretz, Daniel. “Arriving in Lake Wobegon: Are Standardized Tests Exaggerating Achievement
Korn, David. “FDA Under Siege: The Public at Risk, ” Editorial, Science 276 (13 June 1997), p.
Kornberg, Arthur. “Science is Great, But Scientists Are Still People, ” Science (257), (14 August


Daniel E. “Letter to Stewart, ” personal communication, 3 June 1988.
Daniel E. “Society, Cure Thyself, ” Science 248 (6 April 1990), p. 9. Daniel E.
Jr. “A Department of Science?” Science 227 (8 February 1985), p. 589.
Jr. “Conflict of Interest Policy, ” Science 257 (31 July 1992), p. 595.
Jr. “The Price of Progress, ” Science 241 (5 August 1988), p. 637.
Jr. “The Process of Publication, ” Science 245 (11 August 1989), p. 573.
Jr., “Fraud in Science, ” Science 235 (9 January 1987), p. 141.
Kovarik, Bill. “Charles F. Kettering and 1921 Discovery of Tetraethyl Lead In the Context of


Alexandre. “An Experiment in Measurement, ” Proceedings of the American
Alexandre. From The Closed World to the Infinite Universe. New York: Harper
Alexandre. Metaphysics and Measurement: Essays in the Scientific Revolution.
Kozol, Jonathan. Rachel and Her Children: Homeless Families in America. New York: Crown
Krafft-Ebing, Richard. Aberrations of Sexual Life. New York: Capricorn Books, 1962.
Kragh, Helge. An Introduction to the Historiography of Science. New York: Cambridge
Krailsheimer, Alban. Pascal. New York: Hill and Wang, 1980.
Krantz, David L. “The Baldwin-Titchner Controversy: A Case Study in the Functioning and
Kraus, Clifford. “Reclaiming the Stolen Faces of their Forefathers, ” New York Times, 18


Clifford. “Senate Endorses More Financing For Supercollider Backed by Bush, ” New
Lawrence M. “School Boards Want to ‘Teach the Controversy.’ What Controversy?”
Krauss. Clifford. “Exxon Accused of Trying to Mislead Public, ” New Yori Times, 4 January


Alan M. Goldberger’s War: The Life and Work of a Public Health Crusader. New York:
Alan M. Silent Travelers: Germs, Genes and the “Immigrant Menace.” New York: Basic


H. A. “The Making of Scientists, ” Nature 215 (30 September 1967), pp. 1441-1445.
Hans and Shelly, Julian H., editors, The Creative Process in Science and Medicine.
Kreeger, Karen Young. Industry-Foundation Deal Raises Ethical Questions, Trends II, June
Krepon, Michael. “The War Between Sales and Science, ” a review of William J. Broad, Teller’s
Krimsky, Sheldon, et al., “Financial Interests of Authors in Scientific Journals: A Pilot Study o


Nicholas D. “Japan Confronting Gruesome War Atrocity, ” New York Times, 17 March
Nicholas D. “The Success of the ‘President’s Men, ‘” New York Times, 13 July 1986


Paul (editorial). “Drugs, Devices and Doctors, ” New York Times, 16 December 2005
Paul. “For Richer: How the permissive capitalis of the boom destroyed American


Lawrence S. “Some Unresolved Problems of the Scientific Career, ” in The Sociology of
Lawrence S. Neurotic Distortion of the Creative Process. New York: Noonday Press
Kuczynski, Alex. “Zombies and Other Creatures of the Media, ” New York Times, 12 July 1998
Kuhl, Stefan. The Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American Racism, and German National


Thomas S. “The Function of Measurement in Modern Physical Science, ” Isis 52 (1961)
Thomas S. “The Histories of Science: Diverse Worlds for Diverse Audience, ” Academe
Thomas S. The Essential Tension: Selected Studies in Scientific Tradition and Change.
Thomas S. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: The University of Chicago
Kula, Witold. Measure and Men. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1986.
Kulp, J. Lawrence, Eckelmann, Walter R. and Schulert, Arthur R. “Strontium-90 in Man, “
Kurp, Patrick. “Union Physicist to See His Theories Launched Skyward, ” Albany Times-Union
Kurtz, Lester R. The Politics of Heresy: The Modernist Crisis in Roman Catholicism. Berkeley
Kurtzman, Joel. “The Superconductor Race, ” New York Times, 8 January 1989, p. F1.
Kuttner, Robert E. “Fraud in Science” Science 227 (1 February 1985), p. 466.
Kuznick, Peter J. Beyond the Laboratory: Scientists as Political Activists in l930s America.


Labaton, Stephen. “A Timeless Collection of Skulduggery, ” New York Times, 7 December
Lack, David. Darwin’s Finches: An Essay on the General Biological Theory of Evolution.
Ladenson, Robert F. “HHS Regulates Sponsored Research, ” Perspectives 1 (Sept./Dec., 1981)
Laderman, Ross S. “Scientific Fraud and Prosecution, ” Science 236 (26 June 1987), p. 1613.
Lafayette, Jon. “Psychologists Mass-Market Their ‘Insights, ‘” New York Post, 20 March 1984
LaFollette, Marcel Chotkowski. Ethical Misconduct in Research Publication: An Annotated
Lagemann, Ellen Condliffe. The Politics of Knowledge: The Carnegie Corporation
Lagnado, Lucette Matalon and Dekel, Sheila Cohn. Children of the Flames: Dr. Joseph Mengele
Lambert, Edward C. Modern Medical Mistakes. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1978.
Lamm, Richard D. “Medical Research: Alternative Views, ” Letter to the Editor, Science 262 (3


Michele. “How to Become a Dominant French Philosopher: The Case of Jacques
Peter. The Rise of the Indian Rope Trick: How a Spectacular Hoax Became History.
Lander, Louise. Defective Medicine: Risk, Anger, and the Malpractice Crisis. New York: Farrar
Landesman, Peter. “A Crisis of Fakes, ” New York Times Magazine, 18 March 2001, pp.36ff.
Landolo, Constantino. “Iatrogenic Disease: An Epidemic of Our Time, ” World Health
Landsberger, Henry A. Hawthorne Revisited: Management and the Worker, Its Critics, and
Lane, Earl. “AIDS Thrives in Subcultures, Report Finds, ” Albany Times Union, 5 February
Langford, Jerome J. Galileo, Science and the Church. Third edition. Ann Arbor, Michigan:
Langmuir, I. “Pathological Science, ” Colloquium given at the Knolls Research Laboratory, Dec.
Laor, Nathaniel. “Prometheus the Imposter, ” British Medical Journal 290 (2 March 1985), pp.
Lapp, Ralph E. The New Priesthood: The Scientific Elite and the Uses of Power. New York:
LaRouche, Lyndon H., Jr. “Was Sigmund Freud Homosexual?” New Solidarity, 11 October


Bruno and Woolgar, Steve. Laboratory Life: The Social Construction of Scientific Facts.
Bruno. Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society.
Bruno. The Pasteurization of France. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University


John and French, David. “Normative and Interpretative Sociologies of Science, ” American
John. “Theories and Methods in the Sociology of Science: An interpretative Approach, “


Andrew. “Academy Seeks Government Help to Fight Openness Law, ” Science 277 (25
Andrew. “College Heads Pledge To Remove Barriers, ” Science 291 (2 February 2001
Andrew. “Congress Deep-Sixes Gallo Report, ” Science 267 (20 January 1995), p. 319.
Andrew. “Researcher Acquitted of Lab Theft Charge, ” Science 297 (30 August 2002)
Andrew. “Selling Science: At What Price?” Science 275 (17 January 1997), pp.
Andrew. “Stanford, Navy Resolve Indirect Costs, ” Science 266 (28 October 1994), p.
Andrew. “U.S. Questions Harvard Research in China, ” Science 296 (5 April 2002), p.


Bill. “Newton’s Mistake, ” Omni, February 1988, p. 33.
Bill. “Rediscovering Tesla, ” Omni, March, 1988, pp. 65ff.
Bill. “The Case of the Ghost Molecules, ” Omni June, 1992, pp. 50ff. Lawson
Mark. “Big Four Dominate Australian Research, ” Nature 375 (22 June 1995), p. 623.
Mark. “McBride Struck Off, ” Nature 364 (5 August 1993), p. 470.
Lax, Eric. “The Chernobyl Doctor, ” New York Times Magazine, 13 July 1986, pp. 22ff.
Layton, Edwin T. And I Was There: Pearl Harbor and Midway – Breaking the Secrets. New


Paul F. “Notes on the History of Quantification in Sociology – Trends, Sources and
Paul F. and Theilens, Wagner, Jr. The Academic Mind: Social Scientists in a Time

Leab, Katharine Kyes. “Forgers and Scholars

” a review of A Sequel to an Enquiry into the
” a review of An Enquiry into the Nature of
Leacock, Stephen. “Common Sense and the Universe, ” in The World of Mathematics, edited by


“Researcher, Physician Reprimanded, ” Leader- Herald, Johnstown-Gloversville
“Scientists Studied Poisoning 500, 000, ” Leader-Herald, Johnstown-Gloversville


John. Kepler’s Dream. Berkeley, California: The University of California Press, 1965.
Martha Weinman. Heartsounds. New York: Pocket Books, 1981. (Originally, Simon and
Learner, Maura and Joe Rigert. Whistleblowers Are Anything But Welcome at the ‘U, ‘


Warren E. “Anxiety Over the Science Police, ” New York Times, 14 May 1989, p. 6.
Warren E. “Era of Smaller and Cheaper Satellites Begins, ” New York Times, 9 June
Warren E. “Exhibition Examines Scientists’ Complicity in Nazi-Era Atrocities, ” New
Warren E. “Fetal Sonogram Study Helps Clinton’s Health Juggernaut, ” New York Times
Warren E. “In 1950s, U.S. Collected Human Tissue to Monitor Atomic Tests, ” New York
Warren E. “Inquiry to Reopen in Science Dispute, ” New York Times, 30 April 1989, p.
Warren E. “Institutes of Health Chief Is Resigning, ” New York Times, 22 April 1989, p.
Warren E. “Lab Notes Are False, Secret Service Says, ” New York Times, 15 May 1990
Warren E. “On the Trail or Research Misconduct, ‘Science Police’ Take the Limelight, “
Warren E. “Panel Finds ‘Serious Errors’ in Paper on Gene Experiment, ” New York
Warren E. “Panel Opposes Government Policing of Scientific Misconduct Cases, ” New
Warren E. “Panel Sees no Proof of Health Hazards from Power Lines, ” New York Times
Warren E. “Peary Made It To the Pole After All, Study Concludes, ” New York Times, 12
Warren E. “Recent Tests Said to Justify More Cold Fusion Research, ” New York Times
Warren E. “Scientists, At Hearing, Defend Changes in Disputed Research, ” New York
Warren E. “Secret Army Tests Did Not Harm Health, Report Says, ” New York Times, 15
Warren E. “Study Finds Waste in Ultrasound Use, ” New York Times, 16 September
Warren E. “Study Urges Less Heart Surgery for Elderly, ” New York Times, 26
Warren E. “Study: Push to Publish Flaws Scientific Research, ” Albany Times-Union, 15
Warren E. “U.S. Called Lax in Policing g Medical Research, ” New York Times, 9
Warren E. “U.S. to Compensate 4, 000 Exposed to Poison Gases, ” New York Times, 7
Warren E. “Under White House Pressure, NASA Is Designing a Cheaper Space Station, “
Warren E. “Whistle-Blower Tells Congress of Cost to Scientific Career, ” New York
Warren E. “Whistle-Blower Tells Congress of Cost to Scientific Career, ” New York
Warren E. “Who Reached the North Pole First? Researchers Lays Claim to Solving the


Courtney . “Graduate Student’s Charge of Racism Embroils Penn’s History
Courtney. “AIDS Researcher, Accused of Mishandling Virus, Wins Battle to Clear
Courtney. “At Texas A&M, Conflicting Charges of Misconduct Tear a Program
Courtney. “Relations Between Graduate Students and Their Mentors, Though
Courtney. “Should Dog Walking and House Sitting Be Required for a Ph.D.?” The


Fred. The Real Drug Abusers. New York: Rowan and Littlefield Publishing, 2003.
Judith Walzer. “‘Typhoid Mary’ Strikes Back: Bacteriological Theory and Practice in


Douglas. “Congressional Panel Releases Documents Linking Tobacco Companies
Douglas. “Research Universities Are Nervous About Inquiries Into Use of U.S.
Leon M. “Science and the Bottom Line, ” New York Times, 16 September 1993, p.


Alfred McClung. Sociology for Whom? New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.
Felicia R. “Book’s Critique of Psychology Ignites a Torrent of Criticism, ” New York
Felicia R. “Reclaiming a Black Research Scientist’s Forgotten Legacy, ” New York Times


Harvey C. “The Chemist’s Most Creative Years, ” Science 127 (23 May 1958), pp.
Milton. Robert H. Goddard: Pioneer of Space Research. New York: Da Capo
Lehmann-Haupt, Christopher. “Opal Petty, 86, Held 51 Years Involuntarily in Texas, Dies, “


Nathaniel S. “Anti-Therapeutic and Anti-Democratic Aspects of Freudian Dynamic
Sally. “Call for Human Subjects Monitoring Group, ” Nature 388 (24 July 1997), p.
Sally. “Lawyers ‘Built Tobacco Smokescreen, ” Nature 376 (20 July 1995), p. 205.
Lehrmann, Sally. “Epidemiologist’s Funds Axed After Report on Californian Smoking, ” Nature
Lei, Xiong. “Biochemist Wages Online War Against Ethical Lapses, ” Science 293 (10 August
Leifer, Ronald. In The Name of Mental Health: The Social Functions of Psychiatry. New York:
Leland, John. “Psychodelia’s Middle-Aged Head Trip, ” New York Times, 18 November 2001
Lemaistre, Charles A. “Nobody Is Safe If a Smoker Is Around, ” New York Times, 4 January
Lemann, Nicholas. The Big Test: The Secret History of the American Meritocracy. New York:


John. “Gender Wars Redux, ” U.S. News and World Report, 22 February 1999, p. 24.
John. “Muffling the Master’s Voice, ” Time, 23 November 1981, p. 59. Lerner
Aaron B. Einstein and Newton: A Comparison of the Two Greatest Scientists.
Barron H. “Scholars Argue Over Legacy of Surgeon Who Was Lionized
Maura and Apgar, Sally. “‘U’ Medical School Dean to Step Down, ” Minneapolis

Maura and Rigert

Joe. “Audits Say ‘U’ Know of ALG Problems, ” 11 September 1992
Joe. “Despite Rules, ‘U’ Reluctant To Prevent Conflicts of Interest, “
Joe. “Unproved Drug Enriches ‘U’ Doctor, ” Minneapolis Star
Joe. “‘U’ Is Forced to Halt Sales of a Drug, ” Minneapolis Star
Max. “Enchanted Technology, ” Washington University Magazine 57 (Fall, 1987)
Lesky, Erna. In the Dictionary of Scientific Biography, the entry for Julius von Jauregg (or
Leslie, Mitch “Peddling Lead, ” Science 299 (7 February 2003), p. 795.
Letters to the Editor, “Retraction, ” Science, 300 (13 June 2003), P. 1657.
Leudes, Bill. “Shalala Accuser Booted, ” Isthmus 23 April 1993, p. 8.
Lev, Michael. “3 Ex-Workers of Lockheed Are Awarded $45 Million, ” New York Times, 16
LeVay, Simon. “A Difference in Hypothalamic Structure Between Heterosexual and
Levene, Michael. Deep Cover: The Inside Story of How DEA Infighting, Incompetence and
Levene, Michael. Deep Cover: The Inside Story of How DEA Infighting, Incompetence and


George. “Darwin and the Evolution of Fiction, ” New York Times Book Review, 5
Richard J. and Rhoden, William C. “The End (Again) For Westway, ” New York Times


Clifford J. and Luo, Michael. “New York Medicaid Fraud May Reach into Billions, ” New
Steven. “E.T.S. and the ‘Coaching’ Cover-Up, ” New Jersey Monthly 3 (March, 1979), pp.
Steven. Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution. Garden City, New York: Anchor


Benjamin. “Fraud and the Fabric of Science, ” Cell 57 (2 June 1989), pp. 699-700.
Benjamin. “Travels on the Fraud Circuit, ” Editorial. Cell 57 (19 May 1989), pp.
Roger. “A Heresy in Evolutionary Biology, ” Science 241 (16 September 1988), p. 1431.
Roger. “Darwin Died at a Most Propitious Time, ” Science 217 (20 August 1982), pp.
Roger. “DNA Clock Conflict Continues, ” Science 241 (30 September 1988), pp.
Roger. “Lamarck Will Not Lie Down, ” Science 213 (17 July 1981), pp. 316-321.
Roger. “Mammoth Fraud Exposed, ” Science 242 (2 December 1988), p. 1246.
Roger. “Overblown Reports Distort Obesity Risks, ” Science 211 (16 January 1981), p.
Roger. “Parkinson’s Disease: An Environmental Cause?” Science 229 (19 July 1985)
Roger. “The Case of the ‘Misplaced’ Fossils, ” Science 244 (21 April 1989), pp. 277-
Roger. “What Killed the Giant Mammals?” Science 221 (8 September 1983), pp.
Roger. Bones of Contention: Confrontations in the Search for Human Origins. New
Tamar. “Dean at M.I.T. Resigns Ending a 28-Year Lie, ” New York Times, 27 April
Tamar. “Founder of Anti-Drunk-Driving Group Now Lobbies for Breweries, ” New York
Tamar. “M.I.T. Dean Who Resigned Has a Degree After All, ” New York Times 3 May
Tamar. “Page Two on Birth Certificates: The Confidential Portion, ” New York Times
Tamar. “Tangled Case of Sexual Molestation Pits a Doctor Against 8 Poor Women, “
Tamar. “U.S. Investigating Johns Hopkins Study of Lead Paint Hazard, ” New York
Tamar. Henry Chauncey Dies at 97; Shaped Admission Testing for the Nation’s
Lewington, Jennifer. “Canadian Panel Proposes Code of Conduct for Research on Human


Bernard. History – Remembered, Recovered, Invented. Princeton: Princeton University
Flora. “A ‘Star Wars’ Cover-Up, ” New York Times, 3 December 1985, p.
Lionel S. Scaling the Ivory Tower: Merit and Its Limits in Academic Careers. Baltimore:
Neal A. “Medical Establishment Hopes to Thwart Residents’ Lawsuit, ” New York
Nolan D. C. and Strahl, Margaret O., editors. The Complete Psychiatrist: The
Peter H. “Hackers on Internet Posing Security Risks, Experts Say, ” New York Times, 21
Peter H. “Student Accused of Running Network for Pirated Software, ” New York Times
Ricki. “Does HIV Really Cause AIDS?” Schenectady, New York: The Sunday Gazette
Sinclair. Arrowsmith. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1925.
Thomas A. “The Difficult Quest of Herbert Needleman, ” National Wildlife (April/May
Lewis. Peter H. “Leading Computer Hacker Pleads Guilty to 2 Counts, ” New York Times, 24


R. C. “The Inferiority Complex, ” New York Review of Books, 22 October 1981, pp.
R. C. and Hartl, Daniel L. “Population Genetics in Forensic DNA Typing, ” Science
R. C.; Rose, Steven, and Kamin, Leon J. Not in Our Genes: Biology, Ideology, and
Richard. “Billions and Billions of Demons, ” a review of Carl Sagan, The


Ronald. “From the Caves of the Barranco del Infierno to the Stores of the Peabody
Willy. Dawn of Zoology. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1968.
Willy. Salamanders and Other Wonders. New York: Viking, 1955.
Liazos, Alexander. “The Poverty of the Sociology of Deviance: Nuts, Sluts and Preverts, ” Social


Robert Jay. “German Doctors and the Final Solution, ” New York Times Magazine, 21
Robert Jay. The Nazi Doctors: Medical Killing and the Psychology of Genocide. New
Lilge, Frederic. The Abuse of Learning: The Failure of the German University. New York:
Lindberg, David C. “The ‘Age-Old Conflict’ Between Christianity and Science Reconsidered, “
Lindley, David. “The Embarrassment of Cold Fusion, ” Nature 344 (29 March 1990), pp.
Lindsey, Robert. “Silicon Valley Greed Makes the Chips Fly, ” New York Times, 24 July 1982
Lipshitz, Howard D. “Dishonesty in Science, ” Letter to the editor, Los Angeles Times, 7
Lipsky, Eleazar. The Scientists. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1959. Liptak
Adam and Bluementhal, Ralph. “New Doubt Cast on Testing in Houston Police Crime
Adam. “From One Footnote, a Debate Over the Tangles of Law, Science and Money, “


Eric and Glanz, James. “Towers Collapse Raises New Doubts About Fire Tests, ” New
Jack P. and Hershaft, Alan M. “On the Widespread Acceptance of Dubious Medical
Liska, Allen E. Perspectives on Deviance. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1981. Littman
Jonathan. “Scientific Fraud Can’t Fool Sleuths Armed With a Mac, ” MacWeek 30
Jonathan. “The Shockwave Rider, ” PC/Computing, June, 1990, pp. 143-159.
Liversidge, Anthony. “Heresy: Three Scientists Battle the Establishment, ” Omni (June, 1993)


Natasha. “A Question of Trust, ” Nature 405 (22 June 2000), pp. 878-880.
Natasha. “Journal Under Attack Over Controversial Paper on GM Food, ” Nature, 401 (21
Natasha. “Wallace Rescued From Grave Injustice, ” Nature 400 (5 August 1999), p. 489.
Loevinger, Lee. “Whistle-Blowing, ” Science 240 (10 June 1988), p. 1389. Loewen
James W. Lies Across America: What our Historical Sites Get Wrong. New York:
James W. Lies My Teacher Told Me: Everything Your American History Textbook
James W. The Truth About Columbus: A Subversively True Poster Book for a
Loewenberg, Bert James. Darwin, Wallace and the Theory of Natural Selection. Private and
Logan, Andy. The Man Who Robbed the Robber Barons. Pleasantville, New York: The Akadine
Lohr, Steve. “A Fall From Grace in Biotech, ” New York Times, 3 March 1983, pp. D1, D10.
Lombroso, Caesare. The Man of Genius. New York: Scribner’s, 1896. London
Perry. Behavior Control. New York: Harper, 1969.
Robb. “Judge Strikes Rules on Scientific Fraud Inquiries, ” New York Times, m 3 May
Lonn, Ulf. Letter to the Editor, “Refutation of investigation commissioned by Karollnska
Loomer, Alice. Famous Flaws. New York: Macmillan, 1976.
Lorenz, Konrad. Civilized Man’s Eight Deadly Sins. New York: Harcourt, 1973. Los Angeles Times
“Buffalo Scientists Accused of Copying, ” Albany Times-Union, 30
“Nobel Laureate’s Data Target of Probe, ” Los Angeles Times, 5 May 1989
Lourie, Richard. Sakharov: A Biography. Hanover: Brandeis University Press, 2002.
Lowen, Rebecca S. Creating the Cold War University: The Transformation of Stanford.
Lubasch, Arnold H. “Judge in I.B.M. Case Bids Congress Study Dropping of Charges, ” New
Luchins, Daniel J. “Letter to the Editor, ” New York Times Magazine, 11 June 1989, p. 12.
Ludmerer, Kenneth. Genetics in American Society. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins


Thomas J. “New York’s Job Market: Why So Many Are Sitting Out, ” New York Times
Thomas J. “West Point Honor System Faces Study After Expulsion Furor, ” New York
Lukes, Steven. “Scholar and Pamphleteer, ” a review of C. Wright Mills: An American Utopian


Ferdinand. Cracks in the Constitution. Secaucus, N. J.: Lyle Stuart, 1980.
George A. Social Research: A Study in Methods of Gathering Data. New York:


Sarah. “Inquiry Shows British Scientists took Brains Without Families’ Consent, ” New
Sarah. “Piltdown Man Hoaxer: Missing Link is Found, ” New York Times, 25 May 1996
Lyman, Stanford M. The Seven Deadly Sins: Society and Evil. New York: St. Martin’s Press


Richard D. “Fake M.D. Problem Growing, State Officials Say, ” New York Times, 12
Richard D. “Investigators Look for Thousands With Falsified Degrees as Doctors, ” New
Lytton, Hugh. “‘This Is How It’s Always Been Done’: The Treatment of Academic Misconduct


M, J. L. “Lasker Award Stirs Controversy, ” Science 203 (26 January 1979), p. 341.
Maag, Christopher. “Nuclear Site Nears End of Its Conversion to a Park, ” New York Times, 20
MacAvoy, Paul W. “The Underground – No Recession There, ” New York Times, 4 July 1982, p.
MacDougall, Curtis D. Hoaxes. New York: Macmillan, 1941. Macfarlane
Jean Walker. “From Infancy to Adulthood, ” Childhood Education 39 (March
Jean Walker. “Perspectives on Personality Consistency and Change from The
Mach, Ernst. The Science of Mechanics: A Critical and Historical Account of Its Development.


Colin. “Campuses Ring To A Stormy Clash Over Truth and Reason, ” Nature 387
Colin. “Cash Rivalry ‘Fosters Neglect of Postdoc Supervision, ‘” Nature 383 (26
Colin. “Closure of Astrophysics Laboratory Blamed on Enola Gay ‘Fallout, ‘”
MacIlwain, Colin. “Conflict-of-Interest Debate Stirs Mixed Reaction at NIH, ” Nature 367 (3


Colin. “Misconduct Meeting Fails to Draw Sceptics, ” Nature (11 April 1996), p.
Colin. “NIH Urged to Cap Profits Made on Publicly Funded Research, ” Nature 406
Colin. “Physicists Seek Definition of ‘Science, ‘” Nature 392 (30 April 1998), p.
Colin. “Problems of Integrity are ‘Pervasive, ‘” Nature 381 (27 June 1996), p. 719.
Colin. “Public Faith in Science Stays High, ” Nature 381 (30 May 1996), p. 355.
Colin. “Republicans Challenge Evidence of Man-Made Climate Change, ” Nature
Colin. “Self-Policing Backed for Research on Humans, ” Nature 406 (6 July 2000)
Colin. “U.S. Radiation Report Fails to Satisfy Critics, ” Nature 377 (12 October
Colin. “U.S. Radiation Reports Prompts Bioethics Move, ” Nature 377 (5 October
Colin. “US Academy Warns of Disaster If Required to Open Up Panels, ” Nature
Colin. “US Agencies Urged to Tighten Up Peer Review, ” Nature 364 (5 August
Colin. “US Bioethics Panel Poised to Judge Local Review Boards, ” Nature 383 (10
Colin. “‘Ambition and Impatience’ Blamed for Fraud, ” Nature 384 (7 November
MacIlwain, Colin. “‘Science and Reason’ Forum Finds Enemies All Around, ” Nature 375 (8


Colin. “‘Science and Society’ Course is Under Threat at Stanford, ” Nature 381 (16
Colin. “‘Science Wars’ Blamed for Loss of Post, ” Nature 387 (22 May 1997), p.
Colin. “‘Whistleblowers Face Blast of Hostility, ‘” Nature, 385 (20 February 1997)
Mackay, Charles. Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds. Wells
MacKenzie, Donald A. Statistics in Britain, 1865-1930. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press
MacKinnon, Donald W. “What Makes a Person Creative?” Saturday Review 45 (10 February


Allen R. “The First Electronic Computer, ” Physics Today 40 (March, 1982), pp.
N.J. Cyril Burt: Fraud or Framed? New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
MacLeod, Roy and Collins, Peter, editors. The Parliament Of Science: The British Association


Brenda. “Homosexual Parents, ” Psychology Today, February, 1982, pp. 62-69.
Brenda. Rosalind Franklin: The Dark Lady of DNA. New York: HarperCollins, 2002.
John. “AIDS Research Turned Upside Down, ” Nature 353 (26 September 1991), p.
John. “Competition and the Death of Science, ” Nature 363 (24 June 1993), p. 667
John. “Dr. Baltimore’s Experiment in Hubris, ” New York Times, 31 March 1991, p. E
John. “False Calculation of pi by Experiment, ” Nature 370 (4 August 1994) p. 323.
John. “Give The Hunger-Striker a Break, ” Nature 363 (17 June 1993), p. 579.
John. “Plagiarism Is Worse Than Mere Theft, ” Nature 376 (31 August 1995), p. 721.
John; Randi, James, and Stewart, Walter W. “‘High-dilution’ Experiments a
Robert J. The Unknown War With Russia: Wilson’s Siberian Intervention. San Rafael
Mader, Sylvia S. Biology: Evolution, Diversity and the Environment. Dubuque, Iowa: William


Gene I. “Debate Over Engineering Courses, ” New York Times, 8 November 1983, pp.
Gene I. “Trial Set in Suit Over 7 Cancer Cases, ” New York Times, 9 March 1986, p.
Gene. “Elite High Schools Accept 873 After Pupils Find Test Errors, ” New York
Magie. William F. A Source Book in Physics. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University
Magner, Denise K. “Nader Warns Universities of the Ethical Perils of Increased Links With Big
Magnuson, Ed. “Hitler’s Forged Diaries, ” Time, 16 May 1983, pp. 36-47.
Mahl, George F. “A Personal Encounter With Scientific Deviance, ” American Psychologist
Mahony, Patrick J. Freud and the Rat Man. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.
Maier, N. R. F. “Maier’s Law, ” in Psychology in the Wry, Robert A. Baker, editor. New York:
Mailer, Norman. Of A Fire on the Moon. Boston: Little Brown, 1970.
Maines, Rachel P. The Technology of Orgasm: “Hysteria, ” the Vibrator, and Women’s Sexual
Maitlnd-Werner, Leslie. “Panel Outlines Research Threat, ” New York Times, 20 May 1986, pp.
Malakof, David. “U.S. National Academies Move to Review Advisory Panels, ” Science (28


David and Drennan, Kerry. “Butler Gets 2 Years for Mishandling Plague Samples, “
David and Enserink, Martin. “Butler Cleared on Most Biosecurity Charges, Convicted
David. “Advocacy Mailing Draws Fire, ” Science 280 (10 April 1998), p. 195.
David. “Butler ‘Lit Bonfire’ to Hide Misdeeds, U.S. Says, ” Science 302 (7 November
David. “Democrats Accuse Bush of Letting Politics Distort Science, ” Science 301 (15
David. “Flawed Cancer Study Leads to Shake-Up at Univ. of Oklahoma, ” Science
David. “Rock Dates Thrown Into Doubt, Researcher Under Fire, ” Science 280 (26
David. “Texas Scientist Admits Falsifying Results, ” Science 290 (13 October 2000)
David. “The Multiple Repercussions of a Fudged Grant Application, ” Science 300 (4
David. “White House Asks Community to Oppose Earmark Projects, ” Science 293
Malatesta, Anne and Friedland, Ronald. The White Kikuyu: Louis S. B. Leakey. New York:


Janet. “Annals of Scholarship: Trouble in the Archives – I, ” The New Yorker, 5
Janet. “Annals of Scholarship: Trouble in the Archives – II, ” The New Yorker, 12
Janet. Psychoanalysis: The Impossible Profession. New York: Knopf, 1980.
Mallon, Thomas. Stolen Words: Forays and Ravages of Plagiarism. New York: Ticknow &
Mandall, Richard D. The Professor Game. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1977.
Mangan, Katherine S. “Georgetown Suspends Plan to Link Medical Professors’ Pay to Ability to
Mangold, Tom and Goldberg, Jeff. Plague Wars: The Terrifying Reality of Biological Warfare.
Manier, Edward. The Young Darwin and His Cultural Circle: A Study of Influences Which


Charles C. “Anthropological Warfare, ” Science 291 (19 January 2001), pp. 416-421.
Charles C. “Has GM Corn ‘Invaded’ Mexico?” Science 295 (1 March 2002), pp. 1619
Charles C. “Misconduct Alleged in Yanomamo Studies, ” Science 289 (29 September
Charles C. “Misconduct Alleged in Yanomamo Studies, ” Science 289 (29 September
Charles C. Radiation: Balancing The Record, ” Science 263 (28 January 1994), pp. 470-
Jonathan M. “A Prospective Study of Response Error in Food History Questionnaires:
Thomas. Confessions of Felix Krull: Confidence Man (The Early Years). New York:
Mansfield, Richard S. and Busse, Thomas V. The Psychology of Creativity and Discovery.

Mansnerus, Laura and Roberts

Katerine. “The Met Reviews Two Rembrandts, ” New York
Katherine. “AMA Takes on Inept Doctors, ” New York Times, 6
Katherine. “Biotechnicians Study Abroad to Avoid U.S. Rules, “
Katherine. “Pursuing Personalities, ” New York Times, 16


Frank E. “Newton as Autocrat of Science, ” Daedalus 97 (Summer, 1968), pp. 969-
Frank. A Portrait of Isaac Newton. Cambridge, Mass: The Belknap Press of Harvard

Manwell, Clyde and Baker

C. M. Ann. “Honesty in Science, ” Search 12 (June, 1981), pp.
C. M. Ann. “Honesty in Science: A Partial Test of a Sociobiological
Mararazzo, Joseph D. “Computerized Psychological Testing, ” Science 221 (22 July 1983), p.
Marchant, James. Alfred Russel Wallace: Letters and Reminiscences. New York: Harper, 1916.
Marcus, George E. “One Man’s Mead, ” New York Times Book Review, 27 March 1983, p.


David. “25 Wrongfully Executed in U.S., Study Finds, ” New York Times, 14
David. “Psychoanalyst Loses Libel Suit Against a New Yorker Reporter, ” New York
David. “The Split at Harvard Law Goes Down to Its Foundations, ” New York
Margolis, J. “Citation Indexing and Evaluation of Scientific Papers, ” Science 155 (10 March


Howard. “Long Ago Against Diphtheria, the Heroes Were Horses, ” New York Times
Howard. “The I.D. of the M.D. from Guadalajara, ” New York Times, 3 April 2005, p.
Howard. “The New Yorker Who Changed the Diet of the South, ” New York Times, 12


John “Cyberspace’s Most Wanted: Hacker Eludes F.B.I. Pursuit, ” New York Times, 4
John, “Hacker and Grifter Duel on the Net, ” New York Times, 19 February 1995, pp.
John. “Arrests in Computer Break-Ins Show a Global Peril, ” New York Times, 4 April
John. “Computer Virus May be Worse than Disease, ” New York Times, 7 October
John. “Locking the Doors in the Electronic Global Village, ” New York Times, 28 July
John. “One Man’s Fight for Free Software, ” New York Times, 11 January 1989, pp.
John. “Supercomputer Pictures the Once Insoluble, ” New York Times, 30 October
John. “U.S. Drops Computer Case Against Student, ” New York Times, 28 July 1990
Markowitz, Gerald and Rosner, David. Deceit and Denial: The Deadly Politics of Industrial


John. The Search for the “Manchurian Candidate”: The CIA and Mind Control. New
Jonathan. “Scientific Misconduct: Where ‘Just Say No’ Fails, ” American Scientist
Jonathan. Anthropology Bulletin Board, 23 September 1993.
Marmor, Theodore R. “The More There Are, The More We Pay, ” New York Times, 29 June
Marquart, Martha. Paul Ehrlich. New York: Henry Schuman, 1941.
Marsa, Linda. “Scientific Fraud” Omni, June 1992, pp. 39ff. Marshall
Eliot and Hamilton, David P. ” A Glut of ‘Academic Pork, ‘” Science 250 (23
Eliot. “A Clash Over Standards for Scientific Records, ” Science 248 (4 May 1990)
Eliot. “A Controversy on Samoa Comes of Age, ” Science 219 (4 March 1983), pp.
Eliot. “A New Wrinkle in Retin-A Dispute, ” Science 256 (1 May 1992), pp. 607-608.
Eliot. “Academy Membership Fight Goes Public, ” Science 234 (5 December 1986)
Eliot. “Academy Sued on ‘Plagiarized’ Report, ” Science 247 (2 March 1990), p. 1022.
Eliot. “AID Acts on Erickson Case, ” Science 242 (14 October 1988), p. 188.
Eliot. “AIDS Story Prompts Libel Suit, ” Science 258 (4 December 1992), p. 1567.
Eliot. “An NSF Survey Rattles Some Nerves, ” Science 257 (31 July 1992), p. 609.
Eliot. “Anthropologists Debate Tasaday Hoax Evidence, ” Science 246 (1 December
Eliot. “Bastions of Tradition Adapt To Alternative Medicine, ” Science 288 (2 June
Eliot. “Biotech Firm in High-Nicotine Intrigue, ” Science 279 (16 January 1998), p.
Eliot. “Block Ends Checks on USDA Peer Panels, ” Science 216 (4 June 1982), p.
Eliot. “Bringing NASA Down to Earth, ” Science 244 (16 June 1989), pp. 1248-1251.
Eliot. “Crisis in AID Malarial Network, ” Science 241 (29 July 1988), pp. 521-523.
Eliot. “Dingell Presses Universities on Dues Costs, ” Science, 252 (12 April 1991, p.
Eliot. “Disclosing Data Can Get You in Trouble, ” Science 276 (2 May 1997), pp.
Eliot. “Dispute Slows Paper on ‘Remarkable’ Vaccine, ” Science 268 (23 June 1995)
Eliot. “Dispute Splits Schizophrenia Study, ” Science 268 (12 May 1995), pp.
Eliot. “Disputed Results Now Just a Footnote, ” Science 273 (12 July 1996), pp.
Eliot. “Do Seminars Leak Navy Secrets?” Science 224 (29 June 1984), p. 1409.
Eliot. “DOE’s Guide to Weapons Plant Spill, ” Science 242 (16 December 1988), pp.
Eliot. “Duke Study Faults Overuse of Stimulants for Children, ” Science 289 (4 August
Eliot. “Early Data: Losing Our Memory, ” Science 244 (16 June 1989), p. 1250.
Eliot. “EPA Faults Classic Lead Poisoning Study, ” Science 222 (25 November 1983)
Eliot. “EPA’s Troubles Reach a Crescendo, ” Science 219 (25 March 1983), pp.
Eliot. “Erickson Charge Dropped, ” Science 242 (14 November 1988), p. 1007.
Eliot. “Federal Court Finds IBT Officials Guilty of Fraud, ” Science 222 (25
Eliot. “Fraud Strikes Top Genome Lab, ” Science 274 (8 November 1996), pp. 908-
Eliot. “Fraudbuster Ends Hunger Strike, ” Science 260 (18 June 1993), p. 1715.
Eliot. “Gallo’s Institute at the Last Hurdle, ” Science 271 (* March 1996), p. 1359.
Eliot. “Garwin and Weber’s Waves, ” Science 212 (15 May 1981), p. 765.
Eliot. “Glenn Uncovers The Great Pizza Scandal, ” Science 254 (4 October 1991), p.
Eliot. “Intellectual Conflicts – Boon or Bust?” Science 257 (31 July 1992), p. 624.
Eliot. “Lab Chef, Postdoc Clash Over Nanotech Paper, ” Science 292 (29 June 2001)
Eliot. “Legal Threat Halts CDC Meeting on Lead, ” Science 223 (17 February 1984)
Eliot. “Less Hype, More Biology Needed for Gene Therapy, ” Science 270 (15
Eliot. “Low Tech Earth Observation, ” Science 244 (16 June 1989), p. 1249.
Eliot. “Malaria Research Indicted, ” Science 245 (22 September 1989) p. 1326.
Eliot. “MSU Officials Criticized for Mishandling Data Dispute, ” Science 259 (29
Eliot. “Nestle Letter Stops NIH Talk, ” Science 219 (4 February 1983), p. 469.
Eliot. “New Group Targets Political Bias on Campus, ” Science 229 (30 August 1985)
Eliot. “Newman’s Impossible Motor, ” Science 223 (10 February 1984), pp. 571-572.
Eliot. “Niederhauser Wins Battle for ACS Presidency, ” Science 218 (3 December
Eliot. “NIH Examines Standards for Consent, ” Science 280 (12 June 1998), p. 1688.
Eliot. “NIH’s ‘Gay Gene’ Study Questioned, ” Science 268 (30 June 1995), p. 1841.
Eliot. “NSF Deals With Conflicts Every Day, ” Science 257 (31 July 1992), p. 624.
Eliot. “Panel Faults Research Consent Process, ” Science 270 (6 October 1995), p. 25.
Eliot. “Peary’s North Pole Claim Reexamined, ” Science 243 (3 March 1989), pp.
Eliot. “Peer Review Under Fire From Nader Group, ” Science 245 (21 July 1989), p.
Eliot. “Peer Review: Written and Unwritten Rules, ” Science 270 (22 December 1995)
Eliot. “Penn Charges Retin-A Inventor With Conflict, ” Science (247 (2 March 1990)
Eliot. “Pesticide Office Demands New Safety Studies, ” Science 221 (29 July 1983), p.
Eliot. “Pork: Washington’s Growth Industry, ” Science 254 (1 November 1991), pp.
Eliot. “Privacy Suit Puts Cancer Agency on Trial, ” Science 224 (27 April 1984), pp.
Eliot. “Reanalysis Confirms Results of ‘Tainted’ Study, ” Science 270 (8 December
Eliot. “Researchers Irked by Changes to Testimony, ” Science 244 (12 May 1989), p.
Eliot. “Researchers Sue to Get Reviewer Names, ” Science 363 (11 February 1994), p.
Eliot. “San Diego’s Tough Stand on Research Fraud, ” Science 234 (31 October 1986)
Eliot. “Science Advisors Need Advice, ” Science 245 (7 July 1989), pp. 20-22.
Eliot. “Science Beyond the Pale, ” Science 249 (6 July 1990), pp. 14-16.
Eliot. “Secretiveness Found Widespread in Life Sciences, ” Science 276 (25 April
Eliot. “Security Checks on USDA Peer Reviewers, ” Science 216 (7 May 1982), p.
Eliot. “Selenium Poisons Refuge, California Politics, ” Science 229 (12 July 1985), pp.
Eliot. “Sex on the Brain, ” Science 257 (31 July 1992), pp. 620-621.
Eliot. “Shutdown at Hopkins Sparks a Debate, ” Science 293 (27 July 2001, pp. 587-
Eliot. “Small Comets/Big Flap, ” Science 257 (31 July 1992), p. 622.
Eliot. “Suit Alleges Misuse of Peer Review, ” Science 270 (22 December 1995), pp.
Eliot. “Supreme Court to Weigh Science, ” Science 259 (29 January 1993), pp. 588-
Eliot. “Textbook Credits Bruise Psychiatrists’ Egos, ” Science 235 (20 February 1987)
Eliot. “The Cost of Scientific Pork Keeps Going Up, ” Science 260 (9 April 1993), p.
Eliot. “The Geopolitics of R&D, ” Science 247 (2 March 1990), pp. 1023-1024.
Eliot. “The Misconduct Case That Won’t Go Away, ” Science 286 (5 November
Eliot. “The Murky World of Toxicity Testing, ” Science 220 (10 June 1983), pp. 1130-
Eliot. “The Perils of a Deeply Held Point of View, ” Science 257 (31 July 1992), pp.
Eliot. “The Politics of Lead, ” Science 216 (30 April 1982), p. 496.
Eliot. “The Power of the Front Page of the New York Times, Science 280 (15 May
Eliot. “The Synfuels Shopping List, ” Science 223 (6 January 1984), pp. 31-32.
Eliot. “The Worms’s Aftermath, ” Science 242 (25 November 1988), pp. 1121-1122.
Eliot. “Thrust and Parry Over Indirect Costs, ” Science, 255 (17 January 1992), p. 279.
Eliot. “Tobacco Science Wars, ” Science 236 (17 April 1987), pp. 250-251.
Eliot. “Top Talent Leaving NASA…” Science 245 (21 July 1989), p. 251.
Eliot. “Trial Set to Focus on Peer Review, ” Science 372 (30 August 1996), pp.
Eliot. “Two Former Grad Students Sue Over Alleged Misuse of Ideas, ” Science 284
Eliot. “Universities Balk at OMB Funding Rules, ” Science 278 (7 November 1997), p.
Eliot. “Universities Puncture Modest Regulartory Trial Balloon, ” Science 291 (16
Eliot. “USDA Admits ‘Mistake’ in Doctoring Study, ” Science 247 (2 February 1990.
Eliot. “USGS Reports a Fraud, ” Science 244 (23 June 1989), p. 1437.
Eliot. “When Does Intellectual Passion Become Conflict of Interest?” Science 257 (31
Eliot. “When the Source is Suspect, ” Science 261 (16 July 1993), p. 285.
Eliot. “Worm Invades Computer Networks, ” Science 242 (11 November 1988), pp.
Eliot.”Buried Data Can be Hazardous to a Company’s Health, ” Science 304 (11 June


Brian, editor. Confronting the Experts. Albany, N.Y.: The State University of New York
Brian. “Fraud and Australian Academics, ” Thought & Action 5 (Fall, 1989), pp.
Brian. “Plagiarism and Responsibility, ” Journal of Tertiary Educational Administration
Brian. “Plagiarism: A Misplaced Emphasis, ” Journal of Information Ethics, Fall, 1994
Brian. “Scientific Fraud and the Power Structure of Science, ” Prometheus 10 (June
Brian; Baker, C. M. Ann; Manwell, Clyde and Pugh, Cedric, editors. Intellectual
Douglas. “Marvin Harris, 74, Is Dead; Professor Was Iconoclast of Anthropologists, “
Douglas. Ivan Illich, 76, Priest Turned Philosopher Whose Vioews Drew Baby Boomers
Malachi. “The Insignificant Cry of Roger Bacon, ” Intellectual Digest 2 (August, 1972)
Malachi. “The Scientist as Shaman, ” Harper’s 244 (March, 1972), pp. 54-61.
Robert G. Letter. “Quality of Biomedical Literature, ” Science 235 (9 January 1987), p.


Jean L. “Bar Harbor Investigation Reveals no Fraud, ” Science 220 (17 June 1983), p.
Jean L. “Swiss Research Questioned, ” Science 220 (3 June 1983), p. 1023.
Mashall, Eliot. “Mountain Sheep Experts Draw Hunter’s Fire, ” Science 248 (27 April 1990)
Mashood, Ehsan. “Companies Cool to Tactics of Global Warming Lobby, ” Nature 383 (10
Maslow, Abraham H. The Psychology of Science: A Reconnaissance. New York: Henry
Mason, Stephen F. A History of The Sciences. Revised Edition. New York: Collier Books


Ehsan. “Britain Draws up ‘Superleague’ Plan for Leading Research Universities, “
Ehsan. “Head of Climate Group Rejects Claims of Political Influence, ” Nature 381 (6
Ehsan. “Sparks Fly Over Climate Report, ” Nature 381 (20 June 1996), p. 639.
Ehsan. “United States Backs Climate Panel Findings, ” Nature 382 (25 July 1996), p.


Douglas S. “Shrugging Off Racism, ” The Washington Post, 17 May 1992, p. C2.
Walter E. “Science Education in the United States: What the Scientific Community Can


Jeffrey M. “Freud and the Seduction Theory, ” The Atlantic Monthly, February, 1984
Jeffrey Moussaieff. Final Analysis: The Making and Unmaking of a Psychoanalyst.
Jeffrey Moussaieff. The Assault on Truth: Freud’s Supression of the Seduction
Masur, Allan. “Disputes Between Experts, ” Minerva 11 (April, 1973), pp. 243-262.
Matson, Floyd W. The Broken Image: Man, Science and Society. Garden City, New York:
Maugh, Thomas H., II. “Marijuana Justifies Serious Concern, ” Science 215 (19 March 1982)


Seymour H. “Hauy Mode of Chemical Equivalence, Daltonian Doubts Exhumed, “
Seymour H., editor. The Reception of Unconventional Science. Washington, D. C.:
Mausner, Bernard and Judith. “A Study of the Anti-Scientific Attitude, ” Scientific American


Clifford D. “Local Foes Hamper New York’s Bid for Collider, ” New York Times, 10
Kenneth O. “Growth and Quality of the Mathematical Literature, ” Isis 59 (Winter, 1968)
Robert M. and Sarson, Stuart C. “Revealing the Hidden Costs of Research, ” Nature 398 (8
Mayer, Martin. The Bankers. New York: Ballantine, 1977.
Mazlish, Bruce. “The Other Darwin: Scientist as Moral Man, ” New York Times, 25 April 1982
Mazuzan, George T. “Peer Review: The Heart of the Research Enterprise, ” SUNY Research 8
McAuliffe, Kathleen. “The Undiscovered World of Thomas Edison, ” The Atlantic Monthly
McCabe, Heather. “Recriminations and Confusion over ‘Fake’ Coelacanth Photo, ” Nature 406
McCartney, Scott. ENIAC: The Triumph and Tragedies of the World’s First Computer. New
McClintick, David. Stealing From The Rich: The Home-Stake Oil Swindle. New York: M.
McCoubrey, Carmel. “Alice Stewart, 95; Linked X-Rays to Diseases, ” New York Times, 4 July
McCrea, Frances B. “The Politics of Menopause: The ‘Discovery’ of a Deficiency Disease, ” The
McCutchen, C. W. “Whistle-Blowing, ” Science 240 (10 June 1988), p. 1389. McDonald
Kim A. “U. of Utah Institute, in Its Final Report, Claims ‘Convincing Evidence’ for
Kim A. “U. of Utah President Plans to Retire; Decision Follows Criticism of
Kim A. “‘Discovery of the Century’ Brings Instant Celebrity, ” The Chronicle of
Kim. “Noted Harvard Psychiatrist Resigns Posts After Faculty Group Finds He


Edwin. “Being an Author by Any Other Name, ” New York Times, 14 October 1984
Edwin. “Publishers Wrestle with Inaccuracies, ” New York Times, 5 August 1984, p.
Natasha. “Africa Hungry for Conventional Food as Biotech Row Drags on, ” Nature
Natasha. “Africa Hungry for Conventional Food as Biotech Row Drags on, ” Nature
McEwen, J. Thomas. Dedicated Computer Crime Units. Washington, D.C.: National Institute of


Elizabeth. The Glitter and the Gold: A Spirited Account of the Metropolitan
Robert D. “Investigations of Coroner Set by Koch and Cuomo, ” New York Times
Robert D. “Koch Orders Inquiry Into Coroner; Gross Says He Will Be Vindicated, “
Robert D. “Scholar Misused Funds and Drugs In heroin Study, Prosecutors Say, “
Robert D. “Sloan-Kettering Hospital Plans to Dismiss Its Chief Neurosurgeon, ” New
McGill, Douglas C. “Plaster Model Called a Lost Michelangelo, ” New York Times, 6 March


Charles. “Outsourcing Homework, At $9.95 a Page, You Expected Poetry?” New
Ellie. “Sending Degrees to the Dogs, ” Time, 2 April 1984, p. 90. McGrory
Mary. “Health Agency Appears to be a Sick Place, ” Los Angeles Daily News, 18
Mary. “Starving for Science, ” The Washington Post, 27 July 1993, pp. C1, C3.
McHugh, Paul R. “Psychiatric Misadventures, ” The American Scholar, (Autumn, 1992), pp.
McKendrick, Neil; Brewer, John; and Plumb, J. H. The Birth of A Consumer Society: The


James C. “In Texas, A Line in the Curriculum Revives Evolution Debate, ” New
Jr., James C. “Texas Conservatives Win Curriculum Change, ” New
McKinney, H. Lewis. Wallace and Natural Selection. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1972.
McLeave, Hugh. Rogues in the Gallery. Boston: David R. Godine, 1981.
McLellan, Vin. “Computer Systems Under Siege, ” New York Times, 31 January 1988, pp. F1ff.
McLuhan, Marshall and Parker, Harley. Through the Vanishing Point. New York: Colophon
McMillen, Liz. “Foundations and Corporations Concentrate Giving at Top Universities, Study


Donald G., Jr. “Once Again, the Disease Confounds Science, ” New York Times, 26
Jr. Donald G. “Research on Ecstasy Is Clouded by Errors, ” New York Times, 2
Donald G. “Review Finds Scientists With Ties to Companies, ” New York Times
Donald G. “Tough-Talking Journal Editor Faces Accusations of Leniency, ” New
McNeill, William H. Plagues and Peoples. New York: Anchor, 1976.
McNiff, Megan. “SUNYA Professor Pleads Guilty to Stolen Computer Data, ” ASP, 30 March
McPhee, John. The Curve of Binding Energy. New York: Farrarm Straus and Girous, 1986.


George H. Mind, Self and Society: From the Standpoint of a Social Behaviorist. Edited
Margaret and Metraux, Rhoda. “Image of the Scientist Among High School Students, “


A. J. Science and Controversy: A Biography of Sir Norman Lockyer. Cambridge
Donella H.; Meadows, Dennis L.; Randers, Jorgen and Behrens, William W., III. The
Paul and Meadows, Peter. “Anomaly Revisited: Rules and Roles in Research, ” paper
Paul. “Science as Experience: A Genetic and Comparative Review, ” American


P(eter) B(rian). Induction and Intuition in Scientific Thought. Philadelphia, Pa.:
P(eter) B. Advice to a Young Scientist. New York: Harper, 1979.
P. B. “Darwin’s Illness, ” in The Art of the Soluble. London: Methuen, 1967, pp.
P. B. Is The Scientific Paper a Fraud? Experiment: A Series of Scientific Case
Peter B. “Science and the Patchwork Mouse, ” Science News 109 (22 May 1976), p.
Peter B. The Art of the Soluble. Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin, 1969.
Peter B. The Limits of Science. New York: Harper, 1984.
Mednick, Sarnoff A.; Gabrielli, William F., Jr., and Hutchings, Barry. “Genetic Influences in
Medvedev, Zhores A. The Rise and Fall of T. D. Lysenko. Garden City, New York: Anchor


Barry and Sauk, Stephanie. “Marketing of Vioxx: How Merck Played Game of Catch-
Barry and Wilford, John Noble. “Emergence of the Gospel of Judas Offers Tangled Tale of
Barry and Wilson, Duff. Discredited Research Study Stuns an Ex-Army Doctor’s
Barry. “Panel Finds Shortcomings in Bone Study, ” New York Times, 16
Barry. “A Silent Witness in Cigarette Trials, ” New York Times, 30 March 1998, p. A10.
Barry. “Battle for Baby Formula Market, ” New York Times, 15 June 1993, pp. D1, D17.
Barry. “Battle for Baby Formula Market, ” New York Times, 15 June 1993, pp. D1, D17.
Barry. “CSX Will Pay Whistle-Blower $1.18 million, ” New York Times, 30 September
Barry. “Doctors’ Investments in Home Care Grow, Raising Fears of Ethical Swamp, “
Barry. “Growing Debate as Doctors Train on New Devices, ” New York Times, 1 August
Barry. “Narcotic Maker Guilty of Deceit Over Marketing, ” New York Times, 11 May
Barry. “U.S. Investigates AIDS Researcher, ” New York Times, 5 November 1992, p.
Mendelsohn, Robert S. Confessions of a Medical Heretic. New York: Warner Books, 1980.
Menon, Shanti. “The Piltdown Perp, ” Discover, January 1997), p. 34.
Meredith, Nikki. “The Murder Epidemic, ” Science 84 (December, 1984), pp. 42-48.
Merkin, N. Pregnancy As A Disease. Port Washington, N.Y.: Kennikat, 1976. Merton
Robert K. “Behavioral Patterns of Scientists, ” in The Sociology of Science: Theoretical
Robert K. “Priorities in Scientific Discovery, ” American Sociological Review 22
Robert K. “Role of the Intellectual in Public Bureaucracy, ” Social Theory and Social
Robert K. “Singletons and Multiples in Science, ” in The Sociology of Science:
Robert K. “The ambivalence of Scientists, ” in The Sociology of Science: Theoretical
Robert K. “The Matthew Effect in Science, ” Science 159 (5 January 1968), pp. 56-63.
Robert K. “Thematic Analysis in Science: Notes on Holton’s Concept, ” Science 188
Robert K. Science, Technology and Society in Seventeenth Century England. New
Robert K. Social Theory and Social Structure. New York: The Free Press, 1952.


Jeffrey. “A Controversial IDeA to Shrink the Biomedical Gap, ” Science 293 (21
Jeffrey. “Donna Shalala and the Future of NIH, ” Science 261 (2 July 1993), pp. 20-21.
Jeffrey. “Marathon Hearing Gets Under Way, ” Science 268 (16 June 1995), p. 1561.
Jeffrey. “NIH takes Stewart and Feder Off The Misconduct Beat, ” Nature 362 (22 April
Jeffrey. “NSF Candidate Study Irks Congress, ” Science 277 (4 July 1997), p. 26.
Mew York Times, “Some Bed-Wetting Is Linked to a Gene, ” New York Times, 1 July 1995, p.


Alfred. “A Science Watcher’s View, ” Science 83 (January/February, 1983), pp. 95-96.
Jerome S. Great Accidents in Science that Changed the World. New York: ARCO
Michael. “Is This Hacker Evil or Merely Misunderstood?” Newsweek, 4 December
Micklin, Philip P. “Desiccation of the Aral Sea: A Water Management Disaster in the Soviet
Micklos, David. The First Hundred Years: A History of Man and Science at Colds Springs
Middleton, Martha. “Experimenting With Fraud?” The National Law Journal 16 May 1983, pp.
Milch, Jerome. “A Technological Controversy, ” review of Clipped Wings, by Mel Horwitch.


Alice. Banished Knowledge: Facing Childhood Injuries. New York: Doubleday, 1990.
Arthur G., editor. The Social Psychology of Psychological Research. New York: The
David J. and Hersen, Michel, editors. Research Fraud in the Behavioral and Biomedical
Donald L., editor. The Lewis Mumford Reader. New York: Pantheon, 1986.
Edward D. “Johns Hopkins Plagiarism Policies, ” letters, Science 283 (26 February
George A. “The Test, ” Science 84 (November, 1984), pp. 55-57.
Jonathan. The Body in Question. New York: Vintage, 1982.
Judith, Engelberg, Stephen, and Broad, William J. “U.S. Germ Warfare Research Pushes
Judith. “U. S. Publicly Accusing 5 Countries of Violating Germ-Weapons Treaty, ” New
Judith. “U.S. Set to Retain Smallpox Stocks, ” New York Times, 16 November 2001, pp.
Judith. “U.S. Set to Retain Smallpox Stocks, ” New York Times, 16 November 2001, pp.
Michael Vincent. “Anybody Who Was Anybody Was Neuroasthenic, ” a review of
Millett, John D. “Geographical Distribution of NSF Grants, ” Letter to the Editor. Science 156


Robert A. “Edison as a Scientist, ” Science 75 (15 January 1932), pp. 68-70.
Robert A. “Science and Society, ” Science 58 ((19 October 1923), pp. 293-298.
Robert A. “The Practical Value of Pure Science, ” Science 59 (4 June 1924), pp. 7-11.
Robert A. “The Relation of Science to Industry, ” Science 64 ((11 January 1929), pp.
Robert A. Autobiography. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1950.
Miner, Horace. “Researchmanship: The Feedback of Expertise, ” Human Organization 19
Minsky, Leonard. “Fraud Is a Symptom of a Deeper Flaw, ” The Scientist, 12 December 1988
Mischel, Walter. “On the Future of Personality Measurement, ” American Psychologist 32
Miskin, Barbara. “Responding to Scientific Misconduct: Due Process and Prevention, ” Journal
Missner, Marshall. “Why Einstein Became Famous in America, ” Social Studies of Science 15
Mitchell, Alison. “Survivors of Tuskegee Study Get Apology from Clinton, ” New York Times


Jessica. Kind and Usual Punishment: The Prison Business. Knopf, 1973.
Jessica. The American Way of Death. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1963. Mitroff
I. I. “Studying the Lunar Rock Scientist” Saturday Review World, 2 November 1974
Ian I. “Norms and Counter-Norms in a Select Group of Apollo Moon Scientists: A Case
Ian I. “Passionate Scientists, ” Society 13 (September/October, 1976), pp. 51-57.
Ian I. “Systems, Inquiry, and the Meanings of Falsification, ” Philosophy of Science 40
Ian I. “The Myth of Objectivity, or Why Science Needs a New Psychology of Science, “
Ian I. and Betz, Frederick. “Dialectical Decision Theory: A Meta-Theory of
Ian I. The Subjective Side of Science: A Philosophical Inquiry into The Psychology of
Mitscherlich, Alexander and Mielke, Fred. Doctors of Infamy: The Story of the Nazi Medical
Moffat Anne Simon. “Another Sex Survey Bites the Dust, ” Science 253 (27 September 1991), p.
Moffat, Anne Simon. “Grantsmanship: What Makes Proposals Work?” Science 265 (23


Charles. “Cost Cutter Fights On Against Air Force, ” New York Times, 13 November
James C. Doctors and the Law: Medical Jurisprudence in Nineteenth-Century America.
Mollenhoff, Clark R. Atanasoff: Forgotten Father of the Computer. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State
Mollon, J.D. and Perkins, A.J. “Errors of Judgement at Greenwich in 1796, ” Nature, 380 (14


Peter. “Fantasy Island, ” Lingua Franca, July/August 1996, pp. 7-8.
Peter. “Sociologist Jailed Because he ‘Wouldn’t Snitch’ Ponders the Way Research
Monmaney, Terence. “The Dinosaur Heretic, ” New Yorker, 31 May 1993, pp. 42-52.
Monmonier, Mark. How To Lie with Maps. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1991. Mooney
Carolyn J. “Critics Question Higher Education’s Commitment and Effectiveness in
Carolyn J. “Plagiarism Charges Against a Scholar Can Divide Experts, Perplex
Chris. The Republican War on Science. New York: Basic-Perseus Books, 2005.
Ross L. and Razik, Taher A., editors. Explorations in Creativity. New York: Harper


Geoffrey. “Accuracy of Government Statistics, ” Harvard Business Review XXV
Gregory M. “The Misleading Economic Indicators, ” New York Times, 16 March 1986
Solomon, “Alleged Scheme Involved Homeless, ” New York Times, 10 August 2008
Wendy. The Knife Man: The Extraordinary Life and Times of John Hunter, Father of
Wendy. The Knife Man: The Extraordinary Life and Times of John Hunter, Father of
Morawski, J. G. “The Misuse of Psychological Knowledge, ” Perspectives 1 (Sept/Dec., 1981)
Moreno, Jonathan D. Undue Risk: Secret State Experiments on Humans. New York: W. H.
Morgan, Chris and Langford, David. Facts and Fallacies: A Book of Definitive Mistakes and
Morgenstern, Oskar. On the Accuracy of Economic Observations. Second Edition. Princeton
Morison, Samuel Eliot. Admiral of the Ocean Sea: A Life of Christopher Columbus. Boston:
Morrell, Jack and Thackray, Arnold. Gentlemen of Science: Early Years of the British
Morrow, David J. “Swallowing Bitter Pills for Pay: Trials of Human Guinea Pigs, ” New York
Moskow, Shirley Blotnick, editor. Hunan Hand and Other Ailments: Letters to The New
Moss, Michael. “A U.S. Experiment On Young Children Ignites Painful Debate, ” The Wall
Motz, Lloyd. “A Personal Reminiscence, ” in The Universe and Its Origins, edited by Singer
Mueller-Hill, Benno. Murderous Science: Elimination by Scientific Selection of Jews, Gypsies


Michael and Gilbert, G. Nigel. “Accounting For Error: How Scientists Construct Their
Michael J. and Williams, Anthony T. “A Sociological Study of a Physics Department, “
Michael, “Some Aspects of Cultural Growth in the Natural Sciences, ” Social Research
Michael. “Methodology in the Sociology of Science: Some Reflections on the Study of
Michael. “Norms and Ideology in Science, ” Social Science Information 15 (April
Michael. Science and the Sociology of Knowledge. Boston: Allen & Unwin, 1979. Muller
C. Barbara. “Surgery For Breast Cancer, ” New England Journal of Medicine 312 (14
Richard A. “An Adventure in Science, ” New York Times Magazine, 24 March 1985


Emily. Medical Sociology: Patients, Providers and Politics. New York: Random
Lewis. Art and Technics. New York: Columbia University Press, 1952.
Lewis. Sticks and Stones: A Study of American Architecture and Civilization. 2nd
Lewis. Sticks and Stones: A Study of American Architecture and Civilization. Second
Lewis. Technics and Civilization. New York: Harcourt, 1963. (Originally, 1934)
Lewis. The Pentagon of Power: The Myth of the Machine. New York: Harcourt
Munro, Ian. “McBride, ” The Lancet XXXXX (2 December 1989), pp. 1325-1326.
Murrary, Stephen O. “The Invisibility of Scientific Scorn, ” in The Don Juan Papers: Further


Seth. “8 Bid Farewell to the ‘Future’: Musty Air, Roaches and Ants, ” New York
Seth. “Fertility Clinic Told to Close Amid Complaints, ” New York Times, 29 May
Seth. “In Many Soviet Schools, Money Talks, ” New York Times, 1 September, 1985
Seth. “Stars of Squirrels: University’s Choice, ” New York Times, 21 May 1990, p.
Myrdal, Gunnar. “How Scientific Are the Social Sciences?” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 29



Ralph. Unsafe at Any Speed: The Designed-In Dangers of the American Automobile.
Ralph; Petkas, Peter J. and Blackwell, Kate, editors. Whistle Blowing: The Report of the


Steve. “Boston Cardiologist Faces Charges of Embezzlement, ” Nature 367 (3 February
Steve. “Panel Clears Professor Involved in Studies of ‘Close Encounters, ‘” Nature 376
Steve. “Scientists ‘Too Quick’ To Back Claims, ” Nature 384 (7 November 1996), p. 6.
Steve. “Suicide Highlights Graduate Student Woes, ” Nature 395 (29 October 1998), p.
Steve. “US Cardiologist Found Guilty of Theft, ” Nature 375 (8 June 1995, p. 438.
Steve. “Utah University Finally Drops Out of Cold-Fusion Patent Chase, ” Nature 393 (7
Steve. “Women Scientists Unite to Battle Cowboy Culture, ” Nature 398 (1 April 1999)
Naftulin, D., et al., “The Doctor Fox Lecture: A Paradigm of Educational Seduction, ” Journal of


Eric. “Neal E. Miller Is Dead at 92; Studied Brain and Behavior, ” New York Times
Eric. “When Black Patients Get Slighted, ” New York Times, 8 August 2000, p. F8.
Nance, John. The Gentle Tasaday: A Stone Age People in the Philippine Rain Forest. New


Sylvia. “However You Slice the Data The Richest Did Get Richer, ” New York Times, 11
Sylvia. “It’s Never Fair to Just Blame the Weather, ” New York Times, 17 January 1993
Sylvia. “The Rich Get Richer, but the Question Is by How Much, ” New York Times, 20
Sylvia. “The Rich Get Richer. True or False?” New York Times, 26 July 1992, p. 2E. Nash
Leonard K. “The Atomic Molecular Theory, ” in James B. Conant and Leonard K. Nash
Leonard K. “The Origins of Dalton’s Chemical Atomic Theory, ” Isis 47 (June, 1956), pp.
National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral
National Geographic. “First Glimpse of a Stone Age Tribe, ” National Geographic (December
National PIRG. Testing the Testers: An Information Packet on the Secrecy Surrounding


“AIDS Researcher Loses Libel Fight Against French Newspaper, ” Nature 384 (7
“An Outbreak of Piracy in the Literature, ” Nature 285 (12 June 1980), pp. 428-429.
“German Fraud Case Professor Dismissed, ” Nature, 389 (2 October 1997), p. 432.
“German Ombudsman to Watch Out for Fraud, ” Nature 319 (5 February 1998), p. 526.
“Is Science Really a Pack of Lies?” Nature 303 (2 June 1983), pp. 361-362.
“Japan’s Fraudsters Face Years Without Grants, ” Nature 425 (25 September 2003), p.
“Journal Editor Quits Hot Seat Over Global-Warming Policy, ” Nature 424 (7 August
“Misconduct Office Cuts Backlog of Alleged Cases Under Review, ” Nature 390 (27
“Scientist Suspended in Modified Food Scare, ” Nature 394 (20 August 1998), p. 714.
“Time for a Truce?” Nature 407 (14 September 2000), p. 115.
“US Physician Fired Over Embryo Scandal, ” News in Brief, Nature 404 (23 March
“US Physician Fired Over Embryo Scandal, ” News in Brief, Nature 404 (23 March
“Which research Will Get the Grant?” 279 (14 June 1979), pp. 575-576.
News in Brief, “Fraud Buster to Be University President, ” Nature 423 (19 June 2003), p.
Nature. “Academy Squirms a Little in Sudden Spotlight, ” Nature 231 (7 May 1971), pp. 6-8.
Nature. “Indian Rope Trick, ” Nature 355 (20 February 1992), p. 660.
Nature. “Museums Face Prospect of Giving Up Human Remains, ” Nature 423 (22 May 2003), p.


Mireya. “Dispute Turns a Researcher Into an Inmate, ” New York Times, 9 June 1996
Mireya. “Ethics of Giving AIDS Advice Troubles Catholic Hospitals, ” New York
Mireya. “Experts in Sex Field Say Conservatives Interfere With Health and Research, “
Mireya. “Guatemala Study Accuses The Army and Cites U.S. Role, ” New York Times
Mireya. “When Census Visits the Poor, Only Fear Answers, ” New York Times, 16
Vincente. Medicine Under Capitalism. New York: Prodist, 1976.
Needleman, Herbert L. Letter to the Editor, “Federal Inquiry Doesn’t Undercut Findings on Lead
Neimark, Edith D. “Fraud, Science, and Safeguards, ” Science 212 (22 May 1981), p. 873. Nelkin
Dorothy. “What Are The Science Wars Really About?” Chronicle of Higher Education
Dorothy. Selling Science: How the Press Covers Science and Technology. New York:


Benjamin. “Science and Civilizations, ‘East’ and ‘West’: Joseph Needham and Max
Bryce. “Children Who Kill: Personality Patterns Are Identified, ” New York Times, 11
Neufeld, Michael J. The Rocket and The Reich: Peenemuende and the Coming of the Ballistic
Neumann, John von. “The Mathematician, ” in The World of Mathematics, ” edited by James R.
New Scientist. “Fraud and Secrecy: the Twin Perils of Science, ” New Scientist 98 (9 June 1983)
New York Times “New Molecule Protects Cells Against H.I.V., ” New York Times, 24 October

New York Times

“$5 Million Awarded to Woman Who Said Doctor Maimed Her, ” New York
“1949 Test Linked to Radiation in Northwest, ” New York Times, 9 March
“420, 000 Caesarean Sections a Year Are Said to Be Unnecessary, ” New York
“9 Scientific Studies at Columbia Are Retracted After Investigation, ” New
“A Guilty Plea in Mail-Order Bacteria Case, ” New York Times, 24 November
“A Misdiagnosed Deaf Man’s Ordeal, ” New York Times, 11 December 1988
“A Nationwide Computer-Fraud Ring is Broken Up, ” New York Times, 19
“A Roundtable: Scoring the S.A.T.” New York Times, 24 October 1982, p.
“A Seal Broken, ” New York Times, 21 July 1991, p. E7.
“A Shallow Diagnosis of Science Fraud, ” New York Times, July 1982, p.
“A.M.A. Eases Policy on Self-Referrals, ” New York Times, 24 June 1992, p.
“About Time, ” New York Times, 18 April 1982, p. 20E.
“Administration Split on Global Warming Issue, Officials Say, ” New York
“Agency Reinstates Tabulator of Iraqi War Deaths, ” New Yokr Times, 13
“Alzheimer’s Gene Is Main Factor in only 10% of Cases, Study Says, ” New
“Another Losing Battle With Japan, ” New York Times, 1 March 1992, p. E7.
“Apology Offered in Academic Fight, ” New York Times, 24 January 1993, p.
“Are Americans Really So Bad at Science?” New York Times, 29 December
“Author of Gun History Quits After Panel Faults Research, ” New York
“Balancing Animal Rights With the Imperatives of Research, ” New York
“Bitter Debate Ignites Over Social Sciences, ” New York Times, 15 April
“Blind Urologist Disciplined for Performing Surgery, ” New York Times, 4
“Boston U. Panel Finds Plagiarism by Dr. King, ” New York Times, 11
“Britain Jails Creator of Computer Virus, ” New York Times, 16 November
“Census Bureau Issues Data on Accuracy of 2000 Count, ” New York Times
“Cheating Invalidates Medical Exam Results, ” New York Times, 9 October
“Chicago Judge Indicted in Corruption Inquiry, ” New York Times, 15
“Chief of Cancer Study Apologizes on Leaving, ” New York Times, 14 June
“Computer Invader Urged to Contact Target, ” New York Times, 11
“Concerns Agree To Halt Push of Hormones, ” New York Times, 7 October
“Count of Subjects in Radiation Experiments Is Raised to 16, 000, ” New York
“Court Allows Release of Tobacco Papers, ” New York Times 28 May 1995
“Court Ruling Sets Stage for Battle Over Fossil, ” New York Times, 30 May
“Court-Ordered Study Condemns Illinois’s Psychiatric Hospitals, ” New York
“Creator of Melissa Virus Gets 20 Months in Jail, ” New York Times, 2 May
“Doctor Cleared of Misconduct in AIDS Study, ” New York Times, 5
“Doctor Convicted of Rape, ” New York Times, 22 June 1995, p. A18.
“Doctor in Found Guilty in Fertility Case, ” New York Times, 5 March 1992
“Doctors Find Hunger Is Epidemic in U.S.” New York Times, 27 February
“Duke Balks Over Terms of a $20 Million Gift, ” New York Times, 15
“Engineer Says Stanford Officials Sought to Inflate Quake Damage, ” New
“Ex-Aide in Laboratory Says Data on Soap Ingredient Were Falsified, ” New
“Ex-Nazi Scientist Tries to Renew Citizenship, ” New York Times, 21 July
“Ex-Official of Science Agency Is Fined for Theft, ” New York Times, 24
“Fertility Doctors’ Data Is Seized, ” New York Times, 22 September 1995, p.
“Former Professor Sued In Harassment Claim, ” New York Times, 28 May
“Fusion Researchers Discusses Findings, ” New York Times, 9 November
“G.A.O. Study Scrutinizes University-Business Tie, ” 24 May 1992, p. 29.
“Gay Men in Twin Study, ” New York Times, 17 December 1991, p. C5.
“Gene Experts Tell of Possible Abuse, ” New York Times, 18 October 1991
“Gynecologist Loses Appeal for License, ” New York Times, 2 October 1996
“Harvard Keeps Strict Rules On Outside Research Work, ” New York Times
“Harvard Keeps Strict Rules On Outside Research Work, ” New York Times
“Harvard Psychiatrist Settles Suit Over a Patient’s Death, ” New York Times
“Harvard Scientists Retract Erroneous Report, ” New York Times, 23
“Headliners, ” New York Times
4 August 1991, p. E7. 4 August 1991, p. E7. 9 January 1983, p. E24.
“Health Executive Tells Senators Medicare Fraud Is Widespread, ” New York
“House and Senate Reach Deal on Aid for Uranium Miners, ” New York
“House Panel Given New Census Data, ” New York Times, 11 January 1992
“Immunologist Fined $5, 000 in Lab Misdeed, ” New York Times, 31 August
“Inflation Outpace Doctors’ Income in ’90, ” New York Times, 255 May
“Japan Says Forced Sterilization Merit No Payments, No Apology, ” New
“Judge Says A.M.A. Led a Conspiracy, ” New York Times, 30 August 1987
“Lab Pleads No Contest In Deaths of 2 Women, ” New York Times, 5
“Laws of Science, ” New York Times 10 February 1091, p. E7.
“Lawsuit Broadens in Radiation Case, ” New York Times, 17 July 1994, p.
“Lingering Effects of a Virus, ” New York Times, 28 May 1989, p. E9.
“Lying Indicators, ” New York Times, 18 April 1982, p. F18.
“Man of Many Courses, ” New York Times, 4 March 1984, p. E7.
“Managers of Biosphere Project Are Accused of Compromising Experiment, “
“Massachusetts Patients Get Doctors’ Profiles Under Law, ” New York Times
“Medical Journal Admits Violating Ethics Policy, ” New York Times, 24
“Mr. Block on the Lysenko Trail, ” New York Times, 9 May 1982, p. 20E.
“Museums, in Shift, Aim at Illiteracy in Science, ” New York Times, 8 March
“My Most Obnoxious Writer, ” New York Times Book Review, 29 August
“NASA Employee Is Demoted Over a Thesis, ” New York Times, 15 July
“New Discovery on North Pole (Explorers) Heralds a Reunion, ” New York
“New Policy Fought on Physician List, ” New York Times, 24 January 1993
“New Report on Breast Cancer Affirms Flawed Study’s Result, ” New York
“No Violation Is Found in Harvard Research, ” New York Times, 2 March
“Noted Finding of Science Fraud Is Overturned by A Federal Panel, ” New
“Nuclear Sites May Be Toxic In Perpetuity, Report Finds, ” New York Times
“Panel Casts Doubt on Human Cloning Claim, ” New York Times, 29 January
“Paper Says Radiation Test Used 19 Retarded Youths, ” New York Times, 27
“Parents Win Suit Against Psychiatrist in Sex Case, ” New York Times, 17
“Patient in Radiation Tests Receives Apology, ” New York Times, 17
“Patients Notified in Fertility Clinic Inquiry, ” New York Times, 25
“Princeton Justice, ” New York Times, 5 June 1983, p. 37.
“Professor Charged in Fraud, ” New York Times, 16 August 1991, p. B16.
“Professor Pays Fine for False Travel Claims, ” New York Times, 12
“Programmer Convicted After Planting a ‘Virus, ‘” New York Times, 21
“Prominent Psychiatrist Offers Insanity Defense, ” New York Times, 14
“Punishing of Doctors Increased in 1994, ” New York Times, 6 April 1995, p.
“Quitting School, ” New York Times, 8 December 1991, p. E7.
“Radioactive Gas Experiments Come to Light, ” New York Times, 6 August
“Rape Verdict Reversed for F.B.I.’s Bad Science, ” New York Times, 15
“Redefining Poverty: Some Interesting but Loaded Choices, ” New York
“Report Says Scientist Used False Claims for Grant, ” New York Times, 23
“Report Urges Biosphere 2 to Spend More Times on Science to Succeed, “
“Researcher Gets $900, 000 in Sex-Bias Suit, ” New York Times, 18 March
“Restoration of Citizenship Sought for Scientist, ” New York Times, 28 April
“Revenge on Two Whistle-Blowers, ” New York Times Editorial, 4 June
“Russians Deny U.S. Scientists Gave Atom Data, ” New York Times, 6 May
“Scientist Accused of Faking Data Calls the Scandal a ‘Witch Hunt, ‘” New
“Scientists See Research Foundations Crumbling, ” New York Times, 18
“Scientists Still Split on Risks That Salt May Have to Health, ” New York
“Scopes Redeemed, ” New York Times, 18 February 2001, p. WK2.
“Settlement Reached in Suit Over Radioactive Oatmeal Experiment, ” New
“Sir Karl Popper Is Dead at 92; Philosopher of ‘Open Society, ‘ New York
“SmithKline Is Fined in a Reporting Failure, ” New York Times, 27 February
“Sociologists Examine an Issue That’s Very Close To Home, ” New York
“Space Scientist Admitted Role in Nazi Camp, ” New York Times, 6 October
“Stanford Denies Cover-Up of Research Fraud, ” New York Times, 23 August
“Student Given Jail For Lie on Paying Friend to Take Test, ” New York
“Study Faults Surgery on Women Giving Birth, ” New York Times, 2 July
“Study Predict Large Surplus of Physicians, ” New York Times, 21 July 1994
“Surgeon Is Charged in Marketing of Drug Linked to Deaths of 9, ” New York
“Surgery Varies With Age of Doctor, ” New York Times, 25 October 1994, p.
“Suspect in Internet Break-In Waives Bond- Hearing Right, ” New York
“Texas Panel Finds No Fraud in Cold Fusion Experiments, ” New York
“The Breast Cancer Fabrications, ” New York Times, 20 March 1994, p. 16E.
“The Case of the Contaminated Cultures, ” New York Times, 12 May 1991, p.
“The Census? Hardly the Last Word, ” New York Times, 6 July 2003, p. 9.
“The Resurrection of the Dead Sea Scrolls, ” New York Times, 8 September
“There’s a Reason It’s Called Hard Science, ” New York Times, 21 September
“U. S. Experts Dispute Link Between Fallout and Utah Deaths, ” New York
“U.S. Cancer Researcher Is Told to Stop Private Fund Raising, ” New York
“U.S. Charges Young Hackers, ” New York Times, 15 November 1992, p. 40.
“U.S. Experts Dispute Link Between Fallout and Utah Deaths, ” New York
“U.S. Reports Rise, to $604 Billion, in Health Care Spending in 1989, ” New
“U.S. Says 349, 000 Caesareans In 1991 Were Not Necessary, ” New York
“U.S. Spotlight on Fake Doctors, ” New York Times, 19 June 1988, p. 35.
“U.S. Staged Nuclear Rocket Accident in 60s, Documents Show, ” New York
“U.S. Takes Red Cross to Court on Blood Safety, ” New York Times, 14
“U.S. to Pay $750, 000 In Suit on LSD Testing, ” New York Times, 12
“U.S. Urged to Shift Stanford Auditor, ” New York Times, 20 December
“UConn Devises a Point System To Rate Professors’ Productivity, ” New
“University Apology For Ousting Scholar, ” New York Times, 29 August
“University May Lose Cancer Study Grant, ” New York Times, 28 April 1994
“University to Display Tobacco Documents, ” New York Times, 4 July 1995
“Upholding a Challenge to the Status Quo, ” New York Times, 24 March
“Utah Votes $4.5 Million For Cold Fusion Studies, ” New York Times, 8
“Visiting Professor, ” New York Times, 27 March 1983, p. E9.
“Warning on Breast Cancer Is Upgraded Over a Side Effect, ” New York
“When Accountants Miss the Mark, ” New York Times, 13 May 1984, pp. F1
“When Doctors Own Their Own Labs, ” New York Times, 11 August 1991, p.
“Whistle-Blower in a Lonely Fight, ” New York Times, 4 October 1987, p.
“White House Calls for Limit on Research Expenses, ” New York Times, 16
“‘Creativity and Madness’ Are Linked, Study Says, ” New York Times, 23
M.I.T. Dismisses a Researcher, Saying He Fabricated Some Data, ” New
untitled, New York Times, 12 February 1982, p. A 36.
New York Times. “Court Says Psychoanalyst May Sue Over Quotations, ” New York Tiimes, 7
New York Times. “Professor Makes Plea Bargain, ” New York Times, 12 October 1983, p. A14.
Newell, Norman D. “Evolution under Attack, ” Natural History 83, 4, pp. 32-39. Newman
Andy. “The Head of Heart Surgery at Downstate Is Demoted After Bypass Deaths, “
James R. “An Ingenious Army Captain and On a Generous and Many-Sided Man, ” in
James R. “Commentary on Gregor Mendel, ” in The World of Mathematics, James R.
James R. “Commentary on Thomas Robert Malthus, ” in The World of Mathematics
News in Brief, “Corporate Investors Take US Research Bonanza to $200bn, ” Nature 394 (2 July
Newsome, J., editor. Pliny’s Natural History: A Selection from Philemon Holland’s Translation.


James. Uncommon Friends: Life with Thomas Edison, Henry Ford, Harvey Firestone
Robert R. “The Authenticity of Ptolemy’s Eclipse and Star Data, ” Quarterly Journal of
Robert R. “The Authenticity of Ptolemy’s Parallax Data – Part I, ” Quarterly Journal
Robert R. “The Authenticity of Ptolemy’s Parallax Data – Part II, ” Quarterly Journal
Robert R. The Crime of Claudius Ptolemy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press
Nichols, Peter. Evolution’s Captain: The Dark Fate of the Man Who Sailed Charles Darwin
Nicholson, Richard S. “Pork Barrel ‘Science, ‘” Science 254 (6 December 1991), p. 1433.
Nicol, Bill. McBride: Behind the Legend. Crows Nest, NSW: Australian Broadcasting
Nieburg, H. L. In the Name of Science. Chicago: Quadrangle, 1966.
Nielsen, Waldemar A. The Big Foundations. New York: Columbia University Press, 1972.
Nineteenth Report by the Committee on Government Operations: Are Scientific Misconduct and


Jennifer. Ada Blackjack: A True Story of Survival in the Arctic. New York: Hyperion
Jennifer. The Ice Master: The Doomed 1913 Voyage of the Karluk. New York:
Jennifer. The Ice Master: The Doomed 1913 Voyage of the Karluk. New York:
Nizan, Paul. The Watchdogs: Philosophers and the Established Order. New York: Monthly


Holcomb B. “Hailed as a Surgeon General, Koop Criticized on Web Ethics, ” New York
Holcomb B. “Koop Criticized for Role in Warning on Hospital Gloves, ” New York


David F. A World Without Women: The Christian Clerical Culture of Western Science.
Kenneth B. “U.S., For Decades, Let Uranium Leak at Weapons Plant, ” New York Times
Noel, Barbara with Watterson, Kathryn. You Must Be Dreaming. New York: Poseidon Press
Noguchi, Thomas T., with DiMona, Joseph. Coroner. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1983.
Nolan, Mary. “Science for Madmen, ” review of Racial Hygiene: Medicine Under the Nazis, by
Noll, Roger G. “Energy Data and Political Polarization, ” Science 214 (27 November 1981), p.
Nordheimer, Jon and Frantz, Douglas. “As Academic Mold Is Broken by Testing Giant, Rivals
Nordmann, Charles. The Tyranny of Time. New York: International Publishers, 1925.
Normal, Colin. “Stanford Inquiry Casts Doubt on 11 Papers, ” Science 242 (4 November 1988)


Colin. “Army Shifts on Dugway Lab, ” Science 241 (30 September 1988), p. 1749.
Colin. “Audit May Cost UC Millions, ” Science 216 (16 April 1982), p. 279.
Colin. “Broad Public Support Found for R&D, ” Science 222 (23 December 1983), p.
Colin. “Businessmen Urge Major Cuts in Federal R&D, ” Science 222 (25 November
Colin. “Congress Approves Deals for Ten Universities, ” Science 231 (17 January
Colin. “House Endorses Pork Barrel Funding, ” Science 233 (8 August 1986), pp. 617-
Colin. “How Engineering Faculty Members Rate Each Other, ” Science 218 (3
Colin. “How the Soviets Got the H-Bomb, ” Science 247 (12 January 1990), p. 151.
Colin. “How to Handle Misconduct Allegations, ” Science 243 (20 January 1989), p.
Colin. “How to Win Buildings and Influence Congress, ” Science 222 (16 December
Colin. “Illmensee Faces Funding Cutoff, ” Science 224 (20 April 1984), p. 265.
Colin. “Kerr Puts USSR Off Limits to Los Alamos Scientists, ” Science 222 (7 October
Colin. “Melmon Resigns Stanford Chairmanship, ” Science 224 (22 June 1984), p.
Colin. “MIT Tenure Case Heads for Trial, ” Science 247 (30 March 1990), p. 1536.
Colin. “More Tales from the Academic Pork Barrel, ” Science 221 (1 July 1983), pp.
Colin. “Navy Personnel Told to Attend Fewer Conferences, ” Science 229 (20
Colin. “No Fraud Found in Alcoholism Study, ” Science 218 (19 November 1982), p.
Colin. “No Fraud Found in Swiss Study, ” Science 223 (2 March 1984), p. 913.
Colin. “NSF Peer Review: Under Pressure.” Science 249 (14 September 1990), p.
Colin. “Nuclear Vote Threatens Draper Lab, ” Science 222 (7 October 1983), pp. 28-
Colin. “Pork Barrel Funding Deemed Not Kosher, ” Science 222 (11 November 1983)
Colin. “Pork Barrel Science: No End in Sight, ” Science 236 (3 April 1987), pp. 17-18.
Colin. “Pork Barrel Scorecard, ” Science 226 (2 November 1984), p. 519.
Colin. “President Vetoes NIH Bill, ” Science 226 (16 November 1984), pp. 811-812.
Colin. “Prosecution Urged in Fraud Case, ” Science 236 (29 May 1987), p. 1057.
Colin. “Reagan’s Science Policy, ” Science 218 (12 November 1982), p. 659.
Colin. “Reduce Fraud in Seven Easy Steps, ” Science 224 (11 May 1984), p. 581.
Colin. “Rifkin Takes Another Shot at UC Experiment, ” Science 224 (27 April 1984) p.
Colin. “Rockefeller’s $20 Million Gift, ” Science 254 (25 October 1991), p. 513.
Colin. “Stanford Investigates Plagiarism Charge, ” Science 223 (6 April 1984), pp.
Colin. “The Research Top Ten, ” Science 239 (8 January 1988), p. 140.
Colin. “The Unsung Hero of Yellow Fever?” Science 223 (30 March 1984), pp. 1370-
Colin. “Who’s Who in Physics and Math, ” Science 218 (8 October 1982), p. 140.
Colin. “Who’s Who in the Social and Behavioral Sciences?” Science 219 (4 February
Colin. “Yale Refuses to Accept NSF Grant, ” Science 216 (2 April 1982), p. 37.
Colin. and Marshall, Eliot. “Over a (Pork) Barrel: The Senate Rejects Peer Review, “


Dennis. “Japanese Fraud Highlights Media-Driven Research Ethic, ” Science 291 (5
Dennis. “Questions Arise Over Second Japanese Site, ” Science 294 (23 November
Dennis. “South Korean Cloning Team Denies Improprieties, ” Science 304 (14 May
Dennis. “South Korean Cloning Team Denies Improprieties, ” Science 304 (14 May
Norris, Floyd. “Alice Meets the Accountants, ” New York Times, 30 December 1990, Section 3
North, Leon L. “Conduct Unbecoming, ” Letter to the Editor. New York Times Magazine, 26
Northrup, Bowen. “Psychotherapy Faces a Stubborn Problem: Abuses by Therapists, ” Wall
Novick, Richard. “Bullish on DNA, ” a review of Biotechnology by Martin Kenny (Yale
Nowa, Rachel. “Publicity Fears Cancel Gene Talk, ” Science 270 (10 November 1995), p. 911. Nowak
Rachel. “Good Science Or Good Buddies: Getting Published in The Elite Journals, “
Rachel. “Problems in Clinical Trials Go Far Beyond Misconduct, ” Science 264 (10 June


Sherwin B. “Medical Fads: Bran, Midwives and Leeches, ” New York Times, 25 June
Sherwin B. Doctors: The Biography of Medicine. New York: Vintage, 1989. Numbers
Ronald L. “Creationism in 20th Century America, ” Science 218 (5 November 1982)
Ronald L. and Rosenberg, Charles E., editors. The Scientific Enterprise in America:
Nye, Mary Jo. “N-rays; An Episode in the History and Psychology of Science, ” Historical


O’Brien, David M. Storm Center: The Supreme Court in American Politics, 2nd edition. New
O’Connell, Jeffrey and Myers, Arthur. Safety Last: An Indictment of the Auto Industry. New
O’Connor, Anahad. “Report Finds Ethical Conflicts in Journals, ” New York Times, 14 July


Fintan. “The Many Stories of Billy the Kid, ” The New Yorker, 28 December 1998 & 4
Margot. “Margot O’Toole’s Record of Events, ” Nature 351 (16 May 1991), pp. 180-
Margot. “Margot O’toole’s record of Events, ” Nature 351 16 May 1991, pp. 180-183.
Margot. “O’Toole on O’Toole’s Charges, ” Science 246 (3 November 1989), pp.
Margot. “Scientists Must Be Able to Disclose Colleagues’ Mistakes Without Risking
Margot. “The Dingell Investigation, ” Science 244 (16 June 1989), p. 1243.
Margot. Statement of Margot O’Toole to the Subcommittee on Oversight and
Ober, William B. Boswell’s Clap and Other Essays: Medical Analyses of Literary Men’s
Obershall, Anthony, editor. The Establishment of Empirical Sociology: Studies in Continuity
Obholzer, Karen. The Wolf-Man: Conversations With Freud’s Patient – Sixty Years Later. New
Obler, Paul C. and Estrin, Herman A., editors. The New Scientist: Essays on the Methods and
Office of Strategic Services Assessment Staff. Assessment of Men. New York: Rinehart, 1948.
Officer, Charles and Page, Jake. The Great Dinosaur Controversy. Reading, Massachusetts:
Ogburn, William Fielding. Social Change. New York: B. W. Heubsch, 1922.
Okie, Susan. “NIH Panel Says Plethora of Authors Means Less Protection Against Error, “
Olsen, Ken. “The Silent Treatment, ” Outside, December 1993, p. 18.
Olson, Richard. Scottish Philosophy and British Physics, 1750-1880: A Study in the
On Campus, “Researchers Counter Flawed Milwaukee Voucher Study, ” On Campus, November
Oppel, Richard J., Jr. “Environmental Tests ‘Falsified, ‘ U.S. Says, ” New York Times, 22
Oppenheimer, Jane M. New Aspects of John and William Hunter: I: Everard Home and the
Oppenheimer, Jane M. New Aspects of John and William Hunter: I: Everard Home and the
Ord-Hume, Arthur W. J. G. Perpetual Motion: History of an Obsession. New York: St. Martin’s
Orne, Martin T. “On the Social Psychology of the Psychological Experiment: With Special


David. “The Origin of Petroleum, ” The Atlantic Monthly, February, 1986, pp. 39ff.
Henry Fairfield. The Earth Speaks To Bryan. New York: Scribner’s, 1925. Overbye
Denis. “After Two Scandals, Physics Group Expands Ethics Guidelines, ” New York
Dennis. “A Tale of Power and Intrigue in the Lab, Based on Real Life, ” New York
Dennis. “One Find, Two Astronomers: An Ethical Brawl, New York Times, 12
Dennis. “Philosophers Notwithstanding, Kansas School Board Redefines Science, “
Dennis. The Big Bang And The Bucks Set to Collide In Inner Space, ” New York
Owen, Bruce M. and Braeutigam, Ronald. The Regulation Game: Strategic Uses of the
Own, David. “Copies in Seconds, ” The Atlantic Monthly, February 1986, pp. 65ff.
Ozonoff, David. “One Man’s Meat, Another Man’s Poison: Two Chapters in the History of


Padian, Kevin. “Owen’s Parthian Shot, ” Nature 412 (12 July 2001, p. 123.
Paica, Joseph. “Disputed Paper Takes Centre Stage in Congress, ” Nature, 11 May 1989, p. 63.
Painter, Sidney. French Chivalry: Chivalric Ideas and Practices in Medieval France. Ithaca, New
Pais, A. “Max Born’s Statistical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, ” Science 218 (17


Joseph. “Bernadine Healy: A New Leadership Style at NIH, ” Science 253 (6 September
Joseph. “Conflict of Interest: PHS Readies New Rules, ” Science 249 (14 September
Joseph. “Czechmate?” Science 253 (20 September 1991), p. 1347.
Joseph. “Disputed Paper Takes Centre Stage in Congress, ” Nature 339 (11 May 1989), p.
Joseph. “Gallo Challenged on HIV Isolates, ” Science 251 (15 March 1991), p. 1306.
Joseph. “Gallo Concedes Contamination (Again), ” Science 252 (7 June 1991), p. 1369.
Joseph. “Grants Squeeze Stirs Up Lobbyists, ” Science 248 (18 May 1990), pp. 803-804.
Joseph. “HHS Starts Audit of Grant Fund Use, ” Science 257 (7 August 1992), p. 741.
Joseph. “Indirect Costs: The Gathering Storm, ” Science 252 (3 May 1991), pp. 636-638.
Joseph. “Justice Department Joins Whistle-blower Suit, ” Science 249 (17 August 1990)
Joseph. “Lead Researcher Confronts Accusers in Public Hearing, ” Science 256 (24 April
Joseph. “New Round n Dingell v. NIH?” Science 245 (28 July 1989), p. 349.
Joseph. “NIH Conflict-of-Interest Guidelines Shot Down, ” Science 247 (12 January
Joseph. “NIH Grapples With Conflict of Interest, ” Science 245 (7 July 1989), p. 23.
Joseph. “Old Law Puts a New Wrinkle in Fraud Probes, ” Science 247 (16 February 1990)
Joseph. “Panel Clears Needleman of Misconduct, ” Science 256 (5 June 1992), p. 1389.
Joseph. “Popovic Blasts Accusers, Demands Report Be Withdrawn, ” Science 253 (16
Joseph. “Proposals to Limit Indirect Costs Emerge in Congress, ” Science 253 (17 May
Joseph. “Researchers Declare Crisis, Seek Funding Solutions, ” Science 249 (6 July 1990)
Joseph. “Salahuddin Pleads Guilty, ” Science 249 (21 September 1990), p. 1374-1375.
Joseph. “Science Advisor Gets First Formal Look, ” Science 245 (21 July 1989). p. 247.
Joseph. “Young Investigators at Risk, ” Science 249 (27 July 1990). pp. 351-353.
Joseph. “‘Verdicts’ Are in on the Gallo Probe, ” Science, 256, 8 May 1992, pp. 735-738.
Joseph. Richards Panel: Out of Loop?” Science 252 (21 June 1991), pp. 1606-1607.
Joseph. Scientific Misconduct Cases Revealed, ” Science 248 (20 April 1990), p. 297.
Joseph.”Get-the-Lead-Out Guru Challenged, ” Science 253 (23 August 1991), pp.
Palea, Joseph. “NIH Concludes Misconduct Evaluation, ” Nature 331 (25 February 1988), p.
Panel on Scientific Research and the Conduct of Research, Committee on Science, Engineering
Pappas, Theoni. Mathematical Scandals. San Carlos, California: World Wide Publishing/Tetra


Robert L. “Congress Versus Science, ” New York Times, 27 June 1994, p. A17.
Robert L. “The Danger of Voodoo Science, ” New York Times 9 July 1995, p. E15.
Robert L. and Goodenough, Ursala. “Buying Snake Oil With Tax Dollars, ” New York
Parker, G. D. “Galileo, Planetary Atmospheres, and Prograde Revolution, ” Science 227 (8
Parkman, Francis. The Conspiracy of Pontiac. Boston: Little, Brown, 1929.
Parrish, Bernie. They Call It A Game. New York: Dial, 1971.
Parsell, Diana. “Integrity in Scientific Research: Five Video Vignettes, ” Science 271 (26 April


H. M. “What Happened at Hawthorne?” Science 183 (8 March 1974), pp. 922-932.
Robert P. “Joseph Goldberger and Pellagra, ” in Great Adventures in Medicine, Samuel
Robert P. Trail of Light: A Biography of Joseph Goldberger. New York: Bobbs-Merrill
Talcott. “Some Aspects of the Relation Between Social Science and Ethics, ” in Bernard
Parssinen, Terry M. “Professionalism and the History of Medicine, ” in Roy Wallis, editor. On
Partington, J. R. “The Origins of the Atomic Theory, ” Annals of Science 4 (15 July 1939), pp.
Parton, H. N. Science is Human. Dybedub: University of Otago Press, 1972. Passell
Peter, “Can’t Count on Numbers, ” New York Times, 6 August 1991, pp. 1-A14.
Peter. “Forces in Society, and Reaganism, Helped Dig Hole for Poor, ” New York
Patton, Michael Quinn. “What Test Scores Really Mean, ” Citizen Action in Education 3 (March
Pauli, W. “The Influence of Archetypical Ideas on the Scientific Theories of Kepler, ” in C. G.
Pauling, Linus. “Orthomolecular Psychiatry, ” Science 160 (19 April 1968), pp. 265-271.
Payer, Lynn. Medicine and Culture: Varieties of Treatment in the United States, England, West


Robert . “Study Says Fees Are Often Higher When Doctor Has Stake in Clinic, ” New York
Robert. “Clinton Team To Tackle Drug Pricing, ” New York Times, 15 December 1992, p.
Robert. “Clinton to Order Steps to Reduce Medical Mistakes, ” New York Times, 22
Robert. “Clinton to Order Steps to Reduce Medical Mistakes, ” New York Times, 22
Robert. “Congress Rethinks Its Hands Off Policy on Medical Research, ” New York Times
Robert. “Doctors Warned on Conflict of Interest, ” New York Times, 4 September 1991, p.
Robert. “Federal Auditors Report Rise in Abuses in Medical Billing, ” New York Times
Robert. “For Health Agency, a Fiscal Wake-Up Call, ” New York Times, 20 February
Robert. “Health-Care Costs Up Sharply Again, Posing New Threat, ” New York Times, 5
Robert. “Improper Medicare Payments Rose Slightly in ’99 to $13.5 Billion, ” New York
Robert. “Improper Medicare Payments Rose Slightly in ’99 to $13.5 Billion, ” New York
Robert. “Inquiry Challenges Doctors On Ordering Diagnostic Tests, ” New York Times, 13
Robert. “Is Poverty a Condition or Is It a Definition?” New York Times, 1 September
Robert. “Report Details Medical Errors in V.A. Hospitals, ” New York Times, 19
Robert. “Report Details Medical Errors in V.A. Hospitals, ” New York Times, 19
Robert. “Some Errant Doctors Get New US Funds By Changing States, ” New York Times
Robert. “Study Finds Failure to File Malpractice Data, ” New York Times, 19 October
Robert. “Study Finds Risks to Patients in Drug Trials, ” New York Times, 30 May 1998
Robert. “To Raise Supply of Family Doctors, Health Plan Seeks to Regulate Training, “
Robert. “U.S. Health Officials Reject Plan to Report Medical Mistakes, ” New York Times
Robert. “U.S. Health Officials Reject Plan to Report Medical Mistakes, ” New York Times
Robert. “U.S. Limits Doctors in Their Referrals, ” New York Times, 26 July 1991, pp. 1
Robert. “U.S. Says Hospitals Demand Physicians Pay for Referrals, ” New York Times, 28
Robert. “U.S. Will Tighten Health-Lab Goals, ” New York Times, 24 August 1992, pp. A1
Robert. Investigators Find Repeated Deception in Ads for Drugs, ” New York Times, 4
Pear. Robert. “At Hospitals, Lessons in Detection of Fraud, ” New York Times, 24 December


Helen. CSI: Cell Biology. Nature 434 (21 April 2005), pp. 952-953.
Karl, and Moul, Margaret. “The Problem of Alien Immigration into Great Britain
Karl. “James Bernoulli’s Theorum, ” Biometrica 17 (December, 1925), pp. 201-210.
Karl. The Grammar of Science. New York: The Meridian Library, 1957.
Karl. The History of Statistics in the 17th and 18th Centuries Against the Changing


Stanton. “Bait and Switch in Project MATCH: What NIAAA Research Actually Shows
Stanton. The Meaning of Addiction: Compulsive Experience and Its Interpretation.
Pendergast, Alan. “The Big Cheat, ” Campus Voice 1 (August/September, 1984), pp. 42ff.
Pendery, Mary L., Maltzman, Irving M., and West, L. Jolyon. “Controlled Drinking by
Pennisi, Elizabeth. “Haeckel’s Embryos: Fraud Rediscovered, ” Science 277 (5 September 1997)
Percy, Constance, Stanek, Edward, and Gloeckler, Lynn. “Accuracy of Cancer Death
Perex-Pena, Richard. “50 Plead Guilty in Medicaid Fraud Scheme, ” New York Times, 24
Perez-Pena, Richard. “Nine Years of Resolve, ” New York Times, 1 November 1994, pp. B1
Perl, Gisella. I Was A Doctor in Auschwitz. New York: International Press, 1948. Perlez
Jane. “British Foot-and-Mouth Outbreak Is Seem as Strongly Linked to Labs, ” New
Jane. “Link IS Seen Between British Labs and Livestock Virus, ” New York Times 6


“Congressmen Investigate Scientific Fraud, ” Perspectives 1
“NCI Director Interrogated by Senate Committee, ” Perspectives 1 (Sept./Dec.


Douglas P. and Ceci, Stephen J. “A Manuscript Masquerade, ” The Sciences 35
Thomas J. and Waterman, Robert H. In Search of Excellence: Lessons from America’s


Melody. “A Resume Distinguished By What It Didn’t Mention, ” New York Times, 6
Melody. “Science Journals Tighten Rules For Disclosure of Financial Ties, ” New
Melody. “Scientists Urge Journal Policy on Disclosures, ” New York Times, 22 August
Melody. “Undisclosed Financial Ties Prompt Reproval of Doctor, ” New York Times


Iver. “Air Force Academy Suspends Cadet-Run Discipline System, ” New York Times
Iver. “New Jersey and New York Want to Monitor Doctors’ Past Problems, ” New
Iver. “Utah Decision May Be Only the Opening Round, ” New York Times, 13 May
Melody. “Uncoupling Campus and Company, ” New York Times, 22 September 2003
Russell W. “Laissez-Faire Landscape, ” New York Times, 31 October 1982, pp. 27 ff.
Pettigrew, Thomas and Green, R. I. “School Desegregation in Large Cities: A Critique of
Pflaum, Will. “Letter to the Editor, ” New York Times, 14 November 1994, p. BR 3. Phillips
Bernard S. Social Research: Strategy and Tactics. 3rd Edition. New York: Macmillan
Derek L. Abandoning Method: Sociological Studies in Methodology. San Francisco
Derek L. Knowledge From What? Theories and Methods in Social Sciences. Chicago:
Phin, John. The Seven Follies of Science. New York: Van Nostrand, 1912. Pickering
Andrew. “The Hunting of the Quark, ” Isis 72 (June, 1981), pp. 216-236.
George. Creative Malady: Illness in the Lives and Minds of Charles Darwin, Florence
Piel, Gerard. “Natural Philosophy in the Constitution, ” Science 233 (5 September 1986), pp.
Pienciak, Richard T. “Doctored Nuclear Safety Data Weaken Faith in Welds, ” Albany
Pirsig, Robert M. Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance. New York: Bantam, 1981.
Plato, The Republic. The Jowett Translation. New York: Modern Library, n.d.
Platt, John R. “Strong Inference, ” Science 146 (16 October 1964), pp. 347-353.
Plesset, Isabel R. Noguchi and His Patrons. Toronto: Associated University Presses, 1980.
Pockley, Peter. “Geologist Set to Challenge ‘Creationism’ Verdict, ” Nature 387 (26 June 1997)
Poincare, Henri. “Mathematical Creation, ” in The World of Mathematics, edited by James R.


Michael. “The Potential Theory of Absorption, ” Science 141 ( September 1963), pp.
Michael. Personal Knowledge: Towards a Post-Critical Philosophy. Chicago: The
Michael. Science, Faith and Society. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1966.


Andrew J. “Cold Fusion, Derided in U.S., Is Hot in Japan, ” New York Times, 17
Andrew, “Gene Therapy’s Focus Shifts From Rare Illnesses, ” New York Times, 4
Andrew. “At U.S. Hearing Scientists Back Altered Crops, ” New York Times, 14
Andrew. “At U.S. Hearing Scientists Back Altered Crops, ” New York Times, 14
Andrew. “Biological Products Raise Genetic Ownership Issues, ” New York Times on
Andrew. “Bringing Superconductivity Down to Earth, ” New York Times, 8 January
Andrew. “Charges Unproved Against Stanford, ” New York Times, 8 February 1991
Andrew. “Grass Created in Lab Is Found in the Wild, ” New York Times, 16 August
Andrew. “Humbled Hitachi Comes Up Fighting, ” New York Times, 15 July 1984, pp.
Andrew. “Japan, Long a Holdout, Is Ending Its Quest for Cold Fusion, ” New York
Andrew. “New Questions Raised on Stanford Research Costs, ” New York Times, 130
Andrew. “Stanford to Ban Drug Makers’ Gifts to Doctors, Even Pens, ” New York
Andrew. “U.S. Investigates the Cost of Research at Stanford, ” New York Times, 7
Andrew. “U.S. Reported Trailing in the Superconductor Race, ” New York Times, 16
Andrew. “U.S. Sharply Cuts Funds to Stanford As Result of Inquiry on Overcharging, “
Andrew. “Under Audit, Stanford Will Repay U.S.” New York Times, 24 January 1991
Andrew. “Wyatt Earp Fought Here, but the Corral Isn’t O.K., ” New York Times, 8
Robert E. “In Science, Error Isn’t Fraud, ” New York Times, 2 May 1989, p. A25.
Pollan, Michael. “Unhappy Meals, ” New Youk Times Magazine, 28 January 2007, pp. 40ff.
Pollie, Robert. “Brother Can You Spare a Paradigm?” Science 83 (July/August, 1983), pp.
Pollitt, Katha. “Sins of the Nins, ” a book review of Incest, by Anais Nin (New York: Harcourt
Pomeroy, Wardell B. Dr. Kinsey and the Institute for Sex Research. New York: Harper, 1972. Pool
Robert and Aldhous, Peter. “Stanford Counts Cost of Overhead Scandal, ” Nature 352 (8
Robert. “Alchemy Altercation at Texas A&M, ” Science 262 (26 November 1993), p.
Robert. “Cold Fusion at Texas A&M: Problems, but No Fraud, ” Science 250 (14
Robert. “Cold Fusion Follies, ” Science, 250 (9 November 1990), p. 755.
Robert. “Cold Fusion Still in State of Confusion, ” Science 245 (21 July 1989), p. 256.
Robert. “Cold Fusion: Bait and Switch?” Science 244 (19 May 1989), p. 774.
Robert. “Cold Fusion: End of Act I, ” Science 244 (2 June 1989), pp. 1039-1040.
Robert. “Cold Fusion: Only the Grin Remains, ” Science 250 (9 November 1990), pp.
Robert. “Cold Fusion: Smoke, Little Light, ” Science 246 (17 November 1989), p. 879.
Robert. “Confirmations Heat Up Cold Fusion Prospects, ” Science 244 (14 April 1989), pp.
Robert. “Evidence for Homosexuality Gene, ” Science 261 (16 July 1993), pp. 291-292.
Robert. “Fusion Breakthrough?” Science 243 (31 March 1989). pp. 1661-1662.
Robert. “Fusion Follow up: Confusion Abounds, ” Science 244 (7 April 1989), pp. 27-29.
Robert. “Fusion Theories Pro and Con, ” Science 244 (21 April 1989), p. 285.
Robert. “How Cold Fusion Happened – Twice, ” Science 244 (28 April 1989), pp. 420-
Robert. “More Squabbling Over Unbelievable Result, ” Science 241 (5 August 1988), p.
Robert. “Skepticism Grows Over Cold Fusion, ” Science 244 (21 April 1989), pp.
Robert. “Struggling to Do Science for Society, ” Science 248 (11 May 1990), pp. 672-673.
Robert. “Teller, Chu ‘Boost’ Cold Fusion, ” Science 246 (27 October 1989), p. 449.
Robert. “Was Newton Wrong?” Science 241 (12 August 1988), pp. 789-790.
Robert. “Will New Evidence Support Cold Fusion?” Science 246 (13 October 1989), pp.
Popovic, Mikulas. “Letter on the HIV-1/HTLV-IIIB/83 Isolate and the Pooling Experiment, “
Possley, Maurice. “U.S. Indicts Four in Drug Test Scheme, ” Chicago Sun Times, 23 June 1981
Potkin, S. G., et al., “Are Paranoid Schizophrenics Biologically Different From Other
Potter, Stephen. The Theory and Practice of Gamesmanship: The Art of Winning Without


Elisabeth. “Top Collector Is Asked to Relinquish Artifacts, ” New York Times, 29
Elisabetta. “I/A Status As Symbol in Patrimony Tug of War, ” New York Times, 4
Elisabetta. Getty Is Lent a Bounty of Berninis, ” New York Times, 2 Februry7, B11.
Elizabetta. “Two Marble Sculptures to Return to Sicily, ” New York Times 1
Powell, Douglas. “Report Condemns Pressure to Publish, ” Science 264 (17 June 1994), p.
Powers, Thomas. Heisenberg’s War: The Secret History of the German Bomb. New York: Da
Press, Frank. “Science Is Not Sacred, ” New York Times, 1 December 1995, p. A29. Preston
Julia. “Guatemala Laureate Defends ‘My Truth, ‘” New York Times, 21 January 1999
Richard. The Hot Zone. New York: Random House, 1994. Price
Derek J. De Solla. Little Science, Big Science. New York: Columbia University Press
Derek J. de Solla. Science Since Babylon. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1961.
George R. “Science and the Supernatural, ” Science 122 (26 August 1955), pp. 359-367.
Prigogine, Ilya and Stengers, Isabelle. Order Out of Chaos: Man’s New Dialogue with Nature.
Primack, Joel and von Hipple, Frank. Advice and Dissent: Scientists in the Political Arena. New
Procopius. The Secret History. Translated with an introduction by G. A. Williamson. New York:


Robert N. “No Time for Heroes, ” The Sciences 35 (March/April 1995), pp. 20-24.
Robert N. “Science and Nazism, ” review of Murderous Science: Elimination by
Robert N. Racial Hygiene: Medicine Under the Nazis. Cambridge, Massachusetts:
Project on Scientific Fraud and Misconduct: Report on Workshop Number One. Washington
Proshansky, Harold M. “Environmental Psychology and the Real World, ” American
Provoledo, Elisabetta. “Getty Agrees To Return 40 Antiquities to Italy, ” New York Times, 2


Michael. From Immigrant to Inventor. New York: Scribner’s, 1926. (Originally, 1923)
Michael. The New Reformation: From Physical to Spiritual Realities. New York:
Purvis, Andrew. “Unlocking the Pill Bottles, ” Time, 17 December 1990, p. 95. Putka
Gary. “A Cheating Epidemic at a Top High School Teaches Sad Lessons, ” The Wall
Gary. “A Professor Swapped Degrees for Contracts, University Suspects, ” The Wall



Selwyn. “4 Youths Shot by Goetz Faced Criminal Charges, ” New York Times, 10 January
Selwyn. “Officer Indicted in Bumpers Case, ” New York Times, 1 February 1985, pp.
Rampe, David. “Move Over, Cliff’s Notes, ” New York Times, 26 November 1995, p. 2F.
Randall, Frederika. “Why Scholars Become Storytellers, ” New York Times Book Review, 29
Rappaport, Rhoda. “Vatican Held No ‘Official’ Cosmology, ” New York Times, 1 December
Rashbaum, William. “Retired Officers Raise Questions on Crime Data, ” New
Raven-Hansen, Peter. “Dos and Don’ts for Whistleblowers: Planning for Trouble, ” Technology
Ravetz, Jerome R. Scientific Knowledge and Its Social Problems. New York: Oxford University
Rawlence, Christopher. The Missing Reel. London: Collins, 1990.
Rawlins, Dennis. Peary at the North Pole, Fact or Fiction? New York: Robert B. Luce, 1973.
Rawls, Wendell. “Judge Quits Panel on Prison Ratings, ” New York Times, 6 August 1982, p.
Raymo, Chet. The Virgin and the Mousetrap: Essays in Search of the Soul of Science. New


Chris. “Cold-Fusion Brouhaha Signals Shifts in the Way Science Proceeds, ” The
Chris. “Study of Patient Histories Suggests Freud Suppressed or Distorted Facts That
Reason, Charles E. “Organizational Crime, ” in The Sociology of Deviance, M. Michael
Reed, J. “Some Ado About Who Was, or Was Not, Shakespeare, ” The Smithsonian, September
Regis, Ed. Who Got Einstein’s Office? Eccentricity and Genius at the Institute for Advanced
Regush, Nicholas. The Virus Within: A Coming Epidemic. New York: Plume Book, 2000
Reichard, Robert S. The Figure Finaglers. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1974. Reichhardt
Tony. “Science Advisors Face ‘Credibility Crisis, ‘” Nature 385 (23 January 1997)
Torry. “Emissions Fall Despite Economic Growth, ” Nature 400 (5 August 1999), p.
Reif, F. “The Competitive World of the Pure Scientist, ” Science 134 (15 December 1961), pp.
Reilly, Philip R. The Surgical Solution: A History of Involuntary Sterilization in the United
Reines, Frederick, editor. Cosmology, Fusion and Other Matters: George Gamow Memorial
Reiser, Stanley Joel. “The Medical Influence of the Stethoscope, ” Scientific American, 240
Relman, A. S. “Lessons From The Darsee Affair, ” New England Journal of Medicine 308 (9
Remnick, David. “The Freud One Scholar Loves to Hate, ” Times Union, 4 March 1984, p. 3. Rensberger
Boyce. “C.I.A. in the Early Nineteen-Fifties Was Among Pioneers in Research on
Boyce. “Margaret Mead: The Nature-Nurture Debate, ” Science 83 4 (April, 1983)
Report to the President: Commission on C.I.A. Activities Within the United States. Nelson A.
Reprinted from Trials of War Criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals under Control
Rettig, Richard A. “Science and Control, ” review of The New Politics of Science, by David
Revere, Paul. Dentistry and Its Victims. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1970. Revkin
Andrew C. “A Shift in Stance on Global Warming, ” New York Times, 26 October
Andrew C. “An Message in Eroding Ice: Humans Are Turning Up the Heat, ” New
Andrew C. “Bush Aide Softened Greenhouse Gas Links to Global Warming, ” New
Andrew C. “Climate Debate Gets Its Icon: Mt. Kilimanjaro, ” New York Times, 23
Andrew C. “Danish Ethics Panel Censured for Critique of Book, ” New York Times, 23
Andrew C. “Dispute Arises Over a Push to Change Climate Panel, ” New York Times, 2
Andrew C. “Federal Study Finds Accord on Warming, ” New York Times, 3 May 2006
Andrew C. “Former Bush Aide Who Edited Reports Is Hired by Exxon, ” New York
Andrew C. “Memos Tell Officials How to Discuss Climate, ” New York Times, 8
Andrew C. “Politics Reasserts Itself in the Debate Over Climate Change and Its
Andrew C. “Potent New Greenhouse Gas Is Found, but It’s Quite Rare, ” New York
Andrew C. “Study Faults Humans for Large Share of Global Warming, ” New York
Andrew C. “Study of Chemicals in Americans Show Encouraging Trends, ” New York
Andrew C. “Warming’s Effects to Permeate U.S.” New York Times 12 June 2000, pp.
Andrew C. “When Will We Be Sure?” New York Times, 10 September 2000, p. NW3.
Andrew C. And Wald, Matthew L. “Material Shows Weakening of Climate Reports, “
Reymo, Chet. “Hubble, Hubble, Toil and Trouble, ” a review of The Hubble Wars: Astrophysics


Jason. “Cornell Ph.D. Charges Her Professor With Copying from Her Dissertation, “
Larry T. “A Note on the Perpetuation of a ‘Scientific Fiction, ‘” The Sociology of
Rhein, Jr., Reginald and Maremont, Mark. “Marketing an AIDS Expert, ” Business Week, 14
Rhoades, Lawrence J. “Whistleblowing Consequences, ” Letter to the Editor. Science 271 (8
Rhodes, Richard. “H-Bomb Dreams, ” review of Edward Teller: Giant of the Age of Physics, by


Frank. “The Sell Curve, ” New York Times, 23 October 1994, p. E15.
Motoko and Smith, Dinitia. “In Change, Publisher to Recall Harvard Student’s Novel, “
Stanley R. and Gumpert, David E. “What’s New in the Superconductivity Business, ” New


Lynda. “Academic Panel to Ponder Mission of Research Universities, ” New York
Lynda. “Suspect is Arrested in Cheating Scheme for Graduate Tests, ” New York

William P., Higgins

A. C., and Ames, Richard G. The Handicapped Children of
A.C., and Ames, Richard G. “Interviewer Response Bias in a
Rieth, Adolf. Archaeological Fakes. New York: Praeger, 1970. (The original German edition is
Riffenburgh, Beau. The Myth of the Explorer: The Press, Sensationalism, and Geographical
Rifkin, Jeremy. Algeny. New York: Viking, 1983. Rigert
Joe and Deogun, Nikhil. “Top Health Sciences Official at ‘U’ To Resign in wake of

Joe and Lerner

Maura. “In Courting Industry, ‘U’ Has Invited Trouble, ” Minneapolis
Maura. “University Kept Silent for 4 Years on Research Misconduct by
Maura. “‘U” Researcher Could Face Federal Charges, ” Minneapolis Star
Joe and Newhart, Dave. “Wounds Healing, But Procuren may Not Be Why, “
Joe, “At Least One Dean Dared to Challenge the System, ” Minneapolis StarTribune, 17
Joe. “Najarian Out of Chief Surgeon, ” Minneapolis StarTribune, 12 February 1993, pp.
Joe. “Resisting Prescriptions for Change, ” Minneapolis StarTribune, 17 June 1993, pp.
Joe. “Top Child Psychiatrist at ‘U’ Indicted on Charges of Fraud, ” Minneapolis
Rimer, Sara. “With Millions Taking Prozac, A Legal Drug Culture Arises, ” New York Times
Rimland, Bernard and Munsinger, Harry. “Burt’s Heritability Data, ” Science 195 (21 January
Risse, Guenter B. “Semmelweis, ” Dictionary of Scientific Biography XX, pp. 294-297.
Ritter, Scott and Pitt, William Rivers. War on Iraq: What Team Bush Doesn’t Want You To
Roach, Marion. “Another Name for Madness, ” New York Times, 16 January 1983, pp. 22 ff. Robbins
Anthony and Freeman, Phyllis. “Obstacles to Developing the Third World, ” Scientific
Carla Anne. “Army’s Huge Supply of Nerve Gas Poses Unnerving Questions, ” Wall
Michael W, “Vinland Map Authenticated…And Debunked, ” Discover, January 2003
William. “Sometimes Bad Apples Come by the Bushel, ” New York Times, 2


Catherine. The Scientific Conscience: Reflections on the Modern Biologist and
Ian St. James. “Are Researchers Trustworthy?” New Scientist 71 (2 September 1976)
Ian St. James. “Cheating in Science, ” New Scientist 72 (25 November 1976), pp.
Katherine “A Shot Not Heard Round the World, ” New York Times, 6 April 1986, p.
Katherine and Goodman, Walter. “California Rejects Science Textbooks, ” New York
Katherine, “More Data on Corporate Crime, ” New York Times, 29 September 1985, p.
Leslie. “Caltech Deals with Fraud Allegations, ” Science, 251 (1 March 1991), p. 1014.
Leslie. “Conservationists in Panda-monium, ” Science 241 (29 July 1988), pp. 529-531.
Leslie. “Fight Erupts Over DNA Fingerprinting, ” Science 254 (20 December 1991), pp.
Leslie. “New Questions in Strobel Case, ” Science 237 (4 September 1987), pp. 1097-
Leslie. “Radiation Accident Grips Goiania, ” Science 238 (20 November 1987), pp.
Leslie. “Was Science Fair to its Authors, ” Science 254 (20 December 1991), p. 1722.
Royston M. Serendipity: Accidental Discoveries in Science. New York: Wiley, 1989.
Sam. “Coroner’s Job and Conflicts, ” New York Times, 31 January 1985, pp. 1, B6.
Selena. “The Road to Success Is Paved by Cheating, ” New York Times, 8 April 2007


Arthur L. “A Superconductivity Happening, ” Science 235 (27 March 1987), p.
Arthur L. “Superconductor Claim Raised to 94 K, ” Science 235 (6 March 1987), pp.
Robins, Natalie. Copeland’s Cure: Hemeopathy and the War Between Conventional and


Arthur L. “Major Materials Facilities Ranked, ” Science 225 (17 August 1984), p.
Arthur L. “Physics Journals Adopt New Policy, ” Science 210 (19 December 1980), p.
Roche, Walter F., Jr. “Whistle-Blower Finally Gains Vindication, ” Baltimore Sun, 5 May 1997
Rodgers, Eugene. Beyond the Barrier: The Story of Byrd’s First Expedition to Antarctica.


Anne. “The Psychology of the Scientist, ” Science 134 (18 August 1961), pp. 456-459.
Anne. The Making of a Scientist. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1953.
Roethlisberger, F. J. and Dickson, W. J. Management and the Worker: An Account of a


Michael with Gonzalez, David L. “Can We Trust our Software?” Newsweek, 29
Stuart. “How a Publicity Blitz Caused the Myth of Subliminal Advertising, ” Public
Rohde, David. “Expert Guilty in Scheme to Steal Tiffany Glass From Tombs, ” New York
Rohter, Larry. “Nobel Winner Finds Her Story Challenged, ” New York Times, 15 December
Roman, Mark B. “When Good Scientists Turn Bad, ” Discover, April 1988, pp. 50-59. Romer
Alfred. The Restless Atom: The Awakening of Nuclear Physics. New York: Dover
John and Elizabeth. The Rape of Tutankhamen. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1994.
Romero, Simon. “Peyote’s Hallucinations Spawn Real-Life Academic Feud, “New York Times


Colin. Lost Discoveries: The Forgotten Science of the Ancient World. New York:
Colin. The Astronomers. London: Evans Brothers, 1964.
Ronchi, Vasco. “The Influence of the Early Development of Optics on Science and Philosophy, “
Root-Bernstein, Robert S. “Breaking Faith, ” The Sciences 29 (November, December, 1989), pp.
Roper, Burns W. “Misleading Measurements, ” Society 13 (September/ October, 1976), pp.
Rosa, Linda, Rosa, Emily, Sarner, Larry and Barrett, Stephen. “A Close Look at Therapeutic


Daphne A. A Plague of Corn: The Social History of Pellagra. Ithaca: Cornell University of
Joanna and Nilsson, Annika. “Sweden Considers More Oversight of Research, ” Science
Jonathan. “Who Said We Have Too Many Doctors?” New York Times, 29 June 1986, p.
Rosefsky, Robert S. Frauds, Swindles, and Rackets: A Red Alert for Today’s Consumers.
Rosen, Jonathan. “Missing Link: Alfred Russel Wallace, Charles Darwin’s Neglected Double, “


David E. “Legal Battle Over 1990 Census is Far from Over, ” New Yorkk Times
Jean. Is Your Volkswagen a Sex Symbol? What Your Life- Style Reveals About
Ron. “The Great Ivy League Nude Posture Photo Scandal, ” New York Times


Charles E. No Other Gods: On Science and American Social Thought. Baltimore
Charles E. The Cholera Years: The United States in 1832, 1849 and 1866. Chicago:
Rosendale, Don. “A Whistle-Blower, ” New York Times Magazine, 7 June 1987, p. 56.
Rosener, David and Markowitz, Gerald. “A ‘Gift of God’?: The Public Health Controversy over


Albert. “The Factifuging Syndrome, ” Saturday Review/World, 26 January 1974, p.
Harry. “Let’s Give Credit Where it is Due, ” Albany Times Union, 28 July 1991, p.


David L. “On Being Sane in Insane Places, ” Science 179 (19 January 1973), pp. 250-
David. “Letter to the Editor, ” New York Times Magazine, 11 June 1989, p. 10. Rosenthal
Elisabeth. “Articles Question Wide Use of 2 Vaccines, ” New York Times, 21
Elisabeth. “New York Seeks to Tighten Rules on Medical Research, ” New York
Elizabeth. “Tarnished Testimony, ” a review of Peter W. Huber, Galileo’s Revenge:
Elizabeth. “U.N. Report on Climate Details Risks of Inaction, ” New York Times, 17
Robert and Jacobson, Lenore. Pygmalion in the Classroom: Teacher Expectancy and
Robert and Rosnow, Ralph L., editors. Artifact in Behavioral Research. New York:
Robert. Experimenter Effects in Behavioral Research. New York:
Rosenzweig, Robert M. “Preventing Fraud Is a Task for Scientists, Not Congress, ” The
Rosner, David and Markowitz, Gerald, editors. Dying for Work: Workers Safety and Health in


E. A. Seventy Years of It: An Autobiography. New York: Arno Press, 1977. (Originally
E. A. Sin and Society: An Analysis of Latter-Day Iniquity. New York: Harper
Richard S., et al. “Prevention of Dishonesty in Science, ” Science 215 (12 February 1982)
Rostand, J. Error and Deception in Science. A. Pomeran, Translator. New York: Basic Books
Roszak, Theodore. “The Complacencies of the Academy: 1967, ” in New American Review #1
Roth, Julius A. “Hired Hand Research, ” American Sociologist 1 (August, 1966), pp. 190-196. Rothman
David J. “Fiduciary Disorders, ” a review of Medicine, Money and Morals: Physicians’
Robert A. “A Dissenting View of the Scientific Ethos, ” British Journal of Sociology
Tony. “Genius and Biographers: The Fictionalization of Evariste Galois, ” American


Edward. “When Wry Hits Your Pi From a Real Sneaky Guy, ” New York Times, 26
William G. American Physicians in the Nineteenth Century: From Sect to Science.


Wade. “Dana-Farber Death Sends a Warning to Research Hospitals, ” Science 269 (21
Wade. “Grad School Rankings Rankle, ” Science 269 (22 September 1995), pp. 1660-
Wade. “New Faculty May Lose Family Tuition Help, ” Science 269 (14 July 1995), p.


Denis L. “Case Studies in Pathological Science, ” American Scientist 80
Pierre. The Limits of Science. London: Phoenix House, 1967.
Rowe, Paul M. “Encouraging Good Scientific Conduct, ” Nature 343 (25 June 1994), p. 1627.
Rowland, Henry A. “A Plea for Pure Science, ” address before the AAAS, Minneapolis, 15


Edwin S. “Time to Get Back to Reaganomics, ” New York Times, 24 July 1992, p.
Leonard S. “The C.I.A. and the Evil Doctor, ” New York Times, 7 November 1988


Ellis. “The Gallo Factor: Questions Remain, ” Science 253 (16 August 1991), p.
Ellis. II: The Untold Story of HUT78, ” Science 248 (22 June 1990), pp. 1499-1507.
Rubner, Jeanne. “German University Withdraws Doctorate After Fraud Charge, ” Nature 382 (11
Rudwick, Martin J. S. The Great Devonian Controversy: The Shaping of Scientific Knowledge
Rupke, Nicholas A, “Bathybius Haeckelii and The Psychology of Scientific Discovery, ” Studies
Ruse, Michael. The Darwinian Revolution. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1979.
Russel, John. “As Long as Men Make Art, the Artful Fake Will Be With Us, ” New York Times
Russett, Cynthia Eagle. Darwin in America: The Intellectual Response. San Francisco: Freeman


Frank. The Forgotten Plague: How the Battle Against Tuberculosis was Won – And Lost.
Kenneth J. “Commission on Research Integrity Report Sparks Debate on Science and
Kenneth J. Editorial, “Scientific Imagination and Integrity, “Science 273 (12 July 1996), p.
Rybczynski, Witold. “The Big Heat, ” a review of Gale E. Christianson’s Greenhouse: The 200-


Sabbagh, Karl. A Rum Affair: A True Story of Botanical Fraud. New York: DaCapo Press, 2001


Frederick. Letter to the editor. “NIH Funding, ” Nature 363 (17 June 1993), p. 578.
Oliver. The Man who Mistook His Wife for a Hat and Other Clinical Tales. Harper &


Kevin. “Appeals Court Clears Doctors Who Were Censured in the Libby Zion Case, ” New
Kevin. “New York Regents Drop Charges in Review of Ex-Coroner’s Actions, ” New
Sacks, Oliver. Uncle Tungsten: Memories of a Chemical Boyhood. New York: Knopf, 2001.
Saegusa, Asako. “Japanese Researchers Faces U.S. Charges Over Data, ” Nature 398 (8 April


Carl. Broca’s Brain. New York: Random House, 1979.
Carl. The Dragons of Eden: Speculations on the Evolution of Human Intelligence. New
Leonard A. “Family Ties: The Real Reason People Are Living Longer, ” in Personal
Leonard A. “What Language Does Your Doctor Speak?” review of Medicine and Culture
Salino, Jeffrey. “Brigham Young Professor Admits He Plagiarized Significant Portions of a
Salmans, Sandra and McGee, Henry. “Physician, Heal Thyself, ” Newsweek, 9 August 1976, p.


Franz. “Cattell: The Beginnings of a Career, ” Science 212 (15 May 1981), pp. 777-
Franz. “J. B. Watson’s Little Albert, Cyril Burt’s Twins, and the Need for a Critical
Franz. “Putting Psychology on the Map: Ideology and Intelligence Testing, ” in


Anthony. The Money Lenders: Bankers in a World in Turmoil. New York: Viking
Anthony. The Seven Sisters. New York: Viking, 1975.
Samuelson, Franz. “Rescuing the Reputation of Sir Cyril Burt, ” Journal of the History of the
Sanders, Eli. “An 8-Year Fight Ends Over a 9, 200-Year-Old Man, ” New York Times, 20 July
Sandow, Alexander. “Social Factors in the Origin of Darwinism, ” The Quarterly Review of
Sang-Hun, Choe and Wade, Nicholas. “Korean Cloning Scientist Quits Over Report He Faked
Sangalli, Arturo. “They burn heretics, don’t they?” New Scientist, (6 April 1996), p. 47. Sanger
David E. “Campuses Fear Federal Control Over Research, ” New York Times, 18
David E. “Computer Work Bends College Secrecy Rules, ” New York Times, 16
David E. “How See-No-Evil Doomed Challenger, ” New York Times, 29 June 1986, pp.
David E. “Molding Textbooks to Mold Consensus, ” New York Times, 22 November
David E. “U. of California Puts Limits on Private Research Pacts, ” New York Times, 21
Sann, Paul. Fads, Follies and Delusions of the American People. New York: Bonanza Books
Sapp, Jan. Where the Truth Lies: Franz Moewus and the Origins of Molecular Biology. New
Sarton, George. The History of Science and the New Humanism. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana


Stephanie. “Merck Wrote Drug Studies for Doctors, ” New York Times, 16 April 2008
Stephanie. “Side Effects: Profit and Questions on Prostate Cancer Therapy.” New York
Stephanie. “Unease on Industry’s Role in Hypertension Debate, ” New York Times, 20
Stephanie. Setback for Effort to Ease Rules on Promoting Drugs, ” New York Times, 19


Wolfgang. “I. Bernard Cohen, 89, Dieds; Pioneer in History of Science, ” New York
Wolfgang. “Paul K. Feyerabend, 70, Anti-Science Philosopher, ” New York Times, 8
Sayre, Anne. Rosalind Franklin and DNA. New York: Norton, 1975.
Scardine, Albert and Finder, Alan. “Judge Dismisses Indictment in Bumpers Case, ” New York


Albert and Finder, Alan. “A Revised Opinion on the Death of Michael Stewart, ” New
Albert. “Why Wall Street Is Rife With Crime, ” New York Times, 15 February 1987
Scatena, Paul. “Letter to the Editor, ” New York Times Magazine 11 June 1989, p. 12.
Scerf, Margaret. “Senate Unit Raps Mental Hospitals, ” Leader-Herald, Johnstown-Gloversville
Schachman, Howard K. “What is Misconduct in Science?” Science 261 (9 July 1993), pp.
Schama, Simon. “Clio Has a Problem, ” New York Times Magazine, 8 September 1991, pp.


Karl E. “The Psychologist’s Advantage and Its Nullification: Limits of Human
Karl E. Mirrors, Masks, Lies, and Secrets: The Limits of Human Predictability. New
Scheinfeld, Amram. “The Kallikaks After Thirty Years, ” Journal of Heredity (September, 1944)
Schellenberg, James A. Masters of Social Psychology. New York: Oxford, 1978. Schemo
Diana Jean. “Many on Campuses Disdain Historian’s Practice, ” New York Times, 15
Diana Jean. “Sept. 11 Strikes At Labs’ Doors, ” New York Times, 13 August 2002, pp.
Diana Jean. “Sept. 11 Strikes At Labs’ Doors, ” New York Times, 13 August 2002, pp.
Schferelbein, Susan. “The Invisible Threat: The Stifled Story of Electric Waves, ” Saturday


Quirin. “Authors Slow to Retract ‘Fraudulent’ Papers, ” Nature, 393 (4 June 1998)
Quirin. “German Task Force Outraged by Changes to Science Fraud Report, “
Schilling, Govert. “Imaging Spat Pits Amateur Against Pros, ” Science 288 (23 June 2000), pp.
Schlermeier, Quirin and Weydt, Patrick. “German Research Agency Stifles Creativity, ” Nature
Schlermeier, Quirin and Weydt, Patrick. “German Research Agency Stifles Creativity, ” Nature


Quirin. “…And German Garlic Study Under Scrutiny, ” Nature 401 (14 October
Quirin. “Gene Therapist Accused of Fraud to Seek Redress in German Court, “
Quirin. “German Chemist Sues Over Fraud Allegation, ” Nature 391 (29 January
Schlosser, Eric. Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal. New York:
Schmaus, Warren. “Fraud and Sloppiness in Science, ” Perspectives 1 (Sept./Dec., 1981), pp.


Harold M. “Why One Scientist’s ‘Eureka’ Is Another’s Deep Frustration, ” New York
Jr. “Review Casts Some Doubt on Cloning Data, ” New York Times, 26
Jr. “Schizophrenia Focus Shifts to Dramatic Change in Brain, ” New York
Jr. “The Revolution in Heart Treatment, ” New York Times Magazine, Part


Peter. “U. of Srizona Fires Prominent Researcher Over Charges of Scientific
William E. “Did Aliens or Pranksters Make the Corn Circles?” New York Times, 27
Wukkuan E. “2 ‘Jovial Con Men’ Demystify Those Crop Circles in Britain, ” New


Eric. “Count of the 2000 Census Is Said to Err by Millions, ” New York Times, 16
Eric. “House Battle Threatens Big Research Universities With Loss of Millions, ” New
Eric. “More Bad News for Navy: Academy Cheating Scandal, ” New York Times, 19
Eric. “Naval Academy Pushing Inquiry About Cheating, ” New York Times, 16


Alison. “Harvard Faces the Aftermath of a Graduate Student’s Suicide, ” The
Craig and Young, Allison. ” Emory acknowledges past issues with professor
Keith. “’50 Memo Shows Radiation Test Doubts, ” New York Times, 28 December
Keith. “2nd Nuclear Plant Is Ordered Closed by Energy Department, ” New York
Keith. “A Case of Heavy-Footed Gumshoes, ” New York Times, 10 November 1991
Keith. “Biotech’s Stalled Revolution, ” New York Times Magazine, 16 November
Keith. “Chronic Failures at Nuclear Plant Are Disclosed by the Energy Department, “
Keith. “Cold War Radiation Test on Humans To Undergo a Congressional Review, “
Keith. “Energy Department Says It Kept Secret Mishaps at Nuclear Weapon Plant, “
Keith. “Faking it: The Case Against Bio-Test Laboratories, ” The Amicus Journal
Keith. “Go-Ahead Likely on Crop Tinkering, but Some are Wary, ” New York Times
Keith. “How Secrecy on Atomic Weapons Helped Breed a Policy of Disregard, ” New
Keith. “New Atom Plant Is Being Tested in South Carolina, ” New York Times, 10
Keith. “New View of Peril From A-Plant Emissions, ” New York Times, 22 April
Keith. “Relatives Say Signatures of Patients in Radiation Tests Were Forgeries, “
Keith. “Science Academy Says Chemicals Do Not Necessarily Increase Crops, ” New
Keith. “U.S. Details Legal Fees Paid in Nuclear Suits, ” New York Times, 4 January
Keith. “U.S. Expands Inquiry Into Its Human Radiation Tests, ” New York Times, 31
Keith. “U.S. Fund Set Up to Pay Civilians Injured by Atomic Arms Program, ” New
Keith. “Uranium Miners Inherit Dispute’s Sad Legacy, ” New York Times, 9 January
Schrecker, Ellen W. No Ivory Tower: McCarthyism and the Universities. New York: Oxford
Schulman, Seth. The Telephone Gambit: Chasing Alexander Graham Bell’s Secret. New
Schultz, Duane. Intimate Friends, Dangerous Rivals: The Turbulent Relationship Between Freud
Schumacher, Mary Catherine. “Comparison of Occupation and Industry Information from Death
Schur, Edwin M. Our Criminal Society: The Social and Legal Sources of Crime in America.


Evan I. The Last Lone Inventor: A Tale of Genius, Deceit, and the Birth of
George, and Bishop, Philip W., editors. Moments of Discovery: The Development of
Melvin. “The Conflict Between Productivity and Creativity in Modern Day Physics, “
Norman. “The Amazing Cardiff Giant, ” Argosy August, 1957, pp. 34ff. Science 84
“A Biological Basis for Homosexuality?” Science 84 (December, 1984), pp. 8-9.
“Did Galileo Cheat?” Science 84 (March, 1984), p. 6. Science News
“False Research: The Summerlin Scandal, ” Science News 105 (1 June 1974), pp.
“Researcher Admits He Faked Journal Data, ” Science News 111 (5 March 1977)
“Researcher Found Cheating at PSI Laboratory, ” Science News 106 (17 August


“In the Courts, ” Science 301 (29 August 2003), p. 1181.
“In the Courts, ” Science 301 (29 August 2003), p. 1181.
“US Cuts Use of Lie Detectors on Job-Hunting Researchers, ” Nature 425 (11
Scientific American. The Universe. Simon and Schuster, 1956-57. Scott
Janny. “Postmodern Gravity Deconstructed, Slyly, ” New York Times, 18 May 1996, pp.
Janny. “Study Puts Census Errors at $4 Billion, ” New York Times, 8 August 2001, p. B5.
Robert A. The Making of Blind Men: A Study of Adult Socialization. New York: Russell
Scull, Andrew. Madhouse: A Tragic Tale of Megalomania and Modern Medicine. New Haven:


John. “Ruffled Feathers, ” The New Yorker, 29 May 2006, pp. 50-61.
William. Doctor Wood: Modern Wizard of the Laboratory. New York: Brace, 1941. Seachrist
Lisa. “NIH Tightens Clinical Trials Monitoring, ” Science 264 (22 April 1994), p.
Lisa. Federal Science Grants: The Top 20 Universities, ” Science 264 (17 June 1994)
Seeley, John R. “Crestwood Heights: Intellectual and Libidinal Dimensions of Research, ” in
Segerstrale, Ullica. “Science By Worst Cases, ” A Review of The Golem: What Everyone Should
Seife, Charles. ” Heavy-Element Fizzle Laid to Falsified Data, ” Science 297 (19 July 2002), pp
Sekas, Gail and Hutson, William R. “Misrepresentation of Academic Accomplishments by
Selltiz, Claire; Jahoda, Marie; Deutsch, Morton and Cook, Stuart W. Research Methods in
Seltz, Frederick. “A Major Deception on ‘Global Warming, ‘” Wall Street Journal, 12 June 1996
Selvin, Paul. “Alaskan Pork: Aurora Fantasia, ” Science 250 (23 November 1990), p. 1073.
Selye, Hans. From Dream to Discovery: On Being a Scientist. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964. Service
Robert F. “Bell Labs Fires Star Physicist Found Guilty of Forging Data, ” Science 298
Robert F. “Winning Streak Brought Awe, And Then Doubt, ” Science, 297 (5 July
Robert F., et al., Science Scope, “Beyond the Numbers, ” Science 285 (6 August 1999)
Settle, Thomas B. “An Experiment in the History of Science, ” Science 133 (6 January 1961), pp.
Seymour, Elaine and Hewett, Nancy M. Talking About Leaving: Why Undergraduates Leave the
Shabecoff, Philip. “Bhopal Disaster Rivals 17 in U.S.” New York Times, 30 April 1989, p. 33.
Shanks, Hershel. “Why Transcripts of the Dead Sea Scrolls Had to be Released, ” The Chronicle


Steven. “Sick City: Maps and Mortality in the time of Cholera, ” The New Yorker, 6
Steven. “The Politics of Observation: Cerebral Anatomy and Social Interests in the
Shapiro, Alan E. “Claims for Newton.” Review of I. Bernard Cohen, The Newtonian


Deborah. “Colorado Professor Fired over False Accounts, ” Science 200 (23 June
Deborah. “Nobelists: Piccioni Lawsuit Raises Questions About the 1959 Prize, “
Harlow, editor. A Treasury of Science. New York: Harper, 1958. (Originally, 1943).
Sharkey, Joe. “You’re Not Bad, You’re Sick. It’s In the Book.” New York Times, 28 September


Bill. a review of The Hacker Crackdown: Law and Disorders on the Electronic Frontier
David. A review of Fraud and Misconduct in Medical Research, edited by Stephen Lock
Phillip A. “Lessons of the Baltimore Case, ” Letter to the editor. Issues in Science and
Shaub, Greg. “Researcher Accused of Violations, ” ASP, 24 February 1989, pp. 1, 13. Shaw
Bernard. The Doctor’s Dilemma. Preface. Vol I: Complete Plays with Prefaces. New
David. The Pleasure Police: How Bluenose Busybodies and Lily-Livered Alarmists are
Shaywitz, David A. and Ausiello, Dennis A. “The Necessary Risks of Medical Research, ” New


Christopher. “Tribal Skirmishes in Anthropology, ” The Chronicle of Higher Education, 11
William R. Galileo’s Intellectual Revolution. London: Macmillan, 1972.
Sheehy, Gail. “Are You Ready to Listen: When a Child is Abused, ” Parade Magazine, Albany
Sheler, Jeffrey L., et al. “America’s Best Colleges, ” U.S. News and World Report, 16 October
Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein. New York: Knopf, 1921 (Originally, 1818).
Shem, Samuel. The House of God. New York: Dell, 1995 (originally, Putnam, 1978). Shenkman, Richard. Legends
Lies and Cherished Myths of American History. New York:
Lies, and Cherished Myths of American History. New York:


Philip. “Aftermath of an Autopsy: Family Says Examiner Obstructed Justice, ” New
Philip. “Broad Deterioration of Coroner’s Office Charged, ” New York Times, 30
Philip. “C.I.A. Near Settlement of Lawsuit by Subjects of Mind-Control Tests, ” New
Philip. “Chief Medical Examiner’s Reports in Police Custody Cases Disputed, ” New
Philip. “Experts Fault Coroner in Cases on 3 People Not in Police Custody, ” New York
Sherman, Mark L. “The College Board Joins Publishers of S.A.T. ‘Cram’ Books, ” New York
Shilts, Randy. And The Band Played On: Politics, People, and the Aids Epidemic. New York:
Shipp, E. R. “New York Judge Proposes Random Audits for Lawyers’ Escrow Accounts, ” New
Shor, Elizabeth Noble. The Fossil Feud Between E. D. Cope and O. C. Marsh. Hicksville, New
Shubin, Neil. Your Inner Fish: A Journey into the 3.5-Billion-Year-Old History of the
Shum, Steven. “Students Misuse Research Service, UCLA Dean Says, ” U: The National College
Sibbison, J. B. “The Baltimore Dispute, ” The Lancet 20 May 1989, pp. 1148-1149.
Siegfried, Robert. “Further Daltonian Doubts, ” Isis 54 (December, 1963), pp. 480-481.
Sigelman, Lee. “How To Succeed in Political Science by Being Very Trying: A Methodological


Henry E. Great Doctors: A Biographic History of Medicine. London: Allen & Unwin
Henry E. Great Doctors: A Biographical History of Medicine. London: Allen & Unwin
Silberer, Herbert. Hidden Symbolism in Alchemy and the Occult Arts. New York: Dover, 1971.
Silberner, Joanne. “Cheating in the Labs, ” Science Digest (August, 1982), pp. 38-41.
Siler, J. F.; Garrison, P. E., and MacNeal, W. J. Pellagra III: Third Report of the Robert M.
Silver, Kalman H. The Social Reality of Scientific Myth. New York: American Universities


Robert. “Hoaxes and Half-Truths, ” Natural History 74 (March, 1965), pp. 62-65.
Robert. Scientists and Scoundrels: A Book of Hoaxes. New York: Thomas Y.


Milton and Lee, Philip R. Pills, Profits and Politics. Berkeley, California; The
Milton; Lee, Philip R. and Lydecker, Mia. Prescriptions for Death: The Drugging of
Silvers, Robert C., editor. Hidden Histories of Science. New York: New York Review Book


Arthur M. Pure Politics and Impure Science: The Swine Flu Affair. Baltimore
The Radioactive Boy Scout: The True Story of a Boy and his Backyard Nuclear

Simon David R. and Eitzen

D. Stanley. Elite Deviance. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1982.
D. Stanley. Elite Deviance. Fourth Edition. Boston: Allyn and
Julian L. Basic Research Methods in Social Science: The Art of Empirical Investigation.
Simonton, Dean Keith. Genius, Creativity and Leadership: Historiometric Inquiries. Cambridge


Calvin. “Company to Pay $110 Million In Health-Claims Fraud Suit, ” New York Times
Calvin. “Hospital Chain Said to Settle Fraud Case for $300 Million, ” New York Times
Calvin. “Teledyne To Pay Big Fine to U.S.” New York Times, 22 April 1994, D1.
J. Marion. The Story of My Life. New York: Da Capo Press, 1968. (Originally, Appleton


Upton. The Brass Check: A Study of American Journalism. Pasadena, California:
Upton. The Goose-Step: A Study of American Education. New York: Boni, 1936.
Sindermann, Carl J. Winning the Games Scientists Play. New York: Plenum, 1982. Singer
Charles. A Short History of Scientific Ideas to 1900. New York: Oxford University
Charles. From Magic To Science: Essays on the Scientific Twilight. New York: Dover
S. Jonathan. “Conduct Unbecoming, ” Letter to the Editor, New York Times Magazine
Skinner, B. F. “Herrnstein and the Evolution of Behaviorism, ” American Psychologist 32
Skloot, Rebecca. The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks. New York: Crown
Slack, Paul. The Impact of Plague in Tudor and Stuart England. Boston: Routledge Kegan Paul

Slade Margot and Biddle

Wayne. “10-Year Penalty for Researcher, ” New York Times, 20
Wayne. “Coming of Age in Anthropology: Doubts on Samoa, ” New
Margot. “No Laurel-Resting for Double Helix Pioneers, ” New York Times, 24 April
Sloman, Larry. Reefer Madness: Marijuana in America. New York: Grove Press, 1983
Slosson, Edwin E. Keeping Up With Science. New York: Harcourt, 1924. Smaglik
Paul. “Clinical Trials End at Gene-Therapy Institute…” Nature 405 (1 June 2000), p.
Paul. “Relations Thaw Between Genome Rivals as Finish Line Draws Near, ” Nature


J. W. Faust In Literature. London: Oxford University Press, 1975.
J. W. Faust in Literature. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973.
Smith R. Jeffrey. “Study of Atomic Veterans Fuels Controversy, ” Science (19 August 1983), pp.


Adam. “Scientist’s Pacemaker Research Sparks PR Battle, ” St. Petersburg Times, 14
Adam. “Scientist’s Pacemaker Research Sparks PR Battle, ” St. Petersburg Times, 14
Adam. Powers of Mind. New York: Ballentine, 1975.
Ainitia. “What Would Freud Think? The Uproar in the Shrine of Psychoanalysis, ” New
Craig. “Ethical Quandary Over Taking Organs of Chinese Inmates, ” New York Times
Daniel. “Political Science, ” New York Times Magazine, 4 September 2005, pp. 36- 1.
Dinetta. “Harvard Novelist Says Copying Was Unintentional, ” New York Times, 25
Dinita and Rich, Motoko. “A Second Ripple in Plagiarism Scandal, ” New York Times
Dinitia. “An Eskimo Boy and Injustice in Old New York, ” New York Times, 15 March
Dinitia. “Scholar Who Said Jung Lied Is At War With Descendants, ” New York Times, 3
G. Elliot. The Diffusion of Culture. Port Washington, New York: Kennikat Press, 1971.
Hugh H. “A Microbiologist Once Famous, ” Science 212 (24 April 1981), pp. 434-435.
J. David. Minds Made Feeble. Rockville, Maryland: Aspen Systems, 1985.
Jane S. Patenting the Sun: Polio and the Salk Vaccine. New York: Morrow, 1990.
Marion E. “Antagonisms and Controversies, ” Science 196 (15 April 1977), p. 258.
Neil “‘Academic War Over the Field of Geography’: The Elimination of Geography at
R. Jeffery. “SUNY at Albany Admits Research Violations, ” Science 198 (18 November
R. Jeffrey. “Atom Bomb Tests Leave Infamous Legacy, ” Science 218 (15 October 1982)
R. Jeffrey. “Beggs Takes a Leave of Absence at NASA, ” Science 230 (20 December
R. Jeffrey. “CIA Funding Dispute Claims Victim at Harvard, ” Science 231 (17 January
R. Jeffrey. “Congress Investigates Malfeasance at EPA, “
R. Jeffrey. “Creative Penmanship in Animal Testing Prompts FDA Controls, ” Science
R. Jeffrey. “FTC Seeks a Little Less Honesty, ” Science 218 (24 December 1982), pp.
R. Jeffrey. “Government Wins Appeal in Lawsuit on Fallout, ” Science 222 (16
R. Jeffrey. “Polygraph Tests: Dubious Validity, ” Science 224 (15 June 1944), p. 1217.
R. Jeffrey. “Scientific Fraud Probed at AAAS Meeting, ” Science 228 (14 June 1985), pp.
R. Jeffrey. “Scientists Implicated in Atom Test Deception, ” Science 218 (5 November
R. Jeffrey. “Weapons Labs Influence Test Ban Debate, ” Science 229 (13 September
R. Jefrey. “Judge Says Atom Tests Caused Cancer, ” Science 224 (25 May 1984), pp.
Robert W. The Space Telescope: A Study of NASA, Science, Technology and Politics.
Smyth, C. Piazzi. Our Inheritance in The Great Pyramid. Fifth Edition. London: Charles Burnet
Snelling, W. Rodman and Boruch, Robert F. Science in Liberal Arts Colleges: A Longitudinal


C. P. Homecoming. New York: Scribner’s, 1956.
C. P. Science and Government. New York: Mentor, 1962.
C. P. The Affair. New York: Scribner’s, 1961.
C. P. The Physicists. Boston: Little, Brown, 1980.
C. P. The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution. New York: Cambridge University
C. P. The Two Cultures: and A Second Look. New York: Cambridge University Press
C. P. Variety of Men. London: Macmillan, 1967.
Sobel, Dava. Longitude: The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest Scientific


Alan. “A Physicist Experiments With Cultural Studies, ” Lingua Franca, May/June 1996
Michael M. “Science and James McKeen Cattell, ” Science 209 (4 July 1980), pp. 43-52.
Soley, Lawrence C. Leasing the Ivory Tower: The Corporate Takeover of Academia. Boston:
Solomon, Burt. “In Prostate Cancer, Pick a Number, Any Number, ” New York Times, 26
Solow, Gervert. “How NSF Got Lost in Mohole, ” Fortune (May, 1963), pp. 138-209.
Sontag, Deborah. “Abuses Endangered Veterans in Cancer Drug Experiments, ” New York


Pitirim A. and Boldyreff, J. W. “An Experimental Study of the Influence of Suggestion
Pitirim A. Fads and Foibles in Modern Sociology and Related Sciences. Chicago:
Southwick, Ron. “Pentagon Considers Tighter Control of Academic Research, “: Chronicle of
Spear, Steven J. “The Health Factory, ” New York Times, 29 August 2005, p.A15.
Special to the New York Times, “44 Years Later, the Truth About the ‘Science Club, ‘” New
Special to The New York Times, “At Stanford, A Rebellion on Grades, ” New York Times, 31


Michael. “At Hearing, Nobel Laureate and Fellow Researchers Defend Conduct, “
Michael. “NIH Decides to Reopen Probe of Study on Gene Research, ” Washington
Michael. “NIH Says Research Team Did Not Commit Fraud, ” Washington Post, 3
Michael. “Researcher Not Wavering on Misconduct Charge, ” Washington Post, 10 May


Michael. “Rethinking the Brain: How The Songs of Canaries Upset a Fundamental
Paul. “Failure, by the Numbers, ” New York Times, 24 September 1994, p. 19.
Spence, Jonathan D. The Memory Palace of Matteo Ricci. New York: Penguin, 1985.


Tim. “Lightning Research Alleged to Profit from SUNYA Data, ” Albany Times
Tim. “SUNYA Dismissal Upheld, ” The Times Union, 30 April 1991, p. B-1, B-2. Sprague
Robert L. “I Trusted the Research System, ” The Scientist, 14 December 1987, pp.
Robert L. “Whistleblowing: A Very Unpleasant Avocation, ” Ethics and Behavior (
Spriegel, William R. and Myers, Clark E., editors. The Writings of the Gilbreths. Homewood


David. “Audit Backs Jailed Professor’s Allegations, ” Nature 370 (21 July 1994), p.
David. “Canadian Whistleblower Row Prompts Broader Code of Conduct, ” Nature
David. “Paper From Jailed Professor Stirs Debate Over Publication, ” Nature 381 (6
David. “Psychiatrist Launches Lawsuit Over ‘Academic Freedom, ‘” Nature 413 (4
Stabiner, Karen. “Deadly Legacy, ” a Review of Breakthrough: The Race to Find the Breast
Stafford, William. The Mozart Myths: A Critical Reassessment. Stanford, California: Stanford
Standen, Anthony. Science is a Sacred Cow. New York: Dutton, 1950. Stanley
Alessandra. “John Paul, at Home in Polish Academia, Defends Copernicus, ” New York
Alessandra. “Poet Told All; Therapist Provides the Record, ” New York Times, 15 July
Staples, Brent. Editorial Observer, Cutting and Pasting: A Senior Thesis by
Star, Susan Leigh and Gerson, Elihu M. “The Management and Dynamics of Anomalies in


Douglas. “Revisiting a 1930s Scandal, AACR to Rename a Prize, ” Science 300 (25 April
Paul. The Social Transformation of American Medicine: The Rise of a Sovereign
Stauber, John and Rampton, Sheldon. Toxic Sludge Is Good For You: Lies, Damn Lies, and the
Staudenmaier, John M. “The Edison Image, ” Science 216 (16 April 1982), pp. 289-290.
Stecklow, Steve and Johannes, Laura. “Drug Makers Relied on Clinical Researchers Who Now


Duncan. Eclipse: The Celestial Phenomenon Which Has Changed the Course of History.
Knight; Gertman, Paul M.; Crescenzi, Caroline; and Anderson, Jennifer. “Iatrogenic


Vilhjalmur. Adventures in Error. New York: Robert M. McBride and Company
Vilhjalmur. The Standardization of Error. New York: Norton, 1927.
Steffens, Lincoln. The Autobiography of Lincoln Steffens. Abridged edition. New York:
Stefoff, Rebecca. Charles Darwin and the Evolution Revolution. New York: Oxford University


Andrew. “Doctors Who Get Away With Killing and Maiming Must Be Stopped, ” New
Harry. The Magic Bullet. New York: Delacorte Press, 1995.
Maurice and Vidich, Arthur, editors. Sociology on Trial. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:
Maurice R. The Eclipse of Community. New York: Harper and Row, 1964. (Originally
Robin. “Race Gap Persists in Health Care. Three Studies Say Blacks Get Fewer Tests


Jacques. “Challenge Revives SAT Test Debate, ” New York Times, 18 November
Jacques. “U.S. Naval Academy Demotes Professor Over Copied Work, ” New York
Steiner, George. “The Scandal of the Nobel Prize, ” New York Times Book Review, 30
Steinfels, Peter. “Dead Sea Scrolls Free of Last Curb, ” New York Times, 27 November 1991, p.


Jennifer. “Albany Bill Would Help Patients Learn Doctors’ Discipline Records, “
Jennifer. “Albany Bill Would Help Patients Learn Doctors’ Discipline Records, “
Jennifer. “Brain Surgeon Cited In Bungled ’95 Case Faces a New Inquiry, ” New
Jennifer. “Brain Surgeon Cited In Bungled ’95 Case Faces a New Inquiry, ” New
Jennifer. “Inquiry Creates Doubt Around Staten Island Doctor and Hospital, ” New
Jennifer. “Inquiry Creates Doubt Around Staten Island Doctor and Hospital, ” New
Stenson, Sten H. Sense and Nonsense in Religion. New York: Abingdon Press, 1969.
Sternbrook, Robert. “U.S. Study Clears Noted Scientist of Alleged Research Misconduct, ” Los
Sterngold, James. “Sokolow Sentenced as Insider, ” New York Times, 7 November 1986, pp.
Stetten, DeWitt Jr. “Reported Laboratory Frauds in Biomedical Sciences, ” Science 226 (21


Wallace K. “Fraud Inquiry Figure Asked to Lead Rockefeller U., ” New York Times, 4
William K. “As Debate Persists, New Study Confirms Atmospheric Warming, ” New
William K. “Baltimore Accepts Post Despite Faculty Outcry, ” New York Times, 18
William K. “Dispute on New President Shatters Tranquil Study at Rockefeller U., “
William K. “Himalayan Fossil Discoveries Called Biggest Hoax since Piltdown Man, “
William K. “Science Academy Disputes Attack on Global Warming, ” New York
William K. “Scientists Confront Renewed Backlash on Global Warming, ” New York
William K. “Scientists Warn Against Ignoring Climate Change, ” New York Times, 29
William K. “Skeptics Are Challenging Dire ‘Greenhouse’ Views, ” New York Times
William K. “U. N. Climate Report Was Improperly Altered, Underplaying
William K.”Industries Revisit Global Warming, ” New York Times, 5 August 1997, pp.


R. Scott. Famous Illnesses in History. London: Eyre Spottiswoode, 1962.
Richard W. “Northrop Settles Workers’ Suit on False Missile Test for $8 Million, “


Doug. “Fleece Chief, ” Omni, January 1988, pp. 56-60.
Larry. “Public Lectures and Private Patronage in Newtonian England, ” Isis, 77 (March
Walter W. “Letter to Koshland, ” personal communication, 18 May 1988. Walter W. and Feder
Ned. “Original Data Contradict Published Claims: An Analysis
Ned. “The Integrity of the Scientific Literature, ” Nature (15
Ned. “We Must Deal Realistically With Fraud and Error, ” New


David. “Ex-Lab Aide Says He Caused Errors a Columbia Doctor Drew Blame For, ” Wall
David. “Science Gets Big Play in the Press, But Critics Question the Quality, ” Wall Street
David. “Test-Tube Fraud: Competition in Science Seems to Be Spawning Cases of Bad
Stocking, George W. Jr. “The Forest Person, ” a review of In The Arms of Africa: The Life of
Stoker, Bram. Famous Impostors. New York: Sturgis and Walton, 1910. Stokstad
Erik. “Fur Flies Over Charges of Misconduct, ” Science 295 (11 January 2002), pp.
Erik. “NAS Asks for More Scrutiny of GM Crops, ” Science 295 (1 March 2002), pp.
Erik. “Uncertain Science Underlies New Mercury Standards, ” Science 303 ((2 January

Stolberg Sheryl Gay and Gerth

Jeff. “Drug Marketing 101: Proving Our Pill Is Better Than
Jeff. High-Tech Stealth Being Used To Sway Doctor
Sheryl Gay. “Breaking Down Medicine’s Culture of Silence, ” New York Times, 5
Sheryl Gay. “Breaking Down Medicine’s Culture of Silence, ” New York Times, 5
Sheryl Gay. “Experts Call for New Rules on Research, ” New York Times, 19 April
Sheryl Gay. “Fines Proposed for Violations of Human Research Rules, ” New York
Sheryl Gay. “Fines Proposed for Violations of Human Research Rules, ” New York
Sheryl Gay. “Gene Therapy Ordered Halted at University, ” New York Times, 22
Sheryl Gay. “Gene Therapy Ordered Halted at University, ” New York Times, 22
Sheryl Gay. “He Routed Smallpox, Now Tackles Bioterror, ” New York Times, 18
Sheryl Gay. “Institute Restricted After Gene Therapy Research Death, ” New York
Sheryl Gay. “Institute Restricted After Gene Therapy Research Death, ” New York
Sheryl Gay. “New Data Released on Side Effects in Gene Therapy Experiments, ” New
Sheryl Gay. “New Rules Will Force Doctors to Disclose Ties to Drug Industry, ” New
Sheryl Gay. “Placebo Use Is Suspended in Overseas AIDS Trials, ” New York Times
Sheryl Gay. “Race Gap Seen in Health Care of Equally Insured Patients, ” New York
Sheryl Gay. “Report Says Profit-Making Health Plans Damage Care, ” New York
Sheryl Gay. “Science, Studies and Motherhood, ” New York Times, 22 April 2001, p.
Sheryl Gay. “Scientists Often Mum About Ties to Industry, ” New York Times, 25
Sheryl Gay. “Sham Surgery Returns as a Research Tool, ” New York Times, 25 April
Sheryl Gay. “Shouldn’t a Pill Be Colorblind?” New York Times, 13 May 2001, pp.
Sheryl Gay. “Study Says Clinical Guides Often Hide Ties of Doctors, ” New York
Sheryl Gay. “Teenager’s Death Is Shaking Up Field of Human Gene-Therapy
Sheryl Gay. “Teenager’s Death Is Shaking Up Field of Human Gene-Therapy
Sheryl Gay. “Top U.S. Health Officials Defend Third-World H.I.V. Research, ” New
Sheryl Gay. “U.S. AIDS Research Abroad Sets Off Outcry Over Ethics, ” New York
Sheryl Gay. “‘Unchecked’ Experiments on People Raise Concern, ” New York Times
Sheryl. “Trials are Halted on Gene Therapy, ” New York Times, 3 October 2002, pp. 1
Stolbert, Sheryl Gay. “Iowa Turf War Over Transplants Mirrors Feuds Across the Nation, ” New
Stolbert, Sheryl Gay. “Iowa Turf War Over Transplants Mirrors Feuds Across the Nation, ” New


Clifford. The Cuckoo’s Egg. New York: Doubleday, 1989.
David. Rigoberta Menchu and the Story of All Poor Guatemalans. Boulder, Co.:Westview
Stommel, Henry. Lost Islands: The Story of Islands That Have Vanished from Nautical Charts.


Alexander. “U.S. Research on Sedatives in Combat Sets Off Alarms, ” Science 297 (2
Mutsume, Cousin, Jennifer and Hui, Li. “Smuggled Chinese Fossils on Exhibit, ” Science
Richard and Marshall, Eliot. “Imanishi-Kari Case: ORI Finds Fraud, ” Science 266 (2
Richard. “AIDS Scientist Accused of Double Dipping, ” Science 267 (10 February 1995)
Richard. “Alabama Challenges Fraud Award, ” Science 272 (26 April 1996), p. 473.
Richard. “Army Expected to Clear AIDS Scientist, ” Science 261 (2 July 1993), p. 19.
Richard. “Baltimore Defends Paper at Center of Misconduct Case, ” Science 269 (14 July
Richard. “Championing a 17th Century Underdog, ” Science 301 (11 July 2003), p. 152.
Richard. “Contracting Practices at EPA Labs Go Under the Microscope, ” Science 257 (7
Richard. “Crimson Alchemy, ” Science 261 (23 July 1993), p. 423.
Richard. “Dim Future for Misconduct Panel, ” Science 259 (8 January 1993), p. 167.
Richard. “Dingell Pursues AIDS Patient ‘Cover-Up, ‘” Science 261 (30 July 1993), p.
Richard. “Engineer Gets Life for Deaths, ” Science 261 (27 August 1993), p. 1119.
Richard. “FDA Examines Industry-Researcher Ties, ” Science 261 (10 September 1993)
Richard. “Feder and Stewart, Historian Trade Charges, ” Science 260 (9 April 1993), p.
Richard. “GAO to Plumb Feder and Stewart Case, ” Science 263 (18 February 1994), p.
Richard. “Healy Calls for Glasnost on Gallo Case, ” Science 256 (24 April 1992), p. 446.
Richard. “Healy Scolded Over Cleveland Case, ” Science 259 (8 January 1993), p. 167.
Richard. “Indirect Cost Pause May Be Stopped Cold, ” Science 264 (24 June 1994), p.
Richard. “IOM Encounters Poison-Gas Curtain, ” Science 259 (8 January 1993), p. 167.
Richard. “Lead Researcher Under Investigation, ” Science 254 (13 December 1991), p.
Richard. “Lobbying Blitz Attacks Alternative Medicine, ” Science 277 (11 July 1997), p.
Richard. “Misconduct Office Gets Mixed Review, ” Science 269 (7 July 1995), p. 19.
Richard. “More Monkey Business Alleged at NYU, ” Science 273 (23 August 1996), p.
Richard. “MSU Coughs Up Partial Mea Culpa, ” Science 259 (19 February 1993), p.
Richard. “MSU Misconduct Inquiry: Fair But Pricey, ” Science 257 (25 September 1992)
Richard. “MSU’s Misconduct Move, Science 254 (29 November 1991), p. 1283.
Richard. “Mystery Lobby Backs Pittsburgh’s Fisher, ” Science 264 (29 April 1994), p.
Richard. “NIH Confronts New Allegations, ” Science 264 (29 April 1994), p. 647.
Richard. “Ninth Circuit Denies ‘Scholar’s Privilege, ‘” Science 262 (1 October 1993), p.
Richard. “Ninth Circuit Denies ‘Scholar’s Privilege, ‘” Science 262 (1 October 1993), p.
Richard. “Open Season on Indirect Costs, ” Science 261 (13 August 1993), p. 819.
Richard. “ORI Clears Lead Scientist of Misconduct, ” Science 263, 11 March 1994, p.
Richard. “ORI Drops Case Against MSU Student, ” Science 263 (18 February 1994), p.
Richard. “ORI Loses First Appeals Hearing, ” Science 261 (13 August 1993), p. 819.
Richard. “ORI Ready to Rein Itself In, ” Science 264 (27 May 1994, p. 1243.
Richard. “ORI Rulings: Naming Names, ” Science 260 (25 June 1993), p. 1867.
Richard. “PHS to Redo Rule on Conflict of Interest, ” Science 266 (28 October 1994), p.
Richard. “Price Caps Threaten Drug Deals, ” Science 258 (11 December 1992), p. 1723.
Richard. “Scientist Accused of Theft Retains Post, ” Science 260 (4 June 1993), p. 1415.
Richard. “Shalala Draws Line on AIDS Test Royalties, ” Science 261 (2 July 1993), p.
Richard. “Stewart and Feder Report for Desk Duty, ” Science 262 (1 October 1993), p.
Richard. “The Dream Team?” Science 268 (14 April 1995), p. 191.
Richard. “University Breaks in Plagiarism Machine, ” Science 258 (13 November 1992)
Richard. “Violence Research Probed by HHS, NIH, ” Science 258 (6 November 1992), p.


Norman W. “The Sociological Context of the Velikosky Affair, ” in Scientists Confront
Norman W. The Social System of Science. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston
Norman W., editor. The Sociology of Science: Theoretical and Empirical Investigations.


Anthony. “An Unlikely Analyst, ” New York Times, 6 February 1983, p. BR 8.
Anthony. “Did Freud Have Clay Feet?” review of Freud’s Supression of The Seduction
Anthony. Feet of Clay. Saints, Sinners, and Madmen: A Study of Gurus. New York: The
Stossel, John. “Overcoming Junk Science, ” Wall Street Journal, 9 January 1997, p. A12. Stout
David. “1990 Census Missed at Least 2 Million Children, Study Finds, ” New York
David. “Doctor’s Partial Reinstatement Prompts a Protest, ” New York Times, 24 August
Stove, David. Popper and After: Four Modern Irrationalists. New York: Pergammon Press
Strauch, Ralph. The Reality Illusion: How You Make the World You Experience. Barrytown
Strauss, William L., Jr. “The Great Piltdown Hoax, ” Science 119 (26 February 1954), pp.
Strehler, Bernard L., et al. “Hayflick-NIH Settlement, ” Science 215 (15 January 1982), pp. 240-
Struik, Dirk J. A Concise History of Mathematics. Third Revised Edition. New York: Dover


Jeff. “An Awful Milestone for the Golden Gate Bridge, ” New York Times 9 July 1995
Jeff. “Tuskegee’s Long Arm Still Touches a Nerve, ” New York Times, 13 April 1997
Sudnow, David. Passing On: The Social Organization of Dying. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:


Daniel. “Competition in Bio-Medical Science: Extent, Structure and Consequences, “
J. W. N. Isaac Newton, 1642-1727. New York; Macmillan, 1938.
John. “Pact Leaves Meteorite With Museum, ” New York Times, 23 June 2000, p. B3.
John. “U.S. Drops Case Against CUNY Professor, ” New York Times, 28 April 2000
John. “U.S. Drops Case Against CUNY Professor, ” New York Times, 28 April 2000
Joseph. “Jersey Agency Seeks New Laws to Deal With Incompetent Doctors, ” New
Navin. Pioneer Germ Fighters. New York: Atheneum, 1962.
Ronald. “Appeals Court Eases Rules on Genetic Evidence, ” New York Times, 11
Ronald. “Cuomo Proposes Competency Tests for All Doctors, ” New York Times, 29
Ronald. “Government Stages Raids To Fight Medicaid Fraud, ” New York Times, 1
Ronald. “Medical Groups Rebut Charges Against Doctors, ” New York Times, 25
Ronald. “State Health Chief Pledges to Act Against Misconduct by Physicians, ” New
Walter. “New Analysis Hints Ancient Explorers Mapped Antarctic, ” New York Times
Walter. “Only Seven Women Have Won Nobels in Science, ” New York Times, 11
Walter. “Swedish Search for Methane Tests Radical Theory of Fuels, ” New York
Walter. “Theory of Fifth Force Spurs New Experiments And a Sharp Debate, ” New


Frank J. “Darwin and His Finches: The Evolution of a Legend, ” Journal of the
Frank J. “Darwin’s Conversion: The Beagle Voyage and Its Aftermath, ” Journal of
Frank J. “Reassessing Freud’s Case Histories: The Social Construction of
Frank J. Freud, Biologist of the Mind: Beyond the Psychoanalytic Legend. New York:
Summers, Anthony. Official and Confidential: The Secret Life of J. Edgar Hoover. New York:


Marjorie. “A Primer for Freshman Legislators, ” Science 227 (8 February 1985), p. 615.
Marjorie. “Barred Researcher Publishes a Paper, ” Science 219 (24 January 1983), p. 270.
Marjorie. “Biotech Firm Gets Black Eye Over Experiment, ” Science 231 (14 March 1986)
Marjorie. “Chinese Decry Dishonesty in Scientific Research, ” Science 218 (26 November
Marjorie. “EDB Contamination Kindles Federal Action, ” Science 223 (3 February 1984)
Marjorie. “EPA Relaxes Hazardous Waste Rules, ” Science 216 (16 April 1982), pp.
Marjorie. “Florida Flip-Flops on EDB, ” Science 223 (3 February 1984), p. 465.
Marjorie. “Hatch Batters NCI with Straus Case…” Science 212 (19 June 1981), pp.
Marjorie. “Mosher Case Enters Final Phase, ” Science 224 (18 May 1984), p. 701.
Marjorie. “Mosher Loses Another Appeal, ” Science 222 (14 October 1983), p. 147.
Marjorie. “Mud-Slinging Over Sewage Technology, ” Science 246 (27 October 1989), pp.
Marjorie. “Newman’s ‘Energy Output’ Machine Put to the Test, ” Science 233 (11 July
Marjorie. “News of Bone Research Causes Fracture, ” Science 212 (22 May 1981), pp.
Marjorie. “NIH Developing a Policy on Misconduct, ” Science 216 (14 May 1982), pp.
Marjorie. “OSHA Rule is Curbed by Budget Office, ” Science 225 (10 August 1984), pp.
Marjorie. “Peer Review Comes Under Peer Review, ” Science 244 (26 May 1989), pp. 910-
Marjorie. “Scientists Settle Cell Line Dispute, ” Science 220 (22 April 1983), pp. 393-394.
Marjorie. “Stanford President Upholds Mosher Expulsion, ” Science 230 (18 October
Marjorie. “Superfund Needs Superfunding (and More), ” Science 227 (22 March 1985), p.
Marjorie. “The Mysterious Expulsion of Steven Mosher, ” Science 220 (13 May 1983), pp.
Suplee, Curtis. “Reclusive Forest Owlet Spotted After Disappearing for Century; In the Search
Suro, Roberto. “Impact of a Pathologist’s Misconduct Ripples Through West Texas Courts, “
Sutherland, Stuart. “The Case of the Pseudo-Patient, ” Times Literary Supplement 4 February


Norman. “Disciplinary Tribunal for McBride, ” British Journal of Medicine 299 (1989)
Norman. “Preventing and Dealing With Scientific Fraud in Australia, ” The Medical
Norman. “The Thalidomide Hero – In His Own Write, ” a review of William McBride
Swazey, Judith P. and Scher, Stephen R. Whistleblowing in Biomedical Research: Policies and
Swinbank, David. “NIH Report Not the Final Word on Baltimore Case, ” Nature 337 (9 February
Swinbanks, David. “Bias Alleged in Japanese University Awards, ” Nature 383 (3 October
Sykes, Charles J. Profscam: Professors and the Demise of Higher Education Washington, D.C.:


Thomas S. “Back Wards to Back Streets, ” TV Guide, 17 May 1980, pp. 32-34.
Thomas S. “The Lying Truths of Psychiatry, ” in Lying Truths: A Critical Scrutiny of
Thomas S. Ceremonial Chemistry: The Ritual Persecution of Drugs, Addicts, and
Thomas S. Heresies. Garden City, New York: Doubleday Anchor, 1976.
Thomas S. review of The Battered Child, Ray E. Helfer and C. Henry Kempe, editors.
Thomas S. Sex By Prescription. Garden City, New York: Doubleday Anchor, 1980.
Thomas S. The Manufacture of Madness. New York: Harper, 1971.
Thomas S. The Myth of Psychotherapy. Garden City, New York: Doubleday Anchor
Thomas S. The Therapeutic State: Psychiatry in the Mirror of Current Events. Buffalo
Thomas. Ceremonial Chemistry: The Ritual Persecution of Drugs, Addicts, and Pushers.
Thomas. Cruel Compassion: Psychiatric Control of Society’s Unwanted. New York:
Thomas. Insanity: The Idea and Its Consequences. New York: John Wiley, 1987.
Thomas. Karl Kraus and the Soul-Doctors: A Pioneer Critic and His Criticism of
Thomas. The Theology of Medicine: The Political- Philosophical Foundations of Medical
Szasz. Thomas S. The Myth of Mental Illness: Foundations of a Theory of Personal Conduct.
Szyromi, Phillip. “DNA Fingerprinting, ” Science 243 (20 December 1991), p. 1703.


Tabor, Mary B. W. with Anthony Ramirez. “Computer Savvy, With an Attitude, ” New York
Taleja, Tad. Fabulous Fallacies. New York: Harmony Books, 1982. Talent
John A. “The ‘Misplaced’ Fossils, ” Science 246 (10 November 1989), pp. 740-741.
John. “The Case of the Peripatetic Fossils, ” Nature 338 (20 April 1989), pp. 613-615.
Tarr, Joel A. “Industrial Wastes and Public Health: Some Historical Notes, Part I, 1876-1932, “
Tart, Charles, “States of Consciousness and State Specific Sciences, ” Science 176 (16 June
Taton, R. Reason and Chance in Scientific Discovery. Translated by A. J. Pomerans. New York:
Tatro, Nicholas B. “Dead Sea Scrolls Research Lags, ” Albany Times-Union, 27 June 1989, p.


Gary. “A Cold Fusion Deja Vu at Caltech, ” Science 255 (13 December 1991), p. 1582.
Gary. “A Costly Settlement Ends Whistle-Blower Suit, ” Science 263 (4 February 1994)
Gary. “Busting the Fraud-Busters, ” Discover, January 1997, p. 76.
Gary. “Einstein’s Dream, ” Discover 4 (December, 1983), pp. 44ff.
Gary. “Misconduct: Views From the Trenches, ” Science 261 (27 August 1993), pp.
Gary. “Peer Review Goes Under the Microscope, ” Science (1 October 1993), p. 25-26.
Gary. “The Disputed Birth of Buckyballs, ” Science 253 (27 September 1991), pp.
Gary. Nobel Dreams: Power, Deceit and the Ultimate Experiment. Redmond
Gary. Plagiarism Suit Wins; Experts Hope It Won’t Set a Trend, ” Science 268 (26 May


Carol. “Beware the Incest-Survivor Machine, ” New York Times Book Review, 3
Carol. “Breaking Away from the Cult, ” a review of Jeffrey M. Masson, Final Analysis:


A. M. Imagination and the Growth of Science. New York: Shocken, 1967.
Calvin W. and Barron Frank, editors. Scientific Creativity: Its Recognition and
Frederick Winslow. Scientific Management. New York: Harper 1947.
Gordon Rattray. The Great Evolution Mystery. New York: Harper, 1983.
Holly. “Physician Criticizes for-profit HMO, ” Albany Times Union, 19 March 1996, pp.
Michael Ray. An Underground Quest for the Oldest Life on Earth. London:
R. E. Radiocarbon Dating: An Archeological Perspective New York: Academic Press
Robert. “Open or Shut Case? Misconduct Alleged In Lead Research, ” The Journal of
Robert. “Radiation Tests: Secret? No. Worth Examining? Yes.” Journal of NIH
Ronald A. “$1 Billion Later, Toxic Cleanup Barely Begun, ” U.S. News and World
Stuart. Jr. “Ethics and the Law: A Case History, ” New York Times, 9 January 1982, pp.
Stuart. Jr., “Of Lawyers, Ethics and Business, ” New York Times, 6 February 1983, p.
Teltsch, Kathleen. “A Troubled University Gets a $20 Million Gift, ” New York Times, 18
Tenbruck, Friedrich H. “Max Weber and the Sociology of Science: A Case Study Reopened, “


Edward. “Harvard, Bring Back Geography!” Harvard Magazine, 90 (May-June, 1988)
Edward. “When Scholars Were Gentlemen, ” Harvard Magazine May-June, 1988, p. 29.
Edward. Harvard, Bring Back Geography!” Harvard Magazine 90 (May-June, 1988), pp.
Teresi, Dick. “The Cosmic Egoist, ” a review of Edwin Hubble: Mariner of the Nebulae, by Gale


Lewis M. “Are Scientists Different?” Scientific American (January, 1955), pp. 25-29 Lewis M. and Oden
Melita H. The Gifted Child Grows Up: Twenty-Five Years’
Melita H. The Gifted Group at Mid- Life: Thirty-Five Years’
Lewis M., et al., Mental and Physical Traits of a Thousand Gifted Children. Volume I.


Arnold W. “The Origin of Dalton’s Chemical Atomic Theory: Daltonian Doubts
Arnold. John Dalton: Critical Assessments of His Life and Science. Cambridge
The Associated Press, “Lenient Sentences Given for Plundering Artifacts, ” The
The Boston Globe, Betrayal: The Crisis in the Catholic Church. Boston: Little, Brown, 2002. The Chronicle of Higher Education
“Ex-Professor Admits He Diverted Funds, ” The Chronicle
“Footnotes, ” The Chronicle of Higher Education, 29 May
“Judge Dismisses Lawsuit Over Tobacco Research, ” The
“Lawmakers Question Universities’ Ability to Investigate
“U. of Nebraska Agrees to Return Indian Bones, ” The
“Vanderbilt U. Agrees To Settle Suit Over Radioactive-Iron
Board Withholds Scores on Medical Test, ” The Chronicle
The Economist, “Science and Technology, Fraud, Hoax and Simple Error, ” The Economist (24
The Editors, “The Case for Book Burning, ” The New Republic, 14 and 21 September 1987, pp.
The Hunter Manuscripts

The New York Times

“A University Sets a Policy To Post Work on the Internet, ” New York
“Military Anthrax Shots Delayed, ” The New York Times, 14 December
“Military Anthrax Shots Delayed, ” The New York Times, 14 December
“Student Wins Suit Accusing A Professor of Plagiarism, ” New York
“Surprised to Find Diploma Mills in State, Wyoming Cracks Down, “
“The Atrocity Findings: ‘The Historic Facts Must Be Recognized, ‘” New
The Wall Street Journal, “Threat of Scientific Fraud Found Rising, ” The Wall Street Journal, 14


Gordon. Journey Into Madness: The True Story of Secret CIA Mind
Lewis. The Lives of a Cell: Notes of a Biology Watcher. New York: Bantam, 1975.
Lewis. The Youngest Science: Notes of a Medicine-Watcher. New York: Viking
Roger D. K. and Olson, Everett C., editors. A Cold Look at Warm-Blooded Dinosaurs.


Dic. “Bumbling Toward the Nobel, ” Times 20 May 1991, p. 50.
Dick. “The Growing Crisis in Medical Science, ” Time, 17 December 1990, pp.20-
Judith Jarvis. “The Right To Privacy, ” Philosophy and Public Affairs 4 (Summer
Larry. “NIH Gets Its First Woman Director, ” Washington Post, 26 March 1991, p. 8
Larry. “Science Under Fire: Behind the Clash Between Congress and Nobel
Mark S. “Willingness to Pay and Accept Risks to Cure Chronic Disease, ” American
Paul. “Science in the Style of Engels, ” review of The Dialectical Biologist, by
Three special Items: in the Demas Case. Tierney
John. “Corporate Backing for Research? Get Over It, ” New York
John. “Author Says Picture Confirms Mt. McKinley Hoax, ” New York Times, 26
John. “Betting the Planet, ” New York Times Magazine, 2 December 1990, pp. 52ff.
Patrick. “The Fierce Anthropologist, ” The New Yorker, 9 October 2000, pp. 50-61.
Tighman, Shirley M. “Science vs. the Female Scientist, ” New York Times, 25 January 1993, p.
Tillman, Dannie. “Nationwide Study Reveals More Freshmen Cheating, ” U: The National


“Not $1 Million But Not Bad, ” Time, 17 December 1990. p. 65.
“Sin and Phin, ” Time, 3 September 1979, p. 66.
Times-Union, “Scientific-Fraud Problem Emerging, ” Albany Times-Union, 29 June 1989, p.
Timmons, Heather. “British Science Group Says Exxon Misrepresents Climate Issues, ” New
Tivnan, Edward. “Jeremy Rifkin Just Says No, ” New York Times Magazine, 16 October 1988
Tobe, Hajime. “Suspicions over professor first surfaced years ago, ” Japanese Times On Line, 2
Tobey, Ronald C. The American Ideology of National Science, 1919-1930. Pittsburgh: The


James S. “For Higher Standards of Medical Competence, ” letter to the editor, New York
William B. Suppressed Commentaries on the Wiseian Forgeries. Austin, Texas: The
Todhunter, I. A History of the Mathematical Theory of Probability: From The Time of Pascal to


Martin. “Agency Will Track Those Disciplined Over Medical Care, ” New York Times
Martin. “Senators Accuse Inspectors of ‘Pattern of Wrongdoing, ‘” New York Times, 9
Martin. “U.S. Plans Cut in Data Collection and Distribution, ” New York Times, 31
Tomes, Nancy. The Gospel of Germs: Men, Women and the Microbe in American Life.
Toolis, Kevin. “The Man Behind Iraq’s Supergun, ” New York Times Magazine, 26 August
Topuchette, Nancy. “Indirect-Cost Reformers Eye Researchers’ Perks, ” The Journal of NIH
Torow, Scott. One L. New York: Putnam, 1977. Torrey
E. Fuller. Nowhere to Go: The Tragic Odyssey of the Homeless Mentally Ill. New York:
E. Fuller. Witchdoctors and Psychiatrists: The Common Roots of Psychotherapy and Its
Touchette, Nancy. “Gallo To Set Up Shop in Baltimore, ” Nature 375 (1 June 1995), p. 348.
Toufexis, Anastasia. “Is Homeopathy Good Medicine?” Time, 25 September 1995, pp. 47-48. Toulmin
Stephen and Goodfield, June. The Discovery of Time. New York: Harper, 1965.
Stephen, and Goodfield, June. The Fabric of the Heavens: The Development of
Trafford, Abagail. “Behind the Scandals in Science Labs, ” U.S. News and World Report, ” 2
Traill, David A. Schliemann of Troy: Treasure and Deceit. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995.
Trattner, Ernest R. Architects of Ideas: The Story of the Great Theories of Mankind. New York:


John. “Diplomacy and the AIDS Blood Test, ” Science 256 (15 May 1992), p. 955.
John. “Healy Throws Some Light on the Gallo Investigation, ” Science 256, (15 May
John. “Imanishi-Kari Says Her New Data Shows She Was Right, ” Science 260 (21 May
John. “The Hubble Constant Takes The Low Road Again, ” Science 257 (3 July 1992), p.


Joseph B. “Army Discloses Man Died in Drug Test It Sponsored, ” New York Times
Joseph B. “Death Inquiry Is Reopened in LSD Case, ” New York Times, 12 July 1975
Joseph B. “Dominican Republic Seeks to Restore the Credibility of Its Medical
Treffert, Darold A. Extraordinary People: Understanding the ‘Idiot Savant.’
Trefil, James. “Beyond the Quark: The Case for the Supercollider, ” New York Times Magazine
Trevor-Roper, Hugh. The Hermit of Peking: The Hidden Life of Sir Edmund Backhouse. New
Truesdell, Leon E. “Residual Relationships and Velocity of Change as Pitfalls in the Field of
Trumbull, Robert. “Samoan Leader Declares Both Anthropologists Are Wrong, ” New York
Tucci, Linda. “A Man for All Seasons, ” Washington University Magazine, Spring, 1987, pp.


Jonathan B. Scourge: The Once and Future Threat of Smallpox. New York: Atlantic
William H. The Science and Politics of Racial Research. Chicago: University of Illinois
Tuller, David. “Seeking a Fuller Picture of Statins, ” New York Times, 20 July 2004, pp. F5, F7.
Turbayne, Colin M. The Myth of Metaphor. Columbia, South Carolina: The University of South
Turco, R. P.; Toon, O. B.; Ackerman, T. P.; Pollack, J. B. and Sagan, C. “Nuclear Winter:
Turner, R. Jay, Gardner, Elmer J., and Higgins, A. C. “Field Survey Methods in Social
Tushnet, Leonard. The Medicine Men: The Myth of Quality Medical Care in America Today.


Mark. “Afterword: The Whole Human Race, ” in A Pen Warmed-Up in Hell: Mark
Mark. Life on the Mississippi. (Cited, among other places, in D. Huff, How To Lie With


Vaihinger, Hans. The Philosophy of ‘As If.’ New York: Barnes and Noble, 1968. (First English
Valenstein, Elliot S. Great and Desperate Cures: The Rise and Decline of Psychosurgery and
Vallentin, Antonia. Leonardo da Vinci: The Tragic Pursuit of Perfection. New York: Viking
Vallery-Radot, Rene. Louis Pasteur, His Life and Labours. London: Longmans, Green, 1885.
Vanagas, Steve. “109 Shock Treatments Later, ” British Columbia Report, 2 April 1990, pp.
Vandenbroucke, J. P.; Eelkman Rhoda, H. M. and Beukers, H. “Who Made John Snow a Hero?”
VanGelder, Lawrence. “Thomas S. Kuhn, Scholar Who Altered the Paradigm of Scientific
Veblen, Thorstein. The Higher Learning in America: A Memorandum on the Conduct of


Immanuel. Letter to Harold Shapley, 31 March 1947.
Immanuel. People of the Sea: A Reconstruction of Ancient History – A
Immanuel. Stargazers and Gravediggers: Memoirs to Worlds in Collision. New
Immanuel. Worlds in Collision. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1950.
Vess, David M. Medical Revolution in France, 1789-1796. Gainsville, Florida: A Florida State
Veysey, Laurence R. The Emergence of the American University. Chicago: The University of
Vidal, Gore. “The Birds and The Bees, ” The Nation, 28 October 1991, pp. 509-510. Vidich
Arthur J. and Bensman
Joseph. “The Springdale Case:Academic Bureaucrats and
Joseph. Small Town in Mass Society. Garden City, New York:
Arthur J., et al., “Comments, ” Human Organization 19 (Spring, 1960), pp. 3-4.
Arthur J.; Bensman, Joseph; and Stein, Maurice R., editors. Reflections on Community
Vieira, Cassio Leite. “Tough Placebo Rules Leave Scientists Out In The Cold, ” Science 295 (11
Vigeland, Carl A. Great Good Fortune: How Harvard Makes Its Money. Boston: Houghton
Vinciguerra, Thomas. “Nobels That Some Felt Weren’t So Dynamite, ” New York Times, 17


Gail. “Bird World in a Flap About Species Fraud, ” New Scientist 142 (7 May 1994), p.
Gail. “Strange Case of Archaeopteryx ‘Fraud, ‘” New Scientist 105 (14 March 1985), p.


Cretchen. “Study of HIV Transmission Sparks Ethics Debate, ” Science 288 (7 April
Cretchen. “Study of HIV Transmission Sparks Ethics Debate, ” Science 288 (7 April
Gretchen. “EMF Researcher Made Up Data, ” Science 285 (2 July 1999), pp. 23-24.
Gretchen. “Stand By For A Comet’s Media Aftershocks, ” Science 275 (7 February


Erich. Chariots of the Gods? Unsolved Mysteries of the Past. New York: Bantam
Erich. Gods From Outer Space. New York: Bantam, 1974. (Originally, Putnam
Erich. Miracles of the Gods: A New Look at the Supernatural. New York: Dell
Vreeland, Leslie N. “The Selling of Retin-A, ” Money, April, 1989, pp. 75ff.
Vrettos, Theodore. A Shadow of Magnitude: The Acquisition of the Elgin Marbles. New York:


W(adman), M(eredith). “Mentally Disabled Research Subjects ‘Need Protection, ‘” Nature 389
Wachter, Trobert M. and Shojania, Kaveh G. Internal Bleeding: The Truth Behind American’s


Nicholas and Sang-Hun, Choe. “Researcher Faked Evidence of Human Cloning
Nicholas, “Physicians Who Falsify Drug Data, ” Science 180 (8 June 1973), p. 1038.
Nicholas. “A Decade Later. Gene Map Yields Few New Cures, ” New
Nicholas. “Expert on Morality Is on Leave After Research Inquiry, ” New
Nicholas. “Harvard Finds Scientist Guilty of Misconduct, ” New York
Nicholas. “In Harvard Lab Inquiry, a Raid and 3-Year Wait, ” ew York
Nicholas. “Inquiry on Harvard Lab Threatens Ripple Effect, ” New York
Nicholas. “Scientists Criticize Study on Genetics of Old Age, ” New York
Nicholas. “University Panel Fayults Cloning Co-Author, ” New York Times, 11 February 2006
Nicholas. “A Diversion in the Quest for Truth, ” Science 211 (6 March 1981), pp.
Nicholas. “Academy Elections Raise Question of Quirkiness, ” Science 204 (18 May
Nicholas. “Academy of Sciences, Fighting to Keep Its Panels Closed, Is Rebuffed by
Nicholas. “American Co-Author Wants His Name off Stem Cell Paper, ” New York
Nicholas. “Cancer Study Was Made Up, ” New York Times, 19 January 2006, p. …
Nicholas. “CAT Scan Finds Early Man Had Smaller Brain Than First Cited, ” New York
Nicholas. “Cell Researcher’s Retraction Leaves Vexing Questions, ” New York Times
Nicholas. “Clone Scientist Relied on Peers and Korean Pride, ” New York Times, 25
Nicholas. “Discovery of Pulsars: A Graduate Student’s Story, ” Science 189 (August
Nicholas. “Doctor Disputes Winners of Nobel in Medicine, ” New York Times, 11
Nicholas. “Doctors Question Use of Nazi’s Medical Atlas, ” New York Times, 26
Nicholas. “Food Board’s Fat Report Hits Fire, ” Science 209 (11 July 1980), pp. 248-250.
Nicholas. “Fraud and the State of Science, ” SUNY Research 83 (September/October
Nicholas. “Genome Feud Heats Up as Academic Team Accuses Commercial Rival of
Nicholas. “Hybridomas: The Making of a Revolution, ” Science 215 (26 February 1982)
Nicholas. “IQ and Heredity: Suspicion of Fraud Beclouds Classic Experiment, ” Science
Nicholas. “It May Look Authentic; Here’s How to Tell It Isn’t, ” New York Times, 24
Nicholas. “Journal to Examine How It Reviewed Articles, ” New York Times, 11 January
Nicholas. “Korean Scientist Said to Admit Fabrication in a Cloning Study, ” New York
Nicholas. “La Jolla Biologists Troubled by The Midas Factor, ” Science 213 (7 August
Nicholas. “Laetrile at Sloan-Kettering: A Question of Ambiguity, ” Science 198 (23
Nicholas. “Link Between Human Genes and Bacteria Is Hotly Debated by Rival
Nicholas. “Looking Hard at Science’s Self-Scrutiny, ” New York Times, 21 August 1988
Nicholas. “Madness in Their Method, ” The New Republic 27 June 1983, pp. 13-17.
Nicholas. “Medical Journal Draws Lancet on Rival, ” Science 211 (6 February 1981), p.
Nicholas. “Method and Madness: The Vindication of Robert Gallo, ” New York Times
Nicholas. “Nobel Follies, ” Science 211 (27 March 1981), p. 1404.
Nicholas. “Panel Drafts Rules for Human Embryo Study, ” New York Times, 9 April
Nicholas. “Rivals on Offensive as The Near Wire in Genome Race, ” New York Times, 7
Nicholas. “Rivals on Offensive as The Near Wire in Genome Race, ” New York Times, 7
Nicholas. “Scandal in the Heavens: Renowned Astronomer Accused of Fraud, ” Science
Nicholas. “Science Advisers Retain Independence but Must Be More Open, ” New York
Nicholas. “Scientist Faked Stem Cell Study, New York Times, 15 December 2005, p …
Nicholas. “Study Finds Genetic Link Between Intelligence and Size of Some Regions of
Nicholas. “The Errors of Nazi Science, ” New York Times, 27 May 1990, p. 12E.
Nicholas. “The Rise and Fall of a Scientific Superstar, ” New Scientist, 24 September
Nicholas. “The Shadow Over Race and IQ, ” New York Times, 10 September 1982, p.
Nicholas. “What the Asbestos Industry Knew, ” New York Times, 7 September 1982, p.
Nicholas. “Within Discredited Stem Cell Research, A True Scientific First, ” New York
Nicholas. Life Script: How the Human Genome Discoveries Will Transform Medicine
Nicholas. The Nobel Duel: Two Scientists’ 21-Year Race to Win The World’s Most


Meredith. “Bid to Limit Prices on Drugs Using ‘Public’ Discoveries, ” Nature 393 (28
Meredith. “Dilemma for Journals Over Tobacco Cash, ” Nature 394 (13 August 1998)
Meredith. “Drug Company Links Test Journal’s Policy, ” Nature 383 (5 September
Meredith. “Drug Company ‘Suppressed’ Publication of Research, ” Nature 381 (2 May
Meredith. “Ethical Protection for Subjects ‘Could Stifle Psychiatric Research, ‘”
Meredith. “Ethics of Private Panels Comes Under Scrutiny, ” Nature 387 (29 May
Meredith. “Ethics Worries of Execution Twist to Internet’s ‘Visible Man, ‘” Nature
Meredith. “Fracas Over $5 million Gulf Syndrome Grant, ” Nature 410 (8 March
Meredith. “Health Department Lays Down the Law on Scientific Misconduct, ” Nature
Meredith. “Hostile Reception to US Misconduct Report, ” Nature 381 (20 June 1996)
Meredith. “Hyping Results ‘Could Damage’ gene Therapy, ” Nature 378 (14
Meredith. “Johns Hopkins Researchers Fume Over Government Crackdown, ” Nature
Meredith. “Journals Joust Over Policy on Authors’ Interests, ” Nature 386 (17 April
Meredith. “Medical Centre replays ‘Overbilled’ $15.5 M, ” Nature 386 (17 April
Meredith. “NCI Apologizes for Fallout Study Delay, ” Nature (9 October 1997), p.
Meredith. “NIH Peer-Review Revision Panel is Named, ” Nature 391 (19 February
Meredith. “NIH ‘Should Help Sharing of Research Tools, ” Nature 393 (11 June
Meredith. “Row Over Alter Native Medicine’s Status at NIH, ” Nature 389 (16 October
Meredith. “Spitzer Sues Drug Giant for Deceiving Doctors, ” Nature 429 (10 June
Meredith. “Study Discloses Financial Interests Behind Papers, ” Nature 385 (30
Meredith. “US Plans to Scrap DNA Panel Splits Genetic Researchers, ” Nature 283
Meredith. “US ‘Wastes Vital Time’ as Climate- Change Minority Sows Confusion, “
Meredith. “‘Mind Body’ Claims Put NIH on Defensive, ” Nature 390 (13 November
Meredith. “‘Unrealistic’ Misconduct Plans Under Fire, ” Nature 263 (23 May 1996), p.
Mrerdith. “$100m Payout After Drug Data Withheld, ” Nature 388 (21 August 1997)
Waerden, van der, B. L. “Mendel’s Experiments, ” Centaurus 12 (1968) pp. 275-288.
Wahlgren, Erick. The Kensington Stone: A Mystery Solved. Madison, Wisconsin: The


Mathew L. “Nuclear Arms Plants: A Bill Long Overdue, ” New York Times, 23 October
Matthew L. “A Hitch in Plans for Nuclear Posterity, ” New York Times, 12 February
Matthew L. “Cancer Study on 50s Bomb Test Is Released, ” New York Times, 2 October
Matthew L. “Chemicals in Hanford A-Plant Create Risk of Explosion, Study Says, ” New
Matthew L. “Doctors Weigh Strike Over Insurance, ” New York Times, 9 March 1986, p.
Matthew L. “Du Pont Disputes Charges on Safety at Nuclear Plant, ” New York Times, 16
Matthew L. “Energy Chief Says Aides Lack Skills to Run U.S. Bomb Complex, ” New
Matthew L. “Headliners, ” New York Times, 4 December 1988, p. E7.
Matthew L. “N.R.C. Bars Paying Whistle-Blowers for Silence, ” New York Times, 4 May
Matthew L. “Pioneer in Radiation Sees Risk Even in Small Doses, ” New York Times, 8
Matthew L. “Study Finds Destruction In the Making of A- Bombs, ” New York Times, 26
Matthew L. “Thousands Have Thyroid Cancer From Atomic Tests, ” New York Times, 2
Matthew L. “U.S. Acknowledges Radiation Killed Weapons Workers, ” New York
Matthew L. “U.S. Alerted Photo Film Makers, Not Public, About Bomb Fallout, ” New
Matthew L. “U.S. Atomic Tests in 50s Exposed Millions to Risk, ” New York Times, 29
Matthew L. “Westinghouse Concedes Error in Its Atomic Role, ” New York Times, 13
Matthew. “E-Mails Reveal Fraud in Nuclear Site Study, ” New York Times 2 April 2005
Matthew. “Today’s Drama: Twilight of the Nukes, ” New York Times, 16 July 1995, p.


M. Michael. “Gambling on the Supercollider, ” Science 221 (9 September 1983), pp.
M. Michael. “Spacelab: Science on the Shuttle, ” Science 222 (28 October 1983), pp.
M. Mitchel. “Magic Bullets for Addiction, ” Science 245 (29 September 1989), p.
M. Mitchell. “A Go-Ahead for Mount Graham?” Science 249 (31 August 1990)
M. Mitchell. “Astronomer May Be Barred from Telescopes, ” Science 215 (5 March
M. Mitchell. “Despite Reports of Its Death, the Big Bang Is Safe, ” Science 251 (18
M. Mitchell. “Hubble Hubris: A Case of ‘Certified’ Blindness, ” Science 250 (7
M. Mitchell. “Imaging the Earth (I): The Troubled First Decade of Landsat, ” Science
M. Mitchell. “Imaging the Earth (II): The Politics of Landsat, ” Science 216 (2 April
M. Mitchell. “Mount Graham Up in the Air, ” Science 249 (6 July 1990), p. 26.
M. Mitchell. “NIDA Aims to Fight Drugs with Drugs, ” Science 245 (29 September
M. Mitchell. “The Commercialization of Space, ” Science 221 (23 September 1983)
M. Mitchell. “The Long, Sad Sage of Mount Graham, ” Science 248 (22 June 1990)
M. Mitchell. “The Selling of the Space Station, ” Science (24 February 1984), pp.
Wali, Kameshwar C. Chandra: A Biography of S. Chandrasekhar. Chicago: The University of


Marshall. The Nature of Scientific Thought. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:
Paulette V. “2 Lawsuits May Change Handling of Research-Misconduct Charges, ” The
Paulette V. “A Dramatic End to a Misconduct Case, ” The Chronicle of Higher


C. Amy. “Teaching the Humane Touch, ” New York Times Magazine, 21 December
Irving; Wallechinsky David; Wallace, Amy; and Wallace, Sylvia. The Book of Lists


Claudia. “Fraud in a Harvard Lab, ” Time 121 (28 February 1983), p. 49.
Claudia. “Weeding Out the Incompetents, ” Time, 26 May 1986, pp. 57-58.
Roy, editor. On The Margins of Science: The Social Construction of Rejected


John. “Airliner Incident Affects Soviet-U.S. Exchanges, ” Science 222 (21 October
John. “Can OMB Cure Accountability Strife?” Science 218 (10 December 1982), pp.
John. “Carnegie-Mellon Lands Federal Software Center, ” Science 226 (30 November
John. “Computer Expert Signs Off From World Center, ” Science 218 (3 December
John. “Educational Secretary Uses Harvard Podium to Take Host to Task, ” Science 234
John. “GAO Finds Fault With NSF Award, ” Science 237 (17 July 1987), pp. 241-242.
John. “How To Succeed in Biomedical Research, ” Science 225 (14 September 1984), p.
John. “Is Shortage of Engineers a Matter of Definition?” Science 223 (24 February
John. “New Pressures on Scientific Exchanges, ” Science 215 (5 February 1982), pp.
John. “NSF Lends a Hand With DOD Award, ” Science 238 (6 November 1987), p. 748.
John. “Peer Review – ‘oops – Merit Review in for Some Changes at NSF, ” Science 235
John. “Review Panel Finds Federal Labs Lacking, ” Science 221 (29 July 1983), pp. 438-
John. “School Says Researcher Synthesized Results, ” Science 219 (14 January 1983), p.
John. “Science in Transition, 1946-1962, ” Science 209 (4 July 1980), pp. 52-57.
John. “Supercompeting Over Supercomputers, ” Science 220 (6 May 1983), pp.
John. “Wide World of Reports, ” Science 220 (20 May 1983), pp. 804-805.
John. “Xerox Scientist Joins DOD Supercomputer Program, ” Science 220 (24 June
Walton, Clarence C. and Cleveland, Frederick W., Jr., Corporations on Trial: The Electric


Bob. Dr. Space: The Life of Wernher von Braun, Annapolis, Maryland, 2005.
Elizabeth. Father Daughter Rape. London: The Women’s Press, 1984.
Henshaw. Charles Darwin and the Theory of Evolution. New York: New Home Library
Mark. “Sabotage in Cyberspace” New Scientist, 14 September 1996, pp. 12-13.
Warren, Lena. “Experiences with Yellow Fever, ” in Great Adventures in Medicine, Samuel
Warwick, Donald P. “Social Scientists Ought to Stop Lying, ” Psychology Today 8 (February
Washburn, S. L. “Human Behavior and the Behavior of Other Animals, ” American Psychologist


James D. The Double Helix: A Personal Account of the Discovery of the Structure of
John B. Psychology From The Standpoint of a Behaviorist. 2nd Edition. Philadelphia:
Watzlawick, Paul. How Real is Real? Confusion, Disinformation, Communication. New York:
Watzman, Haim. “Furor at Hebrew U. Leaves Noted Anthropologist in Limbo, ” Chronicle of
Waxman, Sharon. Loot: The Battle Over the Stolen Treasures of the Ancient World. New


Leslie. “Chief’s Pay Is Docked by Ratheon, ” New York Times, 4 May 2006, p. …
Leslie. “Charter’s March into Bankruptcy, ” New York Times, 6 May 1984, pp. F1, F8. Weart
Spencer R. Nuclear Fear: A History of Images. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard
Spencer R. Scientists in Power. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press
Spencer. “The Physicist As Mad Scientist, ” Physics Today June, 1988, pp. 28-37. Weaver
D.; Reis, M.; Albanese, C.; Costantini, F.; Baltimore, D. and Imanishi-Kari, T. “Altered
Warren. Lady Luck: The Theory of Probability. New York: Dover, 1982. (Originally
Webb, Eugene, et al. Unobtrusive Measures: Nonreactive Research in the Social Sciences.
Weeks, Michael F., et al. “Personal versus Telephone Surveys For Collecting Household Health
Wegener, Alfred. The Origin of Continents and Oceans. Translated by John Biram. Revised
Weigert, Andrew J. “The Immoral Rhetoric of Scientific Sociology, ” American Sociologist 5
Weinberg, Stephen. The First Three Minutes: A Modern View of the Universe. New York:


J. S. The Piltdown Forgery. New York: Dover, 1980. (Originally, Oxford, 1955)
Jonathan. “Plato’s Sandbox” review of Who Got Einstein’s Office: Eccentricity and
Jonathan. “The Handy-Dandy Evolution Prover, ” New York Times Magazine, 8 May
Tim. Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA. (New York: Anchor, 2008 (originally
Tim. “Inquiry Finds ‘Star Wars’ Tried Plan to Exaggerate Test Results, ” New York
Weinreich, Max. Hitler’s Professors: The Part of Scholarship in Germany’s Crimes Against the


Deena. “Fraud in Science, ” Paper presented at the annual meetings of the American
Deena. “On The Importance of Fraud in Science, ” Perspectives 1
Harvey M. Psychiatry and the CIA: Victims of Mind Control. Washington, DC:
Weiser, Benjamin. “Expert Charged in Sale of Tiffany Glass Stolen from Tomb, ” New York


Peter. “Industry Group Assails Climate Chapter, ” Science 272 (21 June 1996), p. 1734.
Peter. “Weaponeers Cultivate Academics, ” Science 274 (8 November 1996), p. 914.
Philip. “Conduct Unbecoming, ” New York Times Magazine, 29 October 1989, pp. 41ff.
Philip. “The New Yorker Muddles M.I.T. Scientific Scandal, ” The New York Observer
Samuel. “New York Colleges Aren’t So Collegial, ” New York Times, 30 October 1983
Weissmann, Gerald. They All Laughed at Christopher Columbus: Tales of Medicine and the Art
Wellard, James. The Great Sahara. New York: Dutton, 1965.
Wellborn, Stanley N. “How Genes Shape Personality, ” U.S. News and World Report, 13 April
Wenneras, Christine and Wold, Agnes. “Nepotism and Sexism in Peer-Review, ” Nature 387 (22


Margaret. “God Is Also a Cosmologist, ” New York Times, 8 June 1997, p. E16.
Margaret. “Numbers Are Male, Said Pythagoras, and the Idea Persists, ” New York
Margaret. Pythagoras’ Trousers: God, Physics and the Gender Wars. New York:
Wertz, Richard W. and Wertz, Dorothy C. Lying-In: A History of Childbirth in America. New
West Diana. “Anatomy of a Scientific Scandal, Part II: Scientists’ Empire Strikes Back at One


Diane. “Anatomy of a Scientific Scandal, Part I: O’Toole’s Whistle, ” The Washington
S. S. “The Ideology of Academic Scientists, ” IRE Transactions on Engineering
Susan. “Crackdown on Lab Fraud, ” Science 83 (May, 1983), p. 14. Westfall
Richard S. “Galileo: Heretic, ” review of Galileo eretico, by Pietro Redondi.
Richard S. “Newton and the Fudge Factor, ” Science 179 (23 February 1973), pp.
Richard S. “Newton’s Marvelous Years of Discovery and Their Aftermath: Myth
Richard S. “Reply, ” Science 180 (15 June 1973), p. 1121. Richard S. “Science and Patronage: Galileo and the Telescope
” Isis (March, 1985)
” Isis 76 (March, 1985)
Richard S. Never at Rest: A Biography of Isaac Newton. New York: Cambridge
Richard S. The Life of Isaac Newton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Westheimer, F. H. “Why Science Fakery Is Such a Rare Occurrence, ” New York Times, 30 July


David L. “A Researcher’s Claim of Finding a Biological Basis for Homosexuality
David L. “NIH Office That Investigates Scientists’ Misconduct Is Target of
David L. “U.S. Has Barred Grants to 6 Scientists in the Past 2 Years, ” The Chronicle
David L. “Universities Urged to Set Clearer Policies on ‘Gray Areas’ of Scientific
David L. “University and Science Groups Develop Guidelines for Handling Research
Whitaker, Robert. “$12 Million Lawsuit Rocks Research Facility, ” Albany Times Union, 9


Andrew Dickson. A History of the Warfare of Science With Theology in Christendom.
John H. The History of the Phlogiston Theory. London: Edward Arnold Company, 1932.
Pepper. The Idea Factory: Learning to Think at MIT. New York: Plume, 1992 (originally
T. H. The Book of Beasts. New York: Dover, 1984 (Originally, 1954)
Whitehead, Alfred North. Science and Philosophy. Paterson, New Jersey: Littlefield, Adams and


Craig R. “Medical Care in Germany: With Choices, and For All, ” New York Times
Craig. “British Astronomers Look to U.S., Not Stars, ” New York Times, 23 April
Whyte, Lancelot Law. The Unconscious Before Freud. Garden City, New York: Doubleday
Wickelgren, Ingrid. “Discovery of ‘Gay Gene’ Questioned, ” Science 284 (23 April 1999), p.
Wiegand, Wayne A. The History of a Hoax: Edmund Lester Pearson, John Citton Dana, and The


Norbert. “The Megabuck Era, ” New Republic 138 (27 January 1958), pp. 10-11.
Norbert. The Human Use of Human Beings: Cybernetics and Society. Garden City
Wigner, Eugene P. “The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences, “
Wigodsky, Herman S. “Fraud and Misrepresentation in Research – Whose Responsibility?” IRB:
Wildavsky, Aaron and Tanenbaum, Ellen. The Politics of Mistrust. Beverly Hills, California:


Hugh. The Mighty Wurlitzer: How the CIA Played America. Cambridge
John Nobel. “Egyptologist Says He Did Not Mislead, ” New York Times, 7 March
John Nobel. “Scroll Scholars Resolve Dispute, ” New York Times, A15.
John Noble and Romero, Simon. “Book Seeks to Indict Anthropologists Who Studied
John Noble. “Anthropology Seen as Father of Maori Lore, ” New York Times, 20
John Noble. “Archaeology and Ancestry Clash Over Skeleton, ” New York Times, 9
John Noble. “Archeologists Rally to Defense of Flawed Giant, ” New York Times, 16
John Noble. “Book Leads Anthropologists to Look Inward, ” New York Times, 18
John Noble. “Charges Peary Faked Polar Feat Traced to Misreading of a Paper, ” New
John Noble. “Customs Check: Leave Your Ideological Baggage Behind, ” New York
John Noble. “Dead Sea Scrolls To Be Published, ” New York Times, 20 November
John Noble. “Did Byrd Reach Pole? His Diary Hints ‘No, ‘” New York Times, 9 May
John Noble. “Discovering Columbus, ” New York Times Magazine, 11 August 1991
John Noble. “Earlier Criticisms Surface in Reactions to Book on Dr. Mead, ” New York
John Noble. “Ex-Colleagues Turn Combatants, ” New York Times, 22 May 1990, p.
John Noble. “Fossil Discovery Threatens Theory of Birds’ Evolution, ” New York
John Noble. “Fusion Furor: Science’s Human Face, ” New York Times, 24 April 1989
John Noble. “In the Glow of a Cosmic Discovery, A Physicist Ponders God and Fame, “
John Noble. “Mastermind of Piltdown Hoax Unmasked?” New York Times, 5 June
John Noble. “Monopoly Over Dead Sea Scrolls Is Ended, ” New York Times, 22
John Noble. “New Accusations Erupt Over the Dead Sea Scrolls, ” New York Times
John Noble. “On Mars, Life’s Getting Tougher (If Not Impossible), ” New York Times
John Noble. “On the Trail of a Few More Ancestors, ” New York Times, 8 April 2001
John Noble. “Open, Dead Sea Scrolls Stir Up New Disputes, ” New York Times, 19
John Noble. “Peary’s Notes Said to Imply He Fell Short of the Pole, ” New York Times
John Noble. “Question for Telescope Is, How Much to Repair?” New York Times, 23
John Noble. “Ralph Alpher, 86, Expert in Work on the Big Bang, Dies, ” New York
John Noble. “Russian Princess Stands With Franklin as Comrade of the
John Noble. “Scientists Debate Missions in Space, ” New York Times, 26 November
John Noble. “Space Mission Is Rescued at the Brink, ” New York Times, 4 May 1994
John Noble. “Study Casts Disputed Map As False Link to Vikings, ” New York Times
John Noble. “Study Casts Disputed Map As False Link to Vikings, ” New York Times
John Noble. “Team Is Ready to Publish Full Set of Dead Sea Scrolls, ” New York
John Noble. “Telescope Is Orbited After Tense Delay, ” New York Times, 26 April
John Noble. “The Oldest Americans May Prove to be Far Older, ” New York Times, 30
John Noble. “The Search for the Beginning of Time, ” New York Times Magazine, 11
John Noble. “Tiny Fish Looms Large in Evolution Debate, ” New York Times, 20 April
John Noble. “To the Edge of the Universe: The New Age of Astronomy, ” New York
John Noble. “Transforming the Alchemists, ” New York Times, 1 August 2006, pp. F1
John Noble. “Voyager Thrills Scientists in Farewell to Solar System, ” New York
John Noble. The Riddle of the Dinosaur. New York: Knopf, 1986. Wilgoren
Jodi. “Kansas Board Approves Challenges to Evolution, ” New York Times, 9
Jodi. “School Cheating Scandal Tests a Town’s Values, New York Times, 14
Jody. “Kansas Fight on Evolution Escalates, ” New York Times, 28 October 2005, p.


Isabel. “Charges Against Doctor Bring Ire and Questions, ” New York Times, 11
Isabel. “Inventor of Suicide Machine is Arrested on Murder Charge, ” New York
Isabel. “Prosecutors Seek to Ban Doctor’s Suicide Device, ” New York Times, 5
Isabel. “Temple Lintel Pits Thais Against an Art Museum, ” New York Times, 17


Greer. The Plague Killers. New York: Scribner’s, 1969. Greer. Virus Hunters. New York: Knopf, 1941.
Lena. “In Scientific Studies, Seeking the Truth In a Vast Gray Area, ” New York
Nigel. “Editors Call for Misconduct Watchdog, ” Science 280 (12 June 1998), pp.
Nigel. “Editors Seek Ways to Cope With Fraud, ” Science 278 (14 November 1997)
Nigel. “Newspaper Backs Down Over Allegations of Impropriety, ” Science (22
W. T. “The Computer Botanist, ” in Experiment: A Series of Scientific Case Histories
Winston. “White-Collar Crime: Booming Again, ” New York Times, 9 June 1985, p.
Williams-Ellis, Amabel. Darwin’s Moon: A Biography of Alfred Russel Wallace. London:


Christopher. Yellow Fever, Black Goddess: The Coevolution of People and Plagues.
Garry. The Kennedy Imprisonment: A Mediation on Power. New York: A Mariner Book
Willwerth, James. “The Man From Outer Space, ” Time 25 April 1994, pp. 74-75.
Wilsford, David. Doctors and the State: The Politics of Health Care in France and the United


Duff and Meier, Barry. “Doctor’s Study of Injured G.I.’s Made False Claims, Army
Duff. “Drug Makers Said to Aid Half of Residency Programs, ” New
Duff. “Investigation Links Wyeth to Articles on Its Drugs, ” New York Times, 13
Duff. “Research Uproar at a Cancer Clinic, ” New York Times, 23
Richard. “A Visit to Chernobyl, ” Science 236 (26 June 1987), pp. 1636-1640.
Robert. The Explorer King: Adventure, Science, and the Great Diamond Hoax –
Robin. “A Challenge to The Veracity of a Multicultural Icon, ” The Chronicle of Higher
Robin. “Research-Fraud Investigation Leads to Departures from Northern Kentucky
Robin. “Texas A&M Says Computer Scientist Took $100, 000, ” The Chronicle of
Stephen. “Flying Saucers and the Crown Prince, ” a review of Frank McLynn’s Carl
Wiltgoren, Jodi. “College Suspends Professor For Vietnam Fabrications, ” New York Times, 18


Simon. The Man who Loved China: The Fantastic Story of the Eccentric Scientist
Simon. A Crack in The Edge of the World: America and the Great California
Simon. Krakatoa: The Day the World Exploded, August 27, 1883.
Simon. The Map That Changed the World: William Smith and the Birth of Modern
Winerip, Michael. “Study Finds Boys Receive 75% of New Science Scholarships, ” New York


Michael. “Accounts of South African’s Career Now Seen as Overstated, 27 August
Michael. “Cigarette Maker Takes the Offensive on Capitol Hill, ” New York Times, 18
Michael. “It’s Clear Now: A System Can Be Too User Friendly, ” New York Times, 13


Lois. “Doing Wrong and Being Right, ” Science 81 (May, 1981), pp. 30-34.
Lois. “William Summerlin: Was He Right All Along?” New Scientist, 26 February
Wingo, Walter S. and Collins, John. “Federal Statistics: Why All the Doubts, ” U.S. News and


Ella and Shapiro, Herbert, editors. The World of Lincoln Steffens. New York: Hill and
Greg and Cheng, Jonathan. “Givers and Colleges Clash on Spending, ” New York
Greg. “More Schools Rely on Tests, but Study Raises Doubts, ” New York Times, 28
WiolsonDuff. “Medical Advisor for Baseball Lists Exaggerated Credentials, ” New York Times
Withey, Stephen B. “Public Opinion About Science and Scientists, ” in The Sociology of
Wolfe, Sidney M. “A Free Ride for Bad Doctors, ” New York Times, 4 March 2003, p. A27.
Wolfle, Dael. “Science: A Memoir of the 1960s and 1970s, ” Science 209 (4 July 1980), pp. 57-
Wolins, Leroy. “Responsibility for Raw Data, ” American Psychologist 17 (September, 1962)


Lewis. “Experiments in Deceit, ” a review of Gerald L. Geison, The Private Science of
Lewis. The Unnatural Nature of Science: Why Science Does Not Make Common
Wood, Robert W. “The N-Rays, ” Nature 70 (29 September 1904), pp. 530- 531.
Woodward, Horace B. History of Geology. New York: Arno Press, 1978. Woolf
Patricia K. “Deception in Scientific Research, ” Jurimetrics Journal 29 (Fall, 1988), pp.
Patricia K. “Science Needs Vigilance Not Vigilantes, ” Journal of the American Medical
Woolgar, S. W. “Writing an Intellectual History of Scientific Development: The Use of
Worledge, D. H. Letter to the editor. Science 249 (3 August 1990), pp. 463-464.
Worrall, Simon. The Poet and the Murderer: A True Story of Literary Crime and the Art of
Worth, Robert F. “Historian’s Prizewinning Book on Guns Is Embroiled in a Scandal, ” New


David E. “The Federal Research Misconduct Regulations as Viewed From The
Karen. “Heating the Global Warming Debate, ” New York Times Magazine, 3 February
Sewall, “Mendel’s Ratios, ” in The Origins of Genetics: A Mendel Source Book, Curt
Wunderlich, Richard. “The Scientific Ethos: A Clarification, ” British Journal of Sociology 25
Wyatt, Joe B. “Pork Barrel Science, ” New York Times, 12 October 1993, p. A23.
Wyngaarden, James B. Statement Before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of


Brian. “Between Orthodoxy and Oblivion: The Normalization of Deviance in Science, “
Brian. “C. G. Barkala and the J Phenomenon: A Case Study in the Treatment of
Wysocki, Jr., Bernard. “Peer Pressure: Scholarly Journals’ Premier Status Is Diluted by Web –


Zack, Ian. “Universities Finding a Sharp Rise in Computer-Aided Cheating, ” New York Times
Zagorin, Perez. Francis Bacon. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1998.
Zahler, Raphael. “Errors in Mathematical Proofs, ” Science 193 (9 July 1976), p. 98. Zalewski
Daniel. “Anthropology Enters the Age of Cannibalism, ” New York Times, 8 October
Daniel. “Ties That Bind: Do Corporate Dollars Strangle Scientific Research?” Lingua
Zalweski, Daniel. “Field Notes” Lingua Franca, September/October, 1995, pp. 5-7.
Zarnowit, Victor. “Economic Models are Shapely, But Rather Dense, ” New York Times, 26
Zenderland, Leila. “Burt Again, ” a review of The Burt Affair by Robert B. Joynson. (New York:


Kate. “Duke Repays $700, 000 and Reports a Swindle, ” New York Times, 21 August
Kate. “Duke Repays $700, 000 and Reports a Swindle, ” New York Times, 21 August
Kate. “F.D.A.’s Report Illuminates Wide Divide on Marijuana, ” New York Times, 22


J. M. “Some Pathologies of the Scientific Life, ” Nature 227 (5 September 1970), pp.
John. “Is Science Losing Its Objectivity?” Nature 382 (29 August 1996), pp. 751-754.
John. Public Knowledge: The Social Dimension of Science. Cambridge: Cambridge
Zinder, Norton D. “Fraud in Science, A Scientist’s View, ” Science 83 (January/February, 1983)
Zirkle, Conway. “The Citation of Fraudulent Data, ” Science 120 (30 July 1954), pp. 189-190.
Znaniecki, Florian. The Social Role of the Man of Knowledge. New York: Harper Torchbooks


Harriet and Merton, Robert K. “Patterns of Evaluation in Science:
Harriet. “Deviant Behavior and Social Control in Science, ” in Edward Sagarin
” in Handbook of Sociology, Neil J. Smelser
” in Niel J. Smelser, editor, Handbook of
Harriet. Scientific Elite: Nobel Laureates in the United States. New York: The Free
Zuger, Abagail. “Dr. Good Has Left the Building, ” New York Times, 1 August 2006, p. F5.
Zuger. Abagail. “Cases: A Favorite Charity That Won’t Accept Donations, ” New York Times


Pamela S. “Misconduct in Research: It May Be More Widespread Than Chemists Like to
Pamela S. “Scientific Misconduct Dispute Continues Despite Probes, Hearings, “
Pamela. “Research Fraud as Criminal Offense Argued, ” C&EN, 18 April 1988, p. 6.